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<ul><li>This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited by law: <...
<ul><li>“ Power relations   wherever they exist .” </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 What is Politics?
<ul><li>Micropolitics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Exercise of Power in Everyday Life </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Macropolitics </li><...
<ul><li>Authority is Legitimate Power </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Illegitimate Power is Coercion </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Authorit...
<ul><li>Traditional Authority </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Authority Based on Tradition </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rational-Legal Aut...
<ul><li>Authority as an Ideal Type </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Traditional, Rational-Legal, Charismatic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><...
<ul><li>Monarchies </li></ul><ul><li>Democracies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Direct </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Representative </...
<ul><li>Political Parties and Elections </li></ul><ul><li>Democrats, Republicans, and Third Parties </li></ul><ul><li>Prim...
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008
<ul><li>Elections are Not Winner-Take-All </li></ul><ul><li>Based on System of Proportional Representation </li></ul><ul><...
<ul><li>Non-Hispanic Whites Most Likely to Vote </li></ul><ul><li>African-Americans Next Most Likely </li></ul><ul><li>Lat...
<ul><li>Social Integration </li></ul><ul><li>Alienation and Apathy </li></ul><ul><li>Gender and Racial-Ethnic Gap in Votin...
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008
<ul><li>Special Interest Groups are People Who Think Alike on a Particular Issue and Mobilize for Political Action </li></...
<ul><li>Elections are Expensive </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Senate Campaign about $5,000,000 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>House Ca...
<ul><li>Functionalist Perspective: Pluralism </li></ul><ul><li>Diffusion of Power Among Many </li></ul><ul><li>Checks and ...
<ul><li>Conflict Perspective: The Power Elite </li></ul><ul><li>Top Business, Political, and Military Leaders </li></ul><u...
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008
<ul><li>Is War Universal? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Human Aggression and Killing, Yes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>War, No </li>...
<ul><li>Why do Nations go to War? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Revenge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Power </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><l...
<ul><li>Cost of War </li></ul><ul><li>Toll in Lives </li></ul><ul><li>Toll in Dollars </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon ...
<ul><li>Increased Emotional Distance </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasis on Following Orders </li></ul><ul><li>Inability to Resist ...
<ul><li>Blaming the Victim </li></ul><ul><li>Struggle Between Good and Evil </li></ul><ul><li>Success and Failure of Dehum...
<ul><li>Terrorism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ The use of violence to create fear in an effort to bring about political objecti...
<ul><li>Selling War Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Making Alignments </li></ul><ul><li>Protecting Interests </li></ul><ul><l...
<ul><li>Major Trends </li></ul><ul><li>Obstacles to Unity </li></ul><ul><li>Domination by the Elite </li></ul>Copyright © ...
A Down-to-Earth Approach 9/e SOCIOLOGY SOCIOLOGY Chapter 15: Politics
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  1. 1. <ul><li>This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited by law: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>any public performance or display, including transmission of any image over a network; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction, in whole or in part, of any images; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>any rental, lease, or lending of the program. </li></ul></ul>A Down-to-Earth Approach 9/e SOCIOLOGY SOCIOLOGY Chapter 15: Politics
  2. 2. <ul><li>“ Power relations wherever they exist .” </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 What is Politics?
  3. 3. <ul><li>Micropolitics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Exercise of Power in Everyday Life </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Macropolitics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Exercise of Power Over a Large Group </li></ul></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Micro and Macro Politics
  4. 4. <ul><li>Authority is Legitimate Power </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Illegitimate Power is Coercion </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Authority and Legitimate Violence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Governments Have Exclusive Rights to Violence </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Collapse of Authority </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Revolution </li></ul></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Power, Authority, and Violence
  5. 5. <ul><li>Traditional Authority </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Authority Based on Tradition </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rational-Legal Authority </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Authority Based on Written Rules </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Charismatic Authority </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Authority Freely and Graciously Given </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Threat Posed by Charismatic Leaders </li></ul></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Power, Authority, and Violence
  6. 6. <ul><li>Authority as an Ideal Type </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Traditional, Rational-Legal, Charismatic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not Ideal or Desirable Necessarily </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Transfer of Authority </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Orderly from One Leader to Another </li></ul></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Power, Authority, and Violence
  7. 7. <ul><li>Monarchies </li></ul><ul><li>Democracies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Direct </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Representative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Universal Citizenship </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dictatorships and Oligarchies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Totalitarianism </li></ul></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Types of Governments
  8. 8. <ul><li>Political Parties and Elections </li></ul><ul><li>Democrats, Republicans, and Third Parties </li></ul><ul><li>Primaries and Elections </li></ul><ul><li>Centrism and Extremes </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 U.S. Political System
  9. 9. Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008
  10. 10. <ul><li>Elections are Not Winner-Take-All </li></ul><ul><li>Based on System of Proportional Representation </li></ul><ul><li>Encourages Non-Centrist Parties </li></ul><ul><li>Coalition Governments </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Democratic Systems in Europe
  11. 11. <ul><li>Non-Hispanic Whites Most Likely to Vote </li></ul><ul><li>African-Americans Next Most Likely </li></ul><ul><li>Latinos Least Likely to Vote </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Voting Patterns
  12. 12. <ul><li>Social Integration </li></ul><ul><li>Alienation and Apathy </li></ul><ul><li>Gender and Racial-Ethnic Gap in Voting </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Voting Patterns
  13. 13. Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008
  14. 14. <ul><li>Special Interest Groups are People Who Think Alike on a Particular Issue and Mobilize for Political Action </li></ul><ul><li>Lobbyists are People Paid to Influence Legislation </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Lobbyists and Special Interests
  15. 15. <ul><li>Elections are Expensive </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Senate Campaign about $5,000,000 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>House Campaign about $1,000,000 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>PACs Contribute and are Owed </li></ul><ul><li>Criticisms of Lobbyists and PACs </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 PACs in U.S. Elections
  16. 16. <ul><li>Functionalist Perspective: Pluralism </li></ul><ul><li>Diffusion of Power Among Many </li></ul><ul><li>Checks and Balances </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Who Rules the U.S.?
  17. 17. <ul><li>Conflict Perspective: The Power Elite </li></ul><ul><li>Top Business, Political, and Military Leaders </li></ul><ul><li>Ruling Class </li></ul><ul><li>Not a Secret Group, Just Similar Backgrounds and Orientations </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Who Rules the U.S.?
  18. 18. Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008
  19. 19. <ul><li>Is War Universal? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Human Aggression and Killing, Yes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>War, No </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How Common is War? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Humans Long for Peace but Glorify War </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>War is Very Common and Frequent </li></ul></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 War and Terrorism
  20. 20. <ul><li>Why do Nations go to War? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Revenge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Power </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prestige </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unity </li></ul></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 War and Terrorism <ul><ul><li>Positions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ethnicity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Beliefs </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>Cost of War </li></ul><ul><li>Toll in Lives </li></ul><ul><li>Toll in Dollars </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 War and Terrorism
  22. 22. <ul><li>Increased Emotional Distance </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasis on Following Orders </li></ul><ul><li>Inability to Resist Pressures </li></ul><ul><li>Diminished Sense of Responsibility </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Dehumanization
  23. 23. <ul><li>Blaming the Victim </li></ul><ul><li>Struggle Between Good and Evil </li></ul><ul><li>Success and Failure of Dehumanization </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Dehumanization
  24. 24. <ul><li>Terrorism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ The use of violence to create fear in an effort to bring about political objectives.” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Suicide Terrorism </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 War and Terrorism
  25. 25. <ul><li>Selling War Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Making Alignments </li></ul><ul><li>Protecting Interests </li></ul><ul><li>Child Soldiers </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Sowing the Seeds
  26. 26. <ul><li>Major Trends </li></ul><ul><li>Obstacles to Unity </li></ul><ul><li>Domination by the Elite </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 New World Order?
  27. 27. A Down-to-Earth Approach 9/e SOCIOLOGY SOCIOLOGY Chapter 15: Politics
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