The Geospatial
  Revolution
        Peter Batty
         Ubisense

           KMS
 Copenhagen, March 25, 2010


          ...
Overview

• Mainstream at last!
• A real-time, multimedia view of the world
• Data sharing
• Crowdsourcing
• Economics / b...
GIS was a specialized backroom
     technology for many years
                             3
“1995: the year that GIS disappeared”


                          Doug Seaborn
                  AM/FM conference, 1992


...
Disruptive technology
       Functionality /                                                      lo   gy
       performan...
Now much easier to
    include location data



Free or cheap               Location
                Geocoding
  map data ...
Finally, geospatial data is
  just another data type



           flickr.com/photos/26664862@N04/2499573972/
             ...
The neogeographers
          Google
        Microsoft
      Open Source
      ... and more


                     8
Geo moving to
               the mainstream

 1996 MapQuest


2005 Google Earth
    (Keyhole)


2005 Google Maps



      ...
Fun and cool
        Performance
         Ease of use
                 API
Continued innovation




                      ...
3D buildings
Birds eye view
   Photosynth
   SQL Server




                 11
Strong in database
Strong in web mapping
   Weaker on desktop
   Data improving fast

 Spans both “GIS” and
     “neogeo” ...
“But these new systems are just simple
    web mapping, they’re not GIS”




                                         13
Cartography




Andy Allan, Cloudmade

                    14
15
Data creation and maintenance




                Upcoming Mapzen editor
                           Cloudmade
            ...
Data creation and maintenance




     “Walking Papers” for OpenStreetMap       Stamen Design
Here’s a print of Chinatown,...
Geospatial
  analysis
 Stamen Design
                 18
Geospatial analysis
 FortiusOne / GeoCommons
                       19
http://flic.kr/p/78H5Z8!
                      20
A real-time, multimedia
  view of the world


                          21
October 19, 2009
                   22
23
Microsoft Photosynth
                       24
Google Streetview
                    25
maps
Microsoft Virtual Earth




      Manhattan

                          26
C3 Technologies




   Las Vegas

                  27
prototypegame.org




   Manhattan
                    28
Live
              Video




Live

                      29
The Sensor Web




     Need a spatial context to
      make sense of all this
                                 30
Location sensing



UWB                 GPS
        Wi-Fi             RFID
      Cell towers



                          ...
New TomTom traffic   speed dataset
                          derived from

            600 billion
            speed readin...
location based services
             are real at last!




                                 33
Smart Grid
“The Internet brought to our electric system”




         Storage                   Renewable Energy




     ...
Will have the ability to know where everything is
      - and what is happening - all the time




                       ...
Data Sharing



               36
Geodata standards
              KML
                               GML
  geoRSS
                             WMS     Shape...
Clemens Portele
                                           at Geoweb 2009




“So far the impact of SDIs on the integratio...
Clemens Portele
                                         at Geoweb 2009




“Current OGC standards are only really accessi...
3 rules for evolvable systems

Only solutions that produce partial results
when partially implemented can succeed

What is...
“If a dataset available on the web is in
   a format that can't be indexed by
    Google, does it make a sound?”

        ...
Jason Birch
City of Nanaimo




                  <Picture of Jason>




                                       42
43
44
45
46
47
48
“the cloud”



              49
Crowdsourcing



                50
Web           Web
  1.0           2.0
publishing   participation


                             51
Wikipedia




            52
Hurricane Katrina
    New Orleans
                    53
Community generated data




         scipionus.com
                           54
OpenStreetMap
                55
December 3, 2007




Google                      OpenStreetMap




            July 7, 2009
                              ...
Denver, CO                                             Denver, CO
USA                                                     ...
200,000+                    users


                                           24m         km of highways



  crazy
     ...
What about quality?

             Dr Muki Haklay of UCL




“OSM quality is beyond good enough, it is a product
  that can...
Landgate
Perth, Western Australia




                       60
61
“The future is user
  created data”               Google MapMaker
      Michael Jones, Google
                            ...
63
Database
                                                                2007 data
  69 countries
  11m miles (18m km) of ...
Crowdsourcing is a paradigm shift for data creation
              flickr.com/photos/jamescridland/613445810/
              ...
Economics of data
creation and sharing


                       66
“Information wants
        to be free”




                      67
68
69
70
UK Government advised
   by Sir Tim Berners Lee

    Ordnance Survey medium
and small scale data to be free
           (De...
“Our taxes fund the collection of public data -
yet we have to pay again to access it. [Make] it
    freely available to s...
sadly it’s   not that simple ...
 Taxes only pay half of the costs (in UK)
     Costs are ongoing, not one off
Many compet...
Land of the

Free
              74
I think we should raise taxes
or cut spending on schools to
       do better mapping




                                 ...
76
Missing Pepsi Center!
                 (Built 10 years ago)!
USGS Topo Map
                                    77
TIGER data
US Census Bureau
                   78
The US situation
                                      No large scale “national map”
                  Utilities and local...
National Mapping
              Agencies!
Cost!
                            Good product
                            but ex...
In summary ... a wild ride ahead!




                                81
?
   peter@ebatty.com
geothought.blogspot.com
  twitter.com/pmbatty


                          82
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The Geospatial Revolution in Copenhagen

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The keynote talk I gave at a seminar organized by the Danish National Mapping Agency in Copenhagen, in March 2010. Some common material with other "Geospatial Revolution" presentations I have given, and some new material too.

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The Geospatial Revolution in Copenhagen

  1. 1. The Geospatial Revolution Peter Batty Ubisense KMS Copenhagen, March 25, 2010 1
  2. 2. Overview • Mainstream at last! • A real-time, multimedia view of the world • Data sharing • Crowdsourcing • Economics / business models 2
  3. 3. GIS was a specialized backroom technology for many years 3
  4. 4. “1995: the year that GIS disappeared” Doug Seaborn AM/FM conference, 1992 4
  5. 5. Disruptive technology Functionality / lo gy performance c hno he d te bl is E sta Mainstream Market requirements lo gy chno e te ru ptiv Dis Time 5
  6. 6. Now much easier to include location data Free or cheap Location Geocoding map data tracking 6
  7. 7. Finally, geospatial data is just another data type flickr.com/photos/26664862@N04/2499573972/ 7
  8. 8. The neogeographers Google Microsoft Open Source ... and more 8
  9. 9. Geo moving to the mainstream 1996 MapQuest 2005 Google Earth (Keyhole) 2005 Google Maps 9
  10. 10. Fun and cool Performance Ease of use API Continued innovation 10
  11. 11. 3D buildings Birds eye view Photosynth SQL Server 11
  12. 12. Strong in database Strong in web mapping Weaker on desktop Data improving fast Spans both “GIS” and “neogeo” spaces 12
  13. 13. “But these new systems are just simple web mapping, they’re not GIS” 13
  14. 14. Cartography Andy Allan, Cloudmade 14
  15. 15. 15
  16. 16. Data creation and maintenance Upcoming Mapzen editor Cloudmade 16
  17. 17. Data creation and maintenance “Walking Papers” for OpenStreetMap Stamen Design Here’s a print of Chinatown, San Francisco. 17
  18. 18. Geospatial analysis Stamen Design 18
  19. 19. Geospatial analysis FortiusOne / GeoCommons 19
  20. 20. http://flic.kr/p/78H5Z8! 20
  21. 21. A real-time, multimedia view of the world 21
  22. 22. October 19, 2009 22
  23. 23. 23
  24. 24. Microsoft Photosynth 24
  25. 25. Google Streetview 25
  26. 26. maps Microsoft Virtual Earth Manhattan 26
  27. 27. C3 Technologies Las Vegas 27
  28. 28. prototypegame.org Manhattan 28
  29. 29. Live Video Live 29
  30. 30. The Sensor Web Need a spatial context to make sense of all this 30
  31. 31. Location sensing UWB GPS Wi-Fi RFID Cell towers 31
  32. 32. New TomTom traffic speed dataset derived from 600 billion speed readings from users real time data within 3 minutes flickr.com/photos/rutlo/3164449930/ 32
  33. 33. location based services are real at last! 33
  34. 34. Smart Grid “The Internet brought to our electric system” Storage Renewable Energy Demand Response Intelligent devices and control systems 34
  35. 35. Will have the ability to know where everything is - and what is happening - all the time 35
  36. 36. Data Sharing 36
  37. 37. Geodata standards KML GML geoRSS WMS Shape geoJSON WFS Lightweight Heavyweight Mashups OGC* Google Search Portals 37
  38. 38. Clemens Portele at Geoweb 2009 “So far the impact of SDIs on the integration of data as a ubiquitous component of the web seems low” “There is not evidence that SDIs have increased the market volume of government data by significant amount” 38
  39. 39. Clemens Portele at Geoweb 2009 “Current OGC standards are only really accessible to geo experts, not easily from broader web community” “OGC web services based largely on an architecture and approach to web services developed 10 years ago” 39
  40. 40. 3 rules for evolvable systems Only solutions that produce partial results when partially implemented can succeed What is, is wrong Orgel's Rule: "Evolution is cleverer than you are". Evolvable Centrally designed Clay Shirky, 1996 shirky.com/writings/evolve.html 40
  41. 41. “If a dataset available on the web is in a format that can't be indexed by Google, does it make a sound?” Kevin Wiebe Safe Software 41
  42. 42. Jason Birch City of Nanaimo <Picture of Jason> 42
  43. 43. 43
  44. 44. 44
  45. 45. 45
  46. 46. 46
  47. 47. 47
  48. 48. 48
  49. 49. “the cloud” 49
  50. 50. Crowdsourcing 50
  51. 51. Web Web 1.0 2.0 publishing participation 51
  52. 52. Wikipedia 52
  53. 53. Hurricane Katrina New Orleans 53
  54. 54. Community generated data scipionus.com 54
  55. 55. OpenStreetMap 55
  56. 56. December 3, 2007 Google OpenStreetMap July 7, 2009 56
  57. 57. Denver, CO Denver, CO USA USA “Mousetrap” junction of I-25 and I-70 Cape Royal Grand Canyon, AZ Cropston USA England 57
  58. 58. 200,000+ users 24m km of highways crazy 34m km of ways momentum!! OSM stats from May 2009 NAVTEQ had 18m km of highways in Dec 2007 flickr.com/photos/pimpmasterjazz/2601898276/ 58
  59. 59. What about quality? Dr Muki Haklay of UCL “OSM quality is beyond good enough, it is a product that can be used for a wide range of activities” Based on a detailed analysis http://tinyurl.com/mukiosm 59
  60. 60. Landgate Perth, Western Australia 60
  61. 61. 61
  62. 62. “The future is user created data” Google MapMaker Michael Jones, Google 62
  63. 63. 63
  64. 64. Database 2007 data 69 countries 11m miles (18m km) of roads 18m points of interest People “Creating, maintaining and delivering a comprehensive, high quality map database is a Field force 700 multi-step, labor-intensive process. We Central production 270 currently employ over 270 employees in our centralized production facility and a global Technology 500 workforce of over 700 geographic analysts in 32 countries” Total 3349 Financial Revenue $853m (~€604m) Data creation & distribution costs $396m (~€280m) 64
  65. 65. Crowdsourcing is a paradigm shift for data creation flickr.com/photos/jamescridland/613445810/ 65
  66. 66. Economics of data creation and sharing 66
  67. 67. “Information wants to be free” 67
  68. 68. 68
  69. 69. 69
  70. 70. 70
  71. 71. UK Government advised by Sir Tim Berners Lee Ordnance Survey medium and small scale data to be free (Details being worked out) 71
  72. 72. “Our taxes fund the collection of public data - yet we have to pay again to access it. [Make] it freely available to stimulate innovation” The Guardian “Free Our Data” web site 72
  73. 73. sadly it’s not that simple ... Taxes only pay half of the costs (in UK) Costs are ongoing, not one off Many competing priorities for tax money All geodata is not equal Commercial companies can profit 73
  74. 74. Land of the Free 74
  75. 75. I think we should raise taxes or cut spending on schools to do better mapping 75
  76. 76. 76
  77. 77. Missing Pepsi Center! (Built 10 years ago)! USGS Topo Map 77
  78. 78. TIGER data US Census Bureau 78
  79. 79. The US situation No large scale “national map” Utilities and local governments map themselves Most cities are mapped many times Significant map inconsistencies flickr.com/photos/izik/3215303355/ 79
  80. 80. National Mapping Agencies! Cost! Good product but expensive! Free or cheap but product lacking! We want to be here ... ! Product! 80
  81. 81. In summary ... a wild ride ahead! 81
  82. 82. ? peter@ebatty.com geothought.blogspot.com twitter.com/pmbatty 82

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