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Values
 

Values

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    Values Values Presentation Transcript

    • Components of Culture: Values
    • Values defined:
      • A standard by which members of culture define what is
      • desirable or undesirable
      • good or bad
      • beautiful or ugly
      • acceptable or unacceptable
    • Values are regularly contested.
      • For
      • example,
      • what
      • makes
      • a
      • woman
      • beautiful?
    • The answer often depends on WHEN the question is asked…
      • Today
      • mainstream
      • America might
      • cite a woman
      • like this as
      • being
      • beautiful:
    • Or perhaps one of these women:
    • But what about 50 years ago?
      • Americans might have said that these were the most beautiful women.
    • How about 100 years ago? How are these women different from today’s version of beauty?
    • Beauty also depends on WHERE the question is asked.
      • Around the world, there is not just one standard of beauty, but many.
      • Certain features of the face or body are emphasized in various parts of the world.
      Women from Burma
    • Ears and mouths are features commonly accented… Women from Ethiopia
    • Adornments for the mouth can include tattoos and jewels for the teeth. Girl from Borneo Maori Woman with Moko
    • Here beauty accents are focused on the face and head… Mangbetu Woman Nigerian Woman
    • although other parts of the body have also been emphasized, such as the feet. 3 ” S H O E S Sketch of a woman’s bound feet
    • The overall body can also reflect values of beauty.
      • Today thinness is commonly accepted in many cultures as synonymous with beauty.
    • In some cultures thinness might be a reflection of physical fitness…
    • Although there are still extremes:
      • When does thin become “too thin?”
    • Thinness has not always been a Western standard of beauty. Painting by Peter Paul Rubens
    • Nor is thinness the standard everywhere in the world today.
    • To summarize:
      • Values are standards set by the members of a society.
      • Values are often highly contested.
      • Values can change significantly over time.
      • Values can differ within one society and around the world.