April 2006 South Dakota Project WILD Newsletter, South Dakota Game, Fish and Parks No. 37
Unattended Spring Babies Don’t Generally Need Help
If Y Care, Leave It There!
Spring and summer are a busy time, not only for people,
but also for animals. Visitors to the outdoors often find baby
wildlife, seemingly alone or abandoned.
It may seem like caring for the animal is the right thing
SD Dept. of Tourism
to do, but most of the time it does more harm than good.
The adults are probably nearby. Does only feed their fawns
a few times a day, for just a few minutes a time. While the
mother is away eating, the fawn is often resting motionless.
These behaviors help prevent attracting unwanted attention
to the fawn, especially from predators. Cottontail rabbits
hide their young and come back, sometimes hours later,
to care for them.
Baby birds are another target of well-meaning people.
Most baby birds found hopping around are old enough to be
SD Dept. of Tourism
out of the nest. If the bird is fully feathered, leave it where it
was found, or move it out of the way of dogs or cats. The
adults will still come feed their young. Most birds can’t smell,
so picking up a baby bird and moving it will not hurt its
chances of being cared for by adults. Unfeathered babies
should be put back in the nest, or moved to a safe place
Inside This Issue
where the adults can find it and feed it. And, sometimes, it
is best to let nature take its course.
Wild animals do not make good pets. Despite their being Environmental Science AP Institute ................................2
raised by humans, they still retain some of their natural “Lost in the Woods” Book Review...................................2
instincts. Often, people who keep wild animals are bitten or Coordinator’s Corner ..........................................................3
hurt when the animal reaches maturity. Wild animals are Does the animal truly need help?......................................4
meant to be wild, just as domestic animals are meant to be Can I keep him? No!...........................................................5
cared for by humans. WILD About Mountain Lions ..........................................5
Babies pictured above right are (clockwise from top left) Baby Animals Name Game................................................6
the bobcat, grackle, red fox, great horned owl and raccoon. Continuing WILD Education............................................7
If you care, leave it there. State Parks Summer Offerings ..........................................7
Access This and Previous Issues of Dakota WILD Online at:
Environmental Science Institute
Offers Advanced Placement Credit
South Dakota State University will offer a two-credit tive classroom and field activities for students. Graduate
Advanced Placement Environmental Science summer institute credit and/or teacher certificate renewal are available.
for teachers from June 19-23, 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. at the Oak Lake Professor Jerry Krueger, South Dakota State University,
Field Station north of Brookings. Advanced Placement (AP) and Robert Hubert, Endorsed consultant in Environmental
offers South Dakota students the opportunity to earn college Science, will teach the course. Oak Lake Field Station also
credits following completion of appropriate AP courses and accommodates participants’ housing and meals needs. Dr.
satisfactory performance on Advanced Placement examinations. Krueger expects the location to enhance the learning oppor-
Advanced Placement institutes are designed to prepare high tunity. He states “Oak Lake has wonderful facilities – perfect
school teachers to offer AP courses. The AP Environmental for indoor/outdoor Environmental Science activities. It will
Science Summer Institute is designed to help teachers develop be a fun filled week of learning opportunities.”
and enhance their high school AP Environmental Science The Department of Education is funding teachers in public
courses. The course will help teachers better understand and school districts across the state to attend AP Institutes such as
manage the scope of Environmental Science subject matter. this during the summer of 2006. Public school teacher will be
It is an excellent opportunity to network and exchange ideas. paid a $50 per day stipend and reimbursed room and board.
All approved AP exercises are completed during the week- The week will begin with an orientation and dinner at 6 p.m.
long institute. Oak Lake Field Station has fully-equipped Sunday, June 18. For more information, contact Jerry
classroom and laboratory facilities. Presentations on developing Krueger at 605-688-4563 or firstname.lastname@example.org .
and improving AP Environmental Science curriculum will be For questions about registration or tuition and fees, contact
covered. Teachers will also get information on simple, effec- Jo Ann Sckerl at 605-688-4217 or email@example.com.
‘Lost in the Woods‘ Book
“Lost in the Woods” and wildlife conservation
officers: “If you care, leave it
By Carl R. Sams II
there.” The seeming neglect
& Jean Stoick, 2004
of the doe reveals itself as
– Reviewed by Kay Gannon, Dakota WILD
instinctual wisdom in the
School Resource Coordinator
Dee Sleep, Editor
struggle for survival.
for The Outdoor Campus Chicken Creek Communications
Artists and naturalists 10563 Chicken Creek Road • Spearfish, SD 57783
The dust cover for this
around the world have been Phone: 605-722-7028 • Fax: 866-373-4043
beautiful children’s book states: “A pho- firstname.lastname@example.org
familiar with the photography of hus-
tographic fantasy” and “Independent
band and wife team, Sams and Stoick. Dakota WILD is published three times per year
Publisher Award Winner.” I understand
by the Wildlife Division of the South Dakota
And, since its publication in 2000, the
both acclamations – the photos of live Department of Game, Fish and Parks, 523 East
popularity of the oft-given Christmas
animals in their natural environments Capital, Pierre, SD 57501-3182. Dakota WILD is
gift, Stranger in the Woods, has brought freely distributed to those educators who have
are exquisite, and the animals can speak.
these photographic authors to the been trained in the South Dakota WILD program,
The pictures, the story line, and the les- and others interested in wildlife education. The
attention of the general public. Lost in
son in adaptations make this book an goal of Project WILD is to assist learners of any
the Woods continues their mission to
award winner for children and adults. age in developing awareness, knowledge, skills
bring the beauty and lessons in nature and commitment to result in informed decisions,
A summary from the book reads: concerning wildlife and the environment upon
to those who care.
“A spring tale of trust, patience, and which all life depends. Project WILD is a regis-
You can find Sams’ and Stoick’s tered trademark of the Western Regional
waiting for our time. Woodland creatures
Environmental Education Council. 1,600 copies
beautiful books in your local library, at
are concerned for a newborn white-tailed of this document were printed by Game, Fish
book stores, or you can order from
fawn they believe is lost.” and Parks at a cost of 37 cents per copy.
their web site,
More than that, it is a gentle treat- Printed on Recycled Paper
where you can also see more of their
ment of a timely topic, i.e., leaving
photographic works of art. POSTMASTER: Send address changes to
wildlife in the wild. What we learn Department of Game, Fish and Parks
The ISBN numbers are as follows:
about the newborn fawn at the center Dakota WILD
Stranger in the Woods, 0-9671748-0-5 412 W. Missouri Ave., Ste. 4
of the woodland animals’ concern
Pierre, SD 57501
Lost in the Woods, 0-9671748-8-0
underscores the motto of naturalists
2 Dakota WILD • April 2006
Care Enough to Leave Wild Babies Alone
wild places. While we do care about
By Chad R. Tussing,
the fates of individual animals, our
SD Project WILD Coordinator
professional duty is to manage popula-
Spring is always a season of mixed
tions of wildlife. We simply do not have
blessings for us at Game, Fish & Parks.
the resources to care for every fallen
In many ways, it’s the time for setting
baby bird or orphaned rabbit, nor is
aside a bit of the winter paperwork and
that our goal. The circumstances that
focusing on plans for the upcoming
leave these youngsters without a
field season. A season of tree and grass
guardian are part of the process of
plantings, of setting and hauling nets,
nature. It’s a part of nature most of us
and of surveying the area wildlife to
aren’t comfortable with, but it is a vital
see how the populations survived the
part of nature that Game, Fish and
winter and how the new generation is
Parks has no desire to meddle in. We
coming along. Which also brings us to
also need to weigh the likelihood of
the not-so-fun side of spring: the issue
keeping that individual alive and what
The results of a successful fly fishing
of “abandoned” or “orphaned” wildlife. its life would be if that happened.
outing on the White River in Arkansas
How many people have the ability to
in October 2005.
Receiving Phone Calls feed a nest full of fledgling birds their
coyote gets close enough to see through
Each year, our staff receive numer- natural foods every few minutes from
the fawn’s protective camouflage, odds
ous calls from people who find young dawn until dusk? Or are able to teach
are it will stay undetected until it is old
animals they “know” have been these animals their natural behaviors,
enough to accompany its mother.
orphaned by their mothers. While these including a natural fear of humans?
However, if she stayed with the fawn
people undoubtedly mean well, unfor-
Don’t Stop Caring
all of the time, not only would she not
tunately their compassion is often mis-
be out getting food and building her
guided. While wild animal mothers We certainly do not want people
strength to support her newborn, she
sometimes do fall victim to cars, pred- to stop caring about wildlife. Our
would be producing a scent trail that
ators, and other factors, most “aban- jobs are so much more successful
could lead predators straight to her
doned” babies are simply unattended. and rewarding when people care
fawn. And not many fawns, even with
The wild mothers – and fathers – about wildlife and appreciate the
their mother’s help, could survive the
spend a lot of their time out foraging wild treasures we are blessed with.
attentions of a coyote pack.
for food for themselves and for their But, sometimes it’s best to keep the
growing family. At such times, there is wild in wildlife. Nature may not always
no choice but to leave the young unat- be pretty, but she usually does know
tended. There aren’t wild animal day- When these well-intentioned individ- best. Please read the other articles in
care centers to take care of them while uals bring these animals to us, expecting this newsletter for information about
they’re gone. In many cases, this is us to rescue them, that places us in a what to do if you find wild animal
actually safer for the young than if the very difficult position. Those of us babies this spring. As always, feel
parent spent all of their time huddled who work for Game, Fish & Parks do free to call or email us with your
over them. Deer fawns, for example, so because of a love for the outdoors. questions. And remember: if you
are born without any scent. Unless a We care about the wild creatures and care, leave it there.
I Number of workshops: 25
2005 I Number of participants: 356
Project WILD I Workshop sites: Spearfish, Belle Fourche, Rapid City, Custer, Rosebud,
Workshop Mission, Pierre, Murdo, Platte, Plankinton, Mitchell, Watertown, Brookings, Sioux
Falls, and Vermillion
Summary I THANKS to all of our great facilitators who made these workshops happen!
April 2006 • Dakota WILD 3
Does the animal truly need help?
Wild animals of all shapes and sizes are born during the
Find a baby animal?
spring and summer months. In your own backyard, you may
come across baby birds, rabbits, squirrels, raccoons, fawns,
and other young wildlife as they make they make their way If you find a baby animal that does not exhibit any of
into the world.
the symptoms listed under “How can you tell” above,
For many people, the pleasure of seeing these young crea-
and it is definitely not old enough to live independently,
tures is mixed with a sense of protectiveness—of wanting to
here’s what to do:
help them survive. But spotting a baby animal by himself
I Leave it alone. It’s more than likely it’s healthy and
doesn't necessarily mean he's an orphan. Many wildlife par-
its parents are watching from nearby but out of sight.
ents leave their young alone during the day, sometimes for
I Keep pets away. Young, feathered birds spend
long periods. The parent is usually nearby and quite con-
scious of her young. Also, keep in mind that despite their time on the ground developing muscle while learning to
small size, many young animals are actually independent forage and fly.
enough to fend for themselves. I Be watchful. Walk through tall stands of grass
How can you tell? before mowing to check for rabbit nests. Mow around a
nest for four weeks.
How can you tell if an animal needs your help or should
I Return babies to their nests or make a new
be left alone? Here are some general signs to look for:
I A wild animal presented to you by a cat or dog nest. Poke small drain holes in a plastic container, add
I Bleeding leaves and grass, and attach it to a shady part of the same
I An apparent or obvious broken limb tree where pets can’t get to it. Place the babies inside.
I A featherless or nearly feather- Learn more at www.owl-online.org.
less bird (nestling) on the ground
I Evidence of a dead parent I Transport the animal as soon as possible. While in
nearby the car, keep the carrier out of the sun and away from
What should you do? direct air conditioning or heat. Keep the car radio off and
talking to a minimum.
If a wild animal exhibits any of the
I Never handle an adult animal without first consulting
above signs, you could call one of the following local
with a wildlife professional. Even small animals can injure you.
resources for assistance. You will find listings for most of
these in your telephone directory.
Can the animal live independently?
I Wildlife rehabilitator
I Animal shelter Remember, many animals who appear to be orphaned are
I Animal control agency not. Unless one or more of the signs mentioned above is
I Wildlife/exotic animals veterinarian present, do not attempt to rescue animals in any of the fol-
I Nature center lowing circumstances:
I Wild bird store I A fawn (baby deer) who is curled up in the grass and
I State wildlife agency appears approachable. His mother is most likely out of sight,
After contacting the right person, describe the animal and its but nearby and watching you.
I A bird who is fully feathered on his body with evi-
physical condition as accurately as possible. Unless directed
otherwise, here’s how you can make an animal more comfort- dence of tail feathers, hopping on the ground, but unable to
able for transport or while you’re waiting for help to arrive: fly. This is a fledgling (adolescent bird), and his parents are
I Punch holes, from the inside out, into a cardboard box probably nearby.
or other container. A paper bag may be suitable for most
I A rabbit who is four inches long with open eyes and
erect ears. She is independent from her mother and able to
I Line the box with an old T-shirt or other soft cloth.
fend for herself.
I Put on gloves.
I An opossum who is nine to ten inches or longer, not
I Use a towel or pillowcase to cover the animal, then
including the tail. He is
scoop him up gently and place him in the container.
I Do not give the animal food or water. He could choke, independent.
I A squirrel who is
develop digestive problems, or drown. Many injured animals
nearly full sized, has a
are in shock, and eating or drinking can make it worse.
I Place the container in a warm, dark, quiet place – full and fluffy tail, and is
able to run, jump, and
away from pets, children, and noise – until you can trans-
port the animal. climb. She is inde-
Dakota WILD • April 2006
After Confirming Animal Is in Crisis ...
Can I Keep Him? No!
Bat – one litter, May-August
Bobcat – one litter, April-May
Coyote – one litter, April-May
Deer – one litter, May-June
If you have found a wild frightened or injured. Wildlife
Opossum – two litters, February and
animal that is truly in crisis, diseases, such as distemper,
you may be facing a dilem- may pose a threat to com-
Cottontail rabbit – four to seven litters,
ma. Of course, you want panion animals, while
to do what’s best for the others, including rabies,
Fox squirrel – two litters, March and
animal, but you may find can be transmitted to humans,
it difficult to turn him or too. Turning the animals over
Gray squirrel – two litters, February
her over to a rehabilitator. to a permitted wildlife reha-
Letting go can be hard bilitator is the best way to
Gray fox – one litter, April-May
when the animal is a baby. safeguard human and pet
Red fox – one litter, March-May
The temptation to care for the baby safety while providing the wild animal
Raccoon – one litter, May-September
yourself may be strong. And having with the best chance of survival.
Striped skunk – one litter, April-May
eager young children in the house Most people who want to care for
Box turtles – egg-laying in June
begging to raise him or her does not a wild animal themselves plan to
Water turtles – egg-laying May-July
make the decision any easier. So why release the animal once it is grown or
can’t you keep the animal? has recovered from its injuries. That
In almost every case, keeping a is the goal of wildlife rehabilitation,
wild animal is illegal. Native wildlife but rehabilitators have an advantage
species are protected by state laws, when they return their patients to the
federal laws, or both. To keep a wild wild-they have years of experience in
Keep your eyes open this year for
animal in captivity for any length of letting go. Learning to avoid becom-
some mountain lions coming to your
time, for any reason, requires a spe- ing too attached to a patient is an
area. No, we aren’t talking about the
cial permit. Most cities and many important part of becoming a good
furry feline, but Project WILD’s new
counties have passed local ordinances wildlife rehabilitator.
WILD About Mountain Lions
that prevent individuals from keeping If you are tempted to care for a
Curriculum and Activity Guides!
wild animals in captivity. Many neigh- wild animal on your own, please ask
This new guide was created specifi-
borhood associations or covenants yourself these questions first:
cally for South Dakota. It includes
also prohibit keeping wildlife within 1. What is the best thing I can do
background information and activities
property boundaries. for this animal?
designed to teach about these large
More importantly, wild animals 2. If I’m having a hard time letting
predators. Also included are three
deserve the best possible care. go of the animal now, how will I feel
PowerPoint presentations for use in the
Providing the proper care is challeng- after I’ve really grown attached?
classroom. These guides will be avail-
ing because each species has special- 3. Am I prepared to deal with the
able free of charge, just like all Project
ized needs. Orphans need special legal and financial consequences of
WILD materials, but participation in a
diets and formulas to grow strong keeping a wild animal illegally? How
3-hour workshop will be required.
and healthy. They must also learn sur- will I feel if the animal is discovered,
Be sure to check out South Dakota’s
vival skills including how to recognize confiscated, and possibly euthanized?
Project WILD web site at
and find food, how to escape preda- 4. Can I be certain that, once I’ve
tors, and how and where to make a released the animal back to the wild,
Projwild/ProjWild.htm for more infor-
nest, den, or burrow before they are it will be capable of surviving on its
mation about the guide and about
released back into the wild. Young own? Am I providing the best possi-
upcoming workshop opportunities.
animals need to be raised in the com- ble chance for survival?
pany of their own kind for proper 5. How will I feel if the animal
behavioral development. Infections, does not survive or is permanently
Myth – Most birds can’t smell, so
parasites, and injuries are difficult to impaired by improper care?
picking up a baby bird and moving it
detect and treat in wild animals.
will not hurt its chances of being
There is also the welfare of your – Reprinted from the National
cared for by adults. In fact, most
own family to consider. Wild animals Wildlife Rehabilitators Website at
animals will still care for their young
can be dangerous, especially when www.nwrawildlife.org. after human contact due to instinct.
April 2006 • Dakota WILD 5
Spring is the time when animals have their babies. Baby animals are so cute. Do you know the special names
of these animal babies? Remember, some have the same name! For an added challenge, see if you can think of the
names of the mothers and fathers, too, or the name given to a group of the same species! For example, a baby antelope
is called a kid. A female antelope is a doe, and a male antelope is a buck. A group of antelope is called a herd.
1. What is a baby beaver called? _______________________________
2. What is a baby deer called? _______________________________
3. What is a baby duck called? _______________________________
4. What is a baby horse called? _______________________________
5. What is a baby cow called? _______________________________
6. What is a baby kangaroo called? _______________________________
7. What is a baby dog called? _______________________________
8. What is a baby sheep called? _______________________________
9. What is a baby pig called? _______________________________
10. What is a baby cat called? _______________________________
11. What is a baby chicken called? _______________________________
12. What is a baby lion called? _______________________________
13. What is a baby frog called? __________________________
14. What is a baby goose called? __________________________
15. What is a baby shark called? __________________________
16. What is a baby skunk called? __________________________
17. What is a baby whale called? __________________________
18. What is a baby bear called? __________________________
19. What is a baby goat called? __________________________
20. What is a baby swan called? _______________________________
21. What is a baby elephant called? _______________________________
22. What is a baby mountain lion called? _______________________________
23. What is a baby coyote called? _______________________________
24. What is a baby rabbit called? _______________________________
25. What is a baby elk called? _______________________________
6 Dakota WILD • April 2006
Free Class Field Trips
Continuing The Free Class Field Trips give students in South Dakota
the opportunity to have positive outdoor learning experiences.
WILD Education Designed with teachers in mind, the program can meet a
variety of educational standards and is inexpensive. The only
expense in addition to a regular school day is transportation
to and front the park. And, with participating state parks and
I Basic Project WET: K-12 recreation areas located throughout South Dakota, a day of
Learn proven classroom activities for all subject areas.
fun learning is never far away.
April 6 & 13; 4 to 9 p.m.; SD Discovery Center, Pierre;
Teachers who want to bring their class(es) on a field trip
One Credit; Registration: credit fees only
can pick the SD state park and a weekday in May or
Summer Workshops September to conduct the trip. Complete the registration
I Discover a Watershed: 6-12* form and mail or fax the form to the SD Division of Parks
and Recreation a minimum of two weeks prior to the field
Acquire the skills and knowledge to do activities to study
trip. A packet will then be sent, including confirmation of the
the science, math, geography, history and language arts
field trip, a map with directions to the park, and a list of sug-
related to watersheds. Two day/one night field session
gested items to bring to the park.
along the White River (flows permitting). Bonus: WILD
The field trips are co-sponsored by the SD Division of
about Mountain Lions curriculum
July 17-19, SD Discovery Center, Pierre Parks and Recreation, the SD Department of Education
Two credit hours; Registration: $100 plus credit fees Partnership and the SD Department of Health/Department
I Discover a Watershed II: 6-12* of Education Coordinated School Health Program.
Go deeper into the study of watersheds through geology,
Trips.htm to download the information/registration packet.
geography, science, math, technology and literature. Three-
day/two night field session on the Cheyenne River (flows
Become an Outdoor Family
permitting). Discover a Watershed I is NOT required.
July 24-27; SD Discovery Center, Pierre.
Becoming an Outdoor Family is a workshop focused on
Three credit hours; Registration: $150 plus credit fees
learning outdoor skills – skills usually associated with camping,
I Lewis and Clark Ecology Expedition: K-12* hunting and fishing but useful for many outdoor pursuits.
Learn hands-on activities to bring the historical adventure Designed primarily for families, it is an opportunity for any-
of Lewis & Clark to your classroom. Two day/one field one who is new to outdoor activities or has never tried them.
session on the Cheyenne. Recommended for new kayaker.
The workshop will be held June 16-18 at Lake Herman
July 31-Aug. 2; SD Discovery Center, Pierre
State Park near Madison. The cost to participate is $45 per
Two credit hours; Registration: $100 plus credit fees
family. Enrollment is limited to 70 people, so register today!
I Flying WILD Go to www.sdgfp.info/Wildlife/Education/BOW/
This class is all about birds and is scheduled to coincide outdoorsfamily.htm for more information or to register.
with the International Migratory Bird Day festivals that
take place around the world. It is designed for teachers of
Family Naturalist Program
grades 4-8, but activities can be adapted for any grade.
The South Dakota state parks offer exciting and educational
April 8, May 13, May 30; The Outdoor Campus, Sioux Falls
activities for families. The Family Naturalist Guidebook allows
Call 362-3524 or email email@example.com.
One credit, Registration: credit fees only kids and parents to explore the rich natural and historical won-
I WILD about WET and Civics ders of our state together. The program helps the whole family
enjoy the outdoors and better understand the plants, animals,
This class will use content and activities from Project
cultural heritage and ecosystems encountered in everyday life.
WILD and Water Education for Teachers (WET) to
Families test their knowledge and learn about state symbols,
focus on the integration of environmental education and
the importance of wetlands, animal signs in the wild, what it’s
civics for teachers of grades 9-12.
like to be a park or wildlife employee and how to camp wisely.
May 31 & June 1; The Outdoor Campus, Sioux Falls
Call 362-3524 or email firstname.lastname@example.org. Families can complete the workbook during the weekend
One credit; Registration: credit fees only or over an entire summer, and incentives are available for dif-
ferent levels of participation. Kids can also work on activities
* A Discovery Adventure workshop. The field session is outfitted by Dakota
at The Outdoor Campus in Sioux Falls and Cleghorn Springs
Adventures. All camping equipment and meals are provided. A list of gear
to bring will be sent after registration with necessary items. To register for Fish Hatchery near Rapid City.
the first-come, first-served workshops, contact the S.D. Discover Center
Pick up a guidebook at many different state park offices.
with name, phone, email and grade. Inquire about registration assistance.
Log on to www.sdgfp.info/Parks/Learning/Family
Email: email@example.com • Phone: 605-224-8295
Naturalist.htm for a complete list or more information.
April 2006 • Dakota WILD 7
Pierre, SD 57501
Permit No. 24
Game, Fish and Parks
523 East Capitol
Pierre, SD 57501-3182
Dakota WILD does not support/advocate on behalf of or endorse
Anyone interested in wild animals,
any of the resources listed here. We share them for informational
their habitats, or their care can use
this site to connect with a world
World Almanac for Kids of wildlife. It even contains
Millions of kids read The World Almanac For Kids every year. a “pet” section for the
Now the bestselling book has a companion Web Site – The overall animal lover!
World Almanac For Kids Online including a wildlife section. www.wildlife-international.org
So dive in and explore. You might even get smarter.
New York Department of Environmental Conservation
This site contains more information about how to handle
National Wildlife Rehabilitators Association
encounters with baby animals in the spring including a list of
The National Wildlife Rehabilitators Association (NWRA)
common questions covering several species and circumstances.
is dedicated to improving and promoting the profession of
wildlife rehabilitation and its contributions to preserving nat-
– Many other online resources are listed throughout this newsletter.
Read it near your computer and look for the symbol!
Answers to Baby Animals on page 6: 1) Kit; 2) Fawn; 3) Duckling; 4) Foal; 5) Calf; 6) Joey; 7) Puppy; 8) Lamb; 9) Piglet; 10) Kitten; 11) Chick;
12) Cub; 13) Tadpole; 14) Gosling; 15) Pup; 16) Kit; 17) Calf; 18) Cub; 19) Kid; 20) Cygnet; 21) Calf; 22) Kitten; 23) Pup; 24) Bunny (or Kit); and
25) Calf. For information on the names of the females, males and collective groups, visit www.anapsid.org/beastly.html
8 Dakota WILD • April 2006