Chapter 10  Social  Class In The  United  States
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Chapter 10 Social Class In The United States

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  • What the H### do you mean about #15... 'The pain of social mobility' ? Proverty and # 19..Myths about the poor people ..THAT IT MOSTLY CONCERNS THE LATINOS AND AFRICAN AMERICANS...DONT FORGET ABOUT YOUR POOR WHITE TRASHES PEOPLE'' THEY'RE WORST OFF THAN ANYBODY..OH BUT, YOU DON'T COUNT THEM? THEY'RE HUMAN TOO!
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  • 1. Chapter 10
    Social Class in the United States
  • 2. What is Social Class?
    Social Class– according to Weber, a large group of people who rank close to on another in property, prestige, and power; according to Marx, one of two groups: capitalist who own the means of production or the workers who sell their labor.
    Property – material possessions
    Wealth - the total value of everything someone owns, minus the debts
    Income – money received, usually from a job, business, or assets
  • 3. What is Social Class?
    Power – the ability to carry out your will, even over the resistance of others
    Power Elite – C. Wright Mills’ term for the top people in U.S. Corporations, Military, and Politics who make the nation’s major decisions
    Prestige – respect or regard
  • 4. What is Social Class?
  • 5.
  • 6.
  • 7. Status Inconsistency
    Status Consistency – ranking high are low on all three dimensions of social status
    Social Inconstancy – ranking high on some dimensions of social class and low on others, a.k.a. status discrepancy
    Status – the position that someone occupies in society or a social group
    Anomie – Durkheim’s term for a condition in which people become detached from the norms that usually guide their behavior
  • 8. Sociological Models of Social Class
    Updating Marx
    Capitalists
    Petty Bourgeoisie
    Managers
    Workers
  • 9. Sociological Models of Social Class
    Updating Weber
    Capitalist Class
    The Upper Middle Class
    The Lower Middle Class
    The Working Class
    The Working Poor
    The Underclass
  • 10.
  • 11. Social Class in the Auto Industry - Ford
    The Fords - Capitalist Class
    Ford Executives - Lower Capitalist Class
    Owner Ford Dealership - Upper Middle
    Ford Salesperson - Lower Middle Class
    Ford Mechanics - Working Class
    Ford Detailer - Working Poor
    Car Lot Cleaner - Underclass
  • 12. Consequences of Social Class
    Physical Health
    Mental Health
    Family Life
    Choices of Husbands and Wives
    Divorce
    Child Rearing
    Education
    Religion
    Politics
    Crime and the Judicial System
    Social Class and the Changing Economy
  • 13. Social Mobility – 3 types
    Intergenerational Mobility– the change that family members make in social class from one generation to the next
    Upward Social Mobility – movement up the social class ladder
    Downward Social Mobility – movement down the social class ladder
    Structural Mobility – movement up or down the social ladder because of changes in the structure of society, not to individual efforts
    Exchange Mobility – about the same numbers of people moving up and down the social class ladder, such that, on balance, the social class system shows little change
  • 14. Interpreting Statistics on Social Mobility
    Apple Doesn’t Fall Far From Tree
    The Pain of Social Mobility
  • 15. Poverty
    Poverty Line – the official measure of poverty; calculated to include incomes that are less than three times a low-cost food budget
    Feminization of Poverty – a trend in U.S. poverty whereby most poor families are headed by omen
  • 16.
  • 17.
  • 18.
  • 19. Myths About the Poor
    Most are Lazy
    Poor are Trapped and Few Escape
    Most are Latino and African-American
  • 20. Dynamics of Poverty
    Culture of Poverty – the assumption that the values and behaviors of the poor make them fundamentally different from other people, that these factors are largely responsible for their poverty, and that parents perpetuate poverty across generations by passing these characteristics to their children
    Most Poverty is Short-lived
  • 21. Who are the poor?
    Poverty is unequally distributed in the U.S.. Racial Ethnic minorities (except Asian Americans), children, women-headed households, and rural Americans are more likely than others to be poor. The poverty rate of the elderly is less that that of the general population.
  • 22. Why are people poor?
    Some social analysts believe that characteristics of individuals cause poverty. Sociologists, in contrast, examine structural features of society, such as employment opportunities, to find the causes of poverty. Sociologists generally conclude that life orientations are a consequence, not the cause, of people’s position in the social class structure.
  • 23. Deferred Gratification
    Deferred Gratification – forgoing something in the present in the hope of achieving greater gains in the future
    Good Book
  • 24. Horatio Alger
    Horatio Alger Myth - the belief that due to limitless possibilities anyone can get ahead if he or she tries hard enough
    Encourages people to strive to get ahead
    Also deflects blame for failure from society to the individual