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CB101CONSTRUCTION & MATERIALS                                Lecture by,                 NAZRIZAM BINTI AB. WAHAB         ...
CB101                            CONSTRUCTION & MATERIALS                  REINFORCEMENT                           FITTING...
Define about iron steelExplain types of iron steel, characteristics and its uses:a. Ingot ironb. Cast ironc. Wrought irond...
We have already sent Our messengers with clear evidences andsent down with them the Scripture and the balance that thepeop...
STEEL• Steel can be classified as iron steel (ferrous) and non-  iron steel (non ferrous).IRON STEEL• Iron steel is the a ...
• Contains 93% pure iron, 3 to 5%                    carbon and the remaining                    silica, sulfur, phosphoru...
• Strong in terms of pressure, but weak in                    terms of tensile                  • 69MN/m2 tensile strength...
• Is the most pure iron content of 99% iron and                    0.25% carbon.                  • Soft but strong.      ...
• Metal is made ​of iron and containing carbon of                    0.12% to 1.8%.                  • Strong, hard, easy ...
NON IRON STEEL• Non-iron steel is based metal that other than iron (ferrous), for example:  copper, aluminum, zinc, tin, m...
• Metal is made ​of iron and containing carbon of                    0.12% to 1.8%.                  • Strong, hard, easy ...
NON STEEL MATERIAL• Metals other than iron and steel known as non-ferrous metal. These metals are  widely used for buildin...
Steel
Steel
Steel
Steel
Steel
Steel
Steel
Steel
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Steel

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CB101 Construction Material by pnnazz

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  1. 1. CB101CONSTRUCTION & MATERIALS Lecture by, NAZRIZAM BINTI AB. WAHAB 017-6125556 pnnazz@gmail.com http://www.facebook.com/Nazrizam
  2. 2. CB101 CONSTRUCTION & MATERIALS REINFORCEMENT FITTING METHODS OFMATERIALS FINISHING CONCRETE MATERIALS CONSTRUCTION Reinforcement Brickworks Floor finishing Nails Foundation concrete Pre-stress Mortar Wall finishing Screws Floor const. concrete Concrete Pre-cast Roof covering Bolts & nuts Wall const. concrete/ Pre- Fabrication Water Proofing Brackets Roof const. Light concrete Timber Glue Steel Non steel
  3. 3. Define about iron steelExplain types of iron steel, characteristics and its uses:a. Ingot ironb. Cast ironc. Wrought irond. Mild steelDefine about non-iron steel.Explain types, characteristic and uses of the following non-iron steel:a. Copperb. Aluminumc. Zincd. Bronzee. Brass.Learn about non-steel materialsState types, characteristics and uses of the following non-steel materials:a. Glassb. Plasticc. Asphalt (bitumen)
  4. 4. We have already sent Our messengers with clear evidences andsent down with them the Scripture and the balance that thepeople may maintain [their affairs] in justice. And We sentdown iron, wherein is great military might and benefits for thepeople, and so that Allah may make evident those who supportHim and His messengers unseen. Indeed, Allah is Powerful andExalted in Might. (Al-Hadid, 25)
  5. 5. STEEL• Steel can be classified as iron steel (ferrous) and non- iron steel (non ferrous).IRON STEEL• Iron steel is the a kind of alloy that usually containing iron and carbon.• The types of iron steel are ingot/pig iron, cast iron, wrought iron, and mild steel Ingot Cast iron iron Wrought Mild iron steel
  6. 6. • Contains 93% pure iron, 3 to 5% carbon and the remaining silica, sulfur, phosphorus andCHARACTERISTICS manganese. • Production process is done by using the blast furnace. • Used as the main ingredient in the production of iron such as cast iron, wrought iron and steel. USES It is not used in its own form for engineering applications.
  7. 7. • Strong in terms of pressure, but weak in terms of tensile • 69MN/m2 tensile strength or elastic limit is twice the tensile strength. • Will melt at a temperature of 1500CHARACTERISTICS degree in furnace. • Strong but brittle. • Can not be tapped or soldered but can be formed using the mold. • Heat resistant and vibrate-resistant. • Light poles, ladders, handrail, grating, drainag e cover, discharge pipe. USES • Cylinder head, pipe, casing. • Disbursements made​by using several types of furnace such as air furnace, copula and duplex furnace.
  8. 8. • Is the most pure iron content of 99% iron and 0.25% carbon. • Soft but strong. • Can be formed by way of knock only if heated up to 1000 degrees and use the Bessemer converter.CHARACTERISTICS • More resistant to rust from cast iron. • Density 7690kg/m3, 207MN/m2 maximum compressive strength, shear strength maximum of 276 MN/m2. • Be welded and have a high work a convenience feature. • Gate, a band of iron and steel products to be formed or forged. USES • Rivets, nails, bolts, auto parts and machine components.
  9. 9. • Metal is made ​of iron and containing carbon of 0.12% to 1.8%. • Strong, hard, easy to set up and can be refinedCHARACTERISTICS or extended as wire, stainless steel, heat resistant, resistant to magnetic and other properties that are not on iron. • Used to build bridges, ships, automobiles, the elements in the construction industry such as frames, joists, reinforcement. • Components of electrical equipment, food containers, tools carpentry and structural USES materials. • Steel for structural materials are available in the form of H, T, I and Z. • Keep in mind that the steel will not burn when exposed to fire, but it will be weak, so it should be coated with other materials such as concrete or asbestos.
  10. 10. NON IRON STEEL• Non-iron steel is based metal that other than iron (ferrous), for example: copper, aluminum, zinc, tin, magnesium, nickel and lead. Copper Aluminum Zinc Bronze Brass
  11. 11. • Metal is made ​of iron and containing carbon of 0.12% to 1.8%. • Strong, hard, easy to set up and can be refinedCHARACTERISTICS or extended as wire, stainless steel, heat resistant, resistant to magnetic and other properties that are not on iron. • Used to build bridges, ships, automobiles, the elements in the construction industry such as frames, joists, reinforcement. • Components of electrical equipment, food containers, tools carpentry and structural USES materials. • Steel for structural materials are available in the form of H, T, I and Z. • Keep in mind that the steel will not burn when exposed to fire, but it will be weak, so it should be coated with other materials such as concrete or asbestos.
  12. 12. NON STEEL MATERIAL• Metals other than iron and steel known as non-ferrous metal. These metals are widely used for building structures or to make lightweight materials, electricity conductor and so on. Non-steel material used as glass, plastic and asphalt. glass plastic asphalt NON STEEL MATERIALS
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