15th Aug. 1947
70000 BC 500 BC 300 – 500 1600 1858
UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH EAST
TAKSHSHILA & GUPTA EMPIRE INDIA CO. BRITISH RAJ INDEPENDENCE
GAUTAM AKBAR “THE
BUDDHA GREAT” RULES
500 BC – 200 AD 1556 - 1605 1786 1869 - 1948
GAUTAM BUDDHA • 5th Century BC
• Founder of Buddhism and
• Born Siddharta Gautama,
• At age of 29, left to seek
• Reached enlightenment
in the village of Gaya,
later known as Bodhgaya
• Died at the age of 80
• “The Great Tale of Bharatas”
• Composed of nearly 100,000
verses divided into 18 books
• One of the books discusses four
goals of life
• Artha (Wealth & Success),
• Kama (Desire & Pleasure),
• Dharma (Moral Principles),
• Moksha (Knowledge &
History GUPTA EMPIRE
• 300 – 500 AD
• The Golden Age of India
• Advances in science, arts and literature
• Aryabhata proves earth went round the sun
• Came up with the concept of zero and pi
• Kamasutra , a treatise of love, dates back to this era
• Kama (Pleasure, desire) & Sutra (Earliest surviving
example of science of erotica genre)
Incredible India TIMELINE
Sanskrit Latin Greek
PITAR PATER PATER
MATAR MATER METER
Incredible India TIMELINE
History BRITISH RAJ
• Began in 1858 under England’s Queen Victoria
• Transfer of administrative power from British East India Co.
• By 1910, India had 4th largest railway system in the world.
• Positive advances of social reforms were coupled with racism
and economic exploitation
• Lack of Indian representation in government and an economic
system perceived as drain on wealth lead to agitation
Incredible India TIMELINE
• Known as Mahatma
• Great political leader
and social reformer
• Founded India’s
against British Colonial
• Studied law in London
and practiced in South
• Wrote Hind Swaraj, or
Freedom of India in
1909 as a means to end
British colonial rule
MOHANDAS GANDHI TIMELINE
• After a century long struggle
• Tens of thousands of lives sacrificed
• India and Pakistan gain
independence on 15th August, 1947
• British left and left English for us
Be ready to get mesmerized by the
Religions in India
Hindus Muslims Christians Sikhs Buddhists Jains Others
Government System, Military
The Indian Flag
• Saffron stands for courage,
white for purity and truth,
and green for growth and
• ‘CHAKRA’ has 24 spokes,
denotes life in movement
and death in stagnation.
• Constitution came into effect
on 26th Jan 1950.
• Longest written constitution
of any sovereign nation in
• Known in Hindi as “Bhartiya
• Parliamentary system based
on United Kingdom.
Manmohan Singh - Current
-Main Seat of power
Selected from Nominated
545 Lower 250 Upper
Member of Parliament
All Citizens above State
the age of 18 Representatives
• 8 national parties (represented in more than 4 states)
• More than 50 regional parties.
• Parties can form governments by attaining majority using
Indian National Congress Bhartiya Janta Party Communist Party of India
• Founded in 1885 • Founded in 1980 • Founded in 1920
• Never been in power
• In power for 50 of 60 • In power for 5 years
Indian Defence Forces
Indian Army Indian Navy Indian Air Force
World’s 2nd Largest 7th largest in the World’s 5th largest
world with 55,000 Air Force with 170,000
1,130,000 Active Active Troops Active Troops.
Soldiers and 1,800,000
reserve troops. 155 Vessels 1130 Combat (multi
including Aircraft role) and 1800 Non
Involvement in UN Carriers and Nuclear Combat aircrafts in
Peace Keeping Forces. Submarines. service.
Air Strike capability
through Sea (Nuclear
and Non – Nuclear)
4th largest economy - $3.305 trillion in 2008.
3rd in income inequality index after Japan and Germany.
2nd most attractive FDI destination.
GDP growth above 7% for a decade, and above 9% for last 3 years.
Expected to growth above 5% in 2009.
Foreign reserves up from 2.2 to 130 billion dollars in 15 years.
• Young nation – median age will be 26 in 2025.
• Largest pool of English speaking scientific manpower.
• Fastest growing high income household group.
• Poverty declined from 55% to 26% in 20 years.
• More than 400,000 undergraduate (Science and Engineering)
and 80,000 (MBA and MS) graduates each year.
• Average 11.3 million jobs being created per annum till 2008.
Foreign Acquisition by Indian Firms
Total Value (billion $)
2005 2006 2007
Tata take over of Corus group for $12.2 billion.
Hindalco Industries acquired the Canadian aluminum company Novelis for
$6 billion .
Tata Motor takes over Jaguar and Land Rover for $1.5 billion.
UB group all-cash acquisition of Whyte & Mackay for 595 million pounds.
Average 400 firms are bought each year across US and Europe.
SOME OF ‘EM..
Vinod Khosla, co-founder of Sun Microsystems,
Sabeer Bhatia, who founded Hotmail and sold it to Microsoft for
Mother Teresa (1910 – 1997) Nobel Prize for peace (1979)
Dr. Amartya Sen Nobel Prize for Economics (1998)
V.S. Naipaul (1932- ) British writer of Indian origin; Nobel Prize for
Rabindranath Tagore (1861 - 1941) Nobel Prize for Literature
A.R Rehman recently won 2 Oscars for Slumdog Millionaire.
Few prominent Non
Resident Indians(NRI) -
BOBBY JINDAL -US Congressman,
Louisiana’s 1st Congressional District
LN MITTAL -Chairman and CEO,
Mittal Steel Company.
SALMAN RUSHDIE –Literary
great (Satanic Verses)
PADMA LAKSHMI- Top
BIKRAM CHOUDHARY- The Bill
gates of Yoga
KALPANA -First Indian American to
fly the US space shuttle
Did you know?
36% of NASA employees are
One-third of the engineers in
Silicon Valley are of Indian
to the World
>Written by the Indian scholar
>Standard work on human sexual
>Kāma means sensual or sexual
pleasure, and sūtra are the
guidelines of yoga.
>Basically a practical advice on sex
and even dating!!
>Not a tantric text. No rites
World's first university in Takshila , India in 700BC.
More than 10,500 students from all over the world
More than 60 subjects.
Found the value of pi
Was first calculated by Budhayana,
Budhayana discovered the Pythagoras Theorem in
the 6th century long before the European
Invented surgery 2600 years ago.
Sushruta - father of surgery.
Performed complicated surgeries like cesareans,
cataract, artificial limbs, fractures, urinary stones and
even plastic and brain surgery
Largest number of film releases in an year,
with the largest cinema Audience in the world.
Indian Cinema is more than 100 years old.
Indian film industry:
Largest in the world in terms of ticket sales
Highest number of films produced/year.
In 2003: 877 feature films and 1177 short films were released
Bollywood: It’s not the whole Indian Film Industry but a part of it.
A Billion people watch Indian movies every 3
months…that’s almost 500,000 every day!!