Our Country : ITALYItaly officially the Italian Republic, is located in south-central Europe.To the south it consists of the entirety of the Italian Peninsula, Sicily,Sardinia – the two largest islands in the Mediterranean Sea – and manyother smaller islands.The independent states of San Marino and the Vatican City are enclavedwithin Italy.For centuries Italys capital, Rome, was the political centre of Westerncivilisation as the capital of the Roman Empire. After its decline, Italywould endure numerous invasions by foreign peoples, from Germanictribes such as the Longobards and Ostrogoths, to the Byzantines and later,the Normans, among the others. Centuries later, Italy would become thebirthplace of the Renaissance, an immensely fruitful intellectualmovement that would prove to be integral in shaping the subsequentcourse of European thought.Through much of its post-Roman history, Italy was fragmented intonumerous kingdoms and city-states (such as the Kingdom of Sardinia, theKingdom of the Two Sicilies and the Duchy of Milan), but it was unified in1861, following a tumultuous period in history known as "Risorgimento"("The Resurgence"). In the late 19th century, through World War I, and upto the World War II, Italy possessed a colonial empire, which extended itsrule to Libya, Eritrea, Somalia, Ethiopia, Albania, Rhodes, the Dodecaneseand a concession in Tianjin, China.Modern Italy is a democratic republic. It has been ranked the worldstwenty-third most-developed country and its Quality-of-Life Index has beenranked in the top ten in the world. Our Region : UMBRIA
Umbria is a region of modern central Italy.It is defined “the Green Hearthof Italy”. It’s one of the smallest Italian regions and the only peninsularregion that is landlocked. Its capital is Perugia.The region was named after the Umbri tribe, one of those who were absorbed bythe expansion of the Romans, but our region was also inhabited by he Etruscans.They were the chief enemies of the Umbri, and the Etruscan invasion went fromthe western seaboard towards the north and east eventually driving theUmbrians towards the Appennini. Ur Towns : TERNITerni is a city in southern Umbria, central Italy, capital of the province ofTerni, located in the plain of the Nera river. It is 104 kms (65 mi) N ofRome.The city was probably founded around the 7th century BC by theUmbrians, in a territory inhabited as early as the Bronze Age. In the 3rdcentury BC it was conquered by the Romans and soon become animportant municipium lying on the Via Flaminia. The Roman name wasInteramna, meaning "in between two rivers". During the Roman Empirethe city was enriched with several buildings, including aqueducts, walls,amphitheaters, temples and bridges.During the Middle Ages went under the reign of Longobards and after thisdirectly under the power of the Catholic Church, this up to the end of the19th Century when in 1861 Italy finally became a Nation under thecommand of king Vitttorio Emanuele II.In the 19th century Terni took advantage of the Industrial Revolution alsobecause plentiful of water sources in the area. New industries included asteelwork, a foundry, as well as weapons, jute and wool factories. In 1927Terni became capital of the province. The presence of important industriesmade it a favourite target for the Allied bombardments in World War II,
totalling 109 raids. Despite of this, the industrial environment increasedquickly, in fact the city is called "the Italian Manchester".The city has three important industrial hubs: the first one is the Stainlesscalled AST (part of the ThyssenKrupp group) , this is a wide area locatedin the west part of Terni. In the East there is a second industrial hub withfour different chemical multinational industries. The third industrial hubis the "TERNI Research", which produces technologies employed for greenenergies and builds green power plants in Italy.