National Knowledge NetworkPage 2Experience life with 1000000000 bpsFormer President Smt. Pratibha Devi Patil inaugurating the NKN Project on 9th April 2009
17 June 2013 NKN Overview 3 of 31► < blank slide for NKN overview and NInC Initiative. >5:40 AMOverview of NKN
17 June 2013 NKN Overview 4 of 31NKN is a state-of-the-art multi-gigabit pan-India network for providing a unified high speed network backbonefor all knowledge related institutions in the country► 9th April 2009: Hon’blePresident of India, Smt.Pratibha Devisingh Patilinaugurated NKN Project.On this day the statuswas:► 16 PoPs► 26 Backbone Links► 57 Edge LinksWill connect Research& Development,educational, health,and agriculturalinstitutesAllocation of Rs100Crore (USD $18.5million) forimplementation of Pilotphase of NKNAn idea from Office ofPrincipal ScientificAdvisor, Government ofIndia (GoI)National InformaticsCentre (NIC)designated as ProjectExecution AgencyGoI approved budgetof Rs 5990 Crore (USD$1.1 billion) for NKN inMarch, 2010IntroductionKey Highlights of NKN► 5th March, 2011:Hon’ble Minister forcommunications and IT,Shri Kapil Sibal andHon’ble Minister of Statefor Communications andIT, Shri Sachin Pilotlaunched Logo andWebsite of NKN► 31 PoPs► 76 Backbone Links► 216 Edge Links1500+ institutes to beconnected; connectivityhas been extended to1001 institutes
17 June 2013 NKN Overview 5 of 31IntroductionManagement OverviewEnd UserConnectivityNKNHigh Level CommitteeExecutive CommitteeTechnical Advisory CommitteeSecurity Advisory CommitteeModel Projects Evaluation CommitteePolicyImplementationDepartment of Electronics & ITNational Informatics CentreNational Informatics Centre Services Inc.
17 June 2013 NKN Overview 6 of 3110:54 AMMulti- 10G CoreConnecting allstate capitalsNKN: Core ConnectivityTelecom Service Provider 1Telecom Service Provider 2Telecom Service Provider 3
17 June 2013 NKN Overview 8 of 31National Knowledge NetworkKey ServicesNKNNationalKnowledgeNetworkCommunitySpecialGenericCommunitySpecial*These servicesmay be through aCUG as wellGeneric►Internet►e-Mail►e-Mail GW►DNS - NKN►DNS - Securityfor NKN UsersNKN ►Web Hosting►VoIP►MCU basedVideo Portal►SMS GW►Co-Location(PaaS & SaaS)►e-Mail List Software(LISTSERV)►Authentication►Session InitiationProtocol (SIP)►CollaborationService►Content Delivery►InternationalCollaborations withEU-India Grid►VPN (L2)►VPN (L3)►VPN Service►MulticastStreaming
17 June 2013 NKN Overview 9 of 31Institutes Connected StatusCategory wise 1015
17 June 2013 NKN Overview 10 of 31NKN SUPER COREDELHIHYDERABADMUMBAIBENGALURUCHENNAIKOLKATA GUWAHATI
17 June 2013 NKN Overview 11 of 31NKN Connecting TEIN4 Network
17 June 2013 NKN Overview 12 of 31EUROPEDELHIHYDERABADMUMBAIBANGALURUCHENNAIKOLKATAGUWAHATIMUMBAI -INDIASINGAPOREJAPANHONGKONGBEIJINGCOPENHEGANMADRIDUS• Network Across 19 Countries• 8000 Research & AcademicOrganization Members• 45 Million Users• Direct Peering with GEANT EUNKN Connecting TEIN4 Network
17 June 2013 NKN Overview 13 of 31NKN Setup at Edge location
National Knowledge NetworkPage 14National Knowledge NetworkStatus of NKN Connectivity (As on May 20, 2013)Particulars 2013-14Super Core PoPs 07Core PoPs 24Total number of institutes to be allocatedunder NKN1500No of NKN institutes allotted to TSPs forconnectivity (till date)1350No of Institutes Commissioned under NKN 1015Total no of core links allotted 89Total no of district links allotted 250 (Total 860 to be allocated)
17 June 2013 NKN Overview 16 of 31► At the conclusion of the finalphase, NKN shall have presence inmore than 640+ districts of India withconnectivity to major research andeducation institutions► Core Points of Presence (PoP) : 31► Backbone Links : 89► Edge links : 1500► District Links : 860NKN: On conclusion of final phase
17 June 2013 NKN Overview 17 of 31National iNOC - DelhiNKN PoP –GuwahatiNKN PoP -Bhopal
17 June 2013 NKN Overview 18 of 31Virtual Classrooms• Virtual classroom is a replica of the local class room teaching wherein the students at remote locations will get the same feel andexperience as if they are in the same classroom .• Teachers and students have full interactivity with each other• Teachers will be able to use all conventional teaching tools andcontinue to teach the way they does• Students can ask questions and interact with the teachers as if theyare in the local classroom• At IITs and other institutes over NKN.• Total of 66 virtual classrooms are being created over NKN• 43 Virtual Classrooms have been created at IITs and NIC• 23 additional virtual classrooms at NITs, IISC, IISER etc
17 June 2013 NKN Overview 19 of 31Virtual Classrooms for IITsS.no Name Of IIT No of VCR1 IIT-Ropar 22 IIT-Hyderabad 33 IIT-Kharaghpur 34 IIT-Bhubaneswar 35 IIT-Guwahati 16 IIT-Indore 17 IIT Gandhinagar 38 IIT Bombay 39 IIT Roorkee 310 IIT Madras 311 IIT Kanpur 312 IIT Rajasthan 313 IIT Patna 314 IIT Delhi 315. IIT Mandi 1TOTAL : 38
17 June 2013 NKN Overview 20 of 31Virtual ClassroomsWEB BASED VIDEO CONFERENCING PORTAL
17 June 2013 NKN Overview 21 of 31► NKN Users► NKN has connected 1015 institutes under categories such as C-DAC, IITs, IIMs,ISER, ICAR, Medical and Central/Deemed/State universities► Currently 563000 users (approx) are benefitting from NKN connectivity► International Usage► Utilization for EU Grid► CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC) project. India is a Tier II service provider atVECC, Kolkata► Astronomy database transfer (Caltech-IUCAA, Pune)► Virtual Laboratory (Remote Physics Experiment at ESRF, Grenoble, France onNKN)NKN Usage
17 June 2013 NKN Overview 22 of 31The Trans-Eurasia InformationNetwork (TEIN) uses ICTtechnologies to increase regionalcooperation with Asian countries andto bridge digital divide of lessdeveloped regions.► It connects universities and researchinstitutions with high capacity Internetnetwork to increase exchange ofknowledge► TEIN4 is the fourth generation ofTEIN network. NKN is currentlyconnected to TEIN4 a high capacityinternet research network across AsiaPacific.5:40 AMCollaborations with other Networks (1/2)Remote Physics Experiment at ESRF(Experimental Synchrotron ResearchFacility), Grenoble, France► An experiment conducted accessingthe Synchrotron at Grenoble,France from Homi Bhabha NationalInstitute (HBNI), Mumbai, on NKN,for protein crystallography studies.► NKN connects the HBNI to FIP(French beam line for Investigationof Protein), Grenoble, Francethrough 2.5 Gbps Trans EurasiaInformation Network (TEIN3) link toGEANT network in EuropeConnectivity to TEIN4
17 June 2013 NKN Overview 23 of 315:40 AMCollaborations with other Networks (2/2)NKN collaboration with CERN► NKN currently connects two Tier-2centres namely VECC and TIFR.► With a NKN POP in their vicinity,they are instrumental in addressingthe growing demand of enhancedbandwidth from different institutionsdesirous of working on the LHCprojectNKN Collaboration with Garuda► GARUDA is a Nation-wide Grid spreadover several cities of the country,comprising of computational nodes, massstorage, scientific instruments andcollaboration of science researchers, withan aim to bring "Grid” networkedcomputing research, to facilitatescientific, engineering solutions for socio-economic development.► The GARUDA computing and storageresources are made available over highspeed National Knowledge Network(NKN). Garudas migration to NKN givesample opportunity to exploit Gigabitspeeds for scientific and engineeringapplications being run on GARUDA.
17 June 2013 NKN Overview 24 of 31Model Projects under NKN - Virtual Medical ClassroomIn the area of medical education, NKN launched a model project with AIIMS as the PrincipalInvestigator, to understand the ICT technology flavor that will match the pedagogy natural tomedical education while using the high speed and low latency offered by NKN.Eight institutions joined AIIMS in this experiment and have come up with solutions after mutualconsultations and actual field trials. They now have a template as to what combination is naturaland acceptable to their community for skill transfer, knowledge transfer, and knowledgerepository creation.It is interesting that they use high-end graphics coupled with animationfor “routine” skills (Blood and urine Sample, Blood Pressure monitoring, etc.) transfer anddirect video for classroom interaction, and a combination to share knowledge about surgicalskills that are cardiac oriented.The USP of this project is, “Identification of appropriate match between ICT technology and MedicalApplication” for finding a solution to knowledge dissemination at a time when faculty are in short supplyand rarest of the rare cases tend to be concentrated in certain parts of the country.
17 June 2013 NKN Overview 25 of 31Model Projects under NKN - Network enabled online CastingSimulation System (e-Foundry)In the area engineering education, there were several attempts in the past in creating andsharing course material, significant one being NPTEL – National Program on TechnologyEnhanced Learning. But the problem of continued knowledge accumulation by stakeholdercommunity (consisting of Professors, Students, and Practitioners) using ICT remained achallenge hitherto in the absence of an infrastructure like NKN.With IIT Bombay, a model project was initiated in Foundry Education. This is an area where thecommunity is small, spread out, and perhaps not that tech-savvy. Besides, the experimentalfacilities are a challenge in Tier-2 and Tier-3 institutions.To do it well, requires high bandwidth and low latency. At the same time, many beneficiaryinstitutions are connected through commodity networks using Internet as they are in privatesector.USP of this project is establishment of a Web Based Portal that will use Computation (High Speed) andInteraction for Simulation (Low Latency) to impart Foundry education along with actual experiments withrobotic instrumentation as well as simulation environment. In the process, knowledge generated by eachstakeholder is meta-tagged and stored for anyone to view as “orchestrated” information. This approachensures that database will naturally grow due to usage and user participation and retain diversity of sourceof knowledge, as the simulator in web site is capable of solving real-life problems for foundry industry.
17 June 2013 NKN Overview 26 of 31Model Projects under NKN - Network Enabled Medical diagnosisand Education in Skeletal Imaging using X-RaysIn the area on inter-disciplinary research, three organizations were brought together todemonstrate the power of NKN in multi-institutional interaction. They are, NIC, CSIO, and AIIMS.The basic idea is to use engineering design solutions to solve medical requirements. CollabCADplatform - software capable of three dimensional structural simulation with all the engineeringnuances – was retargeted to solve a personalized dental imaging in 3-D.While NIC took care of the ICT part, CSIO concentrated on the imaging part, and AIIMSarticulated the end-user requirements. It is in a stage where multiple 2-D images are used tocreate s 3-D virtual reality.USP of this project is that all three organizations are using the same image database on the same server foronline and real-time manipulation of images, while discussing and annotating on the same image. Such afacility is not available even commercially, across the globe
17 June 2013 NKN Overview 27 of 31Model Projects under NKN - Indian Integration with Global ImagingSystem via McGill Linkage, NBRCIn the area of Brain MRI medical imaging and integration of Indian medical science with globalmedical science, with NBRC as the lead organization, I-Brain was established as a researchinfrastructure layer over NKN.All these institutions share their Brian MRI images online and in real-time with C-Brain ofCanada and G-Brain, which is global.While the current team will focus on using the infra for Alzheimer related studies, ICMR isplanning to use it as a general purpose infra for several brain related research projects that aremulti-institutional.USP of this project is establishment of ICT infrastructure by medical community for a high end use, that tooin a shareable form. While the establishment is successful, the share-ability is still under exploration.
17 June 2013 NKN Overview 28 of 31Model Projects under NKN - Global classroom of the AmritaVishwa VidyapeethamUsing videoconferencing for imparting education is a well-known application. But scaling it tobe an Immersive Experience is a technology challenge even for a point-to-point interaction.With Amrita University in collaboration with IIT Bombay, SUNY, Buffalo, andMIT, Massachusetts, USA an immersive classroom that adapts itself to the mannerisms ofa “teacher” is being attempted. Initially, video stitching of output from two cameras is beingattempted. The idea is that, if one is addressing two sites simultaneously, it will appear as asingle classroom at the “teaching” end.The solution requires use of a supercomputer for running the algorithms that decidethe “sync” between two camera eyes. This project challenges the reliability and availabilityaspect of NKN significantly, as the high volume and high-speed computation is in real-time anda failure will directly “hit” the classroom experience.USP of this project is automatic aligning of “teacher behavior” and “pedagogy” with display structure at thereceiving end – hitherto unaddressed issue, even by advanced countries in the world. This is expected toresult in a paradigm shift in our perception of large-scale spread of quality education. This project is alsolikely to create “niche” technologies in several areas.
17 June 2013 NKN Overview 29 of 31Thank YouPlease visit our website www.nkn.in for further informationProject Implementation UnitNational Knowledge NetworkNational Informatics Centre3rd Floor, Block III, Delhi IT ParkShastri Park, Delhi -110053IndiaE-mail:- firstname.lastname@example.org,Tel: +91-11-22180342