Mark Runco: Research findings

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Primera presentación de Mark Runco para el curso de verano "La bella durmiente"

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Mark Runco: Research findings

  1. 1. Results of the Empirical Research on Creativity MARK A. RUNCO, PHD TORRANCE PROFESSOR OF CREATIVITY STUDIES UNIVERSITY OF GEORGIA, ATHENS, GA, USA
  2. 2. Today’s discussion… Key findings from the research Also the exceptions And qualifications of those findings that make them more reasonable and realistic
  3. 3. Implicit & Explicit Theories Parents Teachers  Creativity vs. the ideal student  Valuing creativity …but value unconventional behavior? Managers Children
  4. 4. Divergent Thinking & IdeationFamily Studies Birth Order “Sibsize” IQ vs. DTLongitudinal Evidence  Torrance 50 year study  Transition to school? Or biology?  Lopez et al. (1993) with bilingual Hispanics in US  Ideational indicators changed at different rates  Bilingualism contributing to creativity?
  5. 5. Creativity & Intelligence Threshold Theory A continuum, or complementary processes?  Divergent and convergent thinking for creativity
  6. 6. Domain differences Writers, architects, scientists at IPAR Personality differences Multiple “intelligences” Math, language, music, spatial, bodily, inter- and intra-personal, naturalistic Not really “intelligence,” and NOT creativity
  7. 7. Counterpoint: Universals Intrinsic motivation  At least at level of “performance” Divergent Thinking “Parsimonious Creativity”  Capacity to construct original interpretations
  8. 8. Creative Cognition Divergent thinking Fluency, flexibility, originality Genepolore  Brainstorming  Postpone judgment, quantity not quality, piggyback ideas Meta-cognition Tactics  Look to nature  Wright Brothers, Velcro…
  9. 9. Extra-cognitive facets Affect Spreading activation Mood Attitude Values Culture
  10. 10. Cultural, Social Influences Collectivistic vs. Individualistic Creativity Cities? Values & the “Market” for Creativity  Costs and benefits
  11. 11. fMRI Jazz improvisation Rap Prefrontal cortex for decisions Right hemisphere for wide associations “Remote Associations” for creativity
  12. 12. Highlights Cognition, affect, motivation, personality, attitude… There are many possible influences There are different kids of creativity Domain differences Age differences Different paths to creativity Different ways to be creative

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