016 neli-urok-how schoolchildren can contribute to keepingPresentation Transcript
Before you start learning Bulgarian language, youneed to learn the Bulgarian alphabet.In Bulgarian, we use theCyrillic alphabet. The same alphabet (with some modifications) is used inother languages as Russian, Ukrainian, Belarusian, Serbian, Macedonian and some Central Asian Altaic languages.
All over the country on 24thMay schools are decoratedwith flowers and portraits ofthe brothers St. St. Cyriland Methodius.The Bulgarian alphabet wascreated in 855.With the accession ofBulgaria to the EuropeanUnion on January 1, 2007,Cyrillic became the thirdofficial alphabet of the EU.
This is the first alphabet. It had moreletters which were more complicated.
• In the years it changed to 30 letters / 6 vowels, 22 consonants and 2 diphthongs - ю and я. ябълка This is an apple. . ютия This is an iron.
Some of the letters in the Bulgarian alphabet have a graphic equivalent of Latin, but there are 19 letters that you cannot find inLatin – Б, Г, Д, Ж, З, И, Й, Л, П, У, Ф, Ц, Ч, Ш, Щ, Ъ, Ь, Ю, Я. These letters are difficult for pronunciation For example : Ж ж like S in pleasure З з like Z in zipper П п like P in post У у like OO in boot Ц ц like TS in cats Ш ш like SH in cash Ъь like EA in early Юю like YOU in you Я я like YOU in young
АБВГДЕЖЗИЙК ЛМНОПРСТУФ ХЦЧ ШЩЪЬЮЯ
Well done! Now you know the Bulgarian alphabet!
Common Phrases in Bulgarian In the morning : Dobro utro! ( Good morning!) During the whole day: Dobar den! ( Good afternoon!)Zdravei! ( in singular) Zdraveite! (in plural or official) In the evening: Dobar vecher! ( Good evening!) When we go to bed: Leka nosht! ( Good night!) or Sladki sanishta! ( Sweet dreams!) When you leave from somewhere: Chao! ( between friends) Bye! Dovijdane! (Good bye!) Priyaten den! (Have a nice day!) When you leave Bulgarians may wish you: Kasmet! ( Good luck)