<ul><li>This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited by law: <...
<ul><li>Macrosociology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Large-Scale Features of Social Life </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Microsociology </l...
<ul><li>Sociological Significance of Social Structure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Guides Our Behavior </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li...
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008
<ul><li>Social Class Divides People by… </li></ul><ul><li>Income </li></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Occupationa...
<ul><li>Social Status </li></ul><ul><li>Ascribed </li></ul><ul><li>Achieved </li></ul><ul><li>Status Symbols </li></ul><ul...
<ul><li>Roles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Occupy Status </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Play Roles </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Groups </li...
<ul><li>Sociological Significance of Social Institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Ten Social Institutions in Industrialized Socie...
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Ten Social Institutions in Industrialized Societies
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Ten Social Institutions in Industrialized Societies
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Ten Social Institutions in Industrialized Societies
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Ten Social Institutions in Industrialized Societies
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Ten Social Institutions in Industrialized Societies
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Ten Social Institutions in Industrialized Societies
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Ten Social Institutions in Industrialized Societies
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Ten Social Institutions in Industrialized Societies
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Ten Social Institutions in Industrialized Societies
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Ten Social Institutions in Industrialized Societies
<ul><li>Mass Media as an Emerging Social Institution </li></ul><ul><li>Comparing Functionalist and Conflict Perspectives <...
<ul><li>Replacing Members </li></ul><ul><li>Socializing New Members </li></ul><ul><li>Producing and Distributing Goods and...
<ul><li>Powerful Groups Control Institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Small Groups Garner Lion’s Share of Wealth </li></ul><ul><l...
<ul><li>What Holds Society Together? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mechanical and Organic Solidarity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ge...
<ul><li>Examine Face-to-Face Interactions </li></ul><ul><li>Symbolic Interaction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Symbols People Use ...
<ul><li>Stereotypes </li></ul><ul><li>Assumptions About What People Are Like </li></ul><ul><li>Classify Others By Visible ...
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008
<ul><li>Personal Space </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intimate Distance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal Distance </li></ul></ul...
<ul><li>Eye Contact </li></ul><ul><li>Smiling </li></ul><ul><li>Applied Body Language </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fighting Terro...
<ul><li>Erving Goffman </li></ul><ul><li>Dramaturgy </li></ul><ul><li>Impression Management </li></ul><ul><li>Front and Ba...
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008
<ul><li>Sign-Vehicles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Social Setting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Appearance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><l...
<ul><li>The Study of How People Do Things </li></ul><ul><li>Harold Garfinkle’s Experiments </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & B...
<ul><li>Definition of the Situation -  Thomas Theorem </li></ul><ul><li>Objective Reality vs. Subjective Interpretation </...
<ul><li>Understanding Incomplete Without Both </li></ul><ul><li>Consider the Example of Groups Studied by William Chamblis...
A Down-to-Earth Approach 9/e SOCIOLOGY SOCIOLOGY Chapter 4: Social Structure and  Social Interaction
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C04 Henslin9e

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C04 Henslin9e

  1. 1. <ul><li>This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited by law: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>any public performance or display, including transmission of any image over a network; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction, in whole or in part, of any images; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>any rental, lease, or lending of the program. </li></ul></ul>A Down-to-Earth Approach 9/e SOCIOLOGY SOCIOLOGY Chapter 4: Social Structure and Social Interaction
  2. 2. <ul><li>Macrosociology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Large-Scale Features of Social Life </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Microsociology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus on Social Interaction </li></ul></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Levels of Sociological Analysis
  3. 3. <ul><li>Sociological Significance of Social Structure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Guides Our Behavior </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Behavior Decided by Location in Social Structure </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Culture </li></ul><ul><li>Social Class </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 The Macrosociological Perspective
  4. 4. Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008
  5. 5. <ul><li>Social Class Divides People by… </li></ul><ul><li>Income </li></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Occupational Prestige </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 The Macrosociological Perspective
  6. 6. <ul><li>Social Status </li></ul><ul><li>Ascribed </li></ul><ul><li>Achieved </li></ul><ul><li>Status Symbols </li></ul><ul><li>Master Statuses </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 The Macrosociological Perspective
  7. 7. <ul><li>Roles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Occupy Status </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Play Roles </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Groups </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 The Macrosociological Perspective
  8. 8. <ul><li>Sociological Significance of Social Institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Ten Social Institutions in Industrialized Societies </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Social Institutions
  9. 9. Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Ten Social Institutions in Industrialized Societies
  10. 10. Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Ten Social Institutions in Industrialized Societies
  11. 11. Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Ten Social Institutions in Industrialized Societies
  12. 12. Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Ten Social Institutions in Industrialized Societies
  13. 13. Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Ten Social Institutions in Industrialized Societies
  14. 14. Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Ten Social Institutions in Industrialized Societies
  15. 15. Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Ten Social Institutions in Industrialized Societies
  16. 16. Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Ten Social Institutions in Industrialized Societies
  17. 17. Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Ten Social Institutions in Industrialized Societies
  18. 18. Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Ten Social Institutions in Industrialized Societies
  19. 19. <ul><li>Mass Media as an Emerging Social Institution </li></ul><ul><li>Comparing Functionalist and Conflict Perspectives </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Social Institutions
  20. 20. <ul><li>Replacing Members </li></ul><ul><li>Socializing New Members </li></ul><ul><li>Producing and Distributing Goods and Services </li></ul><ul><li>Preserving Order </li></ul><ul><li>Providing a Sense of Purpose </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Functionalist Perspective
  21. 21. <ul><li>Powerful Groups Control Institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Small Groups Garner Lion’s Share of Wealth </li></ul><ul><li>Social Institutions Affect Gender Relations </li></ul><ul><li>Main Purpose is to Preserve Social Order </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Conflict Perspective
  22. 22. <ul><li>What Holds Society Together? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mechanical and Organic Solidarity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How Relevant Today? </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Changes in Social Order
  23. 23. <ul><li>Examine Face-to-Face Interactions </li></ul><ul><li>Symbolic Interaction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Symbols People Use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How People Look at Things </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How it Affects Behavior and Orientations to Life </li></ul></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Microsociological Perspective: Social Interaction in Everyday Life
  24. 24. <ul><li>Stereotypes </li></ul><ul><li>Assumptions About What People Are Like </li></ul><ul><li>Classify Others By Visible Characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Ideas About Characteristics Guide Our Behavior </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Microsociological Perspective: Social Interaction in Everyday Life
  25. 25. Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008
  26. 26. <ul><li>Personal Space </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intimate Distance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal Distance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social Distance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public Distance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Touching </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Microsociological Perspective: Social Interaction in Everyday Life
  27. 27. <ul><li>Eye Contact </li></ul><ul><li>Smiling </li></ul><ul><li>Applied Body Language </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fighting Terrorism </li></ul></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Microsociological Perspective: Social Interaction in Everyday Life
  28. 28. <ul><li>Erving Goffman </li></ul><ul><li>Dramaturgy </li></ul><ul><li>Impression Management </li></ul><ul><li>Front and Back Stages </li></ul><ul><li>Role Performance </li></ul><ul><li>Role Strain Between and Within Roles </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Dramaturgy: The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life
  29. 29. Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008
  30. 30. <ul><li>Sign-Vehicles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Social Setting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Appearance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manner </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Teamwork and Face Saving Behavior </li></ul><ul><li>We Become the Roles we Play </li></ul><ul><li>Applying Impression Management </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Dramaturgy: The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life
  31. 31. <ul><li>The Study of How People Do Things </li></ul><ul><li>Harold Garfinkle’s Experiments </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Ethnomethodology: Uncovering Background Assumptions
  32. 32. <ul><li>Definition of the Situation - Thomas Theorem </li></ul><ul><li>Objective Reality vs. Subjective Interpretation </li></ul><ul><li>Gynecological Examinations </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Social Construction of Reality
  33. 33. <ul><li>Understanding Incomplete Without Both </li></ul><ul><li>Consider the Example of Groups Studied by William Chambliss </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Need for Macrosociology and Microsociology
  34. 34. A Down-to-Earth Approach 9/e SOCIOLOGY SOCIOLOGY Chapter 4: Social Structure and Social Interaction

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