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11. Colin Turnbull
 

11. Colin Turnbull

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Presentación sobre diversos proyectos de Atkins en el mundo, en especial la renovación urbana para los Olímpicos de 2012 en Londres.

Presentación sobre diversos proyectos de Atkins en el mundo, en especial la renovación urbana para los Olímpicos de 2012 en Londres.

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    11. Colin Turnbull 11. Colin Turnbull Presentation Transcript

    • Global Trends in Sustainable Building: Techniques and Tools Colin Turnbull, Senior Urban Planner World Green Building Day, Bogotá 23rd September 2010
    • Running Order •  Introduction to my company and professional background •  Sustainable Cities: Panama Pacifico •  Sustainable Districts: Greenwich Peninsula & London 2012 Olympic Park •  Sustainable Neighbourhoods & Streets: Oxford Circus, London •  Conclusions •  BREEAM® Communities assessment •  Atkins Carbon Critical Masterplanning tool
    • Introducing Atkins   Atkins is the 11th largest design firm, and the 2nd largest architecture firm, in the world   Founded in 1938 in the UK, we have over 15,000 people globally with the expertise to respond to the most technically challenging and time-critical infrastructure projects   We support the urgent transition to a low-carbon economy   Voted Number 1 Environmental Consultancy in the UK since 2005 (www.edie.net)
    • Introducing this presentation   I will introduce the techniques and skills we apply…   Across all scales of project, from entire new cities, to street improvements…   For developers and governments…   In the pursuit of sustainable development globally…   And premiere our new Carbon Critical Masterplanning Tool
    • Planning - at the heart of sustainable development A wide range of skills are needed to deliver sustainable development An urban planner brings together all the disciplines To balance the needs and expectations of all stakeholders
    • Sustainable Cities: Panamá Pacífico (London & Regional Properties, 2006-) Special Economic Area on the site of former USAF Howard 2,000 hectares in size on the banks of the Panama Canal
    • Techniques and skills to masterplan a new city Visioning – what does everyone agree the city should be? Objectives and goals – measurable and time-limited Identifying the markets for property and land – and in turn funding, phasing and any constraints and support from government (e.g. consents, taxation) Territorial analysis – topography, geology, hydrology, pollution, vegetation, wildlife, cultural heritage Definition of areas – and roles of undeveloped areas Sustainability is a key factor in every stage Envision a city that is built to last – not a new concept - but today it means it must adapt to and mitigate climate change and resource depletion
    • Articulating the relationship between the development and its natural surroundings
    • Sustainable Districts Greenwich Peninsula, London (1999- ) London 2012 Olympic Park (2006- )
    • Sustainable Districts: Greenwich Peninsula The existing site (74 hectares) Oil and gas refining Wharves Social housing Disconnected – river and highways as barriers Distant from central London
    • Sustainable Districts: Greenwich Peninsula Our role Project managing the site enabling works (demolition, de- contamination, new utilities) Planning consents for entire Peninsula EIA for the Dome and its legacy use
    • Sustainable Districts: Greenwich Peninsula Techniques used Surveys to establish soil contamination Plan land uses around this (e.g. open space in least polluted areas) Identify connections needed Ecological river walls - pioneering Phasing: create the destination first (Dome, underground rail to central London, and big retail) and exemplar housing first; more housing later (large volume in the London context)
    • Near Greenwich Peninsula: the Kidbrooke Development Area SPD •  Neighbourhood transformation •  Mixed use community 10,000 population •  Development framework to guide preferred development partner •  Robust testing of masterplan •  Acceptable to local stakeholders
    • London 2012 Games Olympic Park Multidisciplinary engineering infrastructure design, project managing enabling works, site clearance and remediation, environmental impact assessment
    • •  (approximate) Industry •  High Sp eed Railw Brussels) ay (Londo n-Paris/ y u str Ind Wetlands Residential Cycle trac k North
    • December 2009 Aquatics Centre and river walls
    • Soil treatment
    • Main Stadium and existing and new wetlands
    • London 2012 Games Temporary Overlay 100+ UK-wide temporary venues, building services design, civil & structural engineering, acoustics, fire, utilities infrastructure design, accessibility advice
    • What might the sustainability factors be for a new urban district? 1.  Location 2.  Construction methods 3.  Energy and water use 4.  Sustainable transport options 5.  Public open space, and mixed-use communities
    • Techniques and skills to plan a sustainable urban district Target-setting – for all contractors involved – a common purpose • % of building materials delivered by rail/water; • % reduction in carbon (compared to existing regulations) • % reduction in carbon from on-site renewables • % of material from demolition to be reused or recycled • % reduction in potable water use CEEQUAL assessment BREEAM / LEED
    • Sustainable Neighbourhoods and Streets Oxford Circus, London
    • Sustainable Neighbourhoods and Streets: Oxford Circus Existing site Intersection of two of the world’s most famous shopping streets Crowded, with many barriers to negotiate ‘A smart Londoner avoids Oxford Circus’!
    • Sustainable Neighbourhoods and Streets: Oxford Circus Completed site Clutter cleared Desire lines respected Shared Space Changes to light timings High quality materials Walkable
    • Play Video
    • Masdar, Abu Dhabi A new carbon-neutral city – in a desert If we cannot create a comfortable walking environment, the city won’t be zero-carbon
    • Techniques and skills to plan more walkable streets •  Identify the problems facing street users ●  All – safety, comfort ●  Tourists – wayfinding ●  Local workers – dissuading them from walking ●  Shoppers – dissuaded from shopping? •  Engage with them or their representatives ●  Business Improvement Districts •  Consider origins, nodes and destinations of pedestrians •  Model crowds, future changes in land uses/transport •  Integrate with the built character
    • What lessons can we learn from all scales of building? •  Improving the long-term sustainability of an area is always possible ●  Set a shared vision ●  Set objectives •  Engage those who will benefit (and maybe profit) ●  Local businesses: Business Improvement Districts ●  Transport operators ●  Residents: workshops/charettes •  Early multi-skill engagement in a project ●  BREEAM / LEED •  The need for advanced modelling tools ●  Atkins Carbon Critical Masterplanning
    • BREEAM® Communities BREEAM Communities is the first sustainable assessment methodology and certification standard designed specifically for the built environment that provides the necessary ‘Stewardship’ required to create a truly Sustainable Community. Launched in June 2009, there are at least 50 licensed assessors in the UK and beyond, 2 of which are in Atkins
    • Assessment Categories •  CE - Climate change and energy- flooding and SUDS, heat island, water effciency, renewable energy, energy efficiency, water consumption •  COM - Community – inclusive design, consultation on the development proposal, development user guide, community management and operation of the development •  PS - Place shaping - efficient use of land, design process, form of development, open space, adaptability, inclusive communities, crime, street lighting/light pollution security lighting •  ECO - Ecology - conservation, enhancement of ecology, planting, Biodiversity Action Plan •  TRA - Transport and movement – location, public transport, parking, pedestrians and cyclists, proximity of local amenities, traffic management, car club, home zones, TA •  RES - Resources – environmental impact, locally reclaimed materials, water resource planning, refuse composting, noise pollution, construction waste •  BUS – Business and Economy - competitive business, business opportunities, employment, business types •  BLD - Buildings - EcoHomes / BREEAM or Code for Sustainable Homes
    • Developing tools for a low carbon future Market-specific tools Masterplanning We’ve been developing a Identifies, quantifies and visualises the comprehensive suite of carbon carbon impacts of masterplans. tools to help organisations Buildings reduce carbon Uses key building factors, services and occupancy parameters to estimate a Generic tools building’s operational carbon footprint. Roadmap Atkins Remote Technology (ArT) Uses mind-mapping techniques to Remotely monitors and controls plant plan business activities in relation equipment and FM systems to manage a to carbon consequences. building portfolio’s energy use. Relativity Traffic Analysis Creates charts to show the link Translates existing traffic data into estimates between carbon determinants and of carbon emissions within a monitored area. the carbon they produce (or save), and compares scenarios. Travel Behaviours Knowledgebase Estimates carbon for a journeys to a specific location, and Calculates, analyses and produces journey plans to assesses low-carbon options encourage use of using a library of verified carbon low-carbon transport. data.
    • Where do the tools fit into a development project?
    • Atkins Carbon Critical Masterplanning   The tool is a custom adaptation of CityCAD™ (a viewer and trial version are free)   It provides instant and systematic identification and quantification of the carbon impacts of masterplans, whilst designing the scheme in outline   The tool is focussed on the factors which we can influence, notably:   Location and built form   The scale, range and mix of land uses   Infrastructure and associated activity especially travel and energy use   It can easily model different scenarios and options, and derive costs and plot areas
    • The user interface Visually impressive interface - specifically designed to maximise ‘real world feel’ of masterplans. The user assesses a variety of low-carbon options using the analysis tools available. The user, and colleagues and clients, can watch the screen and immediately see them within a geographical context >
    • For more information on the tools, visit: www.atkinsglobal.com/carbon-critical or e-mail: carbon_critical_tools@atkinsglobal.com or: colin.turnbull@atkinsglobal.com
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