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Working with NVivo - Literature Reviews, Framework Matrix, Coding Matrix Query
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Working with NVivo - Literature Reviews, Framework Matrix, Coding Matrix Query

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I use NVivo as part of my literature review process. These slides show some of the steps I take as part of my process, including: exporting references from Endnote, classifying sources, case nodes, …

I use NVivo as part of my literature review process. These slides show some of the steps I take as part of my process, including: exporting references from Endnote, classifying sources, case nodes, coding from text queries, in-vivo coding, framework matrices, and coding matrix queries.

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  • 1. WORKING WITH NVIVO Kristoffer Greaves - Doctoral Researcher - Deakin University
  • 2. ABOUTME
  • 3. PARTICULARS  what is NVivo?  organise research (inc. classifications and attributes)  review literature (inc. Endnote)  undertake framework matrices and cluster analyses  produce memos - text and visualisations for writing up  explicit and emergent coding approaches
  • 4. WHAT IS NVIVO?  Computer Aided Qualitative DataAnalysis Software  "CAQDAS"  There are other suppliers, some are free, e.g.TAMS  Download from Deakin Software Support  Deakin sometimes funds training (recommended)  Runs onWindows (*sigh*)  Available for Mac later this year  Basically a database with some powerful qualitative analysis tools
  • 5. PAUSE... A METHODOLOGICAL MOMENT  CAQDAS a computational, nominalising operation  Counter-intuitive for some qualitative researchers  Certeau: computational activities "freeze" object, discursive operation of "scientific" "validity" (Heterologies)  Kristoffer: computational activities also enabling, emancipatory, and part of everyday life (so ignoring them "others" them)  Use reflexivity and Certeau's "heterological science" to examine how you use CAQDAS  CAQDAS not a substitute for intellectual engagement and skill
  • 6. USEFUL BOOKS
  • 7. NVIVO ONLINE HELP
  • 8. NVIVOYOUTUBE CHANNEL
  • 9. NVIVO ON LINKEDIN
  • 10. ORGANISE: SOURCES IN FOLDERS
  • 11. ORGANISE: SOURCE CLASSIFICATIONS
  • 12. ORGANISE: ATTRIBUTES FOR CLASSIFICATIONS
  • 13. LIT REVIEWWITH ENDNOTE  Select references in Endnote  Export as XML file  Import into NVivo as Other Source  PDFs go into Sources folder  Notes imported as Memos  Consider coding PDFs as ‘Case Nodes’
  • 14. SELECT SOURCES
  • 15. • CLICK FILE • CLICK “SAVE AS” • NAMETHE FILE • SAVE AS XML • OUTPUT STYLE: ENDNOTE EXPORT • CHECK ‘EXPORT SELECTED REFERENCES’ • SAVETO DESKTOP
  • 16. Nvivo • EXTERNAL DATATAB • FROM OTHER SOURCES • FROM ENDNOTE
  • 17. CHOOSE XML FILE
  • 18. CHOOSETO ORGANISE BYTITLE OR AUTHOR
  • 19. TAKESTIMETO IMPORT!
  • 20. PDFs IMPORTED INTO INTERNAL SOURCES FOLDER NOTES FROM CITATION MANAGER IMPORTED INTO MEMOs FOLDER
  • 21. CODE SOURCES AS “CASE NODES”  Select the sources >  Go to Create tab >  Items > Create as Case Nodes >  Select save locate etc
  • 22. CLICK ‘CREATE AS CASE NODES’
  • 23. CONFIRM LOCATION FOR CASE NODES IN NODES FOLDER
  • 24. SOURCES NOW CODED AS CASE NODES IN NODES FOLDER
  • 25. CODING FOR LITERATURE REVIEW EXPLICIT OR EMERGENT?  Explicit – pre-define concepts for coding (create your own codebook), then create nodes for those concepts  Emergent – coding “in-vivo” – creating concepts as they emerge from the source  Kelle: “theoretical sensitivity” a way of reconciling both approaches  For me: usually explicit approach for Literature Review  In a hurry?Try text searching and saving results as a node….
  • 26. TEXT SEARCH – GOTO QUERY TAB – CLICK ON “TEXT SEARCH” CHECK “ADDTO PROJECT” NAMETHE SEARCH
  • 27. SELECT SEARCHTERMS SELECT SOURCESTO SEARCH SELECT “CREATE RESULTS AS NEW NODE” + “NARROW CONTEXT”
  • 28. SEARCH RESULTS IN REFERENCEVIEW SEARCH RESULTS IN PDFVIEW
  • 29. RESULTS SAVED IN QUERIES FOLDER CAN CREATETHEME NODE FROMTHE SEARCH RESULT
  • 30. TEXT SEARCH RESULT CODING A THEME NODE “INVIVO” FROM RESULT
  • 31. FRAMEWORK MATRICES COMPARE AUTHORS ANDTHEMES  Choose CreateTab  Click “Framework Matrix”, then Name it  Choose Case Nodes for Rows  ChooseTheme Nodes for Columns  Empty table appears  Choose AnalyzeTab  Click “Autoanalyze”  Table cells populated by Case rows andTheme columns  Can “code on” and edit text in cells
  • 32. CHOOSE CREATETAB CLICK ON FRAMEWORK MATRIX NAMETHE FRAMEWORK MATRIX CHOOSE CASE NODES FOR ROWS
  • 33. CASE NODES SELECTED FOR ROWS CHOOSETHEME NODES FOR COLUMNS CHOSEN THEME NODES
  • 34. CLICK AUTOSUMMARIZE AUTOSUMMARIZE FILLS COLUMNS WITH TEXT CODEDTOTHEME BY CASES IN ROWS CAN “CODE ON” IN CELLS
  • 35. MATRIX CODING QUERIES – COMPARE CODES, ATTRIBUTES ETC  Go to QueryTab  Click Matrix Coding  Select “Add to Project”  Select Items you want to compare in Rows and Columns then Run  Produces data table and charts  Example – “Yes/No” responses compared to child themes
  • 36. GOTO QUERYTAB CLICK “MATRIX CODING” NAMETHE QUERY
  • 37. SELECT ROW NODES SELECT COLUMN NODES
  • 38. SELECT SEARCH CRITERIA SELECT “CREATE RESULTS AS NEW NODE MATRIX” THEN “RUN”
  • 39. NODE MATRIXTABLE CHARTS
  • 40. Slides will be available online… @pleagletrainer kgg@deakin.edu.au LinkedIn