Minnesota GIS/LIS The Geospatial Revolution Peter Batty

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My keynote presentation at Minnesota GIS/LIS. Similar to my recent keynote at AGI GeoCommunity in the UK, but with some additional material (50 vs 30 minutes) and a few tweaks. Looks at trends in the …

My keynote presentation at Minnesota GIS/LIS. Similar to my recent keynote at AGI GeoCommunity in the UK, but with some additional material (50 vs 30 minutes) and a few tweaks. Looks at trends in the geospatial industry in three areas: moving to the mainstream; a real time multimedia view of the world; and crowdsourcing.

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  • 1. The Geospatial Revolution Peter Batty Spatial Networking, Enspiria Solutions Minnesota GIS/LIS Conference October 22, 2009 1
  • 2. Overview • Mainstream at last! • A real-time, multimedia view of the world • Crowdsourcing 2
  • 3. GIS was a specialized backroom technology for many years 3
  • 4. “1995: the year that GIS disappeared” Doug Seaborn AM/FM conference, 1992 4
  • 5. Disruptive technology Functionality / lo gy performance c hno he d te bl is E sta Mainstream Market requirements lo gy chno e te ru ptiv Dis Time 5
  • 6. Now much easier to include location data Free or cheap Location Geocoding map data tracking 6
  • 7. Finally, geospatial data is just another data type flickr.com/photos/26664862@N04/2499573972/ 7
  • 8. The neogeographers Google Microsoft Open Source ... and more 8
  • 9. Geo moving to the mainstream 1996 MapQuest 2005 Google Earth (Keyhole) 2005 Google Maps 9
  • 10. Fun and cool Performance Ease of use API Continued innovation 10
  • 11. 3D buildings Birds eye view Photosynth SQL Server 11
  • 12. 12
  • 13. Strong in database Strong in web mapping Weaker on desktop Data improving fast Spans both “GIS” and “neogeo” spaces 13
  • 14. “But these new systems are just simple web mapping, they’re not GIS” 14
  • 15. Cartography Andy Allan, Cloudmade 15
  • 16. 16
  • 17. Data creation and maintenance Upcoming Mapzen editor Cloudmade 17
  • 18. Data creation and maintenance “Walking Papers” for OpenStreetMap Stamen Design Here’s a print of Chinatown, San Francisco. 18
  • 19. Geospatial analysis Stamen Design 19
  • 20. Geospatial analysis FortiusOne / GeoCommons 20
  • 21. Graphic showing “peace” Maybe hippies holding hands (Shouldn’t fight neogeo vs GIS - all same problem) neogeography = GIS 21
  • 22. Data sharing KML GML geoRSS WMS Shape geoJSON WFS Lightweight Heavyweight Mashups OGC Google Search Portals 22
  • 23. “If a dataset available on the web is in a format that can't be indexed by Google, does it make a sound?” Kevin Wiebe Safe Software 23
  • 24. Jason Birch City of Nanaimo <Picture of Jason> 24
  • 25. 25
  • 26. 26
  • 27. 27
  • 28. 28
  • 29. 29
  • 30. 30
  • 31. 31
  • 32. 32
  • 33. Google Maps now has parcels! 33
  • 34. Computing in the cloud 34
  • 35. A real-time, multimedia view of the world 35
  • 36. September 7, 2009 36
  • 37. October 19, 2009 37
  • 38. 38
  • 39. 39
  • 40. 40
  • 41. 41
  • 42. Microsoft Photosynth 42
  • 43. Google Streetview 43
  • 44. maps Microsoft Virtual Earth Manhattan 44
  • 45. C3 Technologies Las Vegas 45
  • 46. prototypegame.org Manhattan 46
  • 47. Live Video Live 47
  • 48. The Sensor Web Need a spatial context to make sense of all this 48
  • 49. Location sensing UWB GPS Wi-Fi RFID Cell towers 49
  • 50. New TomTom traffic speed dataset derived from 600 billion speed readings from users real time data within 3 minutes flickr.com/photos/rutlo/3164449930/ 50
  • 51. location based services are real at last! 51
  • 52. Smart Grid “The Internet brought to our electric system” Storage Renewable Energy Demand Response Intelligent devices and control systems 52
  • 53. Will have the ability to know where everything is - and what is happening - all the time 53
  • 54. Crowdsourcing 54
  • 55. Web Web 1.0 2.0 publishing participation 55
  • 56. Wikipedia 56
  • 57. Hurricane Katrina New Orleans 57
  • 58. Community generated data scipionus.com 58
  • 59. Landgate Perth, Western Australia 59
  • 60. 60
  • 61. “The future is user created data” Google MapMaker Michael Jones, Google 61
  • 62. 62
  • 63. OpenStreetMap 63
  • 64. December 3, 2007 Google OpenStreetMap July 7, 2009 64
  • 65. Denver, CO Denver, CO USA USA “Mousetrap” junction of I-25 and I-70 Cape Royal Grand Canyon, AZ Cropston USA England 65
  • 66. 132,764 175,096 users 24m km of highways crazy 34m km of ways momentum!! OSM stats from May 2009 NAVTEQ had 18m km of highways in Dec 2007 flickr.com/photos/pimpmasterjazz/2601898276/ 66
  • 67. 67
  • 68. What about quality? Dr Muki Haklay of UCL “OSM quality is beyond good enough, it is a product that can be used for a wide range of activities” Based on a detailed analysis http://tinyurl.com/mukiosm 68
  • 69. Database 2007 data 69 countries 11m miles (18m km) of roads 18m points of interest People “Creating, maintaining and delivering a comprehensive, high quality map database is a Field force 700 multi-step, labor-intensive process. We Central production 270 currently employ over 270 employees in our centralized production facility and a global Technology 500 workforce of over 700 geographic analysts in 32 countries” Total 3349 Financial Revenue $853m (~€604m) Data creation & distribution costs $396m (~€280m) 69
  • 70. Crowdsourcing is a paradigm shift for data creation flickr.com/photos/jamescridland/613445810/ 70
  • 71. In summary ... a wild ride ahead! 71
  • 72. ? peter.batty@spatialnetworking.com geothought.blogspot.com 72