Bulgarian language lesson

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  • 1. Before you start learningBulgarian language, youneed to learn the Bulgarianalphabet.In Bulgarian, we use theCyrillic alphabet. The samealphabet (with somemodifications) is used inother languages asRussian, Ukrainian, Belarusian, Serbian, Macedonianand some Central AsianAltaic languages.
  • 2. All over the country on 24thMay schools are decoratedwith flowers and portraits ofthe brothers St. St. Cyriland Methodius.The Bulgarian alphabet wascreated in 855.With the accession ofBulgaria to the EuropeanUnion on January1, 2007, Cyrillic became thethird official alphabet of theEU.
  • 3. This is the first alphabet. It had moreletters which were more complicated.
  • 4. ютияThis is an iron.• In the years it changed to 30 letters/ 6 vowels, 22 consonants and 2diphthongs - ю and я.ябълкаThis is an apple.
  • 5. Some of the letters in the Bulgarian alphabet have a graphicequivalent of Latin, but there are 17 letters that you cannot find inLatin – Б, Г, Д, Ж, З, Й, Л, П, Ф, Ц, Ч, Ш, Щ, Ъ, Ь, Ю, Я.These letters are difficult for pronunciationFor example :Ж ж like S in pleasureЗ з like Z in zipperП п like P in postУ у like OO in bootЦ ц like TS in catsШ ш like SH in cashЪь like EA in earlyЮю like YOU in youЯ я like YOU in young
  • 6. А Б В Г Д Е Ж З И Й КЛ М Н О П Р С Т У ФХ Ц Ч Ш Щ Ъ Ь Ю Я
  • 7. Well done! Now you knowthe Bulgarian alphabet!
  • 8. Common Phrases in BulgarianIn the morning : Dobro utro! ( Good morning!)During the whole day: Dobar den! ( Good afternoon!)Zdravei! ( in singular) Zdraveite! (in plural or official)In the evening: Dobar vecher! ( Good evening!)When we go to bed: Leka nosht! ( Good night!)or Sladki sanishta! ( Sweet dreams!)When you leave from somewhere:Chao! ( between friends) Bye!Dovijdane! (Good bye!)Priyaten den! (Have a nice day!)When you leave Bulgarians may wish you:Kasmet! ( Good luck)