solar system

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Pearson 6th Earth Science terms and defintions

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solar system

  1. 1. Ch. 16- The Solar System
  2. 3. 1. __________________- Earth-centered geocentric universe
  3. 4. Geocentric Theory <ul><li>The earth is the center of the universe. </li></ul><ul><li>Proposed by Aristotle. He believed that the earth was the center of the universe and the five visible planets: Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn, and stars revolved around the earth. </li></ul><ul><li>Five centuries later, Ptolemy updated Aristotle’s work. He determined that planets orbited Earth along circular paths, but would also follow a route around a smaller circle. </li></ul><ul><li>Existed for more than 1,000 years. </li></ul>
  4. 7. 2. __________________- sun-centered (revised by __________) heliocentric universe Copernicus
  5. 8. 1st proposed by Greek philosopher, Aristarchus of Samos.
  6. 9. Heliocentric Illustration <ul><li>Copernicus thought that the planets orbited the Sun, and that the Moon orbited Earth. The Sun, in the center of the universe, did not move, nor did the stars. </li></ul><ul><li>Copernicus was correct about some things, but wrong about others. The Sun is not in the center of the universe, and it does move, as do the stars. Also, both Copernicus and Ptolemy thought the orbits of the planets were circular, but we now know they are elliptical. </li></ul>
  7. 10. 3. ____________- the sun and all of its satellites A. The sun contains _____% of all the mass in our solar system Solar system 99.86
  8. 11. B. Johannes ______ discovered that the planets orbit the sun in ________ orbits. Kepler elliptical 1) _________- closest 2) ________- farthest perihelion aphelion
  9. 12. 4. ________- an average middle-aged star that shines with yellow light A. ____________- lowest layer of the sun’s atmosphere from which light is given off; surface- 6000 º C. B. _____________- from photosphere to about 2000 km C. ________- above transition zone for millions of kilometers into space; temps to 2,000,000 º C; seen during an aclipse the sun photosphere chromosphere corona
  10. 14. E. __________- charged particles that escape from the corona and move through space F. ________- darker , cooler spots on the sun’s surface G. ____________- huge, arching columns of gas H. ___________- violent eruptions from the sun that shoot gases outward at high speed solar wind sunspots prominences solar flares
  11. 16. 5. Comets <ul><li>B. Parts </li></ul><ul><li>_______- rock and </li></ul><ul><li>ice core </li></ul><ul><li>2) _____- the bright, halo-like cloud that forms from vaporized gas </li></ul><ul><li>3) ____- gases that stream behind; always points ____ ____ the sun </li></ul><ul><li>Halley’s comet passes our sun every __ years </li></ul>76 nucleus coma tail away from
  12. 17. 6. __________- doughnut-shaped region beyond Neptune where comets come from Kuiper belt
  13. 18. 7. ___________- a spherical region of comets that surrounds our solar system Oort cloud
  14. 19. 8. ___________- fragments in space in no particular orbit meteoroids
  15. 20. 9. _________- space fragments that enter our atmosphere and burn up meteors
  16. 23. 10. ___________- meteors that hit Earth meteorites
  17. 25. 11. _________- particles caught between the inner and outer planets (Mars and Jupiter) asteroids * Ceres is the largest asteroid at 480 miles in diameter.
  18. 26. The End
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