RNAV Flight Paths andNoise over Minneapolis +EdinaKevin TerrellKatana ConsultingFebruary 2013                    Katana Co...
Agenda    1. Basics on flight operations from MSP airport    2. RNAV (Area Navigation)    1. Alternatives    2. Summary an...
1 | MSP has 3 main runways. Runways 30L and 30R are used for departuresthat fly over Minneapolis and further west.        ...
1 | The Metropolitan Airport Commission tracks the path of each flight.                                                   ...
1 | The noise level of each flight is tracked by a network of RemoteMonitoring Towers (RMT) that are scattered across the ...
1 | The RMTs are used to validate where airplane noise on average exceeds60 decibels over the course of 24 hours.         ...
1 | Departing flights are typically louder than arriving flights.                                                         ...
1 | Departing flights are typically louder than arriving flights.                                                         ...
Agenda    1. Basics on flight operations from MSP airport    2. RNAV (Area Navigation)       1. Overview         2. Impact...
2.1 | RNAV uses GPS and other technology to guide planes on tighter flightpaths. Off Runways 30L/R, it would focus ~30 dep...
Agenda    1. Basics on flight operations from MSP airport    2. RNAV (Area Navigation)       1. Overview         2. Impact...
2.2 | The FAA and MAC say RNAV is designed to minimize noise.  “The procedures are being designed to maximize noise  reduc...
2.2 | Large parts of SW Minneapolis and Edina have historically had fewflights overhead.                                  ...
2.2 | Under RNAV, SW Minneapolis and Edina would have a 5x increase innoise and number of departures, with 23% of ~580 dai...
2.2 | Delta has ~75% of all flights at MSP. It has the 2nd largest fleet of MD-80planes - the loudest and least fuel effic...
2.2 | MD-80s and other departing planes are still very loud as they approachthe Edina-Minneapolis line.11                 ...
2.2 | MD-80s and other departing planes are still very loud as they approachthe Edina-Minneapolis line.11                 ...
2.2 | MD-80s and other departing planes are still very loud as they approachthe Edina-Minneapolis line.11                 ...
2.2 | MD-80s and other departing planes are still very loud as they approachthe Edina-Minneapolis line.11                 ...
2.2 | Property values decline when subjected to runway traffic.                                 1       On average, home p...
2.2 | The only mitigation for this noise is to add air conditioning, insulationand new windows to reduce interior noise by...
2.2 | The effect of RNAV is far different than what the FAA claims.  “The procedures are being designed to maximize noise ...
Agenda    1. Basics on flight operations from MSP airport    2. RNAV (Area Navigation)       1. Overview         2. Impact...
2.3 | The benefits of RNAV at MSP.   “The procedures are being designed to maximize noise   reduction where possible and i...
2.3.1 | The FAA states that RNAV will help create additional capacity.However, flight volume at MSP is down considerably f...
2.3.1 | The MAC’s projection of future volume indicates flight operationswould not surpass the 2004 peak before 2030.     ...
2.3.2 | Reducing airport delays is part of the efficiency goal of RNAV. MSPhas already reduced such delays by 77% in the p...
2.3.2 | MSP has better on-time performance than every major hub airportexcept for Dallas.SOURCE: MAC 2011 Annual Report to...
2.3.3 | Emission reductions are negligible.           “An RNAV SID at San Diego is projected to yield           emissions ...
2.3 | The benefits of RNAV at MSP…  “The procedures are being designed to maximize noise  reduction where possible and inc...
Agenda    1. Basics on flight operations from MSP airport    2. RNAV (Area Navigation)    1. Additional facts       1. Run...
3.1 | Runway 17 opened in 2005 and helped reduce delays at MSP.                                                           ...
3.1 | The $700M the MAC spent to build Runway 17 was also intended todecrease departures over Minneapolis and push many of...
3.1 | Instead there are now 53% more flights than forecasted off 30L/R andover Minneapolis. Runway 17 is used nearly 40% l...
3.1 | Terminal 1 is home to ~75% of flights. The layout of MSP dictates thatplanes cross Runway 12R to reach Runway 17.   ...
3.2 | Despite prevailing winds, San Francisco pushes nearly all departuresover the Bay, not the city. Boston’s airport is ...
3.3 | Heathrow and Narita use aggressive pricing to decrease plane noise. A2010 US court ruling opened the door to this in...
Agenda    1. Basics on flight operations from MSP airport    2. RNAV (Area Navigation)    1. Additional facts    2. Summar...
We can find a fair solution based on real needs, transparent analysis andclear communication.  Significant impact        M...
Action plan              1. Contact your elected representatives about your concerns                  Minneapolis Mayor R...
For further information                     Contact:                     Kevin Terrell                     kevin@katanacon...
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MSP RNAV Overview February 2013

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A citizen overview of the FAA's proposed implementation of Area Navigation (RNAV) at MSP airport in Minneapolis, Minnesota. The document provides a brief overview of airport operations and RNAV, and evaluates the impact of a proposed new departure track that flies planes directly over heavily populated areas of Minneapolis and Edina. It balances that impact against the benefits the FAA claims will accrue to the local community, and discusses some initial options that the community might consider relative to noise mitigation.

A narrated version of the presentation is available on Brainshark and www.mspFairSkies.org

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MSP RNAV Overview February 2013

  1. 1. RNAV Flight Paths andNoise over Minneapolis +EdinaKevin TerrellKatana ConsultingFebruary 2013 Katana Consulting
  2. 2. Agenda 1. Basics on flight operations from MSP airport 2. RNAV (Area Navigation) 1. Alternatives 2. Summary and action plan Katana Consulting
  3. 3. 1 | MSP has 3 main runways. Runways 30L and 30R are used for departuresthat fly over Minneapolis and further west. 30R 30L 12L 12R 17 Katana Consulting
  4. 4. 1 | The Metropolitan Airport Commission tracks the path of each flight. 2012 Departure 2012 Landing Key road SOURCE: •www.macnoise.com/flightrac for Tuesday, July 10th 2012 6am + 8 hours France Ave •Runway 30L/R RNAV departure tracks •Katana analysis 50th Street Penn Ave Xerxes Ave Katana Consulting
  5. 5. 1 | The noise level of each flight is tracked by a network of RemoteMonitoring Towers (RMT) that are scattered across the Twin Cities. 2012 Departure 2012 Landing Key road 1 SOURCE: •www.macnoise.com/flightrac 2 for Tuesday, July 10th 2012 6am + 8 hours France Ave •Runway 30L/R RNAV departure tracks •Katana analysis 50th Street 3 27 Penn Ave Xerxes Ave Katana Consulting
  6. 6. 1 | The RMTs are used to validate where airplane noise on average exceeds60 decibels over the course of 24 hours. 2012 Departure 2012 Landing Key road 1 SOURCE: •www.macnoise.com/flightrac 2 for Tuesday, July 10th 2012 6am + 8 hours France Ave •Runway 30L/R RNAV departure tracks •Katana analysis 50th Street 3 27 Penn Ave Xerxes Ave Katana Consulting
  7. 7. 1 | Departing flights are typically louder than arriving flights. Departure LandingSOURCE: MAC Flight Tracker Katana Consulting
  8. 8. 1 | Departing flights are typically louder than arriving flights. Departure LandingSOURCE: MAC Flight Tracker Katana Consulting
  9. 9. Agenda 1. Basics on flight operations from MSP airport 2. RNAV (Area Navigation) 1. Overview 2. Impact on SW Minneapolis and Edina 3. Benefits 3. Alternatives 4. Summary and action plan Katana Consulting
  10. 10. 2.1 | RNAV uses GPS and other technology to guide planes on tighter flightpaths. Off Runways 30L/R, it would focus ~30 departure tracks into 7.Today’s flight paths 1 RNAV flight paths 1SOURCE: MSP 2020 Appendix G; Katana analysis Katana Consulting
  11. 11. Agenda 1. Basics on flight operations from MSP airport 2. RNAV (Area Navigation) 1. Overview 2. Impact on SW Minneapolis and Edina 3. Benefits 3. Alternatives 4. Summary and action plan Katana Consulting
  12. 12. 2.2 | The FAA and MAC say RNAV is designed to minimize noise. “The procedures are being designed to maximize noise reduction where possible …” “>>> 1 | How many flights 2 | How much noise 3 | Net impact ? ? ?SOURCE: MAC 2011 Annual Report to the Legislature Katana Consulting
  13. 13. 2.2 | Large parts of SW Minneapolis and Edina have historically had fewflights overhead. 2012 Departure 2012 Landing Key road Proposed departure track # daily RNAV 98 17% flights % of daily total SOURCE: •www.macnoise.com/flightrac for Tuesday, July 10th France Ave 2012 6am + 8 hours •Runway 30L/R RNAV departure tracks •Katana analysis 50th Street Penn Ave Xerxes Ave Katana Consulting
  14. 14. 2.2 | Under RNAV, SW Minneapolis and Edina would have a 5x increase innoise and number of departures, with 23% of ~580 daily departures. 70 2012 Departure 100 2012 Landing 12% 98 17% 17% Key road 3 1% Proposed departure track 4 # daily RNAV 98 1% 17% flights % of daily total SOURCE: •www.macnoise.com/flightrac for Tuesday, July 10th 2012 6am + 8 hours •Runway 30L/R RNAV 135 departure tracks 23% •Katana analysis 50th Street 27 RMT 173 30% Penn Ave Xerxes Ave Katana Consulting
  15. 15. 2.2 | Delta has ~75% of all flights at MSP. It has the 2nd largest fleet of MD-80planes - the loudest and least fuel efficient of any modern medium aircraft. MD-80: 86 dBA Katana Consulting
  16. 16. 2.2 | MD-80s and other departing planes are still very loud as they approachthe Edina-Minneapolis line.11 1 1An MD80 directly overRMT #27 has a maxnoise level of 87.4 dB.It exceeded 65 dB for36 seconds.1 1SOURCE: MAC website; Katana analysis 3 Katana Consulting
  17. 17. 2.2 | MD-80s and other departing planes are still very loud as they approachthe Edina-Minneapolis line.11 21An MD80 directly over The same plane was 81RMT #27 has a max dB at RMT #3 – 0.7noise level of 87.4 dB. miles away from the flight track.It exceeded 65 dB for36 seconds.2 21 1SOURCE: MAC website; Katana analysis 3 Katana Consulting
  18. 18. 2.2 | MD-80s and other departing planes are still very loud as they approachthe Edina-Minneapolis line.11 21 31An MD80 directly over The same plane was 81 The RNAV path goesRMT #27 has a max dB at RMT #3 – 0.7 thru the heart of SWnoise level of 87.4 dB. miles away from the MPLS. flight track.It exceeded 65 dB for Noise will be similar to36 seconds. RMT #27 – 135 times a day.2 3 21 1SOURCE: MAC website; Katana analysis 3 Katana Consulting
  19. 19. 2.2 | MD-80s and other departing planes are still very loud as they approachthe Edina-Minneapolis line.11 21 31 41An MD80 directly over The same plane was 81 The RNAV path goes 87 dB is nearly as loudRMT #27 has a max dB at RMT #3 – 0.7 thru the heart of SW as a lawnmower at 1M.noise level of 87.4 dB. miles away from the MPLS. flight track. “Quiet” planes such asIt exceeded 65 dB for Noise will be similar to the A319 are louder36 seconds. RMT #27 – 135 times a than a vacuum cleaner. day.2 3 21 14SOURCE: MAC website; Katana analysis 3 Katana Consulting
  20. 20. 2.2 | Property values decline when subjected to runway traffic. 1 On average, home prices decline by an average of 0.83% for every decibel of sustained noise over 40 dB =SOURCE: Frankfurter Neue Presse, German Federal Ministry of the Environment, January 2012 Katana Consulting
  21. 21. 2.2 | The only mitigation for this noise is to add air conditioning, insulationand new windows to reduce interior noise by 5 decibels.SOURCE: www.macnoise.com Katana Consulting
  22. 22. 2.2 | The effect of RNAV is far different than what the FAA claims. “The procedures are being designed to maximize noise reduction where possible …” “yet... 1 | Many more flights 2 | More noise 3 | Lower values 5x the flights Up to 87 dB Up to a for 20+ seconds 10%+ 135x a day drop?SOURCE: MAC 2011 Annual Report to the Legislature, Katana analysis Katana Consulting
  23. 23. Agenda 1. Basics on flight operations from MSP airport 2. RNAV (Area Navigation) 1. Overview 2. Impact on SW Minneapolis and Edina 3. Benefits 3. Additional facts 4. Summary and action plan Katana Consulting
  24. 24. 2.3 | The benefits of RNAV at MSP. “The procedures are being designed to maximize noise reduction where possible and increase airspace efficiency, and reduce airport delay, fuel burn, and emissions” 1 | Improved capacity 2 | Improved efficiency 3 | Reduced emissionsSOURCE: MAC 2011 Annual Report to the Legislature Katana Consulting
  25. 25. 2.3.1 | The FAA states that RNAV will help create additional capacity.However, flight volume at MSP is down considerably from historic levels.SOURCE: MAC 2011 Annual Report to the Legislature Katana Consulting
  26. 26. 2.3.1 | The MAC’s projection of future volume indicates flight operationswould not surpass the 2004 peak before 2030. In 2030, volume at MSP will still be below the 2004 high Current trendSOURCE: MAC 2010 Annual Report; MAC website for 2011 and 2012 operational statistics Katana Consulting
  27. 27. 2.3.2 | Reducing airport delays is part of the efficiency goal of RNAV. MSPhas already reduced such delays by 77% in the past few years. Runway 12/30 closed New runway opens 77% reduction from 2002-2004 averageSOURCE: MAC 2011 Annual Report to the Legislature Katana Consulting
  28. 28. 2.3.2 | MSP has better on-time performance than every major hub airportexcept for Dallas.SOURCE: MAC 2011 Annual Report to the Legislature Katana Consulting
  29. 29. 2.3.3 | Emission reductions are negligible. “An RNAV SID at San Diego is projected to yield emissions savings of 95 pounds of carbon dioxide per flight.” Annual CO2 Emissions from Autos in Minnesota Relative CO2 emissions RNAV reduction 2,200,000 Cars in MN = 0.09% of auto emissions x 5.1 tons CO2/car/year 11,340,000 CO2 tons/year 220,000 Departures/yr x 95 pounds CO2/flight 10,450 CO2 tons/yearSOURCE: FAA Fact Sheet; EPA website; US Department of Commerce Katana Consulting
  30. 30. 2.3 | The benefits of RNAV at MSP… “The procedures are being designed to maximize noise reduction where possible and increase airspace efficiency and reduce airport delay, fuel burn, and emissions”1 | Improved capacity 2 | Improved efficiency 3 | Reduced emissions Not needed Already there Negligible Katana Consulting
  31. 31. Agenda 1. Basics on flight operations from MSP airport 2. RNAV (Area Navigation) 1. Additional facts 1. Runway 17 usage 2. Runway use at other airports 3. Global best practices on noise reduction 2. Summary and action plan Katana Consulting
  32. 32. 3.1 | Runway 17 opened in 2005 and helped reduce delays at MSP. Runway 12/30 closed New runway opens 77% reduction from 2002-2004 averageSOURCE: MAC 2011 Annual Report to the Legislature Katana Consulting
  33. 33. 3.1 | The $700M the MAC spent to build Runway 17 was also intended todecrease departures over Minneapolis and push many of them to the south. Runway 17 use pattern “Runway 17 will increase the airport’s capacity by a projected 25%, handling approximately 37% of departures”SOURCE: MAC publication “Runway 17/35”; Minnesota Public Radio Katana Consulting
  34. 34. 3.1 | Instead there are now 53% more flights than forecasted off 30L/R andover Minneapolis. Runway 17 is used nearly 40% less than expected.SOURCE: MAC Annual Noise Contour Analysis Katana Consulting
  35. 35. 3.1 | Terminal 1 is home to ~75% of flights. The layout of MSP dictates thatplanes cross Runway 12R to reach Runway 17. MSP terminal-runway configuration FAA response on runway use pattern “The Runway 17 runway use departure percentage is lower than forecasted by 21.9%. T1 FAA ATC personnel have indicated that this is due to a desire to avoid departure sequencing in arrival flows on Runway 12R, and Runway 12R 12R runway crossing impacts when 17 taxiing aircraft to Runway 17 for departure.”SOURCE: Memorandum to the MSP NOC, January 3rd, 2007 Katana Consulting
  36. 36. 3.2 | Despite prevailing winds, San Francisco pushes nearly all departuresover the Bay, not the city. Boston’s airport is similar. 39% 4% 4% 6% 34% 8% 7%SOURCE: Airport websites; windhistory.com; Katana analysis Katana Consulting
  37. 37. 3.3 | Heathrow and Narita use aggressive pricing to decrease plane noise. A2010 US court ruling opened the door to this in the US. Katana Consulting
  38. 38. Agenda 1. Basics on flight operations from MSP airport 2. RNAV (Area Navigation) 1. Additional facts 2. Summary and action plan Katana Consulting
  39. 39. We can find a fair solution based on real needs, transparent analysis andclear communication. Significant impact Minimal benefits Viable alternatives RNAV flight The reasons for Best practices tracks will have and benefits from show there is a a significant and RNAV at MSP are better way to negative effect questionable make the airport a on large parts of friendly neighbor SW Minneapolis in the Twin Cities and Edina Katana Consulting
  40. 40. Action plan 1. Contact your elected representatives about your concerns  Minneapolis Mayor Rybak and Council Member Hodges  Edina Mayor Hovland and your council member CONTACT  US Representative Keith Ellison  US Senators Amy Klobuchar and Al Franken  State Rep. Hornstein, Thissen, et al (Minneapolis)  State Rep. Rosenthal or Erhardt (Edina)  State Senators Dibble (Minneapolis); Franzen (Edina)  MAC Commissioners Steve Cramer, Lisa Peilen and Greg Foster  Met Council Commissioners Gary Cunningham and Adam Duininck 2. Join 4,000 of your fellow residents and sign our petition at SIGN www.change.org or at www.MSPfairSkies.com 3. Like us on Facebook at MSP Fair Skies LIKE 4. Be ready and willing to voice your opinion at MAC meetings and VOICE legislative hearings at the city, regional and state levels Katana Consulting
  41. 41. For further information Contact: Kevin Terrell kevin@katanaconsulting.com 612.237.3662 www.katanaconsulting.com Board Member, Lynnhurst Neighborhood Association Katana Consulting

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