Session 74 - Per Olof Arnäs

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ICT in transport - future outlook …

ICT in transport - future outlook

Presentation for the Swedish conference Transportforum.

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    Per Olof Arnäs

    Blue pill or the red pill by Sarah Fagg
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/pinkangelbabe/427255017/
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    Colorful toy trucks parked together in rows by Horia Varlan
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/horiavarlan/4267398696/
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    3d boxes by
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/crystaljingsr/3915512282/
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    Traffic Jam by Giorgio Minguzzi
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/iz4aks/4085305231/
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    542 miles by Jason
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/jasmic/329844767/
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    Gary Larson

    Stage Coach Wheel by
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/19779889@N00/2785101089/
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    Snowball Maker by
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/oakleyoriginals/5424167208/
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    559 - The Matrix - Seamless Texture by
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/zooboing/4335531915/
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    Connected. 362/365 by
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/thenovys/3823173754/
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    Bilfrakt.se

    Korsvägen by hans.emtenas on flickr.com
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/26452667@N05/2495549664/

    railway station symmetry by Pierre Metivier
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/feuilllu/199392214/
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    bjs-loading-docks-with-human by Dan DeLuca
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/dandeluca/3535172958/
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    Locals and Tourists #2 (GTWA #1): New York by Eric Fischer
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/walkingsf/4671594023/
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    DPS

    ttp://www.autologic-systems.co.uk

    3D Character and Question Mark
    by crystaljingsr
    CC BY-NC 2.0
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/crystaljingsr/3915514014/in/set-72157622354789320

    Bokeh Remote by Bart
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/cayusa/2530412232/
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    Remote by Kevin T. Houle
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/kevint/380885497/
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    F430 dashboard by Carlos de Paz
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/cdepaz/2871565176/
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    Spitalfields part VI by Ville Miettinen
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/wili/284084730/
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    The girl and the iPad by Niclas Lindh
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/niclindh/4892850762/
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  • 1. ICT  in  transport Future  outlook Per  Olof  Arnäs,  PhD Chalmers Technology  Management  and  EconomicsCC-­‐BY  Per  Olof  Arnäs Logis4kcs  and  Transporta4on
  • 2. Technology  Management  and  EconomicsCC-­‐BY  Per  Olof  Arnäs Logis4kcs  and  Transporta4on
  • 3. 1989 Technology  Management  and  EconomicsCC-­‐BY  Per  Olof  Arnäs Logis4kcs  and  Transporta4on
  • 4. 1989 Map  on  the  wall  with  pushpins Delivery  notes  (with  3  carbon  sheets) Radio Calculator   Prices,  phone  numbers  etc. Cardfile  of  customers Pens  in  various  colors tank  sizes  etc. Technology  Management  and  EconomicsCC-­‐BY  Per  Olof  Arnäs Logis4kcs  and  Transporta4on
  • 5. 1989 Products: Ca  100  customers  i  west  Sweden Gasoline  95 Gasoline  96 Gasoline  98 Diesel Diesel,  colored 6  tanker  trucks  (incl.  trailers) 7  parQQons  in  each  vehicle Pricing   Recieve  orders Transport  planning A  full  Qme  job! Technology  Management  and  EconomicsCC-­‐BY  Per  Olof  Arnäs Logis4kcs  and  Transporta4on
  • 6. Technology  Management  and  EconomicsCC-­‐BY  Per  Olof  Arnäs Logis4kcs  and  Transporta4on
  • 7. The  transport  industry 3  things Technology  Management  and  EconomicsCC-­‐BY  Per  Olof  Arnäs Logis4kcs  and  Transporta4on
  • 8. …physical
  • 9. …public Technology  Management  and  EconomicsCC-­‐BY  Per  Olof  Arnäs Logis4kcs  and  Transporta4on
  • 10. …analogue Technology  Management  and  EconomicsCC-­‐BY  Per  Olof  Arnäs Logis4kcs  and  Transporta4on
  • 11. Technology  Management  and  EconomicsCC-­‐BY  Per  Olof  Arnäs Logis4kcs  and  Transporta4on
  • 12. TransportaQon  has  developed more  or  less  linearly the  last  5500  years... Technology  Management  and  EconomicsCC-­‐BY  Per  Olof  Arnäs Logis4kcs  and  Transporta4on
  • 13. ...which  the  informaQon   technology  has  not.CC-­‐BY  Per  Olof  Arnäs Technology  Management  and  Economics Logis4kcs  and  Transporta4on
  • 14. Historically,  the  transport   industry  has  been  very  reacQve Technology  Management  and  EconomicsCC-­‐BY  Per  Olof  Arnäs Logis4kcs  and  Transporta4on
  • 15. You  cant  just  ask  customers  what  they   want  and  then  try  to  give  that  to  them.   By  the  Qme  you  get  it  built,  theyll   want  something  new. Technology  Management  and  EconomicsCC-­‐BY  Per  Olof  Arnäs Logis4kcs  and  Transporta4on
  • 16. It’s  Qme  for  proacQvity Technology  Management  and  EconomicsCC-­‐BY  Per  Olof  Arnäs Logis4kcs  and  Transporta4on
  • 17. We  need   a  digital   platform Technology  Management  and  EconomicsCC-­‐BY  Per  Olof  Arnäs Logis4kcs  and  Transporta4on
  • 18. Image:  Connected.  362/365  by  AndYaDontStop  on  Flickr.com Technology  Management  and  EconomicsCC-­‐BY  Per  Olof  Arnäs Logis4cs  and  Transporta4on
  • 19. Goods Op en int erf ace D sy ata Vehicle st co em ll s ( ect op ion Ad en van ) c h a n e d or dlin der g W eb ba Pl se at d f sy orm UI Sim st p em ba han le ord s sed dli e ng r Pla too nin Da syste tary) g Ha ( pr ta rdw col ms op r Manual M osn lec are ie on u c tio it mp -or or t n f u ion ien el d ted Ph a p e se P ba on rs er e p Pa Version 0 A ns na oo E-m g si lo ls t gu d a il oa e R s m sy ic ste ti r ing m on ga fo ut na vi S na GP ro Dy ce ata so ple d s lti hup s Mu Mas ur s e m st sy Infra-­‐ g l linBusiness   To l ua ices id erv data d iv ting ion b-s In rou at We traffic structure h rm wit foprocesses in ing on toInspired by Lidne, Östmar http://disruptiveleap.com Pla CC-BY Per Olof Arnäs, Chalmers
  • 20. Goods Op en int erf ace D sy ata Vehicle st co em ll s ( ect op ion Ad en van ) c h a n e d or dlin der g W eb ba Pl se at d f sy orm UI Sim st p em ba han le ord s sed dli e Computers ng r Pla too nin col tems y) ( pr g Da tion Ha iente sys rietar lec op M sn d or Manual ta rdw d se on u m co Performa s Based ac ba it p or t are er f u ion p Pa - d el Ph a p e se P ba on rs ces nce er e p Pa Version 0 0.5 A ns Based ance ata E-m C om na oo s g acces si lo ls t be d The s gu mun hicles d a il oa rm e ve R icat ocial Pro Perfo sys TM e m s i on S Ex t web D S- w ce R ith l F ax sy utin ic ro nam ti r ste g on ga fo s m vi S Ro na GP Dy ut E- ce ata Op e so ple d s pl inv lti hup en an s oi c ni Mu Mas co ng ur e nn ec tiv W s ity eb e m ba st sy Infra-­‐ In se g te d lin bo lBusiness   gr ok To l at in ua e g ices id d pr erv data d iv ting ion og b-s In rou at We traffic structure Route op no timisatio n h rm wit foprocesses si s in Ex ce pt i on sh ing an on dli toInspired by Lidne, Östmar http://disruptiveleap.com ng Pla CC-BY Per Olof Arnäs, Chalmers
  • 21. Goods - Op en int erf ace D sy ata Vehicle bi st co as nal em ll ds tio nk s ( ect oo c li op ion G ire per Ad en d y van ) h c h a n e d or s So`ware dlin der g W o de eb rc Ba Pl ba a se ba tfo d Sim sy s r UI p st ed m han le ord em ts ted dli e Computers ng r s en ra Pla m e cu gen too t lly nin gh ica do col tems y) ( pr ei n Da tion Ha iente sys rietar g fr tro lec op M sn d or Manual ta rdw d ec se on u m co Performa s Based ac ba El it p or t are r pe f u ion Pa - d el Ph a p e se P ba on rs ces nce er e p Pa Version 0 0.5 1.0 A e Bas nc Com E-m na oo gn d si oa dat e lo ls rma t ed s b The s a R gu on wcles s veh a il Pro acces mun h e Perfo ocial sys TM e m s i it icat S Ex t web D S- ce R i l F ax sy utin ic ro nam ste g ti r s on ga fo m Ro vi S E- Dy ta ltipl s pl na GP s Mu shup a n ute Op so e ce inv en ni ur ng oi c co Ma nn e ec tiv s da W ity eb e m ba st sy Infra-­‐ In se g te d lin bo lBusiness   gr ok To l at in ua e g ices id d pr erv data d iv ting ion og b-s In rou at We traffic structure Route op no timisatio n h rm wit foprocesses si s in Ex ce pt i on sh ing an on dli toInspired by Lidne, Östmar http://disruptiveleap.com ng Pla CC-BY Per Olof Arnäs, Chalmers
  • 22. Goods bi - FuncQons Op en int erf ace D sy ata Vehicle as nal st co ds io k em ll s ( ect oo ect rlin Ad van op ion en G ir e d yp ord ced ) h es So`ware h a n er W U d dlin co eb I g ar Pl ba B m cisio ted a ba tfo se Sim sy s r in n de ribu d p st ed m g han le ord em ts ted st e ak Computers dli ng r s Di en ra Pla m e cu gen gs too t lly -ta nin gh ica do col tems y) ( pr ID ei n Da tion Ha iente sys rietar g fr tro RF lec op M sn d or Manual ta rdw d ec se on u m co Performa s Based ac ba El it p or t are r pe f u ion Pa - d el Ph a p e se P ba on rs ces nce er e p Pa Version 0 0.5 1.0 1.5 A ns Based ance ata Com th vehi E-m na oo s nw The s g acces si lo ls t be d gu d a il i oa rm mun cles e R ocial Pro Perfo sys TM e m s icat S Ex t D S- web ce R io l F ax sy utin ic ro nam ti r ste g on ga fo s m vi S ce ata na GP Ro Dy E- so ple d s pl a n ute up inv co s ni Mu Mash Op c t i v nn ng oi c ur e en i t y lti e W g e bo b b lin s ol e m al Infra-­‐ In ok ase T st pr teg du gBusiness   in d b- sy i og ra g We es iv in io no te Route ic serv raffic n d ou t a t I r si d rm structure optimisa h t s wit ata fo nprocesses tion in Ex d ce pt i on sh ing an on dli toInspired by Lidne, Östmar http://disruptiveleap.com ng Pla CC-BY Per Olof Arnäs, Chalmers
  • 23. Goods bi - FuncQons O i n t pen erf ace co Da Vehicle as nal sy llec ta ds io k s t (o tem ion oo ect rlin Ad van pe s G ir e n) d yp ord ced h es So`ware h a n er W U d dlin co eb I g ar Pl ba B m cisio ted a ba tfo se Sim sy s r in n de ribu d p st ed m g han le ord em ts ted st e ak Computers dli ng r s Di en ra Pla m e cu gen gs too t lly -ta nin gh ica do col tems y) ( pr ID ei n od s Da tion Ha iente sys rietar g fr tro RF lec op M sn d or Manual ta rdw d ec se on u m co o Performa s Based ac ba El rt g it p or t are r pe a f u ion Pa Sm - d el Ph a p e se P ba on rs ces nce er e p Pa Version 0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 A ns Based ance ata Com th vehi E-m na oo s nw The s g acces si lo ls t be d gu d a il i oa rm mun cles e R ocial Pro Perfo sys TM e m s icat S Ex t D S- web ce R io l F ax sy utin ic ro nam ti r ste g on ga fo s m vi S ce ata na GP Ro Dy E- so ple d s pl a n ute up inv co s ni Mu Mash Op c t i v nn ng oi c ur e en i t y lti e W g e bo b b lin s ol e m al Infra-­‐ In ok ase T st pr teg du g nBusiness   in d b- sy i og ra g We es iv in o no te Route ic serv raffic n d ou t a t i I r si d structure t m s optimisa h wit ata orprocesses tion nf Ex d i c ha e ptio g nd nin lin ns ato oInspired by Lidne, Östmar http://disruptiveleap.com g Pl CC-BY Per Olof Arnäs, Chalmers
  • 24. Goods O i n t pen erf ace co Da Vehicle Seamless  communicaQon bi - as nal ds tio nk sy llec ta s t (o tem ion oo WiFi,  3G/4G,  GPRS,  Satellite,  RFID,  NFC  deecperl G irtc. i Ad pe s van h y ord ced n) h a n er W U s dlin de eb I rc o g Ba Pl ba a ba tfo se g m ted in Sim sy s r d ak p st ed m io bu han le ord em cis tri n t dli e gh de Dis ng r s ei Pla fr ts ted too en ra gs m ne cu ge -ta nin do lly col tems y) ( pr ID a Da tion Ha iente ic sys rietar RF g on lec op M sn od s or tr ta rdw d ec on u m co d se Performa s o El Based ac it p ba rt g or t are er a p f u ion Sm Pa - el Ph a p e d se P on rs ba ces nce er e p Pa 0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 A Then  -­‐  Develop  further:   C om na s gn E-m lo ata Based mance si s g acces ue The s d mun hicles be d a il oa to R ve ol First  -­‐  DigiQze:   Create  new  services  and  funcQons   TM r icat s Pro ocial Perfo S-s i on S Ex web y D Replace  current  data  with   that  use  the  digital  infrastructure ste w R ce ith l m s F ax s m sy ic GIS-­‐services electronic  alternaQve ste ti r ing m on ga fo ut na vi S Vehicle  management na GP Ro ro Dy ut E- ce ata Op e Infotainment so ple d s pl inv lti hup en an s oi c ni ”RunQme”  cost-­‐/revenue  analysis Mu Mas co ng ur e nn Subscribe  to  vehicle  funcQonality  when  needen,  i.e.  extra  horsepower ec Connected|Vehicle tiv W s ity eb e m ba st sy Infra-­‐ In se g te d lin bo l Business   gr ok To l at in ua e g ices id d pr erv data d iv ting ion og b-s In rou at We traffic structure Route op no timisatio n h rm wit fo processes si s in Ex ce pt i on sh ing an Technology  Management  and  Economics on dli toCC-­‐BY  Per  bylof  Arnäs Inspired O Lidne, Östmar http://disruptiveleap.com ng Pla CC-BY Per Olof Arnäs, Chalmers Logis4cs  and  Transporta4on
  • 25. Goods bi - Op en int erf ace D sy ata Vehicle as nal st co ds io k em ll s ( ect oo ect rlin op ion en G ir e Ad van ) d yp c h a n e d or h dlin der es g W o d eb rc Ba ba Pl m cisio ted se at d f sy orm in n UI de ribu Sim st g p em ba han le ord ts ted s sed st ak dli e ng r Di en ra m e Pla cu gen gs too t lly -ta nin gh ica Da syste tary) do ID g Ha ei n ( pr ta od s fr tro RF rdw col ms op r d ec se M osn o lec are ie on u c ba El rt g tio it mp -or Performan ss or t Based ac r n pe f u ion ien a el Pa Sm d ted se Ph a p e ba P ce on rs ce e p er Pa 2.0 1.5 1.0 0.5 0 Version Dynamic  planning   A Allow  for  the  goods  to   C om na s gn E-m lo ata Based mance and  operaQons si s g acces ue The s d mun hicles be d a il oa to R ve ”communicate”  with  the  systems   ol TM r icat s Pro ocial Perfo S-s i on S Ex web y D around  them ste w R ce ith l m s F ax s m sy ic ste ti r ing m RFID  is  an  enabler on ga fo ut na vi S na GP Ro ro Dy ut E- ce ata Op e so ple d s pl inv lti hup en an s oi c ni Mu Mas co ng ur e nn Connected|Goods ec tiv W s ity eb e m ba st sy Infra-­‐ In se g te d lin bo l Business   gr ok To l at in ua e g ices id d pr erv data d iv ting ion og b-s In rou at We traffic structure Route op no timisatio n h rm wit fo processes si s in Ex ce pt i on sh ing an Technology  Management  and  Economics on dli toCC-­‐BY  Per  bylof  Arnäs Inspired O Lidne, Östmar http://disruptiveleap.com ng Pla CC-BY Per Olof Arnäs, Chalmers Logis4cs  and  Transporta4on
  • 26. uld Perhaps I sho 6? c hange to tram # Technology  Management  and  EconomicsCC-­‐BY  Per  Olof  Arnäs Logis4cs  and  Transporta4on Korsvägen  by  hans.emtenas  on  flickr.com
  • 27. Goods Op en int Vehicle Connected|Business erf ace D bi - sy ata st co as nal em ll ds tio nk s ( ect oo c li op ion G ire per Ad en d y van ) h c h a n e d or dlin der s g W o de eb rc Ba ba Pl se at g d f m ted sy orm in UI ak Sim st io bu p em ba han le ord cis tri s sed n t gh dli e de Dis ng r ei fr When  digiQzed  data  becomes   ts ted Pla Large-­‐scale  and  frequent  load   en ra too gs m ne cu ge -ta nin available,  advanced  analyses   Da syste tary) do lly ID and  route  opQmisaQons g Ha a ( pr ta ic RF on rdw col ms od s op r tr ec M osn d lec become  possible are se ie o El on u c ba rt g tio it mp -or Performan ss or t Based ac er n a p f u ion ien Sm Pa el VizualisaQons,  mash-­‐ups  etc. ted d Ph a p e se P ba ce on rs ce e er p Pa 2.0 1.5 1.0 0.5 0 Version New  communicaQon  channels Wide  contact  intreface  towards  customers  and  other  stakeholders A Com th vehi E-m na oo s nw The s gn ata Based mance lo ls si s t acces d gu be d oa a il i mun cles e R r ocial Pro Perfo sys TM e m s icat Ex S t D S- web R ce io l F ax s m sy ic ste ti r ing m on ga fo ut na vi S na GP Ro E- ro Dy pl ce ata a n ute so ple d s inv co lti hup ni s Op c t i v nn ng oi c Mu Mas ur e en i t y e W m s e st e bo b b sy Infra-­‐ In ok ase l lin g pr teg Business   in d To ua l og ra g id ices iv ting ion no te Route erv data d b-s In rou at si d We traffic structure optimisa h rm s wit fo processes tion in Ex c ha e ptio ing nd lin ns Technology  Management  and  Economics Pla to onCC-­‐BY  Per  bylof  Arnäs Inspired O Lidne, Östmar http://disruptiveleap.com g Logis4cs  and  Transporta4on CC-BY Per Olof Arnäs, Chalmers
  • 28. TMS-­‐systems TMS  –  Transport  Management  System S TM Traffic  control Order  handling Office  based Invoicing Pricing Vehicle  management Technology  Management  and  EconomicsCC-­‐BY  Per  Olof  Arnäs Logis4cs  and  Transporta4on
  • 29. Data  mining Technology  Management  and  EconomicsCC-­‐BY  Per  Olof  Arnäs Logis4cs  and  Transporta4on
  • 30. Route  opQmisaQon
  • 31. Load  opQmisaQon http://www.autologic-systems.co.uk
  • 32. Goods Op en int erf Vehicle Connected|Infrastructure ace D bi - sy ata st co as nal em ll ds tio nk s ( ect oo c li op ion G ire per Ad en d y van ) h c h a n e d or dlin der s g W o de eb rc Ba ba Pl se at g d f m ted sy orm in UI ak Sim st io bu p em ba han le ord cis tri s sed Dynamic  road  fees Access  control n t gh dli e de Dis ng r ei fr ts ted Pla en ra too gs m ne cu ge -ta nin Da syste tary) do lly ID g Ha a ( pr ta ic RF Tolling on Disturbance  informaQon rdw col ms od s op r tr ec M osn d lec are se ie o El on u c ba rt g tio it mp -or Performan ss or t Based ac er n a p f u ion ien Sm Pa el ted d Decision  support  data Ph a p e se P ba ce on rs ce Delivery  windows   e er p Pa Version 0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 A ns Based ance ata C om na s E-m g acces lo si g ue be d The s mun hicles d a il oa to rm ve ol R TM icat s ocial Pro Perfo S-s i on S Ex web y D ste w ce R ith l m s sy utin ic F ax ro nam ti r ste g on ga fo s m vi S Ro ce ata na GP Dy so ple d s ut E- Op up e pl inv en an s Mu Mash oi c ni co ng ur e nn lti ec tiv W g ity lin s eb ba ol e m l Infra-­‐ se In T st ua te d boBusiness   gr ok b- sy id g n at in We es v e d g ic di tin io pr og serv raffic In rou at structure Route op no timisatio t m n h wit ata orprocesses si s Ex d i nf ce pt g nin i on sh an oInspired by Lidne, Östmar http://disruptiveleap.com dli ng Pl ato CC-BY Per Olof Arnäs, Chalmers
  • 33. Example Subscribe  to  informaQon  specific  to  you Traffic  control ol PosiQon o  tra ce  data ontr Speed ffic  c DIrecQon an Adpa c  disturb ted  t Traffi Traffic  disturbance   Traffic  disturbance  data data Adpated  to  traffic  each  vehicle Road   TransportaQon administraQon company Web  Service  or  RSS/Atom Service  produced  by  the Road  administra8on Technology  Management  and  EconomicsCC-­‐BY  Per  Olof  Arnäs Logis4cs  and  Transporta4on
  • 34. Technology  Management  and  EconomicsCC-­‐BY  Per  Olof  Arnäs Logis4cs  and  Transporta4on
  • 35. TransacQon  handling From  order  to  invoice (transportaQon  company) Basic  data From/To/What/When Owner:  the  customer Resource  allocaQon What  vehicle? Owner:  Traffic  controller Cargo  informaQon Loaded  amount Owner:  Supplier Proof  of  Delivery Time/date/signature Owner:  Driver Pricing Owner:  Financial  dept. Enough  informaQon  to  create  invoiceCC-­‐BY  Per  Olof  Arnäs All  of  these  steps  cost  money! Technology  Management  and  Economics Logis4cs  and  Transporta4on
  • 36. An  increase  in  the  number  of   orders  lead  to  increased  cost Total  cost  for   administraQon  of  all   orders Goal:  De-­‐couple  the   dependecy  between   administaQve  cost  and   order  volume Handle  excepQons  –   not  transacQons! Number  of  orders  per  year Technology  Management  and  EconomicsCC-­‐BY  Per  Olof  Arnäs Logis4kcs  and  Transporta4on
  • 37. A  full-­‐Qme  job  in  1989! Technology  Management  and  EconomicsCC-­‐BY  Per  Olof  Arnäs Logis4kcs  and  Transporta4on
  • 38. A  full-­‐Qme  job  in  1989! 2011:  max  2  hours! Technology  Management  and  EconomicsCC-­‐BY  Per  Olof  Arnäs Logis4kcs  and  Transporta4on
  • 39. So... is  it really  possible to email a  fridge
  • 40. Yes! Technology  Management  and  EconomicsCC-­‐BY  Per  Olof  Arnäs Logis4kcs  and  Transporta4on
  • 41. Our  control  systems  are   digital  models  of  reality Technology  Management  and  EconomicsCC-­‐BY  Per  Olof  Arnäs Logis4kcs  and  Transporta4on
  • 42. Our  control  systems  are   dashboards Technology  Management  and  EconomicsCC-­‐BY  Per  Olof  Arnäs Logis4kcs  and  Transporta4on
  • 43. Always:It’s  about  people.
  • 44. And  finally…   The  Internet  became  accesible  for  Swedish  consumers   around  17  years  ago   + = A  (bad  and  expensive)  mix  between  Teletext  and   the  Yellow  Pages Not  very  preoy Few  people  with  computers Technology  Management  and  EconomicsCC-­‐BY  Per  Olof  Arnäs Logis4cs  and  Transporta4on
  • 45. And  finally…   Today,  15  years   later,  we  have   Based  on  what   sites  like  Google   people  google  and   Flu  Trends where  their   computer  is  located Two  weeks  ahead   of  the  official  flu   tracker www.google.org Technology  Management  and  EconomicsCC-­‐BY  Per  Olof  Arnäs Logis4cs  and  Transporta4on
  • 46. How  will  we  use  the  technology  in  17  years? Thank  you! Per  Olof  Arnäs per-­‐olof.arnas@chalmers.se about.me/perolofarnas @Dr_PO Slides  published  on  slideshare.net/poar Images  CC-­‐licensed.  Info  in  comments. Technology  Management  and  EconomicsCC-­‐BY  Per  Olof  Arnäs Logis4kcs  and  Transporta4on