POPULATION• The municipality of Craiova has a population of 302,601 (Census 2002). Ethnic composition:• Romanians: 292,487 (96.66%)• Hungarians: 218 (0.07%)• Germans: 173 (0.06%)• Serbs: 34 (0.01%)• Roma: 8.820 (2.91%)• Italians: 178 (0.06%)• Greeks: 188 (0.06%)• Ukrainians: 32 (0.01%)• and 471 others.
CRAIOVACraiova (pronounced [krajova]), the fifth largest Romanian city andcapital of Dolj County, is situated near the east bank of the riverJiu in central Oltenia. It is a longstanding political center, and islocated at approximately equal distances from theSouthern Carpathians (north) and the Danube (south). Craiova is thechief commercial city west of Bucharest and the most importantcity of Oltenia. A bit of History• Much later, a strong Dacian fortress was built, Pelendava, its name being mentioned in 255 AD on the ancient map Tabula Pentingeriana. The present name first appeared in a document dated 1475, and in 1582 documents mentioned Craiova as a town. It has had a rapid development, the town being known as “Marea Banie a Olteniei” ( Banie is a term designating the capital of a province- “The great Capital of Oltenia”)• The capital of Banie, Craiova was destroyed by an earthquake in 1790 and burnt by the Turks in 1802. An agreement signed in the city in 1940 returned S Dobruja to Bulgaria.
Institutions of pre-universitary Elena Cuza College education Stefan Velovan Pedagogical College Marin Sorescu High school ofFratii Buzesti College Carol I National College Arts “Charles Laugier” Vocational School “Tudor Arghezi” High school
NICOLAE ROMANESCU PARK the third largest natural park in Europe
NICOLAE ROMANESCU PARK Short history • A special sight in Craiova is represented by “Nicolae Romanescu” Park, with its picturesque character. Unique in Romania, this valuable architectural monument is also one of the most interesting accomplishments of its kind in Europe. • Located in the southern part of the town at the end of Unirii Street, the park is also known as “Bibescu” Park or the People’s Park, all names being accurate.
It was bought by the Town Hall in 1853 for 12,000 ducats. The landit was located on had belong to Iancu Bibescu, the brother of rulers GrigoreBibescu and Barbu Stirbei. ASround the end of the last century, a great parkwas created, at the initiative of Nicolae P. Romanescu, the mayor of Craiovaduring those times. The order was given to the French landscape architectEmil Redont in 1899. The works began in 1901 and its inauguration toiokplace in May 1903. It is the largest park of its kind in Europe.