<ul><li>This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited by law: <...
<ul><li>Language, Beliefs, Values, Norms, Behavior Passed from One Generation to the Next </li></ul><ul><li>Material vs. N...
<ul><li>What is Normal, Natural, or Usual? </li></ul><ul><li>The Culture Within Us </li></ul><ul><li>Culture as Lens </li>...
<ul><li>Arrival of the Hmong </li></ul><ul><li>The Trip Over </li></ul><ul><li>The New Home </li></ul><ul><li>The New Rule...
<ul><li>Understanding Cultures on  Their Own Terms </li></ul><ul><li>“ Sick Cultures” - Robert Edgerton </li></ul><ul><li>...
<ul><li>Gestures </li></ul><ul><li>Conveying Messages without Words </li></ul><ul><li>Gestures’ Meaning Differ  Among Cult...
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008
<ul><li>Language </li></ul><ul><li>Allows Human Experience  to be Cumulative </li></ul><ul><li>Provides Social or Shared P...
<ul><li>Language Has Embedded Within It Ways of Looking at the World </li></ul><ul><li>Sapir-Whorf Reverses Common Sense <...
<ul><li>Values - What is Desirable in Life </li></ul><ul><li>Norms - Expectations or Rules  for Behavior </li></ul><ul><li...
<ul><li>Folkways - Norms not Strictly Enforced </li></ul><ul><li>Mores - Core Values:  We Insist on Conformity </li></ul><...
<ul><li>Subculture - A World Within the Dominant Culture </li></ul><ul><li>Countercultures - Groups With Norms and Values ...
<ul><li>Values in U.S. Society </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Romantic Love Democracy Science and Technology Rel...
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 <ul><li>Achievement and Success </li></ul><ul><li>Individualism </li></ul><ul><li>Activity ...
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 <ul><li>Progress </li></ul><ul><li>Material Comfort </li></ul><ul><li>Humanitarianism </li>...
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 <ul><li>Equality </li></ul><ul><li>Racism and Group Superiority </li></ul><ul><li>Education...
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 <ul><li>Value Clusters </li></ul><ul><li>Value Contradictions </li></ul>Values in U.S. Soci...
<ul><li>Leisure </li></ul><ul><li>Self-fulfillment </li></ul><ul><li>Physical Fitness </li></ul><ul><li>Youthfulness </li>...
<ul><li>Culture Wars: When Values Clash </li></ul><ul><li>Value as Blinders </li></ul><ul><li>“ Ideal” vs. “Real” Culture ...
<ul><li>Some Activities are Universal - Courtship, Marriage, Funerals, Games </li></ul><ul><li>Specific Customs Associated...
<ul><li>Controversial View of Human Behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Biology Cause of Human Behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Charles D...
<ul><li>The New Technology - New Tools </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural Lag and Cultural Change </li></ul><ul><li>Technology and...
A Down-to-Earth Approach 9/e SOCIOLOGY SOCIOLOGY Chapter 2: Culture
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C02 Henslin9e

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C02 Henslin9e

  1. 1. <ul><li>This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited by law: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>any public performance or display, including transmission of any image over a network; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction, in whole or in part, of any images; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>any rental, lease, or lending of the program. </li></ul></ul>A Down-to-Earth Approach 9/e SOCIOLOGY SOCIOLOGY Chapter 2: Culture
  2. 2. <ul><li>Language, Beliefs, Values, Norms, Behavior Passed from One Generation to the Next </li></ul><ul><li>Material vs. Nonmaterial Cultures </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 What is Culture?
  3. 3. <ul><li>What is Normal, Natural, or Usual? </li></ul><ul><li>The Culture Within Us </li></ul><ul><li>Culture as Lens </li></ul><ul><li>Culture Shock </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnocentrism </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Culture and Taken-for-Granted Orientations
  4. 4. <ul><li>Arrival of the Hmong </li></ul><ul><li>The Trip Over </li></ul><ul><li>The New Home </li></ul><ul><li>The New Rules </li></ul><ul><li>Isolation and the Regathering </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Cultural Diversity in the United States - Example
  5. 5. <ul><li>Understanding Cultures on Their Own Terms </li></ul><ul><li>“ Sick Cultures” - Robert Edgerton </li></ul><ul><li>Confronting Contrasting Views of Reality </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Practicing Cultural Relativism
  6. 6. <ul><li>Gestures </li></ul><ul><li>Conveying Messages without Words </li></ul><ul><li>Gestures’ Meaning Differ Among Cultures </li></ul><ul><li>Can Lead to Misunderstandings </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Components of Symbolic Culture
  7. 7. Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008
  8. 8. <ul><li>Language </li></ul><ul><li>Allows Human Experience to be Cumulative </li></ul><ul><li>Provides Social or Shared Past </li></ul><ul><li>Provides Social or Shared Future </li></ul><ul><li>Allows Shared Perspective </li></ul><ul><li>Allows Complex, Shared, Goal-Directed Behavior </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Components of Symbolic Culture
  9. 9. <ul><li>Language Has Embedded Within It Ways of Looking at the World </li></ul><ul><li>Sapir-Whorf Reverses Common Sense </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Language and Perception: Sapir-Whorf
  10. 10. <ul><li>Values - What is Desirable in Life </li></ul><ul><li>Norms - Expectations or Rules for Behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Sanctions - Reaction to Following or Breaking Norms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Positive Sanctions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Negative Sanctions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Moral Holidays and Places </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Values, Norms, and Sanctions
  11. 11. <ul><li>Folkways - Norms not Strictly Enforced </li></ul><ul><li>Mores - Core Values: We Insist on Conformity </li></ul><ul><li>Taboos </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Folkways and Mores
  12. 12. <ul><li>Subculture - A World Within the Dominant Culture </li></ul><ul><li>Countercultures - Groups With Norms and Values at Odds With the Dominant Culture </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Subcultures and Countercultures
  13. 13. <ul><li>Values in U.S. Society </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Romantic Love Democracy Science and Technology Religiosity Freedom Efficiency and Practicality Education Humanitarianism Activity and Work Racism and Group Superiority Material Comfort Individualism Equality Progress Achievement and Success
  14. 14. Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 <ul><li>Achievement and Success </li></ul><ul><li>Individualism </li></ul><ul><li>Activity and Work </li></ul><ul><li>Efficiency and Practicality </li></ul><ul><li>Science and Technology </li></ul>Values in U.S. Society
  15. 15. Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 <ul><li>Progress </li></ul><ul><li>Material Comfort </li></ul><ul><li>Humanitarianism </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom </li></ul><ul><li>Democracy </li></ul>Values in U.S. Society
  16. 16. Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 <ul><li>Equality </li></ul><ul><li>Racism and Group Superiority </li></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Religiosity </li></ul><ul><li>Romantic Love </li></ul>Values in U.S. Society
  17. 17. Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 <ul><li>Value Clusters </li></ul><ul><li>Value Contradictions </li></ul>Values in U.S. Society
  18. 18. <ul><li>Leisure </li></ul><ul><li>Self-fulfillment </li></ul><ul><li>Physical Fitness </li></ul><ul><li>Youthfulness </li></ul><ul><li>Concern for the Environment </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Emerging Values
  19. 19. <ul><li>Culture Wars: When Values Clash </li></ul><ul><li>Value as Blinders </li></ul><ul><li>“ Ideal” vs. “Real” Culture </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Values and Culture
  20. 20. <ul><li>Some Activities are Universal - Courtship, Marriage, Funerals, Games </li></ul><ul><li>Specific Customs Associated with Activities Differ Between Groups </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Cultural Universals
  21. 21. <ul><li>Controversial View of Human Behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Biology Cause of Human Behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Charles Darwin and Natural Selection </li></ul><ul><li>Sociologists and Social Biologists on Opposite Sides </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Sociobiology
  22. 22. <ul><li>The New Technology - New Tools </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural Lag and Cultural Change </li></ul><ul><li>Technology and Cultural Leveling </li></ul>Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2008 Technology in the Global Village
  23. 23. A Down-to-Earth Approach 9/e SOCIOLOGY SOCIOLOGY Chapter 2: Culture

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