“I went to the woods because I wished to
live deliberately, address only the facts of
life and see if I could learn what she had to
teach. I wanted to live deep and discard
anything that is not life ... To not realize at
the time of his death, he had not lived.”Henry David Thoreau
PINSAPO (Abies pinsapo Boiss)
The pinsapo is a hardy tree that can reach 30
meters. Has a conical bearing branches are
arranged horizontally. For register] he leaves
spirally on the twigs, the whole is cylindrical.
They bloom in spring. In September or
October the blunders, which are erect and
cylindrical, mature and dismantle spreading
It is located on mountain slopes and summits
Pine (Pinus pinea L.)
Medium-sized tree. Adults have the
umbrella-shaped crown. Its bark is
composed of plates separated by
cracks reddish gray. It has well-
developed secondary roots to
extract water from deeper layers.
Juveniles have [as blue-green leaves
and those of adults show a light
green living. It blooms in spring, no
pine nuts ripen, it can maintain its
ability to germinate for several
It is a long-lived tree, reaching up to
500 years to live
Prefers sandy soils, deep and rich. Lives in interior and coastal dunes,
supporting strong winds, including coastal salt impregnated. Does not
require a lot of rain, but requires full sun.
The oak tree is more
characteristic of Spain. Cup is
wide, rounded and dense, with
shallow roots that can emit
shoots. The leaves are evergreen
and almost round. Usually flowers
in spring and spread the fruits in
autumn. The acorn is a long oval,
with a very short stalk and a
dome, like a cap that covers the
It has a fast growing and is one of
my long-lived trees, being able to
find individuals with 700-800
It presents a wide ecological amplitude.
It grows in all soil types especially
limestone, resistant to cold, heat and
drought, and is located to 1,400 meters
above sea level. Isolated individuals and
shrubs can reach up to 1,900 meters.
SOUTH OAK (Quercus rotundifolia Lam.)
CAROB (Ceratonia siliqua L.)
Ceratonia The name refers to the shape
of a horn with fruits and siliqua is the
name of carob and other fruit is a pod.
The carob tree is a little high, generally
does not exceed six meters, gray bark,
broad crown and thick evergreen leaves
and compound. The fruit, carob is a
legume seeds elongated shiny and hard.
It flowers in autumn. The completion of
the seeds is difficult. It's kind of slow
growth and poor support transplantation.
It adapts to all soil types but prefers the
limestone. Supports well the drought but
not cold, so preferably installed in low
areas and sheltered.
Usually found as small stands or mixed
with other species, notably oak and cork
Wild Olive Tree (Olea europaea var. Sylvestris)
The wild olive tree is a dense rounded
crown, but usually present horn bush.
The branches are thorny ends and the
leaves are laceoladas and perennials.
Flowers in clusters, are white. The fruit,
the acebuchina, is a drupe ellipsoid,
slightly fleshy, blackish at maturity.
It blooms in May or June and the fruits
ripen in autumn and winter. It's a very
The olive tree is thermophilic, resisting
drought and heat, but sensitive to frost
frequent and intense. It prefers rich
soils and basic and low-lying areas,
although in the Andalusian mountains
bound itself to 1,500 meters.
THE MIERA JUNIPER (Juniperus oxycedrus L.)
Although usually a shrub or small tree 3
to 5 meters, known copies of 20 m. It
rnuy branched and has a pointed crown.
The bark peels off in sheets or narrow
strips rnuy developed roots, allow them
to fasten even rocks. The leaves, which
are triverticiladas is Anqui have an
almost straight with the branches.
Flowers at the beginning of spring and
the fruit ripens the second year, which
is abayas, globose and red.
Need light, as is found in
mushrooms and sun-drenched
slopes of the mountains. It
develops on all soil types,
selecting the loose and rocky.
It is very resistant to cold
The cork oak is an
evergreen tree and middle
class that highlights its
thick, spongy bark, cork,
made up of dead plant
material. When uncorked,
the trunk appears smooth
and reddish. The crown is
irregular or umbrella-
Flowering is continuous,
since April even fall.
acorns have annual
maturation in three stages,
the first in September,
the second in autumn and
the third in late January.
Achieves its optimum
ecoi6gico siliceous soils,
loose and fresh, warm and
something wet and no
frost, tempered by the
sea. Choose low elevation
slopes sheltered from
Where compliance with
these requirements as
their own forests, cork
oak forests, displacing
the oak. But normally
Cork oak (Quercus suber L.)
MORA sabina (Juniperus phoenicea L.)
It is an evergreen shrub or small sapling,
up to 8 m. high. The crown is dense, very
similar to the cypress. The trunk may
appear twisted or bent by the wind and
years. the leaves are tiny and are closely
tied to the branches. Flowering occurs in
late winter or spring. Originate a fleshy
fruits globose, green at first and that
after maturing next year turn red.
It takes place in all soil types and
conditions. Usually in such inhospitable
places as coastal dunes, volcanic soil and
rock fissures. It can handle very dry
climates, frost and strong winds.
MELOJO (Quercus pyrenaica Willd.)
The horn is usually presented melojo a sapling, but can be a tree of medium
height and broad crown. Has highly developed the ability to sprout from
the roots surface. The leaves are deciduous and are split in 4 to 8 pairs of
deep, irregular lobes. Has its flowering in May or June, and acorns, bitter
taste, ripen in autumn, as the gall, also may have guts.
This oak is well adapted to continental climates, frost and drought
enduring. It is located mainly on the slopes and foothills siliceous, between
400 and 1,500 meters.
"Each generation takes the Earth as
trustees. We ought to bequeath to
posterity as many forests and orchards
as we have exhausted and consumed."
J. Sterling Morton
"The forest is a peculiar organism of
unlimited kindness and benevolence that
makes no demands for sustenance and
extends generously the products of its
life and activity, and offers protection
to all beings."
"Plant trees. They give us two of
the most crucial elements for our
survival: oxygen and books."
A. Whitney Brown