Bio diversity

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Bio diversity

  1. 1. WORKSHOP ON BIODIVERSITY AT CHHINDWADA M.P. INDIA DATED 20.10.2010 PRESENTATION BY --- P.N.MISHRA ADDL.D.F.OSAUSAR CHHINDWADA INDIA. LANGUAGE--HINDI
  2. 2. tSo fofo/krk ij dk;Z'kkyk fnukad 20@02@2010 izLrqfr }kjk %& e/; izns'k 'kklu ou foHkkx ou o`Rr fNUnokM+k ih- ,u- feJk vij oueaMy vf/kdkjh lkSalj
  3. 3. tSo fofo/krk ,d ifjp; <ul><li>tSo fofo/krk D;k gS </li></ul><ul><li>tSo fofo/krk dk v/;;u bruk egRoiw.kZ D;ksa gS </li></ul><ul><li>tSo fofo/krk ladV D;k gS </li></ul><ul><li>ge tSo fofo/krk laj{k.k dSls dj ldrs gS </li></ul>
  4. 4. tSo fofo/krk (Bio-diversity) <ul><li>tSo $ fofo/krk </li></ul><ul><li>lHkh thfor iztkfr;kWa (Species), muds vuqokaf’kd inkFkZ vkSj mudh ikfjfLFkfrdh </li></ul><ul><li>Refers to the numbers, variety and variability of living organisms and ecosystem. </li></ul><ul><li>Includes all terrestrial, marine and other aquatic organisms. </li></ul><ul><li>Covers diversity within species, between species as well as variations among ecosystems. </li></ul>
  5. 5. tSo fofo/krk ds Lrj <ul><li>ikfjfLFkdh; fofo/krk </li></ul><ul><li>(Ecological diversity) </li></ul><ul><li>iztkrh; fofo/krk </li></ul><ul><li>(Species diversity) </li></ul><ul><li>vuqokaf’kd fofo/krk </li></ul><ul><li>(Genetic diversity) </li></ul>
  6. 6. ikfjfLFkfrdh iz.kkyh esa fofo/krk (Ecological diversity) <ul><li>dksbZ ikfjfLFkfrdh iz.kkyh thoksa ¼ikS/kksa] izkf.k;ksa vkSj lw{e tho½ dk ,d lewg gksrk gS tks ,d nwljs ij vkSj vius i;kZoj.k ds thfor vkSj e`r rRoksa ij vkfJr gksrk gS rFkk mu ij izHkko Hkh Mkyrk gSA ¼tSls& gok] feV~Vh] ikuh] [kfut vkfn½ </li></ul><ul><li>taxy] ?kkl ds eSnku] ufn;k] >hys vkfn fofo/k ikfjfLFkfrdh iz.kkfy;kaW gSA </li></ul><ul><li>different habitats, niches, species interactions </li></ul>
  7. 7. iztkrh; fofo/krk (Species diversity) <ul><li>izR;sd iztkfr dk nwljh iztkfr ls vyx gksuk </li></ul><ul><li>ekuo] yaxwj </li></ul><ul><li>lky] djat] uhe vyx&vyx iztkfr;kWa </li></ul><ul><li>different kinds of organisms, relationships among species </li></ul>
  8. 8. vuqokaf’kd tSo fofo/krk (Genetic diversity) <ul><li>thu (gene) ;k xq.klw=ksa (DNA) dh fofo/krk </li></ul><ul><li>,d iztkfr ds Hkhrj ih<+h nj ih<+h </li></ul><ul><li>fdlh Hkh iztkfr ds Hkhrj ikbZ tkus okyh fofo/krk </li></ul><ul><li>different genes & combinations of genes </li></ul>
  9. 9. ekuo ds thfor jgus ds fy;s tSo fofo/krk <ul><li>tSo fofo/krk gekjs thou ds gj igyw dks Nwrh gSA </li></ul><ul><li>thfor jgus ds fy;s vukt </li></ul><ul><li>vkJ; </li></ul><ul><li>diM+s </li></ul><ul><li>dyk vkSj /keZ ls feyus okys mRlkgdkjh rRo </li></ul>
  10. 10. tSo fofo/krk dk vkfFkZd ewY; <ul><li>[kk| lqj{kk & iwjh nqfu;k esa vukt ds fy;s ikS/kksa dh 7000 iztkfr;kWa </li></ul><ul><li>dsoy 30 iztkfr;ksa ls dqy Hkkstu dk 90% Hkkx iwjk gks tkrk gSA </li></ul>
  11. 11. tSo fofo/krk dk vkfFkZd ewY; <ul><li>lsgr vkSj LokLF; ykHk & </li></ul><ul><li>bUlkuksa] i'kq/ku ,oa ikS/kksa dh lsgr dh lqj{kk </li></ul><ul><li>80% ikjaifjd vk;qosZfnd nokvksa dk fuekZ.k] fofHkUu vkS&quot;k/kh; iztkfr ds ikS/kksa ls </li></ul><ul><li>,yksiSFkh rFkk gksfe;kiSFkh nok;sa Hkh </li></ul>
  12. 12. tSo fofo/krk dk vkfFkZd ewY; <ul><li>lsgr vkSj LokLF; ykHk & </li></ul><ul><li>vk/kqfud fpfdRlk iz.kkyh esa 21 ,slh nok;sa gS tks dsoy ikS/kksa ls gh izkIr gks ldrh gSA </li></ul><ul><li>vkS&quot;k/kh; ikS/kk fQfyisUMqyk myesfj;k ( filipendula ulmaria) ls fudyus okyh ,fLijhu] fludksuk isM+ dh Nky ls fudyus okyh dquSu </li></ul>
  13. 13. tSo fofo/krk dk vkfFkZd ewY; <ul><li>js'ks & dikl] twV] ukfj;y ds js'ks] ckal ,oa vU; ?kkls dnjrh js'kksa ds L=ksar </li></ul><ul><li>LFkkuh; vFkZO;oLFkk ,oa m|ksxksa esa mi;ksx </li></ul><ul><li>jfLl;kWa] dkxt] diM+s cukus esa] fuekZ.k ,oa iWafdax lkexzh ds fy;s cksjs] fxuhcSx] xyhpksa ds Lrj </li></ul>
  14. 14. tSo fofo/krk dk vkfFkZd ewY; <ul><li>Geo-textile esa & js'kksa ls cus tky ,oa fxzM dk mi;ksx lM+dks] ugjksa] cka/kksa] ca/kkuksa ds fuekZ.k esa] </li></ul><ul><li>Hkw>j.k ,oa Hkw&L[kyu ls igkfM+;ksa dh <kykuksa dks cpkus ds fy;s </li></ul><ul><li>tSo ;k ck;ks Mhty & djat] tVjksQk xUuk] eDdk </li></ul><ul><li>Hkou fuekZ.k lkexzh & </li></ul>
  15. 15. tSo fofo/krk dk vkfFkZd ewY; <ul><li>i;ZVu & fofHkUu us'kuy ikdZ ,oa vH;kj.k esa i;ZVu </li></ul><ul><li>osV yS.M {ks=ksa esa i;ZVu </li></ul>
  16. 16. tSo fofo/krk dk ikfjfLFkfrdh; ewY; <ul><li>iztkfr;ksa dh ijLij fuHkZjrk </li></ul><ul><li>Hkkstu] ijkx.k] chtksa dk izlkj.k gsrq </li></ul><ul><li>Hkkstu J`[kayk (Food Chain) ] Hkkstu tky (Food Web) vkSj ikfjLFkfrdh iz.kkyh (Eco System) esa gj iztkfr dh Hkwfedk </li></ul>
  17. 17. tSo fofo/krk dk ikfjfLFkfrdh; ewY; <ul><li>izkd`frd pØ ds vax ds :i esa tSo fofo/krk dk ewY; </li></ul><ul><li>ty pØ (Hydrological cycle) </li></ul><ul><li>Hkw&jklk;fud pØ (Geo-chemical cycle) </li></ul><ul><li>vkstksu pØ (Ozone cycle) </li></ul>
  18. 18. tSo fofo/krk dk ikfjfLFkfrdh; ewY; <ul><li>ukbVªkstu pØ (N- cycle) </li></ul>
  19. 19. tSo fofo/krk dk ikfjfLFkfrdh; ewY; <ul><li>ouLifr;ksa }kjk izdk'k la'ys&quot;k.k ds nkSjku dkcZu Mk; vkDlkbM dk fLFkjhdj.k feV~Vh ,oa ty laj{k.k esa tSo fofo/krk </li></ul><ul><li>Co2 pØ (Co2- cycle) </li></ul><ul><li>dkcZu pØ (C- cycle) </li></ul><ul><li>ok;qeaMy dh xSlksa dk larqyu </li></ul>
  20. 20. tSo fofo/krk dk lkSan;Z cks/kd ewY; <ul><li>izR;sd iztkfr vkSj ikfjfLFkfrdh iz.kkyh </li></ul><ul><li>i`Foh ij thou dh le`f) vkSj lqUnjrk dks c<+kus esa lgk;d </li></ul><ul><li>,d ckj izkd`frd ikfjfLFkfrdh iz.kkyh u&quot;V gksus ij nksckjk fuekZ.k vlaHko </li></ul><ul><li>izd`fr dk vkuan] igkfM+;ksa] cxhpksa] taxyh bykdksa esa </li></ul><ul><li>leqnz ij Mqcrs lwjt dks ns[kus dk vkuan] Nykax ekjrs fgj.k ds n`';] fpfM+;ksa ds dyjo] igyh ckfj'k ds ckn /kjrh dh lqxa/k </li></ul>
  21. 21. tSo fofo/krk dk /kkfeZd] vk/;kfRed vkSj lkaLd`frd ewY; <ul><li>Hkkjr esa dbZ ikS/kksa vkSj tkuojksa dk laca/k /keZ o vk/;Re ls </li></ul><ul><li>eafnj esa p<+k;s tkus okys 'kqHk Qwy tklkSu ds Qwy& dkyh nsoh dks] /krwjs ds Qwy f'ko dks </li></ul><ul><li>dbZ ikS/ksa ,oa tkuoj nsoh nsorkvksa ls lacaf/kr </li></ul><ul><li>Hkkjr rFkk vU; ns'kksa esa & dqN [kkl taxyksa] ljksojks] ufn;ksa] Hkw[k.Mksa dks ifo= ekU;rk </li></ul>
  22. 22. Hkkjr esa tSo fofo/krk dh fLFkfr <ul><li>Hkkjr esa nqfu;k ds 12 fojkV&fofo/krk (megadiversity) okys ns'kksa esa ls ,d </li></ul><ul><li>Hkkjr esa ikS/kksa dh 45 gtkj oU; iztkfr;ka </li></ul><ul><li>izkf.k;ksa dh 77 gtkj oU; iztkfr;ka </li></ul><ul><li>Qlyksa dh 166 iztkfr;ka </li></ul><ul><li>vukt dh 51 iztkfr;ka </li></ul><ul><li>Qyksa dh 104 iztkfr;ka </li></ul><ul><li>elkyksa dh 27 iztkfr;ka </li></ul><ul><li>lfCt;ksa vkSj nkyksa dh 55 iztkfr;ka </li></ul><ul><li>js'ksnkj Qlyksa dh 24 iztkfr;ka </li></ul><ul><li>ns'kh i'kq/ku & eosf'k;ksa dh 27 uLysa] HksM+ksa dh 40] cdjksa dh 22 uLys </li></ul>
  23. 23. fojkV & fofo/krk (mega diversity) okys ns'k <ul><li>¼1½ vesfjdk ¼2½ czkthy </li></ul><ul><li>¼3½ phu ¼4½ dksyafc;k </li></ul><ul><li>¼5½ dkaxks ¼6½ bDokMksj </li></ul><ul><li>¼7½ Hkkjr ¼8½ bUMksusf'k;k </li></ul><ul><li>¼9½ esMkxkLdj ¼10½ is: </li></ul><ul><li>¼11½ esfDldks ¼12½ vkLVsªfy;k </li></ul>
  24. 24. BIODIVERSITY IN INDIA Thar desert - The climate and vegetation in this area is a contrast to the Himalayan region. Western Ghats - One of the two biodiversity hotspots in India. Sunder bans - The largest mangrove forest in India. Chilika - This wetland area is protected under the Ramsar convention. Himalayas - This  majestic range of mountains is the home of a diverse range of  flora and fauna. Eastern Himalayas is one of the two biodiversity hotspots in India.
  25. 25. e/;izns'k esa tSo fofo/krk <ul><li>e-iz- esa dbZ izdkj dh ikfjfLFkfrdh; iz.kkfy;ka (Ecosystems) </li></ul><ul><li>ekyok dk iBkj] iwohZ ioZrh; {ks=] lriqM+k dk e/; ioZrh; {ks=] foU/; dk e/; ioZrh; {ks= </li></ul><ul><li>lriqM+k ioZr Jsf.k;ksa ds ?kus taxyksa esa & 283 fdLe ds ikS/kksa dh iztkfr;ka </li></ul><ul><li>— f&quot;k tSo fofof/krk & [kk|kuksa] nkyksa] frygu esa --- </li></ul>
  26. 26. e/;izns'k esa tSo fofo/krk <ul><li>fofHkUu oU; izk.kh & izeq[k :i ls dkUgk] cka/kox<+] isap esa ck?k] pEcy esa ?kfM+;ky] dkUgk esa ckjgflaxk </li></ul><ul><li>i'kq/ku & dM+dukFk eqxkZ] fuekM+h eosf'k;ksa tSlh iztkfr;k </li></ul><ul><li>osVyS.M (wetlands) & Hkksiky dk Hkkst osVyS.M] pEcy unh] </li></ul>
  27. 27. tSo fofo/krk dh gkfu <ul><li>Hkkjr esa ladVxzLr ;k yqIr iztkfr;kWa </li></ul><ul><li>phrs dk vafre izekf.kd mYys[k 1948 esa NRrhlx<+ ds cLrj esa </li></ul><ul><li>,fl;kbZ flag (Asiatic Lion) & dsoy xqtjkr esa </li></ul><ul><li>I.U.C.U. (International Union for conservation of Nature) & oxhZdj.k & foyqIr (Extinet) xaHkhj ladVxzLr (Critically endangered) ladVkiUuk (threatened) </li></ul><ul><li>Hkkjr esa 93 vHk;pj (ambhibians), 168 ljhLr`i (Reptites), 217 rkts ikuh dh eNfy;ka] 94 LruikbZ tho (Mammals) [krjs esa & ikS/kksa dh 290 iztkfr;kWa [krjs esaA </li></ul>
  28. 28. 09/5749 25/521 72/458 88/390 244/18664 03/231
  29. 29. Root Herb Hypoxidaceae kalimusli Curculigo orchioides Gaertn. 10 Rhizome Herb Costaceae Keokand Costus speciosus (Koen) Smith 9 Fruit Climber Cucurbitaceae Kadu-Kachria Citrullus colocynthis Schrad 8 Tuber Herb Liliaceae Safed-Musli Chlorophytum tuberosum (Roxb.) Baker. 7 Whole plant/Leaves Herb Apiaceae Bramhi Centella asiatica (L.) Urban. 6 Seed Climber Celastraceae Orangul Celastrus paniculatus Willd. 5 Bark Medium Tree Burreaceae Salai Boswellia serrata Roxb. 4 Whole plant/Leaves Herb acanthaceae Bhui-Neem Andrographis paniculata (Burm.F)Wall. 3 Fruit/Leaves Medium Tree Rutaceae Bel Aegle marmelos L. 2 Tuber Climber Liliaceae Shatavar Asparahus racemosus Willd. 1 Parts Traded Habit Family Local Name Species SN. lriqM+k ou {ks= esa ik;s tkus okys O;olkf;d egRo ds nqyZHk vkS&quot;k/kh; ikS/ksa
  30. 30. Flower Large Tree Sapotaceae Mahua Madhuka latifolia Roxb. 20 Bark Small Tree Lauraceae Maida Litsea sebifera Pers. 19 Rhizome/Flower Herb Liliaceae Gul-bakuwli Hedychium coronarium Koen. 18 Bulb Climber Liliaceae Kalihari Gloriosa superbal. 17 Fruit Small Tree Myrsinaceae Bidibang Embelia ribes Cl. 16 Fruit Small Tree Euphorbiaceae Aonla Emblica officinalis Gaertn. 15 Corm Climber Dioscoreaceae Bechandi Dioscorea hispida Roxb. 14 Root Grass Cyperaceae Gangarua Cyperus rotundusl. 13 Rhizome Herb Zingiberaceae Van-Haldi Curcuma aromtical. 12 Rhizome Herb Zingiberaceae Tikhur Curcuma angustifolia Roxb. 11 Parts Traded Habit Family Local Name Species SN. lriqM+k ou {ks= esa ik;s tkus okys O;olkf;d egRo ds nqyZHk vkS&quot;k/kh; ikS/ksa
  31. 31. Rhizome Herb Zingiberaceae Van-Adarak Zingiber cassumunar Roxb. 31 Bulb Herb Liliaceae Jangli-Piyaz Urginea indica (Roxb.) Hunth. 30 Fruit Climber Combretaceae Lal-Indrayan Trichosanthes tricuspidata Lour. 29 Fruit Large Tree Combretaceae Harra Terminalia chebula Retz. 28 Fruit Large Tree Combretaceae Beheda Terminalia bellerica (Gaertn.) Roxb. 27 Bark Large Tree Combretaceae Arjun Terminalia arjuna (DC.) Wight & Arn 26 Whole plant/Leaves Herb Lytheraceae Surtili Woodfordia fruticosa L. 25 Bark/ Gum Medium Tree Sterculiaceae Kullu Sterculia urens Roxb. 24 Seed Large Tree Anacardiaceae Bhilwa Semecarpus anacardium L.f. 23 Rhizome Climber (Fabaceae Patal-Kumhra Pueraria tuberosa (Roxb. ex Willd.)DC. 22 Seed Climber (Fabaceae Kiwanch Mucuna pruriens (L.) DC. 21 Parts Traded Habit Family Local Name Species SN. lriqM+k ou {ks= esa ik;s tkus okys O;olkf;d egRo ds nqyZHk vkS&quot;k/kh; ikS/ksa
  32. 32. lriqM+k ou {ks= esa ik;s tkus okys O;olkf;d egRo ds nqyZHk vkS&quot;k/kh; ikS/ksa
  33. 33. lriqM+k ou {ks= esa ik;s tkus okys O;olkf;d egRo ds nqyZHk vkS&quot;k/kh; ikS/ksa
  34. 34. tSo fofo/krk dh gkfu ds dkj.k <ul><li>Hkwfe ds mi;ksx esa cnyko & </li></ul><ul><li>ekuoh; vkcknh c<+us ls & taxyksa] pkjkxkgksa ,oa osV yS.M ij ncko </li></ul><ul><li>phrs ds yqIr gksus dk lh/kk dkj.k ;gh ekuk x;kA </li></ul><ul><li>jk&quot;Vªh; i'kq ck?k dh vkcknh esa deh </li></ul>
  35. 35. tSo fofo/krk dh gkfu ds dkj.k <ul><li>vkokl {ks= (Habitat) dk fo[k.Mu & </li></ul><ul><li>tSo fofo/krk ls laiUu bykdksa dk NksVs&NksVs VqdM+ksa es caVuk </li></ul><ul><li>Multiculture jksi.k ls monoculture jksi.k </li></ul><ul><li>¼dqnjrh ouksa dks bekjrh ;k yqxnh cukus ds fy;s lkxkSu] ;wdsfyIVl] flYoj vksd vkfn dk jksi.k½ </li></ul>
  36. 36. tSo fofo/krk dh gkfu ds dkj.k <ul><li>ubZ iztkfr;ka ¼xSj ns'kt [kjirokj iztkfr;ka½ & </li></ul><ul><li>ikFksZfu;e] yS.Vkuk & dk vkxeu & tSofofo/krk ij Hkkjh ladV cuk </li></ul>
  37. 37. tSo fofo/krk dh gkfu ds dkj.k <ul><li>ikS/kksa vkSj tkuojksa dh iztkfr;ksa dk vfr'k; nksgu </li></ul><ul><li>feV~Vh] ikuh vkSj okrkoj.k dk iznw&quot;k.k </li></ul><ul><li>HkweaMy dh tyok;q esa cnyko </li></ul>
  38. 38. tSo fofo/krk dh gkfu ds dkj.k <ul><li>xSj fVdkÅ (Non-sustainable) fodkl & </li></ul><ul><li>1951 vkSj 1980 ds chp Hkkjr ds djhc 5 yk[k gsDVs;j ou] unh ?kkVh ;kstukvksa esaA </li></ul><ul><li>vkS|ksxhdj.k] ekbfuax ds dkj.k tSo fofo/krk dks uqdlku </li></ul>
  39. 39. [ksrh vkSj okfudh ds xyr rjhds <ul><li>dhVuk'kdksa] jklk;fud [kknksa dk vR;kf/kd iz;ksx </li></ul><ul><li>ns'kh iztkfr ds LFkku ij ladj iztkfr (Hybrid) dk mi;ksx </li></ul><ul><li>fofo/krk dh txg ,d lekurk (uniformity) ,oa mRikndrk dks c<+kok </li></ul>
  40. 40. [ksrh vkSj okfudh ds xyr rjhds <ul><li>ou{ks=ksa esa ,d gh iztkfr dk O;olkf;d jksi.k </li></ul><ul><li>vusd iztkfr;ksa dh txg ,d cgqewY; iztkfr dk jksi.k </li></ul><ul><li>ir>M+ ,oa lnkcgkj ouksa esa fons'kh iztkfr;ksa dk jksi.k </li></ul><ul><li>dbZ igkfM+;ksa ds taxyksa esa ¼mRrj&if'pe ,oa nf{k.k Hkkjr esa taxyksa ds LFkku ij pk; o dkQh ds ckxku </li></ul>
  41. 41. ekuo vkSj oU;tho Vdjko (Man - Animal Conflict) <ul><li>e-iz- esa gj lky djhc 93 djksM+ :i;ksa dh Qly cjckn gksrh gS & </li></ul><ul><li>Qlyksa dh cpkus dh ykxr ¼etnwjh o j[kokyh dk [kpZ½ djhc 527 djksM+ :i;s </li></ul>
  42. 42. ekuo vkSj oU;tho Vdjko (Man - Animal Conflict) <ul><li>xzkeh.k ,oa 'kgjh bykds esa rsanq;s dk vkØe.k] taxyh lqvj] —&quot;.ke`x ls Qlyksa dks uqdlku] egqvk chuus ds ekSle esa jhN dk vkØe.k </li></ul><ul><li>dkj.k & taxyksa ds vfr'k; nksgu] Habital ds u&quot;V gksus ls </li></ul>
  43. 43. tSo fofo/krk laj{k.k gsrq iz;kl <ul><li>ikjaifjd iz;kl </li></ul>vk/kqfud iz;kl ifo= izk—frd LFky vkSj iztkfr;k izca/ku ds ikjaifjd rjhds lkeqnkf;d cht cSd varjkZ&quot;Vªh; le>kSrk (United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity ) <ul><li>jk&quot;Vªh; vf/kfu;e </li></ul><ul><li>oulaj{k.k vf/kfu;e 1980] </li></ul><ul><li>oU;tho lqj{kk vf/kfu;e 1972 ] </li></ul><ul><li>i;kZoj.k laj{k.k vf/kfu;e 1986] </li></ul><ul><li>tSo fofo/krk laj{k.k vf/kfu;e 2002 </li></ul>In situ jk&quot;Vªh; m|ku] vH;kj.;] ou{ks=] Ex situ Conservation iz;ksx'kkyk] thu cSad] laxzgky; ouLifr m|ku
  44. 44. In situ Conservation ¼var% LFkkus laj{k.k½ jk&quot;Vªh; m|ku (National Park) vkSj oU; tho vH;kj.k (Sanctuaries) la;qDr ou izca/ku >hyksa dk laj{k.k (Wet Land Conservation )
  45. 45. In situ Conservation ¼var% LFkkus laj{k.k½ jk&quot;Vªh; m|ku (National Park) vkSj oU; tho vH;kj.k (Sanctuaries) <ul><li>Hkkjr esa 96 jk&quot;Vªh; m|ku ,oa 500 ls vf/kd oU;izk.kh vH;kj.k </li></ul><ul><li>e-iz- esa 09 jk&quot;Vªh; m|ku ,oa 23 oU;izk.kh vH;kj.k </li></ul><ul><li>Hkkjr es dqy 28 Vkbxj fjtoZ </li></ul><ul><li>e-iz- esa dqy 05 Vkbxj fjtoZ </li></ul><ul><li>Hkkjr esa dqy 15 ck;ksLQh;j fjtoZ </li></ul><ul><li>e-iz- esa dqy 01 ck;ksLQh;j fjtoZ </li></ul>
  46. 46. In situ Conservation ¼var% LFkkus laj{k.k½ la;qDr ou izca/ku <ul><li>lfefr;ksa ds ek/;e ls ouksa dh vfXu] voS/k dVkbZ] voS/k pjkbZ] voS/k f'kdkj ls lqj{kk </li></ul>
  47. 47. In situ Conservation ¼var% LFkkus laj{k.k½ >hyksa dk laj{k.k (WetLand Conservation ) <ul><li>Important Wetlanda </li></ul><ul><li>gfjds ¼iatkc½ </li></ul><ul><li>osEckun&dksy ¼dsjy½ </li></ul><ul><li>fpYdk>hy ¼mM+hlk½ </li></ul><ul><li>Hkhrjdfudk esuxzwo ¼mM+hlk½ </li></ul><ul><li>iwoZ dksydkrk csVyWaM ¼i-caxky½ </li></ul><ul><li>lkaHkj>hy ¼jktLFkku½ </li></ul><ul><li>dsoyknso us'kuy ikdZ ¼jktLFkku½ </li></ul><ul><li>Hkkst ¼e-iz-½ </li></ul><ul><li>yksdrd >hy ¼ef.kiqj½ </li></ul>
  48. 48. Ex situ Conservation ckg~; LFkkusa laj{k.k <ul><li>fpfM+;k ?kj (Zoo) </li></ul><ul><li>iztuu ,oa iztkfr;ksa dk iqu%LFkkiuk </li></ul><ul><li>laj{k.k lqfo/kk esa iztkfr dh i;kZIr vkcknh cukuk </li></ul><ul><li>canh voLFkk dh iztuu lqfo/kkvksa (Captive Breeding) ls iSnk gksus okys tkuojksa dks oU;{ks=ksa esa j[kuk </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. Hkkjr esa lQsn dwcM+okys fx) (white-Rumped Valture) </li></ul><ul><li>Hkkjrh; fx) (Indian Valture) </li></ul>
  49. 49. Ex situ Conservation ckg~; LFkkusa laj{k.k <ul><li>fpfM+;k ?kj (Zoo) </li></ul><ul><li>iryh pksp okys fx) (Slender billed Valture) </li></ul><ul><li>¼MkbDyksfQusd nok ds bLrseky ls fx)ks dh vkcknh vR;ar de gks pqdh gSA </li></ul><ul><li>eg- e-iz- esa lh/kh ftys esa lksu ?kfM;ky vH;kj.k esa ?kfM;ky dh nqyZHk iztkfr ds iztuu dk dk;ZØe </li></ul>
  50. 50. Ex situ Conservation ckg~; LFkkusa laj{k.k <ul><li>ouLifr ,oa izk.kh m|ku laxzgky; ¼ladVxzLr iztkfr;ksa ds lqjf{kr j[kus dk ek/;e½ </li></ul><ul><li>i;kZoj.k ,oa ou ea=ky; }kjk fo'o fo|ky;ksa ,oa egkfo|ky;ksa ds ifjljksa esa ouLifr m|ku dks c<+kok </li></ul><ul><li>thu cSad & Qlyksa dh taxyh fdLeksa] vU; ikS/kksa ,oa tkuojksa dk vuqokaf'kd inkFkZ (DNA) dks lqjf{kr j[kk tkuk </li></ul>
  51. 51. tSo fofo/krk vf/kfu;e 2002 <ul><li>tSo fofo/krk laj{k.k gsrq Hkkjr o&quot;kZ 1992 esa fj;ks Ms tsusjks lEesyu esa United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity dk lnL; cukA </li></ul><ul><li>tSo fofo/krk vf/kfu;e 2002 </li></ul><ul><li>jk&quot;Vªh; tSo fofo/krk izkf/kdj.k & eq[;ky; psUubZ </li></ul><ul><li>(National Biodiversity Authority) </li></ul><ul><li>jkT; tSo fofo/krk izkf/kdj.k & </li></ul><ul><li>(State Biodiversity Authority) </li></ul><ul><li>ftyk iz'kklu] uxjikfydk] iapk;r Lrj ij tSo fofo/krk izca/ku lfefr;ka (Biodiversity Management Committees BMC) </li></ul><ul><li>BMC yksd tSo fofo/krk jftLVj cukuk] ftlds vk/kkj ij izR;sd leqnk; }kjk vius bykds </li></ul>
  52. 52. tSo fofo/krk dks cpkus gsrq tu lkekU; ,oa tkx:d ukxfjdksa rFkk ftEesnkj inks ij vklhu O;fDr;ksa ls vis{kk,Wa <ul><li>rkykc] ufn;ksa ,oa >hyksa dk laj{k.k </li></ul><ul><li>i;kZoj.k laj{k.k gsrq O;fDrxr ,oa laLFkkxr iz;kl </li></ul><ul><li>vf/kd ls vf/kd o`{kkjksi.k ns'kh iztkfr;ksa dk </li></ul><ul><li>ou {ks=ksa esa vfrØe.k dks lHkh Lrj grksRlkfgr djus ds iz;kl </li></ul><ul><li>[ksrksa esa dhVuk'kdks ,oa jklk;fud [kkn ds iz;ksx dks grksRlkfgr djuk ,oa tSfod [ksrh dks c<+kok </li></ul><ul><li>lrr~ tu psruk ,oa tkx:drk vfHk;ku pykuk </li></ul><ul><li>ou vf/kdkfj;ksa esa fo&quot;k; ds egRo ,oa fQYM esa iz;ksx dks c<+kok </li></ul>
  53. 53. THANKS ANY QUARRY OR SUGGESTION WELCOME AT [email_address] , [email_address]

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