Chapter 13 The Elderly

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  • 1. The Elderly
    Charlie Ann Osborn
    Osborn-Adolescent / The Elderly
  • 2. Different cultures and the elderly
    Opening Vignette talks about “covering up” elderly woman – (371)
    Abkhasians live long lives in groups and work well into their 100s (372)
    Some industrialized nations depend on systems like social security
    Some of the least industrialized nations have no SS and families are expected to take care of elderly
    Osborn-Adolescent / The Elderly
  • 3. Industrialization and the Graying of the globe
    Industrialized nations have higher percentages of elderly – page 373
    Osborn-Adolescent / The Elderly
  • 4. The Graying of America
    Life Expectancy - the number of years that an average person at any age, including newborns, can expect to live.
    100 years ago the average American could not expect to see age 50!
    Graying of America – refers to the growing percentage of older people in the U.S. population.
    Today there are 7 million more elderly Americans than there are teenagers!
    Osborn-Adolescent / The Elderly
  • 5. Osborn-Adolescent / The Elderly
    Page 375
  • 6. Uneven distirbution of elderly in the United States…Social Map, page 376
    Osborn-Adolescent / The Elderly
  • 7. When are you OLD?
    Life Span – the maximum length of life of a species; for humans, the longest that a human has lived
    Your perception of “OLD” changes as you age
    4 factors (377)
    Biology (signs, wrinkles, ect.)
    Personal history (grandma at 34?)
    Gender age (relative value that culture places on men’s and women’s ages)
    Timetables (signals society uses to inform someone they are old, ex: retirement)
    Osborn-Adolescent / The Elderly
  • 8. Yone Minagawa from Japan, page 377
    Born in 1893…Celebrating her 114th birthday
    Osborn-Adolescent / The Elderly
  • 9. Is prejudice, discrimination , and hostility, directed against people because of their age.
    It can be directed against any age group, including youth.
    Page 380…Does the Mass Media neglect to represent the elderly in a positive light?
    Osborn-Adolescent / The Elderly
  • 10. Disengagement theory - examines retirement as a device for ensuring that a society’s positions of responsibility will be passed smoothly from one generation to the next
    Active theory – examines how people adjust when they disengage from productive roles
    Continuity theory – focuses on how people adjust to growing old by continuing their roles and coping techniques
    Osborn-Adolescent / The Elderly
    How is retirement functional for society?
  • 11. The Conflict Perspective
    Social Security Litigation
    one generation making demands on another for limited resources
    As the number of retired people grows there are relatively fewer workers to support them
    Organizations like the gray panthers and the AARP supposedlywatch out for the interests of the retired
    Approximately 60,000 members of the AARP have quit between July 1 and August 18, 2009, in a controversy that arose over AARP's support for U.S. health care reform
    Osborn-Adolescent / The Elderly
  • 12. Recurring Problems
    Women are likely to live alone and be poor
    About 4% of the elderly live in nursing homes that are understaffed and patients are neglected and dehumanized
    The most common abusers of the elderly are members of their own family
    Osborn-Adolescent / The Elderly
  • 13. The Sociology of Death and Dying
    Like old age, death is much more than a biological event.
    Industrialization brought with it modern medicine, hospitals, and dying in a formal setting surrounded by strangers
    Kubler-Ross identified the five stages of the dying process (Denial, Anger, Negotiation, depression, Acceptance)
    Hospices are a cultural device designed to overcome the negative aspects of dying in hospitals
    The highest suicide rate is that of people age 85 and over
    Osborn-Adolescent / The Elderly
  • 14. Looking Towards the Future
    A major change is to view old age as a time of creativity
    If this trend continues, it will transform the image of the elderly
    Technological breakthroughs may stretch the human lifespan
    If so, is it difficult to see how younger workers will be able to support retired people for 100 years or so
    *note that our book is a little outdated and the new healthcare bill and rationing of healthcare for the elderly were not taken into consideration yet
    Osborn-Adolescent / The Elderly
  • 15. The End
    If your grandparents are still alive, do you really know them? To know them is to really know your true history. The elderly have some of the best stories you will ever hear, don’t be afraid to ask. 
    Osborn-Adolescent / The Elderly