C06 Henslin9e

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C06 Henslin9e

  1. 1. <ul><li>This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited by law: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>any public performance or display, including transmission of any image over a network; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction, in whole or in part, of any images; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>any rental, lease, or lending of the program. </li></ul></ul>A Down-to-Earth Approach 9/e SOCIOLOGY SOCIOLOGY Chapter 6: Societies to Social Networks
  2. 2. <ul><li>“ People who interact with one another and think of themselves as belonging together.” </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 What is a Group?
  3. 3. <ul><li>Domestication Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Hunting and Gathering </li></ul><ul><li>Pastoral and Horticultural </li></ul><ul><li>Agricultural </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Societies and Their Transformation
  4. 4. <ul><li>Industrial Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Postindustrial (Information) </li></ul><ul><li>Biotech - New Type? </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Societies and Their Transformation
  5. 5. Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008
  6. 6. Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008
  7. 7. <ul><li>Not to be Confused with Groups... </li></ul><ul><li>Aggregate </li></ul><ul><li>Category </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Groups Within Society
  8. 8. <ul><li>Primary Groups </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Face-to-Face </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Family </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Friends </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Producing a Mirror Within </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Groups Within Society
  9. 9. <ul><li>Secondary Groups </li></ul><ul><li>Larger, More Anonymous </li></ul><ul><li>Members Interact Based on Statuses </li></ul><ul><li>Fail to Satisfy Need for Intimate Association </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Groups Within Society
  10. 10. <ul><li>In-Groups and Out-Groups </li></ul><ul><li>Loyalty to In-Groups </li></ul><ul><li>Antagonism Towards Out-Groups </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Groups Within Society
  11. 11. <ul><li>In-Groups and Out-Groups Produce… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Loyalty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sense of Superiority </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rivalries </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Implications for Socially Diverse Society </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Groups Within Society
  12. 12. <ul><li>Reference Groups </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluating Ourselves </li></ul><ul><li>Expose Us to Contradictory Standards </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Groups Within Society
  13. 13. <ul><li>Social Networks </li></ul><ul><li>The Small World Phenomenon </li></ul><ul><li>Is the Small World Phenomenon a Myth? </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Groups Within Society
  14. 14. <ul><li>Implications for Socially Diverse Society </li></ul><ul><li>Implications for Science </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Groups Within Society
  15. 15. <ul><li>Electronic Communities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>People Connect Online </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Newsgroups </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Online Chat Rooms </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Some Meet Definition of Group </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Groups Within Society
  16. 16. <ul><li>Group Size Affects Stability and Intimacy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dyad </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Triad </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coalitions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>As Size Increases, So Does Stability </li></ul><ul><li>As Size Increases, Intensity and Intimacy Decrease </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Group Dynamics
  17. 17. <ul><li>Effects of Group Size on Attitudes and Behavior </li></ul><ul><li>The Larger the Group… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Greater Diffusion of Responsibility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase in Formality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Division into Smaller Groups </li></ul></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Group Dynamics
  18. 18. Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008
  19. 19. <ul><li>Who Becomes a Leader? </li></ul><ul><li>Types of Leaders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Instrumental </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expressive </li></ul></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Leadership
  20. 20. <ul><li>Leadership Styles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Authoritarian </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Democratic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Laissez-Faire </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Leadership Styles in Changing Situations </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Leadership
  21. 21. <ul><li>Power of Peer Pressure—Asch Experiment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Study on Conformity </li></ul></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Group Dynamics
  22. 22. Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008
  23. 23. Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Group Dynamics <ul><li>Power of Peer Pressure—Asch Experiment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Study on Conformity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Power of Authority—Milgram Experiment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Administering Shocks </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>Irving Janis Coined the Term </li></ul><ul><li>Examples of Groupthink </li></ul><ul><li>Preventing Groupthink </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Groupthink - Global Consequences
  25. 25. A Down-to-Earth Approach 9/e SOCIOLOGY SOCIOLOGY Chapter 6: Societies to Social Networks

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