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Chapter 12  Race And  Ethnicity
Chapter 12  Race And  Ethnicity
Chapter 12  Race And  Ethnicity
Chapter 12  Race And  Ethnicity
Chapter 12  Race And  Ethnicity
Chapter 12  Race And  Ethnicity
Chapter 12  Race And  Ethnicity
Chapter 12  Race And  Ethnicity
Chapter 12  Race And  Ethnicity
Chapter 12  Race And  Ethnicity
Chapter 12  Race And  Ethnicity
Chapter 12  Race And  Ethnicity
Chapter 12  Race And  Ethnicity
Chapter 12  Race And  Ethnicity
Chapter 12  Race And  Ethnicity
Chapter 12  Race And  Ethnicity
Chapter 12  Race And  Ethnicity
Chapter 12  Race And  Ethnicity
Chapter 12  Race And  Ethnicity
Chapter 12  Race And  Ethnicity
Chapter 12  Race And  Ethnicity
Chapter 12  Race And  Ethnicity
Chapter 12  Race And  Ethnicity
Chapter 12  Race And  Ethnicity
Chapter 12  Race And  Ethnicity
Chapter 12  Race And  Ethnicity
Chapter 12  Race And  Ethnicity
Chapter 12  Race And  Ethnicity
Chapter 12  Race And  Ethnicity
Chapter 12  Race And  Ethnicity
Chapter 12  Race And  Ethnicity
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Chapter 12 Race And Ethnicity

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  • 1. CHAPTER 12 Race and Ethnicity
  • 2. Race: Myth and Reality
    • Myth 1 - Idea That Any Race is Superior
      • All Races Have Geniuses and Idiots
      • Genocide Still Around
      • Genocide : the systematic annihilation or attempted annihilation of a people because of their presumed race or ethic group
      • Race : physical characteristics that distinguish one group from another
      • Ethnicity : having distinctive cultural characteristics
  • 3. Race: Myth and Reality
    • Myth 2 - Idea that Any Race is Pure
      • Human Characteristics Flow Endlessly Together
  • 4. Ethnic Groups
    • Race Refers to Biological Characteristics
    • Ethnicity Refers to Cultural Characteristics
      • Common Ancestry
      • Cultural Heritage
      • Nations of Origin
  • 5. Minority and Dominant Groups
    • Minority group : people ho are not singled out for unequal treatment and who regard themselves as objects of collective discrimination
      • Example – Women are a minority all over the world
    • Dominant group : the group with the most power, greatest privileges, and highest social status
      • Dominant group does the discriminating
  • 6. Emergence of Minority Groups
    • Minority Groups Occur Because of…
    • Expansion of Political Boundaries
    • Migration
  • 7. Constructing Racial-Ethnic Identity
    • Sense of Ethnicity
      • Relative Size
      • Power
      • Appearance
      • Discrimination
    • Ethnic Work and the Melting Pot
      • Ethnic work : activities designed to discover, enhance, or maintain ethnic and racial identification
      • Melting pot : the view that Americans of various backgrounds would blend into a sort of ethnic stew
  • 8.  
  • 9. Prejudice and Discrimination
    • Learning Prejudice
      • Prejudice vs. Discrimination
      • Prejudice : an attitude or prejudging, usually in a negative way
      • Discrimination : an act of unfair treatment directed against an individual or group
    • Discrimination is Action
    • Learning from Association
  • 10. Prejudice and Discrimination
    • Far-Reaching Nature of Prejudice
    • Internalizing Dominant Norms
      • Media
      • Group Membership
  • 11. Individual and Institutional Discrimination
    • Individual discrimination : the negative treatment of one person by another on the basis of that person’s perceived characteristics
    • Institutional discrimination : the negative treatment of a minority group that is built into a society’s institutions; also called systematic discrimination
    • Health Care
    • Home Mortgage and Car Loans
  • 12.  
  • 13. Theories of Prejudice
    • Psychological Perspectives
    • Frustration and Scapegoats
      • Scapegoat : an individual or group unfairly blamed for someone else’s troubles
    • The Authoritarian Personality : Theodore Adorno’s term for people who are prejudiced and rank high on scales of conformity, intolerance, insecurity, respect for authority, and submissiveness to superiors
  • 14. Theories of Prejudice
    • Sociological Perspectives
    • Functionalism
    • Conflict Theory
      • Reserve labor force : the unemployed; unemployed workers are thought of as being “in reserve” – capitalists take them out of reserve (put them back into work) during times of high production and then lay them off (put them back in reserve) when they are no longer needed
      • Split labor market : workers split along racial, ethnic, gender, age, or any other lines; this split is exploited by owners to weaken the bargaining power of workers
    • Symbolic Interactionism
      • Labels Create Prejudice
      • Self-Fulfilling Prophesy
        • Selective perception : seeing certain features of an object or situation, but remaining blind to others
  • 15. Global Patterns of Intergroup Relations
    • Genocide : the systematic annihilation or attempted annihilation of a people because of their presumed race or ethic group
    • Population Transfer : forcing a minority group to leave
    • Internal Colonialism : the policy of economically exploiting minority groups
  • 16. Global Patterns of Intergroup Relations
    • Segregation: the policy of keeping racial-ethnic groups apart
    • Assimilation : the process of being absorbed into the mainstream culture
    • Multiculturalism (Pluralism) : a philosophy or political policy that permits or encourages ethnic differences
  • 17.  
  • 18. Race and Ethnic Relations in the United States
  • 19. Race and Ethnic Relations in the United States
  • 20. Race and Ethnic Relations in the United States: Europeans Americans
    • Nation’s Founders Included Only Those from England (WASPs)
      • WASP : White, Anglo-Saxon Protestant; narrowly, an American
    • Other “White” Europeans Inferior
    • White ethnics : white immigrants to the U.S. whose cultures differ from that of WASPs
  • 21. Race and Ethnic Relations in the United States: Latinos (Hispanics)
    • Numbers Origins, Location
  • 22. Race and Ethnic Relations in the United States: Latinos (Hispanics)
    • Spanish Language
    • Diversity
    • Comparative Conditions
  • 23.  
  • 24.  
  • 25. Race and Ethnic Relations in the United States: African-Americans
    • The Struggle for Civil Rights
    • Rising Expectations and Civil Strife
      • Rising expectations : the sense that better conditions are soon to follow, which, if unfulfilled, increases frustration
    • Continued Gains
    • Current Losses
    • Race or Social Class?
    • Racism as an Everyday Burden
  • 26.  
  • 27. Race and Ethnic Relations in the United States: Asian-Americans
    • Background of Discrimination
    • Diversity
    • Reasons for Success
  • 28.  
  • 29. Race and Ethnic Relations in the United States: Native Americans
    • Diversity of Groups
    • From Treaties to Genocide and Population Transfer
    • The Invisible Minority and Self-Determination
    • Pan-Indianism : a movement that focuses on common elements in the cultures of Native Americans in order to develop a cross-tribal self-identity and to work toward the welfare of all Native Americans
  • 30. Looking Towards the Future
    • The Immigration Debate
    • Affirmative Action
    • Towards a True Multicultural Society
  • 31.  

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