The Geospatial
   Revolution
            Peter Batty
Spatial Networking, Enspiria Solutions

   Minnesota GIS/LIS Conferen...
Overview

• Mainstream at last!
• A real-time, multimedia view of the world
• Crowdsourcing


                            ...
GIS was a specialized backroom
     technology for many years
                             3
“1995: the year that GIS disappeared”


                          Doug Seaborn
                  AM/FM conference, 1992


...
Disruptive technology
       Functionality /                                                      lo   gy
       performan...
Now much easier to
    include location data



Free or cheap               Location
                Geocoding
  map data ...
Finally, geospatial data is
  just another data type



           flickr.com/photos/26664862@N04/2499573972/
             ...
The neogeographers
          Google
        Microsoft
      Open Source
      ... and more


                     8
Geo moving to
               the mainstream

 1996 MapQuest


2005 Google Earth
    (Keyhole)


2005 Google Maps



      ...
Fun and cool
        Performance
         Ease of use
                 API
Continued innovation




                      ...
3D buildings
Birds eye view
   Photosynth
   SQL Server




                 11
12
Strong in database
Strong in web mapping
   Weaker on desktop
   Data improving fast

 Spans both “GIS” and
     “neogeo” ...
“But these new systems are just simple
    web mapping, they’re not GIS”




                                         14
Cartography




Andy Allan, Cloudmade

                    15
16
Data creation and maintenance




                Upcoming Mapzen editor
                           Cloudmade
            ...
Data creation and maintenance




     “Walking Papers” for OpenStreetMap       Stamen Design
Here’s a print of Chinatown,...
Geospatial
  analysis
 Stamen Design
                 19
Geospatial analysis
 FortiusOne / GeoCommons
                       20
Graphic showing “peace”
          Maybe hippies holding hands

(Shouldn’t fight neogeo vs GIS - all same problem)




     ...
Data sharing
              KML
                          GML
  geoRSS
                        WMS     Shape
       geoJSON...
“If a dataset available on the web is in
   a format that can't be indexed by
    Google, does it make a sound?”

        ...
Jason Birch
City of Nanaimo




                  <Picture of Jason>




                                       24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
Google Maps
now has parcels!



                   33
Computing in the cloud




                         34
A real-time, multimedia
  view of the world


                          35
September 7, 2009
                    36
October 19, 2009
                   37
38
39
40
41
Microsoft Photosynth
                       42
Google Streetview
                    43
maps
Microsoft Virtual Earth




      Manhattan

                          44
C3 Technologies




   Las Vegas

                  45
prototypegame.org




   Manhattan
                    46
Live
              Video




Live

                      47
The Sensor Web




     Need a spatial context to
      make sense of all this
                                 48
Location sensing



UWB                 GPS
        Wi-Fi             RFID
      Cell towers



                          ...
New TomTom traffic   speed dataset
                          derived from

            600 billion
            speed readin...
location based services
             are real at last!




                                 51
Smart Grid
“The Internet brought to our electric system”




         Storage                   Renewable Energy




     ...
Will have the ability to know where everything is
      - and what is happening - all the time




                       ...
Crowdsourcing



                54
Web           Web
  1.0           2.0
publishing   participation


                             55
Wikipedia




            56
Hurricane Katrina
    New Orleans
                    57
Community generated data




         scipionus.com
                           58
Landgate
Perth, Western Australia




                       59
60
“The future is user
  created data”               Google MapMaker
      Michael Jones, Google
                            ...
62
OpenStreetMap
                63
December 3, 2007




Google                      OpenStreetMap




            July 7, 2009
                              ...
Denver, CO                                             Denver, CO
USA                                                     ...
132,764
                                         175,096                    users


                                      ...
67
What about quality?

             Dr Muki Haklay of UCL




“OSM quality is beyond good enough, it is a product
  that can...
Database
                                                                2007 data
  69 countries
  11m miles (18m km) of ...
Crowdsourcing is a paradigm shift for data creation
              flickr.com/photos/jamescridland/613445810/
              ...
In summary ... a wild ride ahead!




                                71
?
peter.batty@spatialnetworking.com
     geothought.blogspot.com



                                    72
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Minnesota GIS/LIS The Geospatial Revolution Peter Batty

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My keynote presentation at Minnesota GIS/LIS. Similar to my recent keynote at AGI GeoCommunity in the UK, but with some additional material (50 vs 30 minutes) and a few tweaks. Looks at trends in the geospatial industry in three areas: moving to the mainstream; a real time multimedia view of the world; and crowdsourcing.

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Minnesota GIS/LIS The Geospatial Revolution Peter Batty

  1. 1. The Geospatial Revolution Peter Batty Spatial Networking, Enspiria Solutions Minnesota GIS/LIS Conference October 22, 2009 1
  2. 2. Overview • Mainstream at last! • A real-time, multimedia view of the world • Crowdsourcing 2
  3. 3. GIS was a specialized backroom technology for many years 3
  4. 4. “1995: the year that GIS disappeared” Doug Seaborn AM/FM conference, 1992 4
  5. 5. Disruptive technology Functionality / lo gy performance c hno he d te bl is E sta Mainstream Market requirements lo gy chno e te ru ptiv Dis Time 5
  6. 6. Now much easier to include location data Free or cheap Location Geocoding map data tracking 6
  7. 7. Finally, geospatial data is just another data type flickr.com/photos/26664862@N04/2499573972/ 7
  8. 8. The neogeographers Google Microsoft Open Source ... and more 8
  9. 9. Geo moving to the mainstream 1996 MapQuest 2005 Google Earth (Keyhole) 2005 Google Maps 9
  10. 10. Fun and cool Performance Ease of use API Continued innovation 10
  11. 11. 3D buildings Birds eye view Photosynth SQL Server 11
  12. 12. 12
  13. 13. Strong in database Strong in web mapping Weaker on desktop Data improving fast Spans both “GIS” and “neogeo” spaces 13
  14. 14. “But these new systems are just simple web mapping, they’re not GIS” 14
  15. 15. Cartography Andy Allan, Cloudmade 15
  16. 16. 16
  17. 17. Data creation and maintenance Upcoming Mapzen editor Cloudmade 17
  18. 18. Data creation and maintenance “Walking Papers” for OpenStreetMap Stamen Design Here’s a print of Chinatown, San Francisco. 18
  19. 19. Geospatial analysis Stamen Design 19
  20. 20. Geospatial analysis FortiusOne / GeoCommons 20
  21. 21. Graphic showing “peace” Maybe hippies holding hands (Shouldn’t fight neogeo vs GIS - all same problem) neogeography = GIS 21
  22. 22. Data sharing KML GML geoRSS WMS Shape geoJSON WFS Lightweight Heavyweight Mashups OGC Google Search Portals 22
  23. 23. “If a dataset available on the web is in a format that can't be indexed by Google, does it make a sound?” Kevin Wiebe Safe Software 23
  24. 24. Jason Birch City of Nanaimo <Picture of Jason> 24
  25. 25. 25
  26. 26. 26
  27. 27. 27
  28. 28. 28
  29. 29. 29
  30. 30. 30
  31. 31. 31
  32. 32. 32
  33. 33. Google Maps now has parcels! 33
  34. 34. Computing in the cloud 34
  35. 35. A real-time, multimedia view of the world 35
  36. 36. September 7, 2009 36
  37. 37. October 19, 2009 37
  38. 38. 38
  39. 39. 39
  40. 40. 40
  41. 41. 41
  42. 42. Microsoft Photosynth 42
  43. 43. Google Streetview 43
  44. 44. maps Microsoft Virtual Earth Manhattan 44
  45. 45. C3 Technologies Las Vegas 45
  46. 46. prototypegame.org Manhattan 46
  47. 47. Live Video Live 47
  48. 48. The Sensor Web Need a spatial context to make sense of all this 48
  49. 49. Location sensing UWB GPS Wi-Fi RFID Cell towers 49
  50. 50. New TomTom traffic speed dataset derived from 600 billion speed readings from users real time data within 3 minutes flickr.com/photos/rutlo/3164449930/ 50
  51. 51. location based services are real at last! 51
  52. 52. Smart Grid “The Internet brought to our electric system” Storage Renewable Energy Demand Response Intelligent devices and control systems 52
  53. 53. Will have the ability to know where everything is - and what is happening - all the time 53
  54. 54. Crowdsourcing 54
  55. 55. Web Web 1.0 2.0 publishing participation 55
  56. 56. Wikipedia 56
  57. 57. Hurricane Katrina New Orleans 57
  58. 58. Community generated data scipionus.com 58
  59. 59. Landgate Perth, Western Australia 59
  60. 60. 60
  61. 61. “The future is user created data” Google MapMaker Michael Jones, Google 61
  62. 62. 62
  63. 63. OpenStreetMap 63
  64. 64. December 3, 2007 Google OpenStreetMap July 7, 2009 64
  65. 65. Denver, CO Denver, CO USA USA “Mousetrap” junction of I-25 and I-70 Cape Royal Grand Canyon, AZ Cropston USA England 65
  66. 66. 132,764 175,096 users 24m km of highways crazy 34m km of ways momentum!! OSM stats from May 2009 NAVTEQ had 18m km of highways in Dec 2007 flickr.com/photos/pimpmasterjazz/2601898276/ 66
  67. 67. 67
  68. 68. What about quality? Dr Muki Haklay of UCL “OSM quality is beyond good enough, it is a product that can be used for a wide range of activities” Based on a detailed analysis http://tinyurl.com/mukiosm 68
  69. 69. Database 2007 data 69 countries 11m miles (18m km) of roads 18m points of interest People “Creating, maintaining and delivering a comprehensive, high quality map database is a Field force 700 multi-step, labor-intensive process. We Central production 270 currently employ over 270 employees in our centralized production facility and a global Technology 500 workforce of over 700 geographic analysts in 32 countries” Total 3349 Financial Revenue $853m (~€604m) Data creation & distribution costs $396m (~€280m) 69
  70. 70. Crowdsourcing is a paradigm shift for data creation flickr.com/photos/jamescridland/613445810/ 70
  71. 71. In summary ... a wild ride ahead! 71
  72. 72. ? peter.batty@spatialnetworking.com geothought.blogspot.com 72
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