The Geospatial
  Revolution
       Peter Batty
   Spatial Networking

   DRCOG / DRDC
   January 14, 2010


              ...
Overview

• Mainstream at last!
• Data sharing
• A real-time, multimedia view of the world
• Crowdsourcing

              ...
GIS was a specialized backroom
     technology for many years
                             3
“1995: the year that GIS disappeared”


                          Doug Seaborn
                  AM/FM conference, 1992


...
Disruptive technology
       Functionality /                                                   lo   gy
       performance ...
Now much easier to
    include location data



Free or cheap               Location
                Geocoding
  map data ...
Finally, geospatial data is
  just another data type



           flickr.com/photos/26664862@N04/2499573972/
             ...
The neogeographers
          Google
        Microsoft
      Open Source
      ... and more


                     8
Geo moving to
               the mainstream

 1996 MapQuest


2005 Google Earth
    (Keyhole)


2005 Google Maps



      ...
Fun and cool
        Performance
         Ease of use
                 API
Continued innovation




                      ...
3D buildings
Birds eye view
   Photosynth
   SQL Server




                 11
Strong in database
Strong in web mapping
   Weaker on desktop
   Data improving fast

 Spans both “GIS” and
     “neogeo” ...
“But these new systems are just simple
    web mapping, they’re not GIS”




                                         13
Cartography




Andy Allan, Cloudmade

                    14
15
Data creation and maintenance




                Upcoming Mapzen editor
                           Cloudmade
            ...
Data creation and maintenance




     “Walking Papers” for OpenStreetMap       Stamen Design
Here’s a print of Chinatown,...
Geospatial
  analysis
 Stamen Design
                 18
Geospatial analysis
 FortiusOne / GeoCommons
                       19
Graphic showing “peace”
          Maybe hippies holding hands

(Shouldn’t fight neogeo vs GIS - all same problem)




     ...
Data Sharing



               21
Geodata standards
              KML
                               GML
  geoRSS
                             WMS     Shape...
3 rules for evolvable systems

Only solutions that produce partial results
when partially implemented can succeed

What is...
“If a dataset available on the web is in
   a format that can't be indexed by
    Google, does it make a sound?”

        ...
Jason Birch
City of Nanaimo




                  <Picture of Jason>




                                       25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
Places to share data in
     the cloud ...


                          34
Google Maps

              35
Google Maps

              36
Google Transit

                 37
GeoCommons

             38
OpenStreetMap

                39
PublicEarth

              40
Economics of data
     sharing


                    41
42
43
Economics of data sharing




“Information wants to be free”




                               44
A real-time, multimedia
  view of the world


                          45
September 7, 2009
                    46
October 19, 2009
                   47
48
49
50
Microsoft Photosynth
                       51
Google Streetview
                    52
maps
Microsoft Virtual Earth




      Manhattan

                          53
C3 Technologies




   Las Vegas

                  54
prototypegame.org




   Manhattan
                    55
Live
              Video




Live

                      56
The Sensor Web




     Need a spatial context to
      make sense of all this
                                 57
Location sensing



UWB                 GPS
        Wi-Fi             RFID
      Cell towers



                          ...
New TomTom traffic   speed dataset
                          derived from

            600 billion
            speed readin...
location based services
             are real at last!




                                 60
Smart Grid
“The Internet brought to our electric system”




         Storage                   Renewable Energy




     ...
Will have the ability to know where everything is
      - and what is happening - all the time




                       ...
Crowdsourcing



                63
Web           Web
  1.0           2.0
publishing   participation


                             64
Wikipedia




            65
Hurricane Katrina
    New Orleans
                    66
Community generated data




         scipionus.com
                           67
Landgate
Perth, Western Australia




                       68
69
“The future is user
  created data”               Google MapMaker
      Michael Jones, Google
                            ...
71
OpenStreetMap
                72
December 3, 2007




Google                      OpenStreetMap




            July 7, 2009
                              ...
Denver, CO                                             Denver, CO
USA                                                     ...
132,764
                                  200,000+                          users


                                      ...
What about quality?

             Dr Muki Haklay of UCL




“OSM quality is beyond good enough, it is a product
  that can...
Database
                                                                2007 data
  69 countries
  11m miles (18m km) of ...
Crowdsourcing is a paradigm shift for data creation
              flickr.com/photos/jamescridland/613445810/
              ...
Food for thought


                                 Simplicity
                               Evolvability
               ...
In summary ... a wild ride ahead!




                                80
?
   peter@ebatty.com
geothought.blogspot.com
  twitter.com/pmbatty


                          81
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DRCOG: The Geospatial Revolution Peter Batty

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Presentation at DRCOG in Denver on the Geospatial Revolution. Some additional material on data sharing compared to previous versions of the same talk (but a lot of common material)

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DRCOG: The Geospatial Revolution Peter Batty

  1. 1. The Geospatial Revolution Peter Batty Spatial Networking DRCOG / DRDC January 14, 2010 1
  2. 2. Overview • Mainstream at last! • Data sharing • A real-time, multimedia view of the world • Crowdsourcing 2
  3. 3. GIS was a specialized backroom technology for many years 3
  4. 4. “1995: the year that GIS disappeared” Doug Seaborn AM/FM conference, 1992 4
  5. 5. Disruptive technology Functionality / lo gy performance chno he d te bl is E sta Mainstream Market requirements lo gy chno e te ru ptiv Dis Time 5
  6. 6. Now much easier to include location data Free or cheap Location Geocoding map data tracking 6
  7. 7. Finally, geospatial data is just another data type flickr.com/photos/26664862@N04/2499573972/ 7
  8. 8. The neogeographers Google Microsoft Open Source ... and more 8
  9. 9. Geo moving to the mainstream 1996 MapQuest 2005 Google Earth (Keyhole) 2005 Google Maps 9
  10. 10. Fun and cool Performance Ease of use API Continued innovation 10
  11. 11. 3D buildings Birds eye view Photosynth SQL Server 11
  12. 12. Strong in database Strong in web mapping Weaker on desktop Data improving fast Spans both “GIS” and “neogeo” spaces 12
  13. 13. “But these new systems are just simple web mapping, they’re not GIS” 13
  14. 14. Cartography Andy Allan, Cloudmade 14
  15. 15. 15
  16. 16. Data creation and maintenance Upcoming Mapzen editor Cloudmade 16
  17. 17. Data creation and maintenance “Walking Papers” for OpenStreetMap Stamen Design Here’s a print of Chinatown, San Francisco. 17
  18. 18. Geospatial analysis Stamen Design 18
  19. 19. Geospatial analysis FortiusOne / GeoCommons 19
  20. 20. Graphic showing “peace” Maybe hippies holding hands (Shouldn’t fight neogeo vs GIS - all same problem) neogeography = GIS 20
  21. 21. Data Sharing 21
  22. 22. Geodata standards KML GML geoRSS WMS Shape geoJSON WFS Lightweight Heavyweight Mashups OGC* Google Search Portals 22
  23. 23. 3 rules for evolvable systems Only solutions that produce partial results when partially implemented can succeed What is, is wrong Orgel's Rule: "Evolution is cleverer than you are". Evolvable Centrally designed Clay Shirky, 1996 shirky.com/writings/evolve.html 23
  24. 24. “If a dataset available on the web is in a format that can't be indexed by Google, does it make a sound?” Kevin Wiebe Safe Software 24
  25. 25. Jason Birch City of Nanaimo <Picture of Jason> 25
  26. 26. 26
  27. 27. 27
  28. 28. 28
  29. 29. 29
  30. 30. 30
  31. 31. 31
  32. 32. 32
  33. 33. 33
  34. 34. Places to share data in the cloud ... 34
  35. 35. Google Maps 35
  36. 36. Google Maps 36
  37. 37. Google Transit 37
  38. 38. GeoCommons 38
  39. 39. OpenStreetMap 39
  40. 40. PublicEarth 40
  41. 41. Economics of data sharing 41
  42. 42. 42
  43. 43. 43
  44. 44. Economics of data sharing “Information wants to be free” 44
  45. 45. A real-time, multimedia view of the world 45
  46. 46. September 7, 2009 46
  47. 47. October 19, 2009 47
  48. 48. 48
  49. 49. 49
  50. 50. 50
  51. 51. Microsoft Photosynth 51
  52. 52. Google Streetview 52
  53. 53. maps Microsoft Virtual Earth Manhattan 53
  54. 54. C3 Technologies Las Vegas 54
  55. 55. prototypegame.org Manhattan 55
  56. 56. Live Video Live 56
  57. 57. The Sensor Web Need a spatial context to make sense of all this 57
  58. 58. Location sensing UWB GPS Wi-Fi RFID Cell towers 58
  59. 59. New TomTom traffic speed dataset derived from 600 billion speed readings from users real time data within 3 minutes flickr.com/photos/rutlo/3164449930/ 59
  60. 60. location based services are real at last! 60
  61. 61. Smart Grid “The Internet brought to our electric system” Storage Renewable Energy Demand Response Intelligent devices and control systems 61
  62. 62. Will have the ability to know where everything is - and what is happening - all the time 62
  63. 63. Crowdsourcing 63
  64. 64. Web Web 1.0 2.0 publishing participation 64
  65. 65. Wikipedia 65
  66. 66. Hurricane Katrina New Orleans 66
  67. 67. Community generated data scipionus.com 67
  68. 68. Landgate Perth, Western Australia 68
  69. 69. 69
  70. 70. “The future is user created data” Google MapMaker Michael Jones, Google 70
  71. 71. 71
  72. 72. OpenStreetMap 72
  73. 73. December 3, 2007 Google OpenStreetMap July 7, 2009 73
  74. 74. Denver, CO Denver, CO USA USA “Mousetrap” junction of I-25 and I-70 Cape Royal Grand Canyon, AZ Cropston USA England 74
  75. 75. 132,764 200,000+ users 24m km of highways crazy 34m km of ways momentum!! OSM stats from May 2009 NAVTEQ had 18m km of highways in Dec 2007 flickr.com/photos/pimpmasterjazz/2601898276/ 75
  76. 76. What about quality? Dr Muki Haklay of UCL “OSM quality is beyond good enough, it is a product that can be used for a wide range of activities” Based on a detailed analysis http://tinyurl.com/mukiosm 76
  77. 77. Database 2007 data 69 countries 11m miles (18m km) of roads 18m points of interest People “Creating, maintaining and delivering a comprehensive, high quality map database is a Field force 700 multi-step, labor-intensive process. We Central production 270 currently employ over 270 employees in our centralized production facility and a global Technology 500 workforce of over 700 geographic analysts in 32 countries” Total 3349 Financial Revenue $853m (~€604m) Data creation & distribution costs $396m (~€280m) 77
  78. 78. Crowdsourcing is a paradigm shift for data creation flickr.com/photos/jamescridland/613445810/ 78
  79. 79. Food for thought Simplicity Evolvability Searchability Crowdsourcing Existing infrastructure Cloud Public impact Free http://flic.kr/p/5TeTqw 79
  80. 80. In summary ... a wild ride ahead! 80
  81. 81. ? peter@ebatty.com geothought.blogspot.com twitter.com/pmbatty 81
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