The Geospatial Revolution in Copenhagen

  • 974 views
Uploaded on

The keynote talk I gave at a seminar organized by the Danish National Mapping Agency in Copenhagen, in March 2010. Some common material with other "Geospatial Revolution" presentations I have given, …

The keynote talk I gave at a seminar organized by the Danish National Mapping Agency in Copenhagen, in March 2010. Some common material with other "Geospatial Revolution" presentations I have given, and some new material too.

More in: Technology
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
974
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0

Actions

Shares
Downloads
28
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. The Geospatial Revolution Peter Batty Ubisense KMS Copenhagen, March 25, 2010 1
  • 2. Overview • Mainstream at last! • A real-time, multimedia view of the world • Data sharing • Crowdsourcing • Economics / business models 2
  • 3. GIS was a specialized backroom technology for many years 3
  • 4. “1995: the year that GIS disappeared” Doug Seaborn AM/FM conference, 1992 4
  • 5. Disruptive technology Functionality / lo gy performance c hno he d te bl is E sta Mainstream Market requirements lo gy chno e te ru ptiv Dis Time 5
  • 6. Now much easier to include location data Free or cheap Location Geocoding map data tracking 6
  • 7. Finally, geospatial data is just another data type flickr.com/photos/26664862@N04/2499573972/ 7
  • 8. The neogeographers Google Microsoft Open Source ... and more 8
  • 9. Geo moving to the mainstream 1996 MapQuest 2005 Google Earth (Keyhole) 2005 Google Maps 9
  • 10. Fun and cool Performance Ease of use API Continued innovation 10
  • 11. 3D buildings Birds eye view Photosynth SQL Server 11
  • 12. Strong in database Strong in web mapping Weaker on desktop Data improving fast Spans both “GIS” and “neogeo” spaces 12
  • 13. “But these new systems are just simple web mapping, they’re not GIS” 13
  • 14. Cartography Andy Allan, Cloudmade 14
  • 15. 15
  • 16. Data creation and maintenance Upcoming Mapzen editor Cloudmade 16
  • 17. Data creation and maintenance “Walking Papers” for OpenStreetMap Stamen Design Here’s a print of Chinatown, San Francisco. 17
  • 18. Geospatial analysis Stamen Design 18
  • 19. Geospatial analysis FortiusOne / GeoCommons 19
  • 20. http://flic.kr/p/78H5Z8! 20
  • 21. A real-time, multimedia view of the world 21
  • 22. October 19, 2009 22
  • 23. 23
  • 24. Microsoft Photosynth 24
  • 25. Google Streetview 25
  • 26. maps Microsoft Virtual Earth Manhattan 26
  • 27. C3 Technologies Las Vegas 27
  • 28. prototypegame.org Manhattan 28
  • 29. Live Video Live 29
  • 30. The Sensor Web Need a spatial context to make sense of all this 30
  • 31. Location sensing UWB GPS Wi-Fi RFID Cell towers 31
  • 32. New TomTom traffic speed dataset derived from 600 billion speed readings from users real time data within 3 minutes flickr.com/photos/rutlo/3164449930/ 32
  • 33. location based services are real at last! 33
  • 34. Smart Grid “The Internet brought to our electric system” Storage Renewable Energy Demand Response Intelligent devices and control systems 34
  • 35. Will have the ability to know where everything is - and what is happening - all the time 35
  • 36. Data Sharing 36
  • 37. Geodata standards KML GML geoRSS WMS Shape geoJSON WFS Lightweight Heavyweight Mashups OGC* Google Search Portals 37
  • 38. Clemens Portele at Geoweb 2009 “So far the impact of SDIs on the integration of data as a ubiquitous component of the web seems low” “There is not evidence that SDIs have increased the market volume of government data by significant amount” 38
  • 39. Clemens Portele at Geoweb 2009 “Current OGC standards are only really accessible to geo experts, not easily from broader web community” “OGC web services based largely on an architecture and approach to web services developed 10 years ago” 39
  • 40. 3 rules for evolvable systems Only solutions that produce partial results when partially implemented can succeed What is, is wrong Orgel's Rule: "Evolution is cleverer than you are". Evolvable Centrally designed Clay Shirky, 1996 shirky.com/writings/evolve.html 40
  • 41. “If a dataset available on the web is in a format that can't be indexed by Google, does it make a sound?” Kevin Wiebe Safe Software 41
  • 42. Jason Birch City of Nanaimo <Picture of Jason> 42
  • 43. 43
  • 44. 44
  • 45. 45
  • 46. 46
  • 47. 47
  • 48. 48
  • 49. “the cloud” 49
  • 50. Crowdsourcing 50
  • 51. Web Web 1.0 2.0 publishing participation 51
  • 52. Wikipedia 52
  • 53. Hurricane Katrina New Orleans 53
  • 54. Community generated data scipionus.com 54
  • 55. OpenStreetMap 55
  • 56. December 3, 2007 Google OpenStreetMap July 7, 2009 56
  • 57. Denver, CO Denver, CO USA USA “Mousetrap” junction of I-25 and I-70 Cape Royal Grand Canyon, AZ Cropston USA England 57
  • 58. 200,000+ users 24m km of highways crazy 34m km of ways momentum!! OSM stats from May 2009 NAVTEQ had 18m km of highways in Dec 2007 flickr.com/photos/pimpmasterjazz/2601898276/ 58
  • 59. What about quality? Dr Muki Haklay of UCL “OSM quality is beyond good enough, it is a product that can be used for a wide range of activities” Based on a detailed analysis http://tinyurl.com/mukiosm 59
  • 60. Landgate Perth, Western Australia 60
  • 61. 61
  • 62. “The future is user created data” Google MapMaker Michael Jones, Google 62
  • 63. 63
  • 64. Database 2007 data 69 countries 11m miles (18m km) of roads 18m points of interest People “Creating, maintaining and delivering a comprehensive, high quality map database is a Field force 700 multi-step, labor-intensive process. We Central production 270 currently employ over 270 employees in our centralized production facility and a global Technology 500 workforce of over 700 geographic analysts in 32 countries” Total 3349 Financial Revenue $853m (~€604m) Data creation & distribution costs $396m (~€280m) 64
  • 65. Crowdsourcing is a paradigm shift for data creation flickr.com/photos/jamescridland/613445810/ 65
  • 66. Economics of data creation and sharing 66
  • 67. “Information wants to be free” 67
  • 68. 68
  • 69. 69
  • 70. 70
  • 71. UK Government advised by Sir Tim Berners Lee Ordnance Survey medium and small scale data to be free (Details being worked out) 71
  • 72. “Our taxes fund the collection of public data - yet we have to pay again to access it. [Make] it freely available to stimulate innovation” The Guardian “Free Our Data” web site 72
  • 73. sadly it’s not that simple ... Taxes only pay half of the costs (in UK) Costs are ongoing, not one off Many competing priorities for tax money All geodata is not equal Commercial companies can profit 73
  • 74. Land of the Free 74
  • 75. I think we should raise taxes or cut spending on schools to do better mapping 75
  • 76. 76
  • 77. Missing Pepsi Center! (Built 10 years ago)! USGS Topo Map 77
  • 78. TIGER data US Census Bureau 78
  • 79. The US situation No large scale “national map” Utilities and local governments map themselves Most cities are mapped many times Significant map inconsistencies flickr.com/photos/izik/3215303355/ 79
  • 80. National Mapping Agencies! Cost! Good product but expensive! Free or cheap but product lacking! We want to be here ... ! Product! 80
  • 81. In summary ... a wild ride ahead! 81
  • 82. ? peter@ebatty.com geothought.blogspot.com twitter.com/pmbatty 82