The Hittite Empire and the Beginning of the Iron Age (1700-1200 BCE)
Hattusas:  Capital of the Hittites
Hattusas – Lion’s Gate
Hittite Writing
A Balance of Power:  1200 B. C. E.
The Battle of Kadesh Treaty of Kadesh  Ramses II at Kadesh
2000 - 1450 BCE The Minoans
The Aegean World
Artist’s Recreation of Knossos
Aerial View of Knossos
Palace of King Minos - Interiors
Palace of King Minos – Throne Room
Minoan Ladies
Minoan Culture - Religion Minoan Priest Minoan Snake Goddess
Bull Cult
Bull Jumping Fresco
Minoan Trade “ Bireme” ship Coast of Crete
Minoan Artistic “Motifs”
Early Writing System: “Linear A” (Undecipherable)
What caused the End of the Minoan Civilization?
<ul><li>Earthquake on Island of Crete? </li></ul><ul><li>Volcano/Tsunami? </li></ul><ul><li>The Mycenaeans? </li></ul>
Santorini Volcano  (sometime between1600-1500 BCE)
Images of Santorini
1500 - 1100 BCE The Mycenaeans
The Mycenaean World:  mid-2M B.C.E.
View of Mycenae Archaeological “tell”
Aerial View of Mycenae
Mycenae Citadel & Reconstuction
Approach to the Lion’s Gate
Lion’s Gate Entrance to Mycenae
Mycenaean Writing System: “Linear B”
mid-12c BCE The Trojan War
Bronze Age Enemies:  The Trojan War
What were the real & mythical causes of the Trojan War?
Helen of Troy: “The Face that Launched 1000 Ships” What did she look like?
Plan of the City of Troy
The Seven “Layers” of Ancient Troy Homer’s Troy (VII)
Original Wall of the City of Troy
Wall of Troy Recreated
Dome of King Priam’s Treasury
King Priam’s Treasure
Sofie Schliemann With King Priam’s Jewelry
Mask of Agammemnon
Brutal Combat
Troy Grave Circles
The “Trojan Horse”?
1100 - 750 BCE The Greek &quot;Dark Ages&quot;
Migrations in the Aegean Region (DORIANS}
Homer, the Blind Poet
Homer’s Great Epics
Homer’s View of the World
Greek Culture Declined
The Neo-Assyrian Empire 911-612 BCE
Who Controls Mesopotamia?
Assyrian Military Power Assyrian soldiers carrying away the enemy’s gods.
Jewish Captives:  8 th  Century BCE
The Library of Ashurbanipal <ul><li>Was located at Ninevah </li></ul><ul><li>Contained complete copy of  The Epic Of Gilga...
The Neo-Babylon (Chaldean) Empire: 626-539 BCE)
Nebuchadnezzar’s Babylon
Ishtar Gate
Hanging Gardens of Babylon?
Jerusalem Destroyed  - Hebrews taken to Babylon (586 BCE)
The Phoenicians: Transmitters of Civilizations
Phoenician Sea Routes
A Phoenician Bireme Ship
The “Royal Purple” Dye
Phoenician City of Byblos: “Home of the Alphabet”
Phoenician Alphabet
Carthage:  Phoenicia’s Mightiest Colony
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Hittites, Ancient Greece, Assyrians, Babylonians, And Phoenicians

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Hittites, Ancient Greece, Assyrians, Babylonians, And Phoenicians

  1. 1. The Hittite Empire and the Beginning of the Iron Age (1700-1200 BCE)
  2. 2. Hattusas: Capital of the Hittites
  3. 3. Hattusas – Lion’s Gate
  4. 4. Hittite Writing
  5. 5. A Balance of Power: 1200 B. C. E.
  6. 6. The Battle of Kadesh Treaty of Kadesh Ramses II at Kadesh
  7. 7. 2000 - 1450 BCE The Minoans
  8. 8. The Aegean World
  9. 9. Artist’s Recreation of Knossos
  10. 10. Aerial View of Knossos
  11. 11. Palace of King Minos - Interiors
  12. 12. Palace of King Minos – Throne Room
  13. 13. Minoan Ladies
  14. 14. Minoan Culture - Religion Minoan Priest Minoan Snake Goddess
  15. 15. Bull Cult
  16. 16. Bull Jumping Fresco
  17. 17. Minoan Trade “ Bireme” ship Coast of Crete
  18. 18. Minoan Artistic “Motifs”
  19. 19. Early Writing System: “Linear A” (Undecipherable)
  20. 20. What caused the End of the Minoan Civilization?
  21. 21. <ul><li>Earthquake on Island of Crete? </li></ul><ul><li>Volcano/Tsunami? </li></ul><ul><li>The Mycenaeans? </li></ul>
  22. 22. Santorini Volcano (sometime between1600-1500 BCE)
  23. 23. Images of Santorini
  24. 24. 1500 - 1100 BCE The Mycenaeans
  25. 25. The Mycenaean World: mid-2M B.C.E.
  26. 26. View of Mycenae Archaeological “tell”
  27. 27. Aerial View of Mycenae
  28. 28. Mycenae Citadel & Reconstuction
  29. 29. Approach to the Lion’s Gate
  30. 30. Lion’s Gate Entrance to Mycenae
  31. 31. Mycenaean Writing System: “Linear B”
  32. 32. mid-12c BCE The Trojan War
  33. 33. Bronze Age Enemies: The Trojan War
  34. 34. What were the real & mythical causes of the Trojan War?
  35. 35. Helen of Troy: “The Face that Launched 1000 Ships” What did she look like?
  36. 36. Plan of the City of Troy
  37. 37. The Seven “Layers” of Ancient Troy Homer’s Troy (VII)
  38. 38. Original Wall of the City of Troy
  39. 39. Wall of Troy Recreated
  40. 40. Dome of King Priam’s Treasury
  41. 41. King Priam’s Treasure
  42. 42. Sofie Schliemann With King Priam’s Jewelry
  43. 43. Mask of Agammemnon
  44. 44. Brutal Combat
  45. 45. Troy Grave Circles
  46. 46. The “Trojan Horse”?
  47. 47. 1100 - 750 BCE The Greek &quot;Dark Ages&quot;
  48. 48. Migrations in the Aegean Region (DORIANS}
  49. 49. Homer, the Blind Poet
  50. 50. Homer’s Great Epics
  51. 51. Homer’s View of the World
  52. 52. Greek Culture Declined
  53. 53. The Neo-Assyrian Empire 911-612 BCE
  54. 54. Who Controls Mesopotamia?
  55. 55. Assyrian Military Power Assyrian soldiers carrying away the enemy’s gods.
  56. 56. Jewish Captives: 8 th Century BCE
  57. 57. The Library of Ashurbanipal <ul><li>Was located at Ninevah </li></ul><ul><li>Contained complete copy of The Epic Of Gilgamesh </li></ul>
  58. 58. The Neo-Babylon (Chaldean) Empire: 626-539 BCE)
  59. 59. Nebuchadnezzar’s Babylon
  60. 60. Ishtar Gate
  61. 61. Hanging Gardens of Babylon?
  62. 62. Jerusalem Destroyed - Hebrews taken to Babylon (586 BCE)
  63. 63. The Phoenicians: Transmitters of Civilizations
  64. 64. Phoenician Sea Routes
  65. 65. A Phoenician Bireme Ship
  66. 66. The “Royal Purple” Dye
  67. 67. Phoenician City of Byblos: “Home of the Alphabet”
  68. 68. Phoenician Alphabet
  69. 69. Carthage: Phoenicia’s Mightiest Colony
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