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Truck fleet operations

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A lecture on the transportation industry in three parts. Part 1 is about the transport equation, part 2 about transport quality and part 3 about trends.

A lecture on the transportation industry in three parts. Part 1 is about the transport equation, part 2 about transport quality and part 3 about trends.

Published in: Technology, Business, Education

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  • Images:


    que? by Mixy Lorenzo
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/ladymixy-uk/4059898026/
    Attribution License

    Blue pill or the red pill by Sarah Fagg
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/pinkangelbabe/427255017/
    Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License

    Colorful toy trucks parked together in rows by Horia Varlan
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/horiavarlan/4267398696/
    Attribution-NonCommercial License

    3d boxes by
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/crystaljingsr/3915512282/
    Attribution-NoDerivs License

    Traffic Jam by Giorgio Minguzzi
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/iz4aks/4085305231/
    Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License

    542 miles by Jason
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/jasmic/329844767/
    Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License

    Stage Coach Wheel by
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/19779889@N00/2785101089/
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    Snowball Maker by
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/oakleyoriginals/5424167208/
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    559 - The Matrix - Seamless Texture by
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/zooboing/4335531915/
    Attribution-NonCommercial License

    Connected. 362/365 by
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/thenovys/3823173754/
    Attribution-NonCommercial License

    Bilfrakt.se

    Korsvägen by hans.emtenas on flickr.com
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/26452667@N05/2495549664/

    railway station symmetry by Pierre Metivier
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/feuilllu/199392214/
    Attribution-NoDerivs License

    bjs-loading-docks-with-human by Dan DeLuca
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/dandeluca/3535172958/
    Attribution-NonCommercial License

    Locals and Tourists #2 (GTWA #1): New York by Eric Fischer
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/walkingsf/4671594023/
    Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License

    Spitalfields part VI by Ville Miettinen
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/wili/284084730/
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    The girl and the iPad by Niclas Lindh
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/niclindh/4892850762/
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Transcript

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  • 5. 19=<A%,(483%0=*=?%BC%D0;B+.E%+.%F*8:7(G:+9Image: Connected. 362/365 by AndYaDontStop on Flickr.com
  • 6. X(-903+(=*+,I((61*4%)1&(4*,6:B*+, +%0.%I,/)601*4B%4,.(%6,6()&%..,*1Y 1.02342+..%,5(%67.87.0%7+.+98%+:;%+(<=.80=2+.!!"#$%&(%)*+,%-(./0 ->?*.8.<.%,5(%*+<8027%+:;%3(=.0@+(3 H+4(:A%H1I-
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  • 37. J4,)6K2,)*4%./1%H() !"#$%&"("$"( Centralized warehouse structure !QQu Decentralized warehouse structure R9%.. h%4I, !%)"*+,-*&.,Source: Jonsson, 2008
  • 38. J4,)6K2,)*4%./1%H() /*,-, X/I+ Inventory carrying costs Transportation costs Storage costs h(- h(- X/I+ 0"1#""*+2"&"3-#4(%)45*3Source: Jonsson, 2008
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  • 40. J4,)6Kf.,3*4()/3*4%)1%3H()1 S4(9(46,4*(/)@(/3, C*4%)1&(4*%H()3(9&%)BE t%1/36%*% S4(9pJ(p^+%*p^+,) T-),4K*+,301*(9,4 5,1(043,%..(3%H() ^+%*@,+/3.,Y T-),4KJ4%Z33()*4(..,4 2%4I(/)=(49%H() h(%6,6%9(0)* T-),4KR0&&./,4 74((=(=A,./@,4B J/9,p6%*,p1/I)%*04, T-),4KA4/@,4 74/3/)I T-),4KS/)%)3/%.6,&*; f)(0I+/)=(49%H()*(34,%*,/)@(/3, N..(=*+,1,1*,&13(1*9(),BP 1.02342+..%,5(%67.87.0%7+.+98%+:;%+(<=.80=2+.!!"#$%&(%)*+,%-(./0 ->?*.8.<.%,5(%*+<8027%+:;%3(=.0@+(3
  • 41. J4,)6Kf.,3*4()/3*4%)1%3H()1 N)/)34,%1,/)*+,)09:,4(= (46,41.,%6*(/)34,%1,63(1*J(*%.3(1*=(4%69/)/1*4%H()(=%..(46,41 L(%.KA,d3(0&.,*+, 6,&,)6,3B:,*-,,) %69/)/1*%H@,3(1*%)6 (46,4@(.09, X%)6.,,j3,&H()1e)(* *4%)1%3H()1P 09:,4(=(46,41&,4B,%4
  • 42. J4,)6Kr,4H3%./)*,I4%H() J4%6/H()%.J4%)1&(4*%H() 6(=.0@+(3 e;8:*0a d++?0 >00*0 L +> 9 J5NR7T5J . 3 6(=c:6;%;=4*=<%8.?403(C%9=8.*C%,+:400%+.%3;%>;8:*0 f=C0%=.? 3(98.=*0 HU503?3g%ZG%P`hhbQ%N3()3,&*0%.=4%9,-(4>=(4%)%.B1/)I&(./3B9%>,4v1%)6/)601*4B4(.,1%)6&,41&,3H@,1 /)*+,3()*,j*(=101*%/)%:.,I((61*4%)1&(4*%H()1.%!"##$%#&()&*&("$+",-%(#"+&.)#(/$+&0(*0)+&1#%2*-"0)+ "+3&*&("$+",$-$(4i83>*?g%&G%=.?%H3+4<;g%iG%Pj?0Q%H@+.g%Z+.?+.g%@@G%EY["```G
  • 43. J4,)6Kr,4H3%./)*,I4%H() J4%6/H()%.h(I/1H31 6(=.0@+(3%B4C8.<%:+9@=.80% 3(=?82+.=**C%,+:40%+.%@(+?4:30% =.?%3;8(%9+>9.30 &(+?4:30 F+ (S =(?H+4(:8.<%+:; 8.< ?803(8B42+. hTLcRJc2R F=:8*820 Z+:=2+. Z+7=*80=2+. Z=.?%40 HU503?3g%ZG%P`hhbQ%N3()3,&*0%.=4%9,-(4>=(4%)%.B1/)I&(./3B9%>,4v1%)6/)601*4B4(.,1%)6&,41&,3H@,1 /)*+,3()*,j*(=101*%/)%:.,I((61*4%)1&(4*%H()1.%!"##$%#&()&*&("$+",-%(#"+&.)#(/$+&0(*0)+&1#%2*-"0)+ "+3&*&("$+",$-$(4i83>*?g%&G%=.?%H3+4<;g%iG%Pj?0Q%H@+.g%Z+.?+.g%@@G%EY["```G
  • 44. J4,)6Kr,4H3%./)*,I4%H() R%9,9(6,.e*-(&,41&,3H@,1 6(=.0@+(3 e;8:*0a d++?0 >00*0 L &(+?4:30 +> /,1 J5NR7T5J 9%) & (9 .3 6(=c: F+ )3 (S H( =(? 4*%H+4(:8.<%=.? (8 )1& .< ?803(8B42+. hTLcRJc2R J4% f=C0%=.? 3(98.=*0 F=:8*820 Z+:=2+.0 Z+:=*80=2+. Z=.?%40 HU503?3g%ZG%P`hhbQ%N3()3,&*0%.=4%9,-(4>=(4%)%.B1/)I&(./3B9%>,4v1%)6/)601*4B4(.,1%)6&,41&,3H@,1 /)*+,3()*,j*(=101*%/)%:.,I((61*4%)1&(4*%H()1.%!"##$%#&()&*&("$+",-%(#"+&.)#(/$+&0(*0)+&1#%2*-"0)+ "+3&*&("$+",$-$(4i83>*?g%&G%=.?%H3+4<;g%iG%Pj?0Q%H@+.g%Z+.?+.g%@@G%EY["```G
  • 45. R(a T+S%:=.%3;%3(=.0@+(3=2+.%8.?403(C%93%3;0% 3(.?0K 1.02342+..%,5(%67.87.0%7+.+98%+:;%+(<=.80=2+.!!"#$%&(%)*+,%-(./0 ->?*.8.<.%,5(%*+<8027%+:;%3(=.0@+(3
  • 46. 1.02342+..%,5(%67.87.0%7+.+98%+:;%+(<=.80=2+.!!"#$%&(%)*+,%-(./0 ->?*.8.<.%,5(%*+<8027%+:;%3(=.0@+(3
  • 47. J+,*4%)1&(4*/)601*4B D*+/)I1 1.02342+..%,5(%67.87.0%7+.+98%+:;%+(<=.80=2+.!!"#$%&(%)*+,%-(./0 ->?*.8.<.%,5(%*+<8027%+:;%3(=.0@+(3
  • 48. a&+B1/3%. 1.02342+..%,5(%67.87.0%7+.+98%+:;%+(<=.80=2+.!!"#$%&(%)*+,%-(./0 ->?*.8.<.%,5(%*+<8027%+:;%3(=.0@+(3
  • 49. a&0:./3 1.02342+..%,5(%67.87.0%7+.+98%+:;%+(<=.80=2+.!!"#$%&(%)*+,%-(./0 ->?*.8.<.%,5(%*+<8027%+:;%3(=.0@+(3
  • 50. a%)%.(I0, 1.02342+..%,5(%67.87.0%7+.+98%+:;%+(<=.80=2+.!!"#$%&(%)*+,%-(./0 ->?*.8.<.%,5(%*+<8027%+:;%3(=.0@+(3
  • 51. 6:;.+*+<C%L=.=<9.3%=.?%j:+.+98:022dtw7,4T.(=N4)U1 Z+<8027:0%=.?%6(=.0@+(3=2+.
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  • 53. ;;;-+/3+*+,/)=(49%H() *,3+)(.(IB+%1)(*;!!"#$%&(%)*+,%-(./0 1.02342+..%,5(%67.87.0%7+.+98%+:;%+(<=.80=2+. ->?*.8.<.%,5(%*+<8027%+:;%3(=.0@+(3
  • 54. w(03%)v*O01*%1>301*(9,41-+%**+,B-%)*%)6*+,)*4B*(I/@,*+%**(*+,9; tB*+,H9,B(0I,*/*:0/.*8*+,Bv.. -%)*1(9,*+/)I),-;
  • 55. c*k1H9,=(4&4(%3H@/*B 6:;.+*+<C%L=.=<9.3%=.?%j:+.+98:022dtw7,4T.(=N4)U1 Z+<8027:0%=.?%6(=.0@+(3=2+.
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  • 57. 1.02342+..%,5(%67.87.0%7+.+98%+:;%+(<=.80=2+. 19=<A%!+..:3?G%_W`a_Wb%BC%-.?$=X+.3H3+@%+.%F*8:7(G:+9!!"#$%&(%)*+,%-(./0 ->?*.8.<.%,5(%*+<8027%+:;%3(=.0@+(3
  • 58. L((61 Op r,+/3., en int erf ace D sy ata st co em ll s ( ect Ad op ion van en c ) han ed or dlin der W g eb ba Pl at se f d sy orm UI Sim st p em ba han le ord s sed dli e ng r Pla oot nin Da syste tary) ta ( pr g Ha iente col ms opr $%)0%. M sn or rdw d lec on um co ie it p tio or t are n fu ion - el d Ph ape se P ba on rs er e p Pa r,41/() Q A s gn E-m na oo si lo ls t gu d ail oa e R sy utin ic ro nam ti r ste g on ga fo s m vi S na GP Dy ce ata so ple d s lti hup s Mu Mas ur ng lli ms To stet01/),11 b-s ices erv c We h traffi sy d id ua l iv ting ion In rou at c)=4%d 1*403*04, wit ata rm d fo&4(3,11,1 in g nin tooInspired by Lidne, Östmar http://disruptiveleap.com Pla CC-BY Per Olof Arnäs, Chalmers
  • 59. L((61 Op r,+/3., en int erf ace D sy ata st co em ll s ( ect Ad op ion van en c ) han ed or dlin der W g eb ba Pl at se f d sy orm UI Sim st p em ba han le ord s sed 2(9&0*,41 dli e ng r Pla t oo nin Da syste tary) ta ( pr g Ha iente col ms opr $%)0%. M sn or d rdw d lec se on um co ie ba it p tio Performan ss Based ac or t are er n p fu ion Pa - el d Ph ape se P ba on rs ce er e ce p Pa r,41/() Q Q;M A s gn E-m na oo ata Com h vehi Based ance s si lo ls t acces The s wit gu d be d ail oa e mun cles rm R TM Pro ocial Perfo icat S -sy S Ex web D ion ste ce R l ms Fax sy utin ic ro nam ti r ste g on ga fo s m vi S na GP Dy Ro Op ce ata E- pl so ple d s an ute lti hup inv en ni s oic ng co Mu Mas ur e nn ecti vit W ng y e bo b b lli ms To ste c)=4%d In te ok ase syt01/),11 gr in d l at g ices ua ed erv c id b-s iv ting ion pr og Route op We h traffi d In rou at 1*403*04, no timisatio n wit ata rm d fo&4(3,11,1 si s in Ex ce pt ion g sh nin an dli tooInspired by Lidne, Östmar http://disruptiveleap.com ng Pla CC-BY Per Olof Arnäs, Chalmers
  • 60. L((61 Op r,+/3., en int erf ace D i- sy ata s b al st co s a ion k em ll d s ( ect oo ct lin op ion G ire er Ad van en d yp c ) h han ed or s R(o-%4, dlin der W g de eb co ar ba B Pl at se f d sy orm UI Sim st p em ba han le ord ht s sed 2(9&0*,41 g dli e ng r ei fr ts ted Pla en ra t m e oo cu gen nin Da syste tary) do lly ta ( pr g a ic on Ha iente col ms opr $%)0%. tr M sn or d rdw d lec se ec on um co ie ba El it p tio Performan ss Based ac or t are er n p fu ion Pa - el d Ph ape se P ba on rs ce er e ce p Pa r,41/() Q Q;M !;Q A s gn E-m na oo ata Com h vehi Based ance s si lo ls t acces The s wit gu d be d ail oa e mun cles rm R TM Pro ocial Perfo icat S -sy S Ex web D ion ste ce R l ms Fax sy utin ic ro nam ti r ste g on ga fo s m vi S na GP Dy Ro Op ce ata E- pl so ple d s an ute lti hup inv en ni s oic ng co Mu Mas ur e nn ecti vit W ng y e bo b b lli ms To ste c)=4%d In te ok ase syt01/),11 gr in d l at g ices ua ed erv c id b-s iv ting ion pr og Route op We h traffi d In rou at 1*403*04, no timisatio n wit ata rm d fo&4(3,11,1 si s in Ex ce pt ion g sh nin an dli tooInspired by Lidne, Östmar http://disruptiveleap.com ng Pla CC-BY Per Olof Arnäs, Chalmers
  • 61. L((61 Op S0)3H()1 r,+/3., en int erf ace D i- sy ata s b al st co s a ion k em ll d s ( ect oo ct lin op ion G ire er Ad van en d yp c ) h han ed or s R(o-%4, dlin der W g de eb co ar ba B Pl at se g f m ted d sy orm in UI ak Sim st io bu p em ba han le ord ht cis tri s sed n 2(9&0*,41 g dli e de Dis ng r ei fr ts ted Pla en ra t gs m e oo cu gen -ta nin Da syste tary) do lly ID ta ( pr g a ic RF on Ha iente col ms opr $%)0%. tr M sn or d rdw d lec se ec on um co ie ba El it p tio Performan ss Based ac or t are er n p fu ion Pa - el d Ph ape se P ba on rs ce er e ce p Pa r,41/() Q Q;M !;Q !;M A s gn E-m na oo ata Com h vehi Based ance s si lo ls t acces The s wit gu d be d ail oa e mun cles rm R TM Pro ocial Perfo icat S -sy S Ex web D ion ste ce R l ms Fax sy utin ic ro nam ti r ste g on ga fo s m vi S na GP Dy Ro Op ce ata E- pl so ple d s an ute lti hup inv en ni s oic ng co Mu Mas ur e nn ecti vit W ng y e bo b b lli ms To ste c)=4%d In te ok ase syt01/),11 gr in d l at g ices ua ed erv c id b-s iv ting ion pr og Route op We h traffi d In rou at 1*403*04, no timisatio n wit ata rm d fo&4(3,11,1 si s in Ex ce pt ion g sh nin an dli tooInspired by Lidne, Östmar http://disruptiveleap.com ng Pla CC-BY Per Olof Arnäs, Chalmers
  • 62. L((61 Op S0)3H()1 r,+/3., en int erf ace D i- sy ata s b al st co s a ion k em ll d s ( ect oo ct lin op ion G ire er Ad van en d yp c ) h han ed or s R(o-%4, dlin der W g de eb co ar ba B Pl at se g f m ted d sy orm in UI ak Sim st io bu p em ba han le ord ht cis tri s sed n 2(9&0*,41 g dli e de Dis ng r ei fr ts ted Pla en ra t gs m e oo cu gen -ta nin Da syste tary) do lly ID ta ( pr g a ic RF on Ha iente ds col ms opr $%)0%. tr M sn or d goo rdw d lec se ec on um co ie ba El it p tio Performan ss Based ac art or t are er n p fu ion Pa Sm - el d Ph ape se P ba on rs ce er e ce p Pa r,41/() Q Q;M !;Q !;M _;Q A s gn E-m na oo ata Com h vehi Based ance s si lo ls t acces The s wit gu d be d ail oa e mun cles rm R TM Pro ocial Perfo icat S -sy S Ex web D ion ste ce R l ms Fax sy utin ic ro nam ti r ste g on ga fo s m vi S na GP Dy Ro Op ce ata E- pl so ple d s an ute lti hup inv en ni s oic ng co Mu Mas ur e nn ecti vit W ng y e bo b b lli ms To ste c)=4%d In te ok ase syt01/),11 gr in d l at g ices ua ed erv c id b-s iv ting ion pr og Route op We h traffi d In rou at 1*403*04, no timisatio n wit ata rm d fo&4(3,11,1 si s in Ex ce pt ion g sh nin an dli tooInspired by Lidne, Östmar http://disruptiveleap.com ng Pla CC-BY Per Olof Arnäs, Chalmers
  • 63. L((61 Op r,+/3., en int erf ace D R,%9.,113(990)/3%H() d i- s b al s a ion k oo ct lin sy ata st co em ll s ( ect op ion ^/S/8DLp`L8L75R8R%*,../*,85ScA8S2,*3; G ire er d yp Ad van c en ) h han ed or s dlin der W g de eb co ar ba B Pl at se g f m ted d sy orm in UI ak Sim st io bu p em ba han le ord ht cis tri s sed n g dli e de Dis ng r ei fr ts ted Pla en ra t gs m e oo cu gen -ta nin Da syste tary) do lly ID ta ( pr g a ic RF on Ha iente ds col ms opr tr M sn or d goo rdw d lec se ec on um co ie ba El it p tio Performan ss Based ac art or t are er n p fu ion Pa Sm - el d Ph ape se P ba on rs ce J+,)dA,@,.(&=04*+,4K er e ce p Pa 24,%*,),-1,4@/3,1%)6=0)3H()1 Q Q;M !;Q !;M _;Q S/41*dA/I/H?,K *+%*01,*+,6/I/*%./)=4%1*403*04, A s 5,&.%3,3044,)*6%*%-/*+ gn E-m na oo ata Com h vehi Based ance s si lo ls t acces The s wit gu d be d ail LcRd1,4@/3,1 oa e mun cles rm R TM ,.,3*4()/3%.*,4)%H@, Pro r,+/3.,9%)%I,9,)* ocial Perfo icat S -sy c)=(*%/)9,)* S Ex web D ion ste ce R n50)H9,n3(1*dp4,@,)0,%)%.B1/1 l ms Fax R0:134/:,*(@,+/3.,=0)3H()%./*B-+,)),,6,)8/;,;,j*4% sy utin ic ro nam ti r ste g on ga fo s +(41,&(-,4 m vi S na GP Dy Ro Op ce ata E- pl so ple d s an ute lti hup inv en ni s oic ng co Mu Mas ur e nn e 2()),3*,6xr,+/3., cti vit W ng y e bo b b lli ms To ste c)=4%d In te ok ase syt01/),11 gr in d l at g ices ua ed erv c id b-s iv ting ion pr og Route op We h traffi d In rou at 1*403*04, no timisatio n wit ata rm d fo&4(3,11,1 si s in Ex ce pt ion g sh nin an dli tooInspired by Lidne, Östmar http://disruptiveleap.com ng Pla CC-BY Per Olof Arnäs, Chalmers
  • 64. L((61 Op r,+/3., en int erf ace D i- sy ata s b al st co s a ion k em ll d s ( ect oo ct lin op ion G ire er Ad van en d yp c ) h han ed or s dlin der W g de eb co ar ba B Pl at se g f m ted d sy orm in UI ak Sim st io bu p em ba han le ord ht cis tri s sed n g dli e de Dis ng r ei fr ts ted Pla en ra t gs m e oo cu gen -ta nin Da syste tary) do lly ID ta ( pr g a ic RF on Ha iente ds col ms opr tr M sn or d goo rdw d lec se ec on um co ie ba El it p tio Performan ss Based ac art or t are er n p fu ion Pa Sm - el d Ph ape se P ba on rs ce er e ce p Pa _;Q !;M !;Q Q;M Q r,41/() J40,6/1*4/:0*,66,3/1/() A J+,),j*1*,&%o,45ScA s gn E-m na oo ata Com h vehi Based ance s si lo ls 9%>/)I t acces The s wit gu d be d ail oa e mun cles rm R TM Pro ocial Perfo J+,I((613%)8()/*1(-)8 icat S -sy S Ex web D ion ste ce R l ms 3+%)I,4(0*,83(990)/3%*,%)6 Fax sy utin ic ro nam ti r ste g on ga fo s m vi S 9%>,6,3/1/()1 na GP Dy Ro Op ce ata E- pl so ple d s an ute lti hup inv en ni s oic ng co Mu Mas ur 2()),3*,6xL((61 e nn ecti vit W ng y e bo b b lli ms To ste c)=4%d In te ok ase syt01/),11 gr in d l at g ices ua ed erv c id b-s iv ting ion pr og Route op We h traffi d In rou at 1*403*04, no timisatio n wit ata rm d fo&4(3,11,1 si s in Ex ce pt ion g sh nin an dli tooInspired by Lidne, Östmar http://disruptiveleap.com ng Pla CC-BY Per Olof Arnäs, Chalmers
  • 65. Perhaps Ishould change to tram #6? I+(0>/<.%BC%;=.0G93.=0%+.%k8:7(G:+9
  • 66. L((61 Op r,+/3., en int 2()),3*,6xt01/),11 erf ace D i- sy ata s b al st co s a ion k em ll d s ( ect oo ct lin op ion G ire er Ad van en d yp c ) h han ed or s dlin der W g de eb co ar ba B Pl at se g f m ted d sy orm in UI ak Sim st io bu p em ba han le ord ht cis tri s sed h%4I,d13%.,%)6=4,]0,)*.(%6 n g dli e de Dis ng r ei fr ^+,)6/I/H?,66%*%:,3(9,1 ts ted Pla en ra t %)64(0*,(&H9/1%H()1 gs m e oo cu gen -ta nin Da syste tary) %@%/.%:.,8%6@%)3,6%)%.B1,1 do lly ID ta ( pr g a ic RF on Ha iente ds col ms opr tr M sn or d goo rdw d lec se ec on um co ie :,3(9,&(11/:., ba El it p tio Performan ss Based ac art or t are er ,-3(990)/3%H() n p fu ion Pa Sm - el r/?0%./1%H()189%1+d0&1,*3; d Ph ape se P ba on rs ce 3+%)),.1 er e ce p Pa Q;M Q ^/6,3()*%3*/)*4,=%3,*(-%461301*(9,41%)6(*+,4 _;Q !;M !;Q r,41/() 1*%>,+(.6,41 A s gn E-m na oo ata Com h vehi Based ance s si lo ls t acces The s wit gu d be d ail oa e mun cles rm R TM Pro ocial Perfo icat S -sy S Ex web D ion ste ce R l ms Fax sy utin ic ro nam ti r ste g on ga fo s m vi S na GP Dy Ro Op ce ata E- pl so ple d s an ute lti hup inv en ni s oic ng co Mu Mas ur e nn ecti vit W ng y e bo b b lli ms To ste c)=4%d In te ok ase syt01/),11 gr in d l at g ices ua ed erv c id b-s iv ting ion pr og Route op We h traffi d In rou at 1*403*04, no timisatio n wit ata rm d fo&4(3,11,1 si s in Ex ce pt ion g sh nin an dli tooInspired by Lidne, Östmar http://disruptiveleap.com ng Pla CC-BY Per Olof Arnäs, Chalmers
  • 67. J$Rd1B1*,91J$ReJ4%)1&(4*$%)%I,9,)*RB1*,9 R J$ J4%Z33()*4(. T46,4+%)6./)ITZ3,:%1,6 c)@(/3/)I 74/3/)I r,+/3.,9%)%I,9,)*
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  • 69. 5(0*,(&H9/1%H()
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