PBL Basic Overview


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This is a basic overview of Project Based Learning for High School Teachers. It's a 10,000 foot view, based on best practices from Edutopia and NOT a walk-through of the PBL process itself.

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PBL Basic Overview

  1. 1. Project Based Learning<br />From 10,000 feet<br />Dean Groom<br />
  2. 2. Why it’s not group work.<br />"Project-based learning is focused on teaching by engaging students in investigation. Within this framework, students pursue solutions to nontrivial problems by asking and refining questions, debating ideas, making predictions, designing plans and/or experiments, collecting and analyzing data, drawing conclusions, communicating their ideas and findings to others, asking new questions, and creating artifacts" <br />
  3. 3. Game Time.<br />
  4. 4. What is PBL about?<br />Curriculum fueled and outcomes based<br />Poses a question or problem that each student can answer<br />What will a high school look like in 2025?<br />Can cyborgs write great poetry?<br />Allows students to dive into content more directly and in a meaningful way.<br />
  5. 5. What is PBL about?<br />Asks students to investigate issues and topics addressing real world problems – while integrating subjects across the curriculum<br />Fosters abstract, intellectual tasks to explore complex issues<br />Fostering 21st Century skills<br />Promotes differentiated learning<br />
  6. 6. How does PBL work<br />Start with an essential question<br />Design a plan for the project<br />Create a schedule<br />Monitor the students and progress of the project<br />Assess the outcome<br />Evaluate the experience<br />
  7. 7. Find an essential question<br />The question that will launch a PBL lesson must be one that will engage your students.<br />It is greater than the task at hand. <br />It is open ended. It will pose a problem or a situation they can tackle, knowing that there is no one answer or solution.<br />Questions may be the most powerful technology we have ever created. Questions and questioning allow us to make sense of a confusing world. They are the tools that lead to insight and understanding." <br />--Jamie McKenzie, The Question Mark<br />
  8. 8. The PBL cycle is defined as<br />
  9. 9. What makes a good question?<br />Make a real-world topic and begin an in-depth investigation. <br />Base your question on an authentic situation or topic. <br />What is happening in your classroom? In your community? <br />Select a question about an issue students will believe that, by answering, they are having an impact on. <br />Make it relevant for them. <br />The question should be a "now" question<br /> A question that has meaning in your students' lives.<br />Avoid ‘schooly’ questions (boring)<br />
  10. 10. Design a Project Plan<br />Which content standards will be addressed.<br />Involve the students in planning; they will feel ownership of the project when they are actively involved in decision making. <br />Select activities that support the question and utilise the curriculum, thus fueling the process. <br />Integrate as many subjects as possible into the project.<br />Know what materials and resources will be accessible to the students to assist them. <br />Be prepared to delve deeper into new topics and new issues that arise as the students become increasingly involved in the active pursuit of answers.<br />
  11. 11. Create a schedule<br />Design a timeline for project components. Realize that changes to the schedule will happen. <br />Be flexible, but help the students realize that a time will come when they need to finalize their thoughts, findings, and evaluations.<br />
  12. 12. Be a really realistic superman<br />What time allotment will be given to the project?<br />Will this project be conducted during the entire school day or during dedicated blocks of time?<br />How many days will be devoted to the project?<br />
  13. 13. Plan for success<br />Help students who may not perceive time limits.<br />Set benchmarks.<br />Give students direction for managing their time.<br />Teach them how to schedule their tasks.<br />Remind them of the timeline.<br />Help them set deadlines.<br />Keep the essential question simple and age appropriate.<br />Initiate projects that will let all students meet with success.<br />
  14. 14. What tools do you have?<br />Help students who may not perceive time limits.<br />Set benchmarks.<br />Give students direction for managing their time.<br />Teach them how to schedule their tasks.<br />Remind them of the timeline.<br />Help them set deadlines.<br />Keep the essential question simple and age appropriate.<br />Initiate projects that will let all students meet with success.<br />Use schemas they know!<br />Patterns and Routines<br />
  15. 15. Social, Cognitive, Emotional<br />Teacher to student (end the content dump)<br />Student to student (meaning making)<br />Student to expert (external validity)<br />Three key factors in developing a learning ecology build on trust<br />networks<br />
  16. 16. Deviation is good.<br />Allow students to go in new directions, but guide them when they appear to digress from the project. <br />When a group seems to be going in a different direction, ask the students to explain the reasoning behind their actions. <br />They may have an insight to a solution you haven't seen. <br />Help the children stay on course, but don't accidentally set limitations<br />
  17. 17. Monitoring Progress<br />Facilitate the process and the love of learning.<br />Teach the students how to work collaboratively.<br />Designate fluid roles for group members. <br />Have students choose their primary roles, but assume responsibility and interactivity for all group roles. <br />Remind them that every part of the process belongs to each individual and needs each student's total involvement. <br />Provide resources and guidance. <br />Assess the process by creating team and project rubrics.<br />Teachers find rubrics hard!<br />
  18. 18. Assess the outcome<br />Assessment meets many needs. <br />Itprovides diagnostic feedback.<br />Helps educators set standards.<br />Allows one to evaluate progress and relate that progress to others.<br />Gives students feedback on how well they understand the information and on what they need to improve.<br />Helps the teacher design instruction to teach more effectively.<br />
  19. 19. Students are hyper-critics<br />Give the students the opportunity to conduct self-assessment. <br />When a student's assessment and the teacher's assessment don't agree, schedule a student-teacher conference to let the student explain in more detail his or her understanding of the content and justify the outcome.<br />Peer review and observation – often.<br />
  20. 20. Creative Collaboration<br />
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