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<ul><li>This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited by law: <...
<ul><li>“ It is not the act itself, but the reactions to the act, that make something deviant.” </li></ul><ul><li>Howard B...
<ul><li>Relative Deviance </li></ul><ul><li>What is Deviant to Some is not Deviant to Others </li></ul><ul><li>“ Deviance”...
<ul><li>Crime  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Violation of Norms as Laws </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Deviance  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vio...
<ul><li>Makes Behavior Predictable </li></ul><ul><li>No Norms - Social Chaos </li></ul><ul><li>Social Control  </li></ul><...
<ul><li>Negative Sanctions </li></ul><ul><li>Positive Sanctions </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Sanctions
<ul><li>Shaming is a Sanction </li></ul><ul><li>Can Be Centerpiece of Public Ritual </li></ul><ul><li>Degradation Ceremony...
<ul><li>Sociobiology </li></ul><ul><li>Look for Answers Inside Individuals </li></ul><ul><li>Genetic Predispositions </li>...
<ul><li>Psychology </li></ul><ul><li>Focuses on Abnormalities Within Individuals </li></ul><ul><li>Personality Disorders <...
<ul><li>Sociology </li></ul><ul><li>Look for Answers Outside Individuals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Socialization </li></ul></u...
<ul><li>Families </li></ul><ul><li>Friends, Neighbors </li></ul><ul><li>Subcultures </li></ul><ul><li>Prison or Freedom? <...
<ul><li>Inner Controls </li></ul><ul><li>Morality </li></ul><ul><li>Conscience </li></ul><ul><li>Religious Principles </li...
<ul><li>Outer Controls </li></ul><ul><li>Attachments </li></ul><ul><li>Commitments </li></ul><ul><li>Involvements </li></u...
<ul><li>Focuses on the Significance of Labels </li></ul><ul><li>Labels Become Part of Self-Concept </li></ul><ul><li>Prope...
<ul><li>Denial of Responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>Denial of Injury </li></ul><ul><li>Denial of a Victim </li></ul>Copyrig...
<ul><li>Condemnation of Condemners </li></ul><ul><li>Appeal to Higher Loyalties </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 S...
<ul><li>Embracing Labels - Outlaw Bikers </li></ul><ul><li>The Power of Labels - Saints and Roughnecks </li></ul>Copyright...
<ul><li>Clarifies Moral Boundaries and Affirms Norms </li></ul><ul><li>Promotes Social Unity </li></ul><ul><li>Promotes So...
<ul><li>Social Values Produce Deviance </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural Goals </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional Means </li></ul><u...
<ul><li>Innovators </li></ul><ul><li>Ritualism </li></ul><ul><li>Retreatism </li></ul><ul><li>Rebellion </li></ul>Copyrigh...
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008
<ul><li>Unequal Access to Institutional Means to Success </li></ul><ul><li>Street Crime </li></ul><ul><li>White-Collar Cri...
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008
<ul><li>Class, Crime, and the Criminal Justice System </li></ul><ul><li>Power and Inequality </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Capital...
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Reaction to Deviance <ul><li>Street Crime and Prisons </li></ul>
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Reaction to Deviance <ul><li>Street Crime and Prisons  </li></ul><ul><li>The Decline of Cri...
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Reaction to Deviance <ul><li>Street Crime and Prisons  </li></ul><ul><li>The Decline of Cri...
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Reaction to Deviance <ul><li>Street Crime and Prisons  </li></ul><ul><li>The Decline of Cri...
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008
<ul><li>Legal Change </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hate Crimes </li></ul></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Reaction to Deviance
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008
<ul><li>Legal Change </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hate Crimes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Trouble with Statistics </li></ul>Copyright ...
A Down-to-Earth Approach 9/e SOCIOLOGY SOCIOLOGY Chapter 8: Deviance and Social Control
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C08 Henslin9e

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Chapter 8 Sociology - from book

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  1. 1. <ul><li>This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited by law: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>any public performance or display, including transmission of any image over a network; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction, in whole or in part, of any images; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>any rental, lease, or lending of the program. </li></ul></ul>A Down-to-Earth Approach 9/e SOCIOLOGY SOCIOLOGY Chapter 8: Deviance and Social Control
  2. 2. <ul><li>“ It is not the act itself, but the reactions to the act, that make something deviant.” </li></ul><ul><li>Howard Becker, 1966 </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 What is Deviance?
  3. 3. <ul><li>Relative Deviance </li></ul><ul><li>What is Deviant to Some is not Deviant to Others </li></ul><ul><li>“ Deviance” is Nonjudgmental Term </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 What is Deviance?
  4. 4. <ul><li>Crime </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Violation of Norms as Laws </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Deviance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Violation of Rules or Norms </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Stigma </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Blemishes on “Normal” Identity </li></ul></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Deviance Terminology
  5. 5. <ul><li>Makes Behavior Predictable </li></ul><ul><li>No Norms - Social Chaos </li></ul><ul><li>Social Control </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Group’s Formal and Informal Means of Enforcing Norms </li></ul></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Norms Make Social Life Possible
  6. 6. <ul><li>Negative Sanctions </li></ul><ul><li>Positive Sanctions </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Sanctions
  7. 7. <ul><li>Shaming is a Sanction </li></ul><ul><li>Can Be Centerpiece of Public Ritual </li></ul><ul><li>Degradation Ceremony </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Shaming and Degradation Ceremonies
  8. 8. <ul><li>Sociobiology </li></ul><ul><li>Look for Answers Inside Individuals </li></ul><ul><li>Genetic Predispositions </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Explanations of Deviance
  9. 9. <ul><li>Psychology </li></ul><ul><li>Focuses on Abnormalities Within Individuals </li></ul><ul><li>Personality Disorders </li></ul><ul><li>Deviant Personalities </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Explanations of Deviance
  10. 10. <ul><li>Sociology </li></ul><ul><li>Look for Answers Outside Individuals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Socialization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Membership in Subcultures </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Social Class </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Explanations of Deviance
  11. 11. <ul><li>Families </li></ul><ul><li>Friends, Neighbors </li></ul><ul><li>Subcultures </li></ul><ul><li>Prison or Freedom? </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Symbolic Interactionist Perspective Differential Association Theory
  12. 12. <ul><li>Inner Controls </li></ul><ul><li>Morality </li></ul><ul><li>Conscience </li></ul><ul><li>Religious Principles </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Symbolic Interactionist Perspective Control Theory
  13. 13. <ul><li>Outer Controls </li></ul><ul><li>Attachments </li></ul><ul><li>Commitments </li></ul><ul><li>Involvements </li></ul><ul><li>Beliefs that Actions are Morally Wrong </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Symbolic Interactionist Perspective Control Theory
  14. 14. <ul><li>Focuses on the Significance of Labels </li></ul><ul><li>Labels Become Part of Self-Concept </li></ul><ul><li>Propel Towards or Away from Deviance </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Symbolic Interactionist Perspective Labeling Theory
  15. 15. <ul><li>Denial of Responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>Denial of Injury </li></ul><ul><li>Denial of a Victim </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Symbolic Interactionist Perspective Rejecting Labels
  16. 16. <ul><li>Condemnation of Condemners </li></ul><ul><li>Appeal to Higher Loyalties </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Symbolic Interactionist Perspective Rejecting Labels
  17. 17. <ul><li>Embracing Labels - Outlaw Bikers </li></ul><ul><li>The Power of Labels - Saints and Roughnecks </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Symbolic Interactionist Perspective Labeling Theory
  18. 18. <ul><li>Clarifies Moral Boundaries and Affirms Norms </li></ul><ul><li>Promotes Social Unity </li></ul><ul><li>Promotes Social Change </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Functionalist Perspective Can Deviance Be Functional?
  19. 19. <ul><li>Social Values Produce Deviance </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural Goals </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional Means </li></ul><ul><li>Strain Leads to Anomie </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Functionalist Perspective Strain Theory
  20. 20. <ul><li>Innovators </li></ul><ul><li>Ritualism </li></ul><ul><li>Retreatism </li></ul><ul><li>Rebellion </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Functionalist Perspective Four Deviant Paths
  21. 21. Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008
  22. 22. Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008
  23. 23. Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008
  24. 24. Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008
  25. 25. Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008
  26. 26. <ul><li>Unequal Access to Institutional Means to Success </li></ul><ul><li>Street Crime </li></ul><ul><li>White-Collar Crime </li></ul><ul><li>Gender and Crime </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Functionalist Perspective Illegitimate Opportunity Structures
  27. 27. Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008
  28. 28. Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008
  29. 29. <ul><li>Class, Crime, and the Criminal Justice System </li></ul><ul><li>Power and Inequality </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Capitalist Class </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Working Class </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Marginal Working Class </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Law as an Instrument of Oppression </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 The Conflict Perspective
  30. 30. Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Reaction to Deviance <ul><li>Street Crime and Prisons </li></ul>
  31. 31. Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008
  32. 32. Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008
  33. 33. Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Reaction to Deviance <ul><li>Street Crime and Prisons </li></ul><ul><li>The Decline of Crime </li></ul>
  34. 34. Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Reaction to Deviance <ul><li>Street Crime and Prisons </li></ul><ul><li>The Decline of Crime </li></ul><ul><li>Recidivism </li></ul>
  35. 35. Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008
  36. 36. Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Reaction to Deviance <ul><li>Street Crime and Prisons </li></ul><ul><li>The Decline of Crime </li></ul><ul><li>Recidivism </li></ul><ul><li>The Death Penalty Bias </li></ul>
  37. 37. Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008
  38. 38. Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008
  39. 39. <ul><li>Legal Change </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hate Crimes </li></ul></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Reaction to Deviance
  40. 40. Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008
  41. 41. <ul><li>Legal Change </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hate Crimes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Trouble with Statistics </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 <ul><li>Medicalization of Deviance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Neither Mental nor Illness? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Homeless Mentally Ill </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Need for More Humane Approach </li></ul>Reaction to Deviance
  42. 42. A Down-to-Earth Approach 9/e SOCIOLOGY SOCIOLOGY Chapter 8: Deviance and Social Control
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