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Pearson 6th Earth Science terms and defintions

Pearson 6th Earth Science terms and defintions

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climate Presentation Transcript

  • 1.
  • 2. 1. ________-the average, year-after-year conditionsof temperature, precipitation, winds, andclouds in an area
    climate
  • 3. 2. _____________- a small area with climate conditions that differ from those around it
    microclimate
  • 4. 3. Factors that affect temperature:
    ____________
    latitude
  • 5. 1) _________- 66.5° to 90° latitude
    Polar zone
    2) ______________- between polar and tropical zones
    Temperate zone
    3) ___________- between equator and 23.5°
    Tropical zone
  • 6. 3. Factors that affect temperature:
    B. ____________
    altitude
  • 7. 3. Factors that affect temperature:
    C. _________________________ ________
    Distance from large bodies of water
  • 8. 1)______________-areas that have climates that are moderated by the body of water nearby
    Marine climates
  • 9. 2) __________________- more extreme climates in inland areas
    continental climate
  • 10. 3. Factors that affect temperature:
    D. ___________________
    Ocean currents
    East coast- _______; west coast-______
    warm
    cold
  • 11. 4. Factors that affect precipitation:
    A. _____________________
    Prevailing winds
  • 12. B. Mountain ranges
  • 13. 1) _________- side of mountain where rising air cools forming precipitation
    windward
  • 14. leeward
    2) _________- side of mountain where little precipitation falls
  • 15. C. _________- sea and land breezes over a large region that change direction with the seasons
    monsoon
  • 16. 5. The ________ are caused by the______ of Earth as it travels around the Sun.
    seasons
    tilt
  • 17. 6. Climate regions
  • 18. Tropical, rainy
    1) _________- tropical wet climates
    rain forest
  • 19. savanna
    2) ________- tropical wet-and-dry climates
  • 20. B. Dry
    1) _______- arid regions that receive less than 25 centimeters of precipitation a year
    desert
  • 21. 2) ________- a semiarid region with short grasses and low bushes
    steppe
  • 22. C. Temperate Marine
    1) _________________- west coasts of continents from 40° N. or S. latitude
    Marine west coast
  • 23. 2) ______________- mild climate with cool rains in the winter and warm, dry summers
    Mediterranean
  • 24. 3) _________________- wet and warm, but may have cooler winters
    Humid, subtropical
  • 25. D. Temperate Continental
    1) _________________- constantly changing weather patterns; Midwest and Northeast USA
    Humid continental
  • 26. 2) _________- short summers; long bitter winters; Alaska, N. Canada
    subarctic
  • 27. E. Polar
    Ice cap
    1) _________- average temperature is always below freezing
  • 28. 2) ______- northern Alaska, Canada, and Russia; ___________- permanently frozen tundra soil
    tundra
    permafrost
  • 29.
  • 30.
  • 31.
  • 32.
  • 33. Ice Age
    7. _________ time period when glaciers covered large parts of Earth’s surface
  • 34. 8. Short-term climate changes
    A. ________-warm- water event in the Pacific Ocean
    El Niño
  • 35. La Niña
    B. ________- colder than normal waters in the Pacific Ocean
  • 36.
  • 37.
  • 38.
  • 39.
  • 40. 9. ______________-
    gradual increase
    in the
    temperature
    of Earth’s
    atmosphere
    Global warming
  • 41.
  • 42. CFC’s- chlorofluorocarbons
    10. ____________________-chemical compounds used in ________ and _______ that can damage the ozone layer
    aerosols
    coolants
  • 43.
  • 44. 11. _________________- occurs when water vapor and carbon dioxide _______________, which causes the atmosphere to _______
    greenhouse effect
    absorbs radiation
    heat up
  • 45.
  • 46.
  • 47. The End