Future challenges in transportation (handels 20101011).pptx
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The transportation industry faces a number of challenges in the near future. This presentation describes the transportation system from different points of view and suggests that the future can be ...

The transportation industry faces a number of challenges in the near future. This presentation describes the transportation system from different points of view and suggests that the future can be described in four areas: Connected Vehicle, Connected Goods, Connected Business and Connected Infrastructure.

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Future challenges in transportation (handels 20101011).pptx Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Future  challenges  in   transporta6on   (and  logis6cs)   Per  Olof  Arnäs,  PhD   TRB  Sverige   per-­‐olof.arnas@trb.se   www.trb.se   Feel  free  to  tweet  about   this  using  the  hashtag   #drpolecture   ©  Per  Olof  Arnäs,  TRB  Sverige,  @Dr_PO   www.trb.se  
  • 2. How  much  of  the  goods  transported  by  the   haulage  industry  are  loaded  on  pallets?   Feel  free  to  tweet  about   this  using  the  hashtag   #drpolecture   Source:  SIKA   ©  Per  Olof  Arnäs,  TRB  Sverige,  @Dr_PO   www.trb.se  
  • 3. How  much  of  the  traffic  work*  are   dedicated  to  the  transport  of  pallets?   * Traffic work = Vehicle km Feel  free  to  tweet  about   this  using  the  hashtag   #drpolecture   Source:  SIKA   ©  Per  Olof  Arnäs,  TRB  Sverige,  @Dr_PO   www.trb.se  
  • 4. How  much  of  the  transport  work*  are   dedicated  to  the  transport  of  pallets?   * Transport work = tonne km Feel  free  to  tweet  about   this  using  the  hashtag   #drpolecture   Source:  SIKA   ©  Per  Olof  Arnäs,  TRB  Sverige,  @Dr_PO   www.trb.se  
  • 5. Number  of  trucks  equipped  to   transport  pallets   Feel  free  to  tweet  about   this  using  the  hashtag   #drpolecture   Source:  SIKA   ©  Per  Olof  Arnäs,  TRB  Sverige,  @Dr_PO   www.trb.se  
  • 6. Feel  free  to  tweet  about   this  using  the  hashtag   #drpolecture   ©  Per  Olof  Arnäs,  TRB  Sverige,  @Dr_PO   www.trb.se  
  • 7. What  do  all  the   other  trucks  do?   Feel  free  to  tweet  about   this  using  the  hashtag   #drpolecture   Source:  SIKA   ©  Per  Olof  Arnäs,  TRB  Sverige,  @Dr_PO   www.trb.se  
  • 8. A  resource-­‐  and  competence  center   16  partners   Turnover  13.5  bn  SEK  (1.4  bn  euro)   7  900  vehicles:   5  900  trucks   2  000  heavy  duty  machines   10  500  employees   Almost  20%  of  the  Swedish  haulage  industry   2,5  million  orders  for  80  000  customers   Owns  more  than  30  terminals  and  80  quarries   Alltransport     GDL   MLT   Norrköping   Helsingborg   Uppsala   ALWEX   GKF  Frakt   Närkefrakt   Växjö/Alvesta     Kris6anstad   Örebro   BDX   GLC   Samfrakt   Norrbocen   Göteborg   Kalmar   Bilfrakt.se   LBC  Frakt   Sundfrakt   Skelleeeå/Umeå   Karlstad   Sundsvall   Centralen   LBC  Varberg   Trollhäcan   Varberg   FORIA   MaserFrakt   Södertälje   Borlänge   Feel  free  to  tweet  about   this  using  the  hashtag   Updated 2010-02-02 #drpolecture   ©  Per  Olof  Arnäs,  TRB  Sverige,  @Dr_PO   www.trb.se  
  • 9. LBC-­‐companies   Regionally  focused   Owned  by  hauliers   One-­‐stop  shopping   Construc6on  industry   Waste  management  and  recycling   Tradi6onal  goods  transport   Tank  and  bulk   Forest  transports   Feel  free  to  tweet  about   Industrial  transports   this  using  the  hashtag   3PL-­‐services  (storing,  kilng  etc.)   #drpolecture   ©  Per  Olof  Arnäs,  TRB  Sverige,  @Dr_PO   www.trb.se  
  • 10. Focal  areas   The  work  of  TRB  is  closely   related  to  issues  relevant  for   the  single  haulage  company   Environmental  issues   Logis6cs   Fuel  and  supplies   IT   Procurement   Educa6on   Safety  issues   Feel  free  to  tweet  about   this  using  the  hashtag   #drpolecture   ©  Per  Olof  Arnäs,  TRB  Sverige,  @Dr_PO   www.trb.se  
  • 11. Haulage  companies  own   vehicles  that  are  used  by…   2   …transport  companies  that  service…   1   4   …customers  that  own…   3   …flows  that  are  controlled  by…   …logis6cs  principles   ©  Per  Olof  Arnäs,  TRB  Sverige,  @Dr_PO   www.trb.se   #drpolecture   5   Feel  free  to  tweet  about   this  using  the  hashtag  
  • 12. Fuel  economy   Security   Alco  lock   Cer6ficates   Maintenance   Safety   Rules  and  regula6ons   U6lisa6on   Mobile  IT-­‐systems   ISA  –  Intelligent  Speed  Adapta6on   ROI   Second  hand  value   Selec6on  of  fuel   Driver  Educa6on   Feel  free  to  tweet  about   this  using  the  hashtag   #drpolecture   ©  Per  Olof  Arnäs,  TRB  Sverige,  @Dr_PO   www.trb.se  
  • 13. The  role  of  a  vehicle  in  the   informa6on  system   Today,  most  of  this  communicaMon   Data  consumer:   is  carried  out  by  phone,  paper,  and   • Order  data   pencil.   • Traffic  data   In  the  70’s,  radio  communicaMon  was  used,  nothing  of  note   • AdministraMve  data   has  happened  otherwise…   Data  producer:   To  meet  future  customer  requirements,  all  of   • Order  data   • Traffic  data   this  communicaMon  needs  to  be  electronic   • AdministraMve  data   • OperaMon  data   Feel  free  to  tweet  about   this  using  the  hashtag   #drpolecture   ©  Per  Olof  Arnäs,  TRB  Sverige,  @Dr_PO   www.trb.se  
  • 14. Utlilisa6on   System  integra6on   Educa6on   Service  Level   Resource  alloca6on   Route  op6misa6on   Environmental  repor6ng   Mobile  IT-­‐systems   Transport  Management   Customer  contacts   RFID   Security   Safety   Track  and  Trace   Cer6ficates   Feel  free  to  tweet  about   this  using  the  hashtag   #drpolecture   ©  Per  Olof  Arnäs,  TRB  Sverige,  @Dr_PO   www.trb.se  
  • 15. This  mechanism  is   The  customer  pays  for   transport  work.     fundamental   Measured  in  tonne  km.   to  all  transport   opera6ons!   The  transport  company  wants  to   maximise  the  amount  of   transport  work  and  minimise   the  amount  of  traffic  work   tonne  km   The  haulier’s  costs  are   vehicle  km   driven  by  traffic  work.   MAX   Measured  in  vehicle  km.   Feel  free  to  tweet  about   this  using  the  hashtag   #drpolecture   ©  Per  Olof  Arnäs,  TRB  Sverige,  @Dr_PO   www.trb.se  
  • 16. From  order  to  invoice   (transporta6on  company)   Basic  data   From/To/What/When   Owner:  the  customer   Resource  alloca6on   What  vehicle?   Owner:  Traffic  controller   Cargo  informa6on   Loaded  amount   Owner:  Supplier   Proof  of  Delivery   Time/date/signature   Owner:  Driver   Pricing   Owner:  Financial  dept.   Enough  informa6on  to  create  invoice   All  of  these  steps  cost  money!   Feel  free  to  tweet  about   this  using  the  hashtag   #drpolecture   ©  Per  Olof  Arnäs,  TRB  Sverige,  @Dr_PO   www.trb.se  
  • 17. An  increase  in  the  number  of   orders  lead  to  increased  cost   Total  cost  for   administra6on  of   all  orders   Goal:  De-­‐couple  the   dependecy  between   administa6ve  cost  and     order  volume   Handle  excep6ons  –  not   transac6ons!   Number  of  orders  per  year   Feel  free  to  tweet  about   this  using  the  hashtag   #drpolecture   ©  Per  Olof  Arnäs,  TRB  Sverige,  @Dr_PO   www.trb.se  
  • 18. Cabotage   ”Cabotage  is  the  transport  of  goods  or  passengers  between   two  points  in  the  same  country.”  (Wikipedia)   Sweden  has  a  rela6vely  high  salary  level   compared  to  several  of  the  nearby  countries  such   as  the  Bal6c  states  and  Poland   As  soon  as  value  added  service  elements   are  introduced  in  the  end  points,   Mainly  FTL  –  low  barrier   cabotage  becomes  more  difficult   The  simple  reposi6oning  of  a  semi-­‐trailer   LTL   only  requires  a  trailer  truck  and  a  GPS   Consumer  contact   Construc6on  industry   Etc.   Feel  free  to  tweet  about   this  using  the  hashtag   #drpolecture   ©  Per  Olof  Arnäs,  TRB  Sverige,  @Dr_PO   www.trb.se  
  • 19. Four  strategies  to  reduce  the  environmental   footprint  of  transporta6on   Use  less  fuel   Educa6on   Feedback/follow-­‐up  system   U6lise  vehicles  more  efficiently   Planning  systems   Informa6on  sharing  throughout  the  chain   Use  alterna6ve  sources  of  energy   Limited  availability   Warran6es  from  engine  manufacturers   Reduce  distances  in  6me   Resolve  conges6on   Use  low-­‐intensity  periods   Redirect  traffic  dynamically   Feel  free  to  tweet  about   Image:  Aspen  Petroleum   this  using  the  hashtag   #drpolecture   ©  Per  Olof  Arnäs,  TRB  Sverige,  @Dr_PO   www.trb.se  
  • 20. Lot  sizing   Transport  Quality   Environmental  repor6ng   Price   Stock  levels   Service  level   System  integra6on   Reliability   Environmental  footprint   Security   Feel  free  to  tweet  about   this  using  the  hashtag   #drpolecture   ©  Per  Olof  Arnäs,  TRB  Sverige,  @Dr_PO   www.trb.se  
  • 21. Central  warehouse  –  tradi6onal  layout   •  Manufacturers  deliver  to   the  same  warehouse   •  Sales  offices  have  their   own  warehouses  close  to   their  markets   •  Sales  offices  order  from  the   central  warehouse   •  Several  transportaMon   companies  involved   Feel  free  to  tweet  about   this  using  the  hashtag   #drpolecture   ©  Per  Olof  Arnäs,  TRB  Sverige,  @Dr_PO   www.trb.se  
  • 22. Example,  decentralised  system   •  A  customer  in  Östersund  (middle  of  Sweden)  orders  products  before  15.00  day  0.  The   warehouse  is  in  Helsingborg  (south  of  Sweden).   •  Delivery  within  44  hours  (before  11  day  2)   •  Day  0:     –  Order  registra6on   •  Day  1:     –  Picking   –  Prepare  shipment   –  Pick  up  by  hauler   –  Line-­‐based  transport  to  des6na6on  terminal   •  Dag  2:     –  Distribu6on  to  consignor  before  11  o’clock   15:00   11:00   44  h   Day  0   Day  1   Day  2   Feel  free  to  tweet  about   this  using  the  hashtag   #drpolecture   ©  Per  Olof  Arnäs,  TRB  Sverige,  @Dr_PO   www.trb.se  
  • 23. Central  warehouse  –  new  layout   •  Manufacturers  deliver  to  the   same  warehouse   •  Sales  offices  collect  orders   and  work  the  market   •  The  central  warehouse   delivers  directly  to  the   customer   •  Probably  only  one   transportaMon  company   involved   Feel  free  to  tweet  about   this  using  the  hashtag   #drpolecture   ©  Per  Olof  Arnäs,  TRB  Sverige,  @Dr_PO   www.trb.se  
  • 24. Example,  centralised  system   •  The  same  customer  in  Östersund  order  products  before  15  day  0.  The  warehouse  is  in  Brussels.   •  Delivery  is  s6ll  carried  out  within  44  hours  (before  11  day  2)   •  Day  0:     –  Customer  orders  electronically.  The  order  is  sent  directly  to  the  forklie  in  the  central  warehouse.     –  Picking  is  instantaneous   –  Shipment  prepared  for  the  ”Sweden  line”   –  Pick  up  by  hauler,  transport  to  transshipment  loca6on  in  Sweden  (ca  16  h)   •  Day  1:     –  Transshipment  at  line-­‐based  terminal   –  Line-­‐based  transport  to  receiving  terminal   •  Day  2:     –  Distribu6on  to  consignor  before  11  o’clock   15:00   11:00   44  h   Dag  0   Dag  1   Dag  2   Feel  free  to  tweet  about   this  using  the  hashtag   #drpolecture   ©  Per  Olof  Arnäs,  TRB  Sverige,  @Dr_PO   www.trb.se  
  • 25. Width   Lot  sizing   Length   Repe66veness   Uniqueness   Goods  Heterogeneity   Goods  or  products   Feel  free  to  tweet  about   this  using  the  hashtag   #drpolecture   ©  Per  Olof  Arnäs,  TRB  Sverige,  @Dr_PO   www.trb.se  
  • 26. What  makes  some  goods  heterogeneous?   Low/high  density   Poor  stowability   FOUR   DIMENSIONS   Extended  liability   Difficulty  of  handling   Feel  free  to  tweet  about   this  using  the  hashtag   #drpolecture   ©  Per  Olof  Arnäs,  TRB  Sverige,  @Dr_PO   www.trb.se  
  • 27. Time   Informa6on   Coordina6on   Planning   Handling   Control  Tower   Feel  free  to  tweet  about   this  using  the  hashtag   #drpolecture   ©  Per  Olof  Arnäs,  TRB  Sverige,  @Dr_PO   www.trb.se  
  • 28. Deep fry Production Wholesaler, ”Supply chain manager” Customer  order  point/Warehouse   Fries Resellers Counter   Customers Feel  free  to  tweet  about   this  using  the  hashtag   #drpolecture   ©  Per  Olof  Arnäs,  TRB  Sverige,  @Dr_PO   www.trb.se  
  • 29. Transport   Vehicles/   Goods   vessels   Traffic   The  haulage  industry  mainly   focuses  on  the  vehicles   Ways  and   terminals   Feel  free  to  tweet  about   Sjöstedt,  L.  (2005)  A  conceptual  framework  for  analysing  policy  maker's  and  industry  roles  and   this  using  the  hashtag   perspec6ves  in  the  context  of  sustainable  goods  transporta6on  In  Barriers  to  sustainable  transport  :   #drpolecture   ©  Per  Olof  Arnäs,  TRB  Sverige,  @Dr_PO   Rietveld,  P.  and  Stough,  R.  (Eds)  Spon,  London,  pp.  198-­‐222.   ins0tu0ons,  regula0on  and  sustainability   www.trb.se  
  • 30. Transport  buying  companies   tradiMonally  focus  on  products   and  their  movements   Products   Sourcing  och   distribuMon   FaciliMes   LocaMon   LokalisaMon   Land  use   Feel  free  to  tweet  about   Sjöstedt,  L.  (2005)  A  conceptual  framework  for  analysing  policy  maker's  and  industry  roles  and   this  using  the  hashtag   perspec6ves  in  the  context  of  sustainable  goods  transporta6on  In  Barriers  to  sustainable  transport  :   #drpolecture   ©  Per  Olof  Arnäs,  TRB  Sverige,  @Dr_PO   Rietveld,  P.  and  Stough,  R.  (Eds)  Spon,  London,  pp.  198-­‐222.   ins0tu0ons,  regula0on  and  sustainability   www.trb.se  
  • 31. Transport   Vehicles/   Goods   vessels   Products   Traffic   Sourcing  and   distribuMon   Ways  and   terminals   FaciliMes   LocaMons   LocalisaMon   Land  use   Feel  free  to  tweet  about   Sjöstedt,  L.  (2005)  A  conceptual  framework  for  analysing  policy  maker's  and  industry  roles  and   this  using  the  hashtag   10-­‐10-­‐11  :  31   perspec6ves  in  the  context  of  sustainable  goods  transporta6on  In  Barriers  to  sustainable  transport  :   #drpolecture   ©  Per  Olof  Arnäs,  TRB  Sverige,  @Dr_PO   Rietveld,  P.  and  Stough,  R.  (Eds)  Spon,  London,  pp.  198-­‐222.   ins0tu0ons,  regula0on  and  sustainability   www.trb.se  
  • 32. Haulage  companies  own   vehicles  that  are  used  by…   …transport  companies  that  service…   …customers  that  own…   …flows  that  are  controlled  by…   …logis6cs  principles   Feel  free  to  tweet  about   this  using  the  hashtag   #drpolecture   ©  Per  Olof  Arnäs,  TRB  Sverige,  @Dr_PO   www.trb.se  
  • 33. How  will  the  future  play  out  for   6   transporta6on  companies?   It  is  Mme  to  connect  the  various   enMMes  to  each  other   Feel  free  to  tweet  about   this  using  the  hashtag   #drpolecture   ©  Per  Olof  Arnäs,  TRB  Sverige,  @Dr_PO   www.trb.se  
  • 34. Feel  free  to  tweet  about   this  using  the  hashtag   #drpolecture   ©  Per  Olof  Arnäs,  TRB  Sverige,  @Dr_PO   www.trb.se  
  • 35. Connected|Vehicle   Seamless  communica6on   First:     WiFi,  3G/4G,  GPRS,  Satellite,  RFID  etc.   Replace  current  data  with   electronic  alterna6ve   Then:     Create  new  func6onality  that   uses  the  new  infrastructure   GIS-­‐services   Vehicle  management   Infotainment   ”Run6me”  cost/revenue  6cker   Subscribe  to  vehicle  func6onality  as  needed,     e.g.  extra  horse  powers   Feel  free  to  tweet  about   this  using  the  hashtag   #drpolecture   ©  Per  Olof  Arnäs,  TRB  Sverige,  @Dr_PO   www.trb.se  
  • 36. Connected|Business   When  data  becomes   readily  available,  data   mining  becomes  possible   Visualisa6ons  and  mash-­‐ups  to  assist  decision  making   Large-­‐scale  and  frequent   route-­‐  and  load   op6misa6ons   Feel  free  to  tweet  about   this  using  the  hashtag   #drpolecture   ©  Per  Olof  Arnäs,  TRB  Sverige,  @Dr_PO   www.trb.se  
  • 37. Connected|Goods   The  goods  will  be  able  to   True  distributed  decision   inherit  and  process  the   making   state  of  their  load  carrier   The  RFID  technology   The  goods  will,  by  their  own   taken  to  the  next  step   accord,  be  able  to  change  route   and  otherwise  affect  their   movement   Feel  free  to  tweet  about   this  using  the  hashtag   #drpolecture   ©  Per  Olof  Arnäs,  TRB  Sverige,  @Dr_PO   www.trb.se  
  • 38. Connected|Infrastructure   Dynamic  road  pricing   Conges6on  control   Slot  management   Feel  free  to  tweet  about   this  using  the  hashtag   #drpolecture   ©  Per  Olof  Arnäs,  TRB  Sverige,  @Dr_PO   www.trb.se  
  • 39. And  finally…     The  Internet  became  accesible  for  Swedish   consumers  15  years  ago     A  (bad  and  expensive)  mix  between  Teletext   and  the  Yellow  Pages   Not  very  precy   Only  nerds  owned  computers   Feel  free  to  tweet  about   this  using  the  hashtag   #drpolecture   ©  Per  Olof  Arnäs,  TRB  Sverige,  @Dr_PO   www.trb.se  
  • 40. And  finally…   Today,  15  years  later,  we  have   sites  like  Google  Flu  Trends   Based  on  what  people  google  and   where  their  computer  is  located   Two  weeks  ahead  of  the   official  flu  tracker   www.google.org   Feel  free  to  tweet  about   this  using  the  hashtag   #drpolecture   ©  Per  Olof  Arnäs,  TRB  Sverige,  @Dr_PO   www.trb.se  
  • 41. How  will  we  use  the  technology  in  15   years?   Feel  free  to  tweet  about   this  using  the  hashtag   #drpolecture   ©  Per  Olof  Arnäs,  TRB  Sverige,  @Dr_PO   www.trb.se  
  • 42. Thank  you!   Per  Olof  Arnäs   per-­‐olof.arnas@trb.se   www.trb.se   twiger.com/Dr_PO   Feel  free  to  tweet  about   this  using  the  hashtag   #drpolecture   ©  Per  Olof  Arnäs,  TRB  Sverige,  @Dr_PO   www.trb.se