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Minerals And Rocks
Minerals And Rocks
Minerals And Rocks
Minerals And Rocks
Minerals And Rocks
Minerals And Rocks
Minerals And Rocks
Minerals And Rocks
Minerals And Rocks
Minerals And Rocks
Minerals And Rocks
Minerals And Rocks
Minerals And Rocks
Minerals And Rocks
Minerals And Rocks
Minerals And Rocks
Minerals And Rocks
Minerals And Rocks
Minerals And Rocks
Minerals And Rocks
Minerals And Rocks
Minerals And Rocks
Minerals And Rocks
Minerals And Rocks
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Minerals And Rocks

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Notes and definitions from Pearson 6th grade Earth Science

Notes and definitions from Pearson 6th grade Earth Science

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  • 1. Minerals
  • 2. 1. _______- a naturally occurring, inorganic, crystalline solid with a definite chemical composition mineral
  • 3. A. “Naturally occurring”- made by ______- not man-made nature B. “Inorganic”- is not nor has it ever been ________ alive
  • 4. C. “Crystalline”- minerals are lined up in ________ patterns repeating D. “SOLID”
  • 5. E. “Definite chemical composition”- certain elements in definite proportions
  • 6. 2. ________- a solid plane in which the atoms are arranged in orderly, repeating patterns A. cubic B. tetragonal C. hexagonal D. orthorhombic E. triclinic F. monoclinic crystal
  • 7. CUBIC HALITE TETRAGONAL WULFENITE HEXAGONAL BERYL ORTHORHOMBIC TANZANITE MONOCLINIC GYPSUM TRICLINIC MONTEBRASITE                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    
  • 8. 3. Physical properties A. _____- the mineral’s general color B. _______- the color of the powdered mineral C. _______- the way light is reflected from a mineral’s surface D. ________-how tightly packed together the molecules of a mineral are; E. ________- a mineral’s resistance to being scratched F. ________- breaks on smooth surfaces; ________- the irregular breakage of a mineral hardness cleavage fracture streak density color luster
  • 9. G. Other- _____ (salt), _____ (sulfur), ___________ (iron), and _____ (jade) taste smell magnetism sound
  • 10. 4. _____- rare and highly prized minerals gems
  • 11.  
  • 12. 5. ______- minerals that can be mined at a profit ores
  • 13. 6. ______and _______- two most abundant elements in the Earth’s crust silicon oxygen
  • 14. Rocks
  • 15. 7. rock - mixture of ________, ______________, _____________, and ________________ 8. Rock cycle - rocks are formed by __________, _______, ____, ________, _______, _______, __________ and ___________ minerals volcanic glass organic matter other materials weathering erosion heat pressure melting cooling compaction cementation
  • 16. 9. Major Rock types A. IGNEOUS B. SEDIMENTARY C. METAMORPHIC
  • 17. <ul><li>10. _____________- rocks made from molten materials </li></ul><ul><ul><li>______- underground melted materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>____- above the ground melted materials </li></ul></ul>Igneous rocks magma lava
  • 18. <ul><li>Intrusive - formed _____ Earth’s </li></ul><ul><li>surface and eventually uplifted and uncovered by __________ and _______; magma cools ______; _____ crystals </li></ul><ul><li>B. Extrusive - formed when lava cools ___________ Earth’s surface; cools ____; _____ crystals </li></ul>under weatherin g erosion slowly large at or above fast small
  • 19. 11. sedimentary - 75% of all rocks on the _______; the only rocks that _________ on the Earth’s surface surface originate
  • 20. <ul><li>Methods of formation: </li></ul><ul><li>1) __________ (breaking down) and _______ (the moving around) of rock particles </li></ul><ul><li>2) __________- pressure that squeezes out the air and water </li></ul><ul><li>3) ___________- water that is dissolved with minerals “glues particles together and then they hardens </li></ul>weathering erosion compaction cementation
  • 21. <ul><li>B. Classification: </li></ul><ul><li>1) ________- broken pieces of other rocks and shells are cemented together; shale, sandstone, conglomerate </li></ul><ul><li>2)________- minerals are withdrawn from a solution or left behind after evaporation; halite and some limestone </li></ul>clastic chemical
  • 22. <ul><li>3) _______- rock formed from once living materials </li></ul><ul><ul><li>_____- formed from shells of coquina </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>____- formed from dead plants that have been buried and pressurized </li></ul></ul>organic chalk coal
  • 23. 11. Metamorphic rock - rocks that have changed due to ____ and ________ A. ________- contains parallel bands of minerals B. ____________- no banding; massive in form; mineral grains grow and rearrange heat pressure foliated non-foliated
  • 24. the end

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