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  • 1.
    • This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited by law:
      • any public performance or display, including transmission of any image over a network;
      • preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction, in whole or in part, of any images;
      • any rental, lease, or lending of the program.
    A Down-to-Earth Approach 9/e SOCIOLOGY SOCIOLOGY Chapter 4: Social Structure and Social Interaction
  • 2.
    • Macrosociology
      • Large-Scale Features of Social Life
    • Microsociology
      • Focus on Social Interaction
    Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Levels of Sociological Analysis
  • 3.
    • Sociological Significance of Social Structure
      • Guides Our Behavior
      • Behavior Decided by Location in Social Structure
    • Culture
    • Social Class
    Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 The Macrosociological Perspective
  • 4. Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008
  • 5.
    • Social Class Divides People by…
    • Income
    • Education
    • Occupational Prestige
    Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 The Macrosociological Perspective
  • 6.
    • Social Status
    • Ascribed
    • Achieved
    • Status Symbols
    • Master Statuses
    Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 The Macrosociological Perspective
  • 7.
    • Roles
      • Occupy Status
      • Play Roles
    • Groups
    Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 The Macrosociological Perspective
  • 8.
    • Sociological Significance of Social Institutions
    • Ten Social Institutions in Industrialized Societies
    Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Social Institutions
  • 9. Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Ten Social Institutions in Industrialized Societies
  • 10. Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Ten Social Institutions in Industrialized Societies
  • 11. Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Ten Social Institutions in Industrialized Societies
  • 12. Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Ten Social Institutions in Industrialized Societies
  • 13. Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Ten Social Institutions in Industrialized Societies
  • 14. Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Ten Social Institutions in Industrialized Societies
  • 15. Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Ten Social Institutions in Industrialized Societies
  • 16. Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Ten Social Institutions in Industrialized Societies
  • 17. Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Ten Social Institutions in Industrialized Societies
  • 18. Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Ten Social Institutions in Industrialized Societies
  • 19.
    • Mass Media as an Emerging Social Institution
    • Comparing Functionalist and Conflict Perspectives
    Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Social Institutions
  • 20.
    • Replacing Members
    • Socializing New Members
    • Producing and Distributing Goods and Services
    • Preserving Order
    • Providing a Sense of Purpose
    Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Functionalist Perspective
  • 21.
    • Powerful Groups Control Institutions
    • Small Groups Garner Lion’s Share of Wealth
    • Social Institutions Affect Gender Relations
    • Main Purpose is to Preserve Social Order
    Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Conflict Perspective
  • 22.
    • What Holds Society Together?
      • Mechanical and Organic Solidarity
      • Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft
    • How Relevant Today?
    Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Changes in Social Order
  • 23.
    • Examine Face-to-Face Interactions
    • Symbolic Interaction
      • Symbols People Use
      • How People Look at Things
      • How it Affects Behavior and Orientations to Life
    Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Microsociological Perspective: Social Interaction in Everyday Life
  • 24.
    • Stereotypes
    • Assumptions About What People Are Like
    • Classify Others By Visible Characteristics
    • Ideas About Characteristics Guide Our Behavior
    Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Microsociological Perspective: Social Interaction in Everyday Life
  • 25. Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008
  • 26.
    • Personal Space
      • Intimate Distance
      • Personal Distance
      • Social Distance
      • Public Distance
    • Touching
    Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Microsociological Perspective: Social Interaction in Everyday Life
  • 27.
    • Eye Contact
    • Smiling
    • Applied Body Language
      • Fighting Terrorism
    Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Microsociological Perspective: Social Interaction in Everyday Life
  • 28.
    • Erving Goffman
    • Dramaturgy
    • Impression Management
    • Front and Back Stages
    • Role Performance
    • Role Strain Between and Within Roles
    Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Dramaturgy: The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life
  • 29. Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008
  • 30.
    • Sign-Vehicles
      • Social Setting
      • Appearance
      • Manner
    • Teamwork and Face Saving Behavior
    • We Become the Roles we Play
    • Applying Impression Management
    Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Dramaturgy: The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life
  • 31.
    • The Study of How People Do Things
    • Harold Garfinkle’s Experiments
    Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Ethnomethodology: Uncovering Background Assumptions
  • 32.
    • Definition of the Situation - Thomas Theorem
    • Objective Reality vs. Subjective Interpretation
    • Gynecological Examinations
    Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Social Construction of Reality
  • 33.
    • Understanding Incomplete Without Both
    • Consider the Example of Groups Studied by William Chambliss
    Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Need for Macrosociology and Microsociology
  • 34. A Down-to-Earth Approach 9/e SOCIOLOGY SOCIOLOGY Chapter 4: Social Structure and Social Interaction