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Chapter 8 Deviance


Sociology Chapter 8

Sociology Chapter 8

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  • 1. Chapter 8 – Deviance & Social Control
    Charlie Ann Osborn
    Osborn-Chapter 8 Sociology
  • 2. What is DEVIANCE?
    “It is not the act itself, but the reactions to the act, that make something deviant.” Howard Becker, 1966
    DEVIANCE– the violation of rules or norms
    What is DEVIANT in one culture may be quite normal in another
    CRIME – violation of norms that have been made LAW
    STIGMA – characteristics that discredit people
    Ex. Mental handicap, blindness, deafness
    Things that keep people from being considered “normal” even though they shouldn’t
    Osborn-Chapter 8 Sociology
  • 3. How NORMS make social life possible
    Social Order – A group’s customary way of doing things that people depend on to keep things normal.
    Ex. You expect the grocery store clerk to sell you what you want to buy not to tell you there is an additional $20 fee for the 13th customer of the day and you are it…because you are used to our customary way of doing things.
    Osborn-Chapter 8 Sociology
  • 4. How NORMS make social life possible
    Social Control– A group’s formal and informal way of enforcing its norms.
    Informal – examples = rules, regulations, social embarrassment if you don’t follow the norm….
    Formal –examples = Laws, Police, Military, severe punishment for not following the norm i.e., prison, execution
    Osborn-Chapter 8 Sociology
  • 5. Sanctions (just like we talked about in Chapter 2)
    Osborn-Chapter 8 Sociology
    Negative Sanctions- expressions of disapproval for breaking a norm that can range from a frown to an execution.
    Positive Sanction-a reward or positive reaction for following norms ranging from a smile to a prize. :O)
  • 6. Degradation Ceremonies
    Osborn-Chapter 8 Sociology
    Degradation Ceremonies – term coined by Harold Garfinkle to describe rituals designed to remake the self by stripping away and individual’s particular social identity and stamping a new one in its place
    A formal attempt to brand someone as an outsider
    Look at the picture on page 207 of the women whose heads were shaved for sleeping with the enemy (the Nazis)
  • 7. Why the DEVIANCE?
    Genetic Predispositions
    3 theories
    Low intelligence leads to crime
    The “XYY” chromosome –an extra female chromosome in males that leads to crime
    Body type – people with “squarish, muscular” bodies are more like to commit street crimes (mugging, rape, burglary)
    Personality Disorders
    The view that a personality disturbance causes an individual to violate social norms
    Deviant Burglar!!!!!!!
    Osborn-Chapter 8 Sociology
  • 8. Why the DEVIANCE?
    Differential Association
    Edwin Sutherland’s idea associating with some groups results in learning an “excess of definitions” of deviance, and, by extension, in a greater likelihood that one will become deviant
    In English= Monkey see, Monkey do
    These groups can be friends, family, neighbors
    Osborn-Chapter 8 Sociology
  • 9. Why the DEVIANCE?
    Control Theory
    The idea that two control systems 1. inner (conscience, fear of getting in trouble, morals, religion), and 2. outer (family, police) keep people from deviating.
    ***Labeling Theory – the idea that the labels given to people affect their own and others’ peoples perceptions of them, thus channeling their behavior into either deviance or conformity.
    Ex. Call a kid a hoodlum when he’s 10 and he might grow up to be one
    It’s not cool to label people.
    Osborn-Chapter 8 Sociology
  • 10. Look at page 218….Kansas is more dangerous than the average state
    Criminal Justice System – The system of police, courts, and prisons set up to deal with people accused of committing crimes
    Corporate Crime – crimes committed by executives to benefit their corporations
    White collar crime- embezzlement, price fixing, false advertising (see picture and caption on page 219)
    Street crime – rape, murder, burglary
    Osborn-Chapter 8 Sociology
  • 11. ***Recidivism
    The proportion of released convicts who are rearrested
    Prisons don’t really rehabilitate prisoners for society, so they end up getting in trouble again.
    Capital punishment
    The death penalty, death by lethal injection or other means for punishment of crime(s) committed
    Very controversial topic
    ***Kansas has executed 0 since 1977, Oklahoma 79, TX 355, see page 227
    Osborn-Chapter 8 Sociology
  • 12. The Killing of several victims in three or more separate events
    Charles Manson
    Osborn-Chapter 8 Sociology
    Serial Murder
  • 13. Serial Murder
    Dennis Rader - BTK Killer, less than 250 miles from here!
    Ted Bundy – executed in Florida in ‘89, confessed to over 30 murders
    Osborn-Chapter 8 Sociology
  • 14. ***Hate CrimesSuggested viewing
    Crimes to which more severe penalties are attached because they are motivated by hatred (dislike, animosity) of someone’s race, ethnicity, religion, sexual orientation, disability, or national origin.
    Osborn-Chapter 8 Sociology
  • 15. To make deviance a medical matter, a symptom of some underlying illness that needs to be treated by physicians
    The homeless mentally ill
    Does one cause the other?
    See page 231
    Osborn-Chapter 8 Sociology
    Medicalization of Deviance