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Sociology Chapter 6 Slides

Sociology Chapter 6 Slides

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  • 1.
    • This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited by law:
      • any public performance or display, including transmission of any image over a network;
      • preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction, in whole or in part, of any images;
      • any rental, lease, or lending of the program.
    A Down-to-Earth Approach 9/e SOCIOLOGY SOCIOLOGY Chapter 6: Societies to Social Networks
  • 2.
    • “ People who interact with one another and think of themselves as belonging together.”
    Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 What is a Group?
  • 3.
    • Domestication Revolution
    • Hunting and Gathering
    • Pastoral and Horticultural
    • Agricultural
    Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Societies and Their Transformation
  • 4.
    • Industrial Revolution
    • Postindustrial (Information)
    • Biotech - New Type?
    Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Societies and Their Transformation
  • 5. Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008
  • 6. Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008
  • 7.
    • Not to be Confused with Groups...
    • Aggregate
    • Category
    Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Groups Within Society
  • 8.
    • Primary Groups
      • Face-to-Face
      • The Family
      • Friends
    • Producing a Mirror Within
    Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Groups Within Society
  • 9.
    • Secondary Groups
    • Larger, More Anonymous
    • Members Interact Based on Statuses
    • Fail to Satisfy Need for Intimate Association
    Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Groups Within Society
  • 10.
    • In-Groups and Out-Groups
    • Loyalty to In-Groups
    • Antagonism Towards Out-Groups
    Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Groups Within Society
  • 11.
    • In-Groups and Out-Groups Produce…
      • Loyalty
      • Sense of Superiority
      • Rivalries
    • Implications for Socially Diverse Society
    Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Groups Within Society
  • 12.
    • Reference Groups
    • Evaluating Ourselves
    • Expose Us to Contradictory Standards
    Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Groups Within Society
  • 13.
    • Social Networks
    • The Small World Phenomenon
    • Is the Small World Phenomenon a Myth?
    Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Groups Within Society
  • 14.
    • Implications for Socially Diverse Society
    • Implications for Science
    Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Groups Within Society
  • 15.
    • Electronic Communities
      • People Connect Online
      • Newsgroups
      • Online Chat Rooms
    • Some Meet Definition of Group
    Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Groups Within Society
  • 16.
    • Group Size Affects Stability and Intimacy
      • Dyad
      • Triad
      • Coalitions
    • As Size Increases, So Does Stability
    • As Size Increases, Intensity and Intimacy Decrease
    Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Group Dynamics
  • 17.
    • Effects of Group Size on Attitudes and Behavior
    • The Larger the Group…
      • Greater Diffusion of Responsibility
      • Increase in Formality
      • Division into Smaller Groups
    Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Group Dynamics
  • 18. Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008
  • 19.
    • Who Becomes a Leader?
    • Types of Leaders
      • Instrumental
      • Expressive
    Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Leadership
  • 20.
    • Leadership Styles
      • Authoritarian
      • Democratic
      • Laissez-Faire
    • Leadership Styles in Changing Situations
    Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Leadership
  • 21.
    • Power of Peer Pressure—Asch Experiment
      • Study on Conformity
    Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Group Dynamics
  • 22. Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008
  • 23. Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Group Dynamics
    • Power of Peer Pressure—Asch Experiment
      • Study on Conformity
    • Power of Authority—Milgram Experiment
      • Administering Shocks
  • 24.
    • Irving Janis Coined the Term
    • Examples of Groupthink
    • Preventing Groupthink
    Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Groupthink - Global Consequences
  • 25. A Down-to-Earth Approach 9/e SOCIOLOGY SOCIOLOGY Chapter 6: Societies to Social Networks