The Geospatial  Revolution   Peter Batty    December 2010                    1
2
The Revolution                 3
4
The      changing nature              of geospatial data                                   5
Crowdsourcing   6
The Cloudflic.kr/p/7Bzn5E                          7
The Revolution                 8
GIS has been a specialized backroom          technology for many years                                  9
Players                                                      Utility GIS                         Smallworld            Int...
11
flic.kr/p/7A6vVg             12
flic.kr/p/7NEJzF Location is now             Pervasive and Simple                  in consumer applicationsflic.kr/p/7rnNAD ...
Disruptive technology    Functionality /    performance                                                                   ...
Consumer driven innovation                             15
“But these new  systems are justsimple web mapping,  they’re not GIS”                      16
Demo       Offline                17
Mobile too!Runs on smart phones         … and tablets including iPhone…           including iPad                          ...
19
flic.kr/p/7UjM5T             20
The changing nature of   geospatial data                         21
September 12, 2010                     22
23
24
25
26
27
28
Microsoft Photosynth                       29
Google Streetview                    30
Microsoft “Street Slide”http://bit.ly/streetside                                                      31
layar        32
Blaise Aguera y Arcas at TED 2010     Something on layarhttp://www.ted.com/talks/blaise_aguera.html                       ...
mapsManhattan            34
C3 Technologies   Las Vegas                  35
prototypegame.org   Manhattan                    36
The Sensor Web     Need a spatial context to      make sense of all this                                 37
Location sensingUWB                 GPS        Wi-Fi             RFID      Cell towers                                 38
New TomTom traffic   speed dataset                          derived from            600 billion            speed readings f...
40
41
location based services             are real at last!                                 42
Will have the ability to know where everything is      - and what is happening - all the time                             ...
Crowdsourcing                44
Web           Web  1.0           2.0publishing   participation                             45
Wikipedia            46
Hurricane Katrina    New Orleans                    47
Community generated data         scipionus.com                           48
OpenStreetMap                49
December 3, 2007Google                      OpenStreetMap            July 7, 2009                                         ...
200,000+                                  300,000+                          users                                       24...
What about quality?             Dr Muki Haklay of UCL“OSM quality is beyond good enough, it is a product  that can be used...
Something on MapQuest / Microsoft OSM                                        53
Database                                                                2007 data  69 countries  11m miles (18m km) of roa...
Crowdsourcing is a paradigm shift for data creation              flickr.com/photos/jamescridland/613445810/                ...
Running in          the                  Cloudflic.kr/p/7Bzn5E                          56
57
This is an old Googledata center (2005)    Each container holds                 servers       1,160      This facility hol...
Google has an estimated   40 data centers…  …holding an estimated                          1 million                      ...
3 billionsearches per day                   35,000                   searches per second                                  ...
2 billion   videos per day                             61
100 million  monthly users                  62
one   zillion times more computer science      PhDs than your company or mine has                                         ...
HUGE         economies of scale                              GoogleAmazon               Your IT             department    ...
SaveBIG!!        flic.kr/p/64kFKH                          65
EC2 PricingSeptember 5, 2010                    66
My daily quotas (max $5 per day)46.5 CPU hours            43.2m web requests!6.5 CPU hours free                           ...
My total server costs for development of            myWorld so far                13c                                     ...
flic.kr/p/4iCux7but is it   SECURE???                                          69
There is a strong case that      your data                   is   more secure                in the cloud                 ...
AgilityGoogle Maps had    400releases in its first 4 years                               flic.kr/p/7BM8zr                   ...
Cloud benefits     Ultra scalable     Secure     Major cost savings      Hardware, admin, upgrades     Much faster enhancem...
Summary          73
Fast train?flic.kr/p/7b5sKd                                74
The      changing nature              of geospatial data                                   75
flic.kr/p/4vLS2o                  76
77
Cloudflic.kr/p/6aJDqo                          78
79
?peter.batty@ubisense.netgeothought.blogspot.com  twitter.com/pmbatty                           80
BackupDemo screen shots                    81
Matches Smallworld styles                            82
Google basemap gives context                               83
Google satellite map                       84
Display attribute data                         85
Street View gives extra info                               86
Street View gives extra info                               87
Street View gives extra info                               88
Google style one box search    Something on “Google style search”                                         89
Autocomplete search                      90
Autocomplete search                      91
Reports in search too                        92
Reports from search                      93
Google geocoding very flexible                                94
Google local search                      95
“Enterprise mashups”                Outages                 Trucks                 WMS                  CIS               ...
Ability to link to maps                          97
Click link, no software needed!                   Demo                                  98
Different Approachesto integration                       flic.kr/p/pWMRk                                    99
Sparse data      Sparse data                   Trucks                  Outages                     Jobs                Oft...
KML                                             is child’s play!<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?><kml xmlns="http://w...
So is<entry>  <title>M 3.2, Mona Passage</title>                                                geoRSS  <link href="http:/...
You can use KML in lots of places    KML uploaded to GeoCommons and used for thematic mapping                             ...
KMLflic.kr/p/8eZBZk                                    The Good Simple Good for sparse and dynamic data Works with multiple...
KML                         The Bad                         Hard to match                             GIS styles          ...
Dense Data             106
Raster map tilesPre-render maps into image filesApproach used by Google, Microsoft, etcVery high performance and scalabilit...
“If a dataset available on the web is in   a format that cant be indexed by    Google, does it make a sound?”             ...
109
110
111
112
113
…/a2e/data/datasources/Pole/90974REST APIs                                    114
…/a2e/data/datasources/Pole/90974?f=gjsonREST APIs: simple and powerful                                                115
…/a2e/data/datasources/Pole/search?f=gjson    &lat=42.600&lon=-76.1780&d=4                                             116
REST is good!!     <Picture of Jason>   Jason Birch                          City of Nanaimo                              ...
“Neo GIS” examples                     118
CartographyAndy Allan, Cloudmade                   119
120
Data creation and maintenance                Upcoming Mapzen editor                           Cloudmade                   ...
Data creation and maintenance     “Walking Papers” for OpenStreetMap       Stamen DesignHere’s a print of Chinatown, San F...
Geospatial  analysis Stamen Design                 123
Geospatial analysis FortiusOne / GeoCommons                       124
Usability            flic.kr/p/kjwKm                        125
Usability            flic.kr/p/kjwKm                        126
I highly recommendthis book                     127
My   top 3   rules                       for good usability1   Do usability testing    2   Do usability testing         3 ...
Doing a usability testPut application in      Shut up            Watch  front of user  flic.kr/p/7UqPo1    flic.kr/p/53WUkg ...
130
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Don’t make me thinkKrug’s first law of usability   flic.kr/p/28o3cz                                            132
133
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135
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The Geospatial Revolution ANZ 2010

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Latest iteration of my Geospatial Revolution talk that I've been using on my down under tour. Includes various cricket slides, probably comprehensible only to Aussies and Pommies :) !!

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The Geospatial Revolution ANZ 2010

  1. 1. The Geospatial Revolution Peter Batty December 2010 1
  2. 2. 2
  3. 3. The Revolution 3
  4. 4. 4
  5. 5. The changing nature of geospatial data 5
  6. 6. Crowdsourcing 6
  7. 7. The Cloudflic.kr/p/7Bzn5E 7
  8. 8. The Revolution 8
  9. 9. GIS has been a specialized backroom technology for many years 9
  10. 10. Players Utility GIS Smallworld Intergraph ESRI Network modeling Scalability Customizability Utility focus Non-network apps “Mainstream” core New technologies10
  11. 11. 11
  12. 12. flic.kr/p/7A6vVg 12
  13. 13. flic.kr/p/7NEJzF Location is now Pervasive and Simple in consumer applicationsflic.kr/p/7rnNAD 13
  14. 14. Disruptive technology Functionality / performance og y h nol d tec h e a blis Est Mainstream Market requirements lo gy chno tiv e te ru p Dis Time 14
  15. 15. Consumer driven innovation 15
  16. 16. “But these new systems are justsimple web mapping, they’re not GIS” 16
  17. 17. Demo Offline 17
  18. 18. Mobile too!Runs on smart phones … and tablets including iPhone… including iPad 18
  19. 19. 19
  20. 20. flic.kr/p/7UjM5T 20
  21. 21. The changing nature of geospatial data 21
  22. 22. September 12, 2010 22
  23. 23. 23
  24. 24. 24
  25. 25. 25
  26. 26. 26
  27. 27. 27
  28. 28. 28
  29. 29. Microsoft Photosynth 29
  30. 30. Google Streetview 30
  31. 31. Microsoft “Street Slide”http://bit.ly/streetside 31
  32. 32. layar 32
  33. 33. Blaise Aguera y Arcas at TED 2010 Something on layarhttp://www.ted.com/talks/blaise_aguera.html 33
  34. 34. mapsManhattan 34
  35. 35. C3 Technologies Las Vegas 35
  36. 36. prototypegame.org Manhattan 36
  37. 37. The Sensor Web Need a spatial context to make sense of all this 37
  38. 38. Location sensingUWB GPS Wi-Fi RFID Cell towers 38
  39. 39. New TomTom traffic speed dataset derived from 600 billion speed readings from users real time data within 3 minutes flickr.com/photos/rutlo/3164449930/ 39
  40. 40. 40
  41. 41. 41
  42. 42. location based services are real at last! 42
  43. 43. Will have the ability to know where everything is - and what is happening - all the time 43
  44. 44. Crowdsourcing 44
  45. 45. Web Web 1.0 2.0publishing participation 45
  46. 46. Wikipedia 46
  47. 47. Hurricane Katrina New Orleans 47
  48. 48. Community generated data scipionus.com 48
  49. 49. OpenStreetMap 49
  50. 50. December 3, 2007Google OpenStreetMap July 7, 2009 50
  51. 51. 200,000+ 300,000+ users 24m km of highways crazy 34m km of ways momentum!!OSM stats from May 2009NAVTEQ had 18m km of highways in Dec 2007 flickr.com/photos/pimpmasterjazz/2601898276/ 51
  52. 52. What about quality? Dr Muki Haklay of UCL“OSM quality is beyond good enough, it is a product that can be used for a wide range of activities” Based on a detailed analysis http://tinyurl.com/mukiosm 52
  53. 53. Something on MapQuest / Microsoft OSM 53
  54. 54. Database 2007 data 69 countries 11m miles (18m km) of roads 18m points of interestPeople “Creating, maintaining and delivering a comprehensive, high quality map database is a Field force 700 multi-step, labor-intensive process. We Central production 270 currently employ over 270 employees in our centralized production facility and a global Technology 500 workforce of over 700 geographic analysts in 32 countries” Total 3349Financial Revenue $853m (~€604m) Data creation & distribution costs $396m (~€280m) 54
  55. 55. Crowdsourcing is a paradigm shift for data creation flickr.com/photos/jamescridland/613445810/ 55
  56. 56. Running in the Cloudflic.kr/p/7Bzn5E 56
  57. 57. 57
  58. 58. This is an old Googledata center (2005) Each container holds servers 1,160 This facility holds an estimated 150,000 servers 58
  59. 59. Google has an estimated 40 data centers… …holding an estimated 1 million servers 59
  60. 60. 3 billionsearches per day 35,000 searches per second 60
  61. 61. 2 billion videos per day 61
  62. 62. 100 million monthly users 62
  63. 63. one zillion times more computer science PhDs than your company or mine has 63
  64. 64. HUGE economies of scale GoogleAmazon Your IT department 64
  65. 65. SaveBIG!! flic.kr/p/64kFKH 65
  66. 66. EC2 PricingSeptember 5, 2010 66
  67. 67. My daily quotas (max $5 per day)46.5 CPU hours 43.2m web requests!6.5 CPU hours free 67
  68. 68. My total server costs for development of myWorld so far 13c 68
  69. 69. flic.kr/p/4iCux7but is it SECURE??? 69
  70. 70. There is a strong case that your data is more secure in the cloud 70
  71. 71. AgilityGoogle Maps had 400releases in its first 4 years flic.kr/p/7BM8zr 71
  72. 72. Cloud benefits Ultra scalable Secure Major cost savings Hardware, admin, upgrades Much faster enhancements & fixesflic.kr/p/7Bzn5E 72
  73. 73. Summary 73
  74. 74. Fast train?flic.kr/p/7b5sKd 74
  75. 75. The changing nature of geospatial data 75
  76. 76. flic.kr/p/4vLS2o 76
  77. 77. 77
  78. 78. Cloudflic.kr/p/6aJDqo 78
  79. 79. 79
  80. 80. ?peter.batty@ubisense.netgeothought.blogspot.com twitter.com/pmbatty 80
  81. 81. BackupDemo screen shots 81
  82. 82. Matches Smallworld styles 82
  83. 83. Google basemap gives context 83
  84. 84. Google satellite map 84
  85. 85. Display attribute data 85
  86. 86. Street View gives extra info 86
  87. 87. Street View gives extra info 87
  88. 88. Street View gives extra info 88
  89. 89. Google style one box search Something on “Google style search” 89
  90. 90. Autocomplete search 90
  91. 91. Autocomplete search 91
  92. 92. Reports in search too 92
  93. 93. Reports from search 93
  94. 94. Google geocoding very flexible 94
  95. 95. Google local search 95
  96. 96. “Enterprise mashups” Outages Trucks WMS CIS Smart Grid 96
  97. 97. Ability to link to maps 97
  98. 98. Click link, no software needed! Demo 98
  99. 99. Different Approachesto integration flic.kr/p/pWMRk 99
  100. 100. Sparse data Sparse data Trucks Outages Jobs Often don’t need detailed “GIS” maps KML and GeoRSS are good formats 100
  101. 101. KML is child’s play!<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?><kml xmlns="http://www.opengis.net/kml/2.2"> <Placemark> <name>Simple placemark</name> <description>Attached to the ground. Intelligently places itself at the height of the underlying terrain.</description> <Point> <coordinates>-122.0822035425683,37.42228990140251,0</coordinates> </Point> </Placemark></kml> 101
  102. 102. So is<entry> <title>M 3.2, Mona Passage</title> geoRSS <link href="http://example.org/2005/09/09/atom01"/> <id>urn:uuid:1225c695-cfb8-4ebb-aaaa-80da344efa6a</id> <updated>2005-08-17T07:02:32Z</updated> <summary>We just had a big one.</summary> <georss:point>45.256 -71.92</georss:point></entry> 102
  103. 103. You can use KML in lots of places KML uploaded to GeoCommons and used for thematic mapping 103
  104. 104. KMLflic.kr/p/8eZBZk The Good Simple Good for sparse and dynamic data Works with multiple platforms / products 104
  105. 105. KML The Bad Hard to match GIS styles Hard to scale to large data volumesflic.kr/p/6hwSwn 105
  106. 106. Dense Data 106
  107. 107. Raster map tilesPre-render maps into image filesApproach used by Google, Microsoft, etcVery high performance and scalabilityEasy to integrate with Google Maps etc 107
  108. 108. “If a dataset available on the web is in a format that cant be indexed by Google, does it make a sound?” Kevin Wiebe Safe Software 108
  109. 109. 109
  110. 110. 110
  111. 111. 111
  112. 112. 112
  113. 113. 113
  114. 114. …/a2e/data/datasources/Pole/90974REST APIs 114
  115. 115. …/a2e/data/datasources/Pole/90974?f=gjsonREST APIs: simple and powerful 115
  116. 116. …/a2e/data/datasources/Pole/search?f=gjson &lat=42.600&lon=-76.1780&d=4 116
  117. 117. REST is good!! <Picture of Jason> Jason Birch City of Nanaimo 117
  118. 118. “Neo GIS” examples 118
  119. 119. CartographyAndy Allan, Cloudmade 119
  120. 120. 120
  121. 121. Data creation and maintenance Upcoming Mapzen editor Cloudmade 121
  122. 122. Data creation and maintenance “Walking Papers” for OpenStreetMap Stamen DesignHere’s a print of Chinatown, San Francisco. 122
  123. 123. Geospatial analysis Stamen Design 123
  124. 124. Geospatial analysis FortiusOne / GeoCommons 124
  125. 125. Usability flic.kr/p/kjwKm 125
  126. 126. Usability flic.kr/p/kjwKm 126
  127. 127. I highly recommendthis book 127
  128. 128. My top 3 rules for good usability1 Do usability testing 2 Do usability testing 3 Do usability testing 128
  129. 129. Doing a usability testPut application in Shut up Watch front of user flic.kr/p/7UqPo1 flic.kr/p/53WUkg flic.kr/p/72M6L 129
  130. 130. 130
  131. 131. 131
  132. 132. Don’t make me thinkKrug’s first law of usability flic.kr/p/28o3cz 132
  133. 133. 133
  134. 134. 134
  135. 135. 135
  136. 136. 136
  137. 137. 137
  138. 138. 138
  139. 139. 139

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