Bulgaria - Varna


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Bulgaria - Varna

  1. 1. “ Everything, far from the sea, is province” Ernest Hemingway
  2. 2. <ul><li>Population: 358 524 people </li></ul><ul><li>The town is situated on the north-east coast of Varna lake. Varna is the biggest town on the Bulgarian Black Sea coast. It is the third biggest town in Bulgaria. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Varna is a cultural and tourist centre. According to a national survey Varna is the best town for living in the country. </li></ul>
  4. 4. History <ul><li>The town history can be traced back to a period of 7000 years ago. Archeologists have found the oldest remains of villages along the Black sea coast by our town </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Odessos fortress, whose name is a translation of the older name Varna, was founded in 6 th century BC. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>At the end of 6 th century the fortress was destroyed and in 7 th century the founder of the Bulgarian kingdom Khan Asparuh built his palace in its place </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>An old graveyard covering the area of 7500 sq.km was discovered near Varna in 1972 which was dated back to the end of the 5 th and the beginning of 6 th century BC. </li></ul><ul><li>The golden treasure found there is considered to be the oldest gold in the world. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Between the 9 th and the 14 th century Varna became an important centre of Christianity. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1389 it came under the rule of the Ottoman empire. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>The Polish king Vladislav III called later Varnenchik and the Transilvanian chief Yanush Hunyadi led the Christian army in the battle against the Ottoman army. A park-musem was built there to commemorate the battle. The biggest housing complex in the town is named after Vladislav Varnenchik. </li></ul>
  10. 11. The Roman baths are the biggest antique public building found in Bulgaria covering an area of 7000 sq.km. Nowadays part of the baths is used as a stage for theatre performances and concerts
  11. 12. <ul><li>Varna Aquarium was founded 100 years ago. All Black sea species are exhibited there. </li></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>Nikolai Copernicus Astronomical Observatory with the planetarium is situated in the Sea garden in Varna </li></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>Aladzha monastery is a rock monastery from 12th-13 th century situated near Varna in Golden sands nature park. </li></ul>
  14. 15. <ul><li>Varna railway station was built in 1925 and renovated in 2005. </li></ul>
  15. 16. <ul><li>Evksinograd, a former summer royal palace, covers an area of 8000 decares. It is situated not far from St. St. Constantine and Elena summer resort. </li></ul>
  16. 17. <ul><li>The Sea garden is a favourite place for walks and rest. It was designed by the Czech gardener Anton Novak </li></ul>
  17. 18. <ul><li>“ Love is a folly” is the name of the international film festival held in Varna which is one of the important art events in Bulgaria. </li></ul>
  18. 19. <ul><li>Varna Summer, which started in 1926, is the oldest music festival in the country in the field of the classical music. </li></ul>
  19. 20. <ul><li>The Palace of Culture and Sports is where many important sport events take place </li></ul>
  20. 21. <ul><li>The olympic swimming pool </li></ul>
  21. 22. <ul><li>Varna is an attractive tourist destination not only with its nice beaches but also with its shopping areas </li></ul>