OER and associated practices – opportunities and challenges Gráinne Conole, The Open University, UK firstname.lastname@example.org OPAL research panel Paris, 8-9th November 2010
Purpose 20 international experts to discuss a roadmap and guidelines on the question how to make OER first rate choices in educational organizations and surrounding issues.
Open Educational Resources (OER) Basic definition The open provision of educational resources, enabled by information and communication technologies, for consultation, use and adaptation by a community of users for non-commercial purposes (UNESCO 2002) Broader definition Learning resources Courseware, content modules, learning objects, learner support & assessment tools, online learning communities Resources to support teachers Tools for teachers and support materials to enable them to create, adapt and use OER; training materials for teachers Resources to assure the quality of education and educational practices (UNESCO 2004)
OER - a vision of transformation Beyond content – focus on activity and use Learners as self-directed and autonomous More of a focus on sharing, refinement, iteration, critical reflection OER as a potential catalyst to transforming educational practice Improvements in social inclusion, quality and innovation
From resources to practices
The OPAL vision 7 Focus on the practice around OER rather than the resources Better understanding will lead to improvements in the quality of OER and more innovation Open Educational Resource Practice OEP constitute the range of practices around the creation, use and management of OER with the intent to improve quality and innovate education.
Abstracting dimensions of Practice Open Educational Practices (OEP) Practices around the creation, use and management of Open Educational Resources Approach 60+ case studies of OER collected Dimensions of OEP derived Online consultation process http://cloudworks.ac.uk/cloudscape/view/2105
Open Educational Practice Dimensions Strategies and policies Quality Assurance models Partnership models Business models/sustainability strategies Barriers and success factors Tools and tool practices Skills development and support Innovations Strategies and policies Quality Assurance models Partnership models Business models/sustainability strategies Barriers and success factors Tools and tool practices Skills development and support Innovations Strategies and polices Barriers and success factors Tools and tool practices Skills development and support
The OEP cube model THE DIMENSION: What? Strategies and Policies Barriers and Success Factors Tools and Tool Practices Skills Development and Support THE CONTEXT: Where? Macro level (society) Meso level (organisation) Micro level (individuals) MATURITY: How well is it established? Initial (not yet started) Managed Defined Optimizing (embedded / advanced) CONTEXT MATURITY DIMENSION 10
Refining the dimension 11 QA models Partnership Models Strategies & Policies Business Models CONTEXT Sustainability Strategies Barriers Barriers and Success Factors Success Factors MATURITY Tools DIMENSION Tools & tool practices Tool Practices 12 skills of evolving digital literacy Henry Jenkins CYBERLEARNING REPORT Digital Literacy Skills Development & Support Support structures and processes
Maturity View INITIAL (not yet started): Process unpredictable, poorly controlled and reactive MANAGED: Process characterized for projects and is often reactive. DEFINED: Process characterized for the organisation and is proactive (Projects tailor their process from the organisation’s standard) OPTIMIZING (embedded / advanced): Process is measured and controlled, the focus on process improvement 12 CONTEXT MATURITY DIMENSION
Maturity model 13 1AX 1BX 1AX 1BX 1BX 1BX 1AY 1BX Levels 1BY 1BX 1BY 3AX Macro-level: Societal Meso-level: Organisation Micro-level: Individual 2AX 1BY 3BX 2BX 3CX 2AX 2BX 3DX 2BX 2BX 2AY 2BX 2BY 2BX 2BY 2AX 3AX 2BY 2BX 3BX 2CX 3AX 3BX 2DX 3BX 3BX 3AY 3BX 3BY 3BX 3BY 1AX Strategies & policies Barriers & successfactors Tools & toolpractices SkillsDev &Support 3BY 1BX 1CX 1DX Level of maturity Dimensions OER embedded in strategy Institutional OER repository Adapted from diagram by T. Koskinen
Uses and benefits Three uses Benchmarking Guidance Reflection and comparison Benefits Guides users in understanding how to think about the key issues. Flexible enough to cover the multiple stakeholders Sub-cubes provide practical illustrative examples Useful as a mechanism for institutions to self-benchmark 14
Mapping the case studies 15
Question 1 Whatopportunities do OER offerfromyourperspective?
Question 2 What do youthink are thekeychallengestoachievingthisvision?
Question 3 4 dimensionsof OEP (strategyandpolicy, barriersandsuccessfactors, toolsandtoolpractice, staff development/support) What are yourviewsonthese? Isthereanythingelseweshouldinclude?
Question 4 Whatkindofguidelinesderivedfromthesedimensionsof OEP would be usefulforthoseinvolved in creating, usingandmanaging OER?
BreakoutGroups–Room XV Ulf Ehlers TomWambecke Tim Unwin Ricarda Reimer Dirk Schneckenberg Maruja Guttierez-Dias (Tuesday) Thomas Richter Jan Pawlowski Diego Leal
BreakoutGroups–Room 36 level 13 Chris Pegler David Storti IndrajitBanerjee ZeynepVaroglou Andy Lane VilleVenäläinen Jose Luis Ramos Julia Minguillion Alfonso Steve Ryan
BreakoutGroups–Room19 level 6 Anna-KaarinaKairamo GoncaloSilva Abel Caine Susan D’Antoni Hans Põldoja Eta De Cicco SebSchmoller