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C07 Henslin9e
 

C07 Henslin9e

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    C07 Henslin9e C07 Henslin9e Presentation Transcript

      • This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited by law:
        • any public performance or display, including transmission of any image over a network;
        • preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction, in whole or in part, of any images;
        • any rental, lease, or lending of the program.
      A Down-to-Earth Approach 9/e SOCIOLOGY SOCIOLOGY Chapter 7: Bureaucracy and Formal Organizations
      • “ The idea that efficiency and practical results should dominate human affairs.”
      Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 The Rationalization of Society
      • Prior - Traditional Orientation
      • Past Best Guide for Present
      • Protect Status Quo
      • Bases on Personal Relationships
      Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Why Did Society Change?
      • Post - Industrialization- Capitalism
      • Rationality - Most Efficient Going Forward
      • Attention to Bottom Line
      Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Why Did Society Change?
    • Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008
    • Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008
    • Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008
      • Marx: Capitalism Broke Tradition
      • Weber: Religion Broke Tradition
      • The Two Views Today
      Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Why Did Society Change?
      • “ Secondary groups designed to achieve explicit objectives.”
      Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 What Are Formal Organizations?
      • Characteristics of Bureaucracies
      • Clear Levels
      • Division of Labor
      • Written Rules
      • Written Communication and Records
      • Impersonality & Replaceability
      Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Formal Organizations and Bureaucracy
    • Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008
      • “ Ideal” vs. “Real” Bureaucracy
      • Extent of Bureaucracy - A Matter of Degree
      • Ideal vs. Actual Organizational Chart
      Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Formal Organizations and Bureaucracy
      • Red Tape - A Rule is a Rule
      • Lack of Communication Between Units
      • Bureaucratic Alienation
      Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Dysfunctions of Bureaucracies
      • Resisting Alienation
      • The Alienated Bureaucrat
      • Bureaucratic Incompetence
      Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Dysfunctions of Bureaucracies
      • Goal Displacement
      • Perpetuation of Bureaucracies
      • Social Significance of Bureaucracies
      Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Bureaucracies
      • Functions of Voluntary Associations
        • Advance Particular Interests
        • Offer People Identity
        • Govern Nations and Maintain Social Order
      • These Apply to All or Most Voluntary Associations
      Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Voluntary Associations
      • Functions of Voluntary Associations
        • Mediate Between Government and Individuals
        • Help Individuals Climb Occupational Ladder
        • Bring People into Political Mainstream
        • Pave Way for Social Change
      • These Apply to Only Some Voluntary Associations
      Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Voluntary Associations
      • Shared Interests
        • Motivations for Joining Differ
        • Experience High Turnover
      • The Problem of Oligarchy
        • Leaders Grow Distant from Members
        • Iron Law of Oligarchy
      Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Voluntary Associations
      • Self-Fulfilling Stereotypes and Promotions
      • Stereotypes and the Iron Law of Oligarchy
      Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Working for the Corporation
      • Develop Rather than Impede Potential
      • Access to Opportunities
      • Distribute Power More Evenly
      • Can Bureaucracies Adapt?
      • What is the Cost of Change?
      Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Humanizing the Corporate Culture
      • Work Teams
      • Corporate Day Care
      • Employee Stock Ownership
      • The Conflict Perspective
      • Fads in the Workplace
      Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Humanizing the Corporate Culture
      • The Rise of the Microchip
      • Surveillance in the Workplace
      • Monitoring Computer Use
      Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Technology and the Control of Workers
      • How They Differ
      • Hiring and Promoting Teams
      • Lifetime Security
      • Almost Total Involvement
      • Broad Training
      • Decision-Making by Consensus
      Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 U.S. and Japanese Corporations
      • Myth vs. Reality
      • Most Don’t Find Lifelong Job Security
      • Management by Consensus False
      Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 U.S. and Japanese Corporations
    • A Down-to-Earth Approach 9/e SOCIOLOGY SOCIOLOGY Chapter 7: Bureaucracy and Formal Organizations