DRCOG: The Geospatial Revolution Peter Batty
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DRCOG: The Geospatial Revolution Peter Batty

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Presentation at DRCOG in Denver on the Geospatial Revolution. Some additional material on data sharing compared to previous versions of the same talk (but a lot of common material)

Presentation at DRCOG in Denver on the Geospatial Revolution. Some additional material on data sharing compared to previous versions of the same talk (but a lot of common material)

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DRCOG: The Geospatial Revolution Peter Batty DRCOG: The Geospatial Revolution Peter Batty Presentation Transcript

  • The Geospatial Revolution Peter Batty Spatial Networking DRCOG / DRDC January 14, 2010 1
  • Overview • Mainstream at last! • Data sharing • A real-time, multimedia view of the world • Crowdsourcing 2
  • GIS was a specialized backroom technology for many years 3
  • “1995: the year that GIS disappeared” Doug Seaborn AM/FM conference, 1992 4
  • Disruptive technology Functionality / lo gy performance chno he d te bl is E sta Mainstream Market requirements lo gy chno e te ru ptiv Dis Time 5
  • Now much easier to include location data Free or cheap Location Geocoding map data tracking 6
  • Finally, geospatial data is just another data type flickr.com/photos/26664862@N04/2499573972/ 7
  • The neogeographers Google Microsoft Open Source ... and more 8
  • Geo moving to the mainstream 1996 MapQuest 2005 Google Earth (Keyhole) 2005 Google Maps 9
  • Fun and cool Performance Ease of use API Continued innovation 10
  • 3D buildings Birds eye view Photosynth SQL Server 11
  • Strong in database Strong in web mapping Weaker on desktop Data improving fast Spans both “GIS” and “neogeo” spaces 12
  • “But these new systems are just simple web mapping, they’re not GIS” 13
  • Cartography Andy Allan, Cloudmade 14
  • 15
  • Data creation and maintenance Upcoming Mapzen editor Cloudmade 16
  • Data creation and maintenance “Walking Papers” for OpenStreetMap Stamen Design Here’s a print of Chinatown, San Francisco. 17
  • Geospatial analysis Stamen Design 18
  • Geospatial analysis FortiusOne / GeoCommons 19
  • Graphic showing “peace” Maybe hippies holding hands (Shouldn’t fight neogeo vs GIS - all same problem) neogeography = GIS 20
  • Data Sharing 21
  • Geodata standards KML GML geoRSS WMS Shape geoJSON WFS Lightweight Heavyweight Mashups OGC* Google Search Portals 22
  • 3 rules for evolvable systems Only solutions that produce partial results when partially implemented can succeed What is, is wrong Orgel's Rule: "Evolution is cleverer than you are". Evolvable Centrally designed Clay Shirky, 1996 shirky.com/writings/evolve.html 23
  • “If a dataset available on the web is in a format that can't be indexed by Google, does it make a sound?” Kevin Wiebe Safe Software 24
  • Jason Birch City of Nanaimo <Picture of Jason> 25
  • 26
  • 27
  • 28
  • 29
  • 30
  • 31
  • 32
  • 33
  • Places to share data in the cloud ... 34
  • Google Maps 35
  • Google Maps 36
  • Google Transit 37
  • GeoCommons 38
  • OpenStreetMap 39
  • PublicEarth 40
  • Economics of data sharing 41
  • 42
  • 43
  • Economics of data sharing “Information wants to be free” 44
  • A real-time, multimedia view of the world 45
  • September 7, 2009 46
  • October 19, 2009 47
  • 48
  • 49
  • 50
  • Microsoft Photosynth 51
  • Google Streetview 52
  • maps Microsoft Virtual Earth Manhattan 53
  • C3 Technologies Las Vegas 54
  • prototypegame.org Manhattan 55
  • Live Video Live 56
  • The Sensor Web Need a spatial context to make sense of all this 57
  • Location sensing UWB GPS Wi-Fi RFID Cell towers 58
  • New TomTom traffic speed dataset derived from 600 billion speed readings from users real time data within 3 minutes flickr.com/photos/rutlo/3164449930/ 59
  • location based services are real at last! 60
  • Smart Grid “The Internet brought to our electric system” Storage Renewable Energy Demand Response Intelligent devices and control systems 61
  • Will have the ability to know where everything is - and what is happening - all the time 62
  • Crowdsourcing 63
  • Web Web 1.0 2.0 publishing participation 64
  • Wikipedia 65
  • Hurricane Katrina New Orleans 66
  • Community generated data scipionus.com 67
  • Landgate Perth, Western Australia 68
  • 69
  • “The future is user created data” Google MapMaker Michael Jones, Google 70
  • 71
  • OpenStreetMap 72
  • December 3, 2007 Google OpenStreetMap July 7, 2009 73
  • Denver, CO Denver, CO USA USA “Mousetrap” junction of I-25 and I-70 Cape Royal Grand Canyon, AZ Cropston USA England 74
  • 132,764 200,000+ users 24m km of highways crazy 34m km of ways momentum!! OSM stats from May 2009 NAVTEQ had 18m km of highways in Dec 2007 flickr.com/photos/pimpmasterjazz/2601898276/ 75
  • What about quality? Dr Muki Haklay of UCL “OSM quality is beyond good enough, it is a product that can be used for a wide range of activities” Based on a detailed analysis http://tinyurl.com/mukiosm 76
  • Database 2007 data 69 countries 11m miles (18m km) of roads 18m points of interest People “Creating, maintaining and delivering a comprehensive, high quality map database is a Field force 700 multi-step, labor-intensive process. We Central production 270 currently employ over 270 employees in our centralized production facility and a global Technology 500 workforce of over 700 geographic analysts in 32 countries” Total 3349 Financial Revenue $853m (~€604m) Data creation & distribution costs $396m (~€280m) 77
  • Crowdsourcing is a paradigm shift for data creation flickr.com/photos/jamescridland/613445810/ 78
  • Food for thought Simplicity Evolvability Searchability Crowdsourcing Existing infrastructure Cloud Public impact Free http://flic.kr/p/5TeTqw 79
  • In summary ... a wild ride ahead! 80
  • ? peter@ebatty.com geothought.blogspot.com twitter.com/pmbatty 81