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  • 1. CASE Tool Evolution 1980 1984 1987 1990 Computer-aided documentation Computer- aided diagramming Analysis and design tools Automated design analysis Automated central repository Automated code generation Linked design automation Intelligent methodology drivers Reusable code libraries
  • 2. CASE Tool Components Central Repository Process Modeling Tools Detailed Analysis Tools Transformation Tools Database/Application Design Tools Application Generation Tools
  • 3. CASE Tool Repository Central Repository Project Documentation Form and Report Layouts Logical Model Diagrams Program Source and Object Code Detailed Analysis Findings General Project Information Data Element Specifications Reusable Code Libraries
  • 4. Large-Scale JAD Environments Management Deliberation Center Defense Systems Management College Fort Belvoir, VA Air Force Innovation Center Pentagon Washington, D.C. Glensidige Insurance Oslo, Norway Center for Performance Improvement Soza and Company, Ltd. Fairfax, VA
  • 5. SDLC versus RAD Preliminary Investigation Analysis Logical Design Physical Design Implementation Maintenance Requirement Planning User Design Construction Cutover Traditional SDLC RAD Life Cycle
  • 6. RAD Reduces Time 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 Project Months RAD Reduces Time Requirements Planning User Design Construction Cutover Traditional SDLC 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 E f f o r t
  • 7. Comparative Software Development Costs Product Cost $ Effort (man years) Lines of Code Lotus 1-2-3 V 3.0 22,000,000 263 400,000 NASA Space Shuttle 1,200,000,000 22,096 25,600 2000 Lincoln Continental 2,800,000 37 93,500 Modern Automatic Teller Machine 13,200,000 150 780,000 IBM Retail Checkout Scanner 3,000,000 58 90,000
  • 8. CASE Tool Adoption Objectives                Create development process standards            Improve overall application quality            Decrease design time and improve time to market            Decrease required effort and time in application testing            Encourage integration of development projects            Improve effectiveness of project management activities            Decrease required effort and time in application maintenance activities            Promote organization-wide reusable program code            Improve portability of applications across platforms and operating environments  
  • 9. Good and Bad News The Good News The Bad News
    • Development process productivity and quality increases are realizable
    • Portability of new systems to other platforms is greatly enhanced
    • Analyst skill set will improve due to greater understanding of the process
    • Time to delivery of new applications will decrease
    • Conformity to development standards will increase
    • CASE acquisition costs are extremely high
    • Training of analysts and administrators is costly and time-consuming
    • Most organizations do not have clear standards for application development
    • CASE tools can be viewed as a threat to job security
    • CASE tools do not have a great reputation due to early benefits not being realized
  • 10. Common JAD Session Tasks  
    • Identify all stakeholders and clarify executive goal.
    • Scope out the general requirements from each of the users' perspectives.
    • Reconcile each user's view of the product with the executive goal into one summary.
    • Define the interaction of the product with users, other products or systems, and the organization.
    • Concur on business justification, time box, and cost box for project.
    • Define the ways in which the users will interact or use the new product. Collect samples of desired inputs and outputs from users. Stick to business processes first, then drill down for data needed and known.
    • Prioritize the user interaction scenarios by collective user preference and risk.
    • Validate and review the user interaction scenarios.
    • Organize the interactions scenarios, constraints, assumptions, and other requirements into a rigorous Software Requirements Specification.
    • Design (with technical help) the screen and report layouts. Prototypes are handy for this.
  • 11. RAD Activities and Deliverables   Requirements Planning User Design   Construction   Cutover   Primary Activity   Model and prototype requirements Model and prototype design Complete application development Install application   Data Conversion   Define data requirements Plan and design data conversion Develop data conversion modules Implement conversion plan   Testing     Design application test plan Conduct user testing     End-user Training   Define training requirements Design training plan Produce training materials Conduct end-user training