C06 Henslin9e
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C06 Henslin9e C06 Henslin9e Presentation Transcript

    • This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited by law:
      • any public performance or display, including transmission of any image over a network;
      • preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction, in whole or in part, of any images;
      • any rental, lease, or lending of the program.
    A Down-to-Earth Approach 9/e SOCIOLOGY SOCIOLOGY Chapter 6: Societies to Social Networks
    • “ People who interact with one another and think of themselves as belonging together.”
    Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 What is a Group?
    • Domestication Revolution
    • Hunting and Gathering
    • Pastoral and Horticultural
    • Agricultural
    Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Societies and Their Transformation
    • Industrial Revolution
    • Postindustrial (Information)
    • Biotech - New Type?
    Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Societies and Their Transformation
  • Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008
  • Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008
    • Not to be Confused with Groups...
    • Aggregate
    • Category
    Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Groups Within Society
    • Primary Groups
      • Face-to-Face
      • The Family
      • Friends
    • Producing a Mirror Within
    Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Groups Within Society
    • Secondary Groups
    • Larger, More Anonymous
    • Members Interact Based on Statuses
    • Fail to Satisfy Need for Intimate Association
    Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Groups Within Society
    • In-Groups and Out-Groups
    • Loyalty to In-Groups
    • Antagonism Towards Out-Groups
    Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Groups Within Society
    • In-Groups and Out-Groups Produce…
      • Loyalty
      • Sense of Superiority
      • Rivalries
    • Implications for Socially Diverse Society
    Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Groups Within Society
    • Reference Groups
    • Evaluating Ourselves
    • Expose Us to Contradictory Standards
    Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Groups Within Society
    • Social Networks
    • The Small World Phenomenon
    • Is the Small World Phenomenon a Myth?
    Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Groups Within Society
    • Implications for Socially Diverse Society
    • Implications for Science
    Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Groups Within Society
    • Electronic Communities
      • People Connect Online
      • Newsgroups
      • Online Chat Rooms
    • Some Meet Definition of Group
    Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Groups Within Society
    • Group Size Affects Stability and Intimacy
      • Dyad
      • Triad
      • Coalitions
    • As Size Increases, So Does Stability
    • As Size Increases, Intensity and Intimacy Decrease
    Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Group Dynamics
    • Effects of Group Size on Attitudes and Behavior
    • The Larger the Group…
      • Greater Diffusion of Responsibility
      • Increase in Formality
      • Division into Smaller Groups
    Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Group Dynamics
  • Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008
    • Who Becomes a Leader?
    • Types of Leaders
      • Instrumental
      • Expressive
    Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Leadership
    • Leadership Styles
      • Authoritarian
      • Democratic
      • Laissez-Faire
    • Leadership Styles in Changing Situations
    Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Leadership
    • Power of Peer Pressure—Asch Experiment
      • Study on Conformity
    Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Group Dynamics
  • Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008
  • Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Group Dynamics
    • Power of Peer Pressure—Asch Experiment
      • Study on Conformity
    • Power of Authority—Milgram Experiment
      • Administering Shocks
    • Irving Janis Coined the Term
    • Examples of Groupthink
    • Preventing Groupthink
    Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Groupthink - Global Consequences
  • A Down-to-Earth Approach 9/e SOCIOLOGY SOCIOLOGY Chapter 6: Societies to Social Networks