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    • April 2006 South Dakota Project WILD Newsletter, South Dakota Game, Fish and Parks No. 37 Unattended Spring Babies Don’t Generally Need Help If Y Care, Leave It There! ou Spring and summer are a busy time, not only for people, Donna Dewhurst but also for animals. Visitors to the outdoors often find baby wildlife, seemingly alone or abandoned. It may seem like caring for the animal is the right thing SD Dept. of Tourism to do, but most of the time it does more harm than good. The adults are probably nearby. Does only feed their fawns a few times a day, for just a few minutes a time. While the mother is away eating, the fawn is often resting motionless. These behaviors help prevent attracting unwanted attention to the fawn, especially from predators. Cottontail rabbits hide their young and come back, sometimes hours later, to care for them. Baby birds are another target of well-meaning people. Most baby birds found hopping around are old enough to be SD Dept. of Tourism out of the nest. If the bird is fully feathered, leave it where it was found, or move it out of the way of dogs or cats. The Jim Frates adults will still come feed their young. Most birds can’t smell, Gary Stolz so picking up a baby bird and moving it will not hurt its chances of being cared for by adults. Unfeathered babies should be put back in the nest, or moved to a safe place Inside This Issue where the adults can find it and feed it. And, sometimes, it is best to let nature take its course. Wild animals do not make good pets. Despite their being Environmental Science AP Institute ................................2 raised by humans, they still retain some of their natural “Lost in the Woods” Book Review...................................2 instincts. Often, people who keep wild animals are bitten or Coordinator’s Corner ..........................................................3 hurt when the animal reaches maturity. Wild animals are Does the animal truly need help?......................................4 meant to be wild, just as domestic animals are meant to be Can I keep him? No!...........................................................5 cared for by humans. WILD About Mountain Lions ..........................................5 Babies pictured above right are (clockwise from top left) Baby Animals Name Game................................................6 the bobcat, grackle, red fox, great horned owl and raccoon. Continuing WILD Education............................................7 If you care, leave it there. State Parks Summer Offerings ..........................................7 Cyber Corner........................................................................8 http://www.sdgfp.info/Wildlife/Education/ OutdoorCampus/wildanimals.htm Access This and Previous Issues of Dakota WILD Online at: www.sdgfp.info/Wildlife/Education/Projwild/DakotaWILD.htm
    • Environmental Science Institute Offers Advanced Placement Credit South Dakota State University will offer a two-credit tive classroom and field activities for students. Graduate Advanced Placement Environmental Science summer institute credit and/or teacher certificate renewal are available. for teachers from June 19-23, 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. at the Oak Lake Professor Jerry Krueger, South Dakota State University, Field Station north of Brookings. Advanced Placement (AP) and Robert Hubert, Endorsed consultant in Environmental offers South Dakota students the opportunity to earn college Science, will teach the course. Oak Lake Field Station also credits following completion of appropriate AP courses and accommodates participants’ housing and meals needs. Dr. satisfactory performance on Advanced Placement examinations. Krueger expects the location to enhance the learning oppor- Advanced Placement institutes are designed to prepare high tunity. He states “Oak Lake has wonderful facilities – perfect school teachers to offer AP courses. The AP Environmental for indoor/outdoor Environmental Science activities. It will Science Summer Institute is designed to help teachers develop be a fun filled week of learning opportunities.” and enhance their high school AP Environmental Science The Department of Education is funding teachers in public courses. The course will help teachers better understand and school districts across the state to attend AP Institutes such as manage the scope of Environmental Science subject matter. this during the summer of 2006. Public school teacher will be It is an excellent opportunity to network and exchange ideas. paid a $50 per day stipend and reimbursed room and board. All approved AP exercises are completed during the week- The week will begin with an orientation and dinner at 6 p.m. long institute. Oak Lake Field Station has fully-equipped Sunday, June 18. For more information, contact Jerry classroom and laboratory facilities. Presentations on developing Krueger at 605-688-4563 or jerome.krueger@sdstate.edu . and improving AP Environmental Science curriculum will be For questions about registration or tuition and fees, contact covered. Teachers will also get information on simple, effec- Jo Ann Sckerl at 605-688-4217 or joann.sckerl@sdstate.edu. ‘Lost in the Woods‘ Book Review “Lost in the Woods” and wildlife conservation officers: “If you care, leave it By Carl R. Sams II there.” The seeming neglect & Jean Stoick, 2004 of the doe reveals itself as – Reviewed by Kay Gannon, Dakota WILD instinctual wisdom in the School Resource Coordinator Dee Sleep, Editor struggle for survival. for The Outdoor Campus Chicken Creek Communications Artists and naturalists 10563 Chicken Creek Road • Spearfish, SD 57783 The dust cover for this around the world have been Phone: 605-722-7028 • Fax: 866-373-4043 beautiful children’s book states: “A pho- dee.sleep@chickencreekcommunications.com familiar with the photography of hus- tographic fantasy” and “Independent band and wife team, Sams and Stoick. Dakota WILD is published three times per year Publisher Award Winner.” I understand by the Wildlife Division of the South Dakota And, since its publication in 2000, the both acclamations – the photos of live Department of Game, Fish and Parks, 523 East popularity of the oft-given Christmas animals in their natural environments Capital, Pierre, SD 57501-3182. Dakota WILD is gift, Stranger in the Woods, has brought freely distributed to those educators who have are exquisite, and the animals can speak. these photographic authors to the been trained in the South Dakota WILD program, The pictures, the story line, and the les- and others interested in wildlife education. The attention of the general public. Lost in son in adaptations make this book an goal of Project WILD is to assist learners of any the Woods continues their mission to award winner for children and adults. age in developing awareness, knowledge, skills bring the beauty and lessons in nature and commitment to result in informed decisions, A summary from the book reads: concerning wildlife and the environment upon to those who care. “A spring tale of trust, patience, and which all life depends. Project WILD is a regis- You can find Sams’ and Stoick’s tered trademark of the Western Regional waiting for our time. Woodland creatures Environmental Education Council. 1,600 copies beautiful books in your local library, at are concerned for a newborn white-tailed of this document were printed by Game, Fish book stores, or you can order from fawn they believe is lost.” and Parks at a cost of 37 cents per copy. www.carlsams.com, their web site, More than that, it is a gentle treat- Printed on Recycled Paper where you can also see more of their ment of a timely topic, i.e., leaving photographic works of art. POSTMASTER: Send address changes to wildlife in the wild. What we learn Department of Game, Fish and Parks The ISBN numbers are as follows: about the newborn fawn at the center Dakota WILD Stranger in the Woods, 0-9671748-0-5 412 W. Missouri Ave., Ste. 4 of the woodland animals’ concern Pierre, SD 57501 Lost in the Woods, 0-9671748-8-0 underscores the motto of naturalists 2 Dakota WILD • April 2006
    • Coordinator’s Corner Care Enough to Leave Wild Babies Alone wild places. While we do care about By Chad R. Tussing, the fates of individual animals, our SD Project WILD Coordinator professional duty is to manage popula- Spring is always a season of mixed tions of wildlife. We simply do not have blessings for us at Game, Fish & Parks. the resources to care for every fallen In many ways, it’s the time for setting baby bird or orphaned rabbit, nor is aside a bit of the winter paperwork and that our goal. The circumstances that focusing on plans for the upcoming leave these youngsters without a field season. A season of tree and grass guardian are part of the process of plantings, of setting and hauling nets, nature. It’s a part of nature most of us and of surveying the area wildlife to aren’t comfortable with, but it is a vital see how the populations survived the part of nature that Game, Fish and winter and how the new generation is Parks has no desire to meddle in. We coming along. Which also brings us to also need to weigh the likelihood of the not-so-fun side of spring: the issue keeping that individual alive and what The results of a successful fly fishing of “abandoned” or “orphaned” wildlife. its life would be if that happened. outing on the White River in Arkansas How many people have the ability to in October 2005. Receiving Phone Calls feed a nest full of fledgling birds their coyote gets close enough to see through Each year, our staff receive numer- natural foods every few minutes from the fawn’s protective camouflage, odds ous calls from people who find young dawn until dusk? Or are able to teach are it will stay undetected until it is old animals they “know” have been these animals their natural behaviors, enough to accompany its mother. orphaned by their mothers. While these including a natural fear of humans? However, if she stayed with the fawn people undoubtedly mean well, unfor- Don’t Stop Caring all of the time, not only would she not tunately their compassion is often mis- be out getting food and building her guided. While wild animal mothers We certainly do not want people strength to support her newborn, she sometimes do fall victim to cars, pred- to stop caring about wildlife. Our would be producing a scent trail that ators, and other factors, most “aban- jobs are so much more successful could lead predators straight to her doned” babies are simply unattended. and rewarding when people care fawn. And not many fawns, even with The wild mothers – and fathers – about wildlife and appreciate the their mother’s help, could survive the spend a lot of their time out foraging wild treasures we are blessed with. attentions of a coyote pack. for food for themselves and for their But, sometimes it’s best to keep the growing family. At such times, there is wild in wildlife. Nature may not always Managing Populations no choice but to leave the young unat- be pretty, but she usually does know tended. There aren’t wild animal day- When these well-intentioned individ- best. Please read the other articles in care centers to take care of them while uals bring these animals to us, expecting this newsletter for information about they’re gone. In many cases, this is us to rescue them, that places us in a what to do if you find wild animal actually safer for the young than if the very difficult position. Those of us babies this spring. As always, feel parent spent all of their time huddled who work for Game, Fish & Parks do free to call or email us with your over them. Deer fawns, for example, so because of a love for the outdoors. questions. And remember: if you are born without any scent. Unless a We care about the wild creatures and care, leave it there. I Number of workshops: 25 2005 I Number of participants: 356 Project WILD I Workshop sites: Spearfish, Belle Fourche, Rapid City, Custer, Rosebud, Workshop Mission, Pierre, Murdo, Platte, Plankinton, Mitchell, Watertown, Brookings, Sioux Falls, and Vermillion Summary I THANKS to all of our great facilitators who made these workshops happen! April 2006 • Dakota WILD 3
    • Does the animal truly need help? Wild animals of all shapes and sizes are born during the Find a baby animal? spring and summer months. In your own backyard, you may come across baby birds, rabbits, squirrels, raccoons, fawns, and other young wildlife as they make they make their way If you find a baby animal that does not exhibit any of into the world. the symptoms listed under “How can you tell” above, For many people, the pleasure of seeing these young crea- and it is definitely not old enough to live independently, tures is mixed with a sense of protectiveness—of wanting to here’s what to do: help them survive. But spotting a baby animal by himself I Leave it alone. It’s more than likely it’s healthy and doesn't necessarily mean he's an orphan. Many wildlife par- its parents are watching from nearby but out of sight. ents leave their young alone during the day, sometimes for I Keep pets away. Young, feathered birds spend long periods. The parent is usually nearby and quite con- scious of her young. Also, keep in mind that despite their time on the ground developing muscle while learning to small size, many young animals are actually independent forage and fly. enough to fend for themselves. I Be watchful. Walk through tall stands of grass How can you tell? before mowing to check for rabbit nests. Mow around a nest for four weeks. How can you tell if an animal needs your help or should I Return babies to their nests or make a new be left alone? Here are some general signs to look for: I A wild animal presented to you by a cat or dog nest. Poke small drain holes in a plastic container, add I Bleeding leaves and grass, and attach it to a shady part of the same I An apparent or obvious broken limb tree where pets can’t get to it. Place the babies inside. I A featherless or nearly feather- Learn more at www.owl-online.org. less bird (nestling) on the ground I Shivering I Evidence of a dead parent I Transport the animal as soon as possible. While in nearby the car, keep the carrier out of the sun and away from What should you do? direct air conditioning or heat. Keep the car radio off and talking to a minimum. If a wild animal exhibits any of the I Never handle an adult animal without first consulting above signs, you could call one of the following local with a wildlife professional. Even small animals can injure you. resources for assistance. You will find listings for most of these in your telephone directory. Can the animal live independently? I Wildlife rehabilitator I Animal shelter Remember, many animals who appear to be orphaned are I Animal control agency not. Unless one or more of the signs mentioned above is I Wildlife/exotic animals veterinarian present, do not attempt to rescue animals in any of the fol- I Nature center lowing circumstances: I Wild bird store I A fawn (baby deer) who is curled up in the grass and I State wildlife agency appears approachable. His mother is most likely out of sight, After contacting the right person, describe the animal and its but nearby and watching you. I A bird who is fully feathered on his body with evi- physical condition as accurately as possible. Unless directed otherwise, here’s how you can make an animal more comfort- dence of tail feathers, hopping on the ground, but unable to able for transport or while you’re waiting for help to arrive: fly. This is a fledgling (adolescent bird), and his parents are I Punch holes, from the inside out, into a cardboard box probably nearby. or other container. A paper bag may be suitable for most I A rabbit who is four inches long with open eyes and songbirds. erect ears. She is independent from her mother and able to I Line the box with an old T-shirt or other soft cloth. fend for herself. I Put on gloves. I An opossum who is nine to ten inches or longer, not I Use a towel or pillowcase to cover the animal, then including the tail. He is scoop him up gently and place him in the container. I Do not give the animal food or water. He could choke, independent. I A squirrel who is develop digestive problems, or drown. Many injured animals nearly full sized, has a are in shock, and eating or drinking can make it worse. I Place the container in a warm, dark, quiet place – full and fluffy tail, and is able to run, jump, and away from pets, children, and noise – until you can trans- port the animal. climb. She is inde- pendent. Dakota WILD • April 2006
    • Baby Schedule After Confirming Animal Is in Crisis ... Can I Keep Him? No! Bat – one litter, May-August Bobcat – one litter, April-May Coyote – one litter, April-May Deer – one litter, May-June If you have found a wild frightened or injured. Wildlife Opossum – two litters, February and animal that is truly in crisis, diseases, such as distemper, June you may be facing a dilem- may pose a threat to com- Cottontail rabbit – four to seven litters, ma. Of course, you want panion animals, while March-October to do what’s best for the others, including rabies, Fox squirrel – two litters, March and animal, but you may find can be transmitted to humans, August it difficult to turn him or too. Turning the animals over Gray squirrel – two litters, February her over to a rehabilitator. to a permitted wildlife reha- and August Letting go can be hard bilitator is the best way to Gray fox – one litter, April-May when the animal is a baby. safeguard human and pet Red fox – one litter, March-May The temptation to care for the baby safety while providing the wild animal Raccoon – one litter, May-September yourself may be strong. And having with the best chance of survival. Striped skunk – one litter, April-May eager young children in the house Most people who want to care for Box turtles – egg-laying in June begging to raise him or her does not a wild animal themselves plan to Water turtles – egg-laying May-July make the decision any easier. So why release the animal once it is grown or can’t you keep the animal? has recovered from its injuries. That WILD About In almost every case, keeping a is the goal of wildlife rehabilitation, wild animal is illegal. Native wildlife but rehabilitators have an advantage Mountain Lions species are protected by state laws, when they return their patients to the federal laws, or both. To keep a wild wild-they have years of experience in Keep your eyes open this year for animal in captivity for any length of letting go. Learning to avoid becom- some mountain lions coming to your time, for any reason, requires a spe- ing too attached to a patient is an area. No, we aren’t talking about the cial permit. Most cities and many important part of becoming a good furry feline, but Project WILD’s new counties have passed local ordinances wildlife rehabilitator. WILD About Mountain Lions that prevent individuals from keeping If you are tempted to care for a Curriculum and Activity Guides! wild animals in captivity. Many neigh- wild animal on your own, please ask This new guide was created specifi- borhood associations or covenants yourself these questions first: cally for South Dakota. It includes also prohibit keeping wildlife within 1. What is the best thing I can do background information and activities property boundaries. for this animal? designed to teach about these large More importantly, wild animals 2. If I’m having a hard time letting predators. Also included are three deserve the best possible care. go of the animal now, how will I feel PowerPoint presentations for use in the Providing the proper care is challeng- after I’ve really grown attached? classroom. These guides will be avail- ing because each species has special- 3. Am I prepared to deal with the able free of charge, just like all Project ized needs. Orphans need special legal and financial consequences of WILD materials, but participation in a diets and formulas to grow strong keeping a wild animal illegally? How 3-hour workshop will be required. and healthy. They must also learn sur- will I feel if the animal is discovered, Be sure to check out South Dakota’s vival skills including how to recognize confiscated, and possibly euthanized? Project WILD web site at and find food, how to escape preda- 4. Can I be certain that, once I’ve www.sdgfp.info/Wildlife/Education/ tors, and how and where to make a released the animal back to the wild, Projwild/ProjWild.htm for more infor- nest, den, or burrow before they are it will be capable of surviving on its mation about the guide and about released back into the wild. Young own? Am I providing the best possi- upcoming workshop opportunities. animals need to be raised in the com- ble chance for survival? pany of their own kind for proper 5. How will I feel if the animal behavioral development. Infections, does not survive or is permanently Myth – Most birds can’t smell, so parasites, and injuries are difficult to impaired by improper care? picking up a baby bird and moving it detect and treat in wild animals. will not hurt its chances of being There is also the welfare of your – Reprinted from the National cared for by adults. In fact, most own family to consider. Wild animals Wildlife Rehabilitators Website at animals will still care for their young can be dangerous, especially when www.nwrawildlife.org. after human contact due to instinct. April 2006 • Dakota WILD 5
    • Baby Animals Spring is the time when animals have their babies. Baby animals are so cute. Do you know the special names of these animal babies? Remember, some have the same name! For an added challenge, see if you can think of the names of the mothers and fathers, too, or the name given to a group of the same species! For example, a baby antelope is called a kid. A female antelope is a doe, and a male antelope is a buck. A group of antelope is called a herd. 1. What is a baby beaver called? _______________________________ 2. What is a baby deer called? _______________________________ 3. What is a baby duck called? _______________________________ 4. What is a baby horse called? _______________________________ 5. What is a baby cow called? _______________________________ 6. What is a baby kangaroo called? _______________________________ 7. What is a baby dog called? _______________________________ 8. What is a baby sheep called? _______________________________ 9. What is a baby pig called? _______________________________ 10. What is a baby cat called? _______________________________ 11. What is a baby chicken called? _______________________________ 12. What is a baby lion called? _______________________________ 13. What is a baby frog called? __________________________ 14. What is a baby goose called? __________________________ 15. What is a baby shark called? __________________________ 16. What is a baby skunk called? __________________________ 17. What is a baby whale called? __________________________ 18. What is a baby bear called? __________________________ 19. What is a baby goat called? __________________________ 20. What is a baby swan called? _______________________________ 21. What is a baby elephant called? _______________________________ 22. What is a baby mountain lion called? _______________________________ 23. What is a baby coyote called? _______________________________ 24. What is a baby rabbit called? _______________________________ 25. What is a baby elk called? _______________________________ 6 Dakota WILD • April 2006
    • Free Class Field Trips Continuing The Free Class Field Trips give students in South Dakota the opportunity to have positive outdoor learning experiences. WILD Education Designed with teachers in mind, the program can meet a variety of educational standards and is inexpensive. The only expense in addition to a regular school day is transportation Spring Workshop to and front the park. And, with participating state parks and I Basic Project WET: K-12 recreation areas located throughout South Dakota, a day of Learn proven classroom activities for all subject areas. fun learning is never far away. April 6 & 13; 4 to 9 p.m.; SD Discovery Center, Pierre; Teachers who want to bring their class(es) on a field trip One Credit; Registration: credit fees only can pick the SD state park and a weekday in May or Summer Workshops September to conduct the trip. Complete the registration I Discover a Watershed: 6-12* form and mail or fax the form to the SD Division of Parks and Recreation a minimum of two weeks prior to the field Acquire the skills and knowledge to do activities to study trip. A packet will then be sent, including confirmation of the the science, math, geography, history and language arts field trip, a map with directions to the park, and a list of sug- related to watersheds. Two day/one night field session gested items to bring to the park. along the White River (flows permitting). Bonus: WILD The field trips are co-sponsored by the SD Division of about Mountain Lions curriculum July 17-19, SD Discovery Center, Pierre Parks and Recreation, the SD Department of Education Two credit hours; Registration: $100 plus credit fees Partnership and the SD Department of Health/Department I Discover a Watershed II: 6-12* of Education Coordinated School Health Program. Visit www.sdgfp.info/Parks/Learning/FreeClass Go deeper into the study of watersheds through geology, Trips.htm to download the information/registration packet. geography, science, math, technology and literature. Three- day/two night field session on the Cheyenne River (flows Become an Outdoor Family permitting). Discover a Watershed I is NOT required. July 24-27; SD Discovery Center, Pierre. Becoming an Outdoor Family is a workshop focused on Three credit hours; Registration: $150 plus credit fees learning outdoor skills – skills usually associated with camping, I Lewis and Clark Ecology Expedition: K-12* hunting and fishing but useful for many outdoor pursuits. Learn hands-on activities to bring the historical adventure Designed primarily for families, it is an opportunity for any- of Lewis & Clark to your classroom. Two day/one field one who is new to outdoor activities or has never tried them. session on the Cheyenne. Recommended for new kayaker. The workshop will be held June 16-18 at Lake Herman July 31-Aug. 2; SD Discovery Center, Pierre State Park near Madison. The cost to participate is $45 per Two credit hours; Registration: $100 plus credit fees family. Enrollment is limited to 70 people, so register today! I Flying WILD Go to www.sdgfp.info/Wildlife/Education/BOW/ This class is all about birds and is scheduled to coincide outdoorsfamily.htm for more information or to register. with the International Migratory Bird Day festivals that take place around the world. It is designed for teachers of Family Naturalist Program grades 4-8, but activities can be adapted for any grade. The South Dakota state parks offer exciting and educational April 8, May 13, May 30; The Outdoor Campus, Sioux Falls activities for families. The Family Naturalist Guidebook allows Call 362-3524 or email kay.gannon@state.sd.us. One credit, Registration: credit fees only kids and parents to explore the rich natural and historical won- I WILD about WET and Civics ders of our state together. The program helps the whole family enjoy the outdoors and better understand the plants, animals, This class will use content and activities from Project cultural heritage and ecosystems encountered in everyday life. WILD and Water Education for Teachers (WET) to Families test their knowledge and learn about state symbols, focus on the integration of environmental education and the importance of wetlands, animal signs in the wild, what it’s civics for teachers of grades 9-12. like to be a park or wildlife employee and how to camp wisely. May 31 & June 1; The Outdoor Campus, Sioux Falls Call 362-3524 or email kay.gannon@state.sd.us. Families can complete the workbook during the weekend One credit; Registration: credit fees only or over an entire summer, and incentives are available for dif- ferent levels of participation. Kids can also work on activities * A Discovery Adventure workshop. The field session is outfitted by Dakota at The Outdoor Campus in Sioux Falls and Cleghorn Springs Adventures. All camping equipment and meals are provided. A list of gear to bring will be sent after registration with necessary items. To register for Fish Hatchery near Rapid City. the first-come, first-served workshops, contact the S.D. Discover Center Pick up a guidebook at many different state park offices. with name, phone, email and grade. Inquire about registration assistance. Log on to www.sdgfp.info/Parks/Learning/Family Email: annelewis@sd-discover.com • Phone: 605-224-8295 Naturalist.htm for a complete list or more information. April 2006 • Dakota WILD 7
    • Presort Standard U.S. Postage PAID Pierre, SD 57501 Permit No. 24 South Dakota Game, Fish and Parks 523 East Capitol Pierre, SD 57501-3182 Cyber Corner Wildlife International Dakota WILD does not support/advocate on behalf of or endorse Anyone interested in wild animals, any of the resources listed here. We share them for informational their habitats, or their care can use purposes only! this site to connect with a world World Almanac for Kids of wildlife. It even contains Millions of kids read The World Almanac For Kids every year. a “pet” section for the Now the bestselling book has a companion Web Site – The overall animal lover! World Almanac For Kids Online including a wildlife section. www.wildlife-international.org So dive in and explore. You might even get smarter. New York Department of Environmental Conservation www.worldalamancforkids.com This site contains more information about how to handle National Wildlife Rehabilitators Association encounters with baby animals in the spring including a list of The National Wildlife Rehabilitators Association (NWRA) common questions covering several species and circumstances. is dedicated to improving and promoting the profession of www.dec.state.ny.us/website/dfwmr/wildlife/ifyoucar.html wildlife rehabilitation and its contributions to preserving nat- – Many other online resources are listed throughout this newsletter. ural ecosystems. Read it near your computer and look for the symbol! www.nwrawildlife.org Answers to Baby Animals on page 6: 1) Kit; 2) Fawn; 3) Duckling; 4) Foal; 5) Calf; 6) Joey; 7) Puppy; 8) Lamb; 9) Piglet; 10) Kitten; 11) Chick; 12) Cub; 13) Tadpole; 14) Gosling; 15) Pup; 16) Kit; 17) Calf; 18) Cub; 19) Kid; 20) Cygnet; 21) Calf; 22) Kitten; 23) Pup; 24) Bunny (or Kit); and 25) Calf. For information on the names of the females, males and collective groups, visit www.anapsid.org/beastly.html 8 Dakota WILD • April 2006