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Optimizing the Use of Plant Genetic resources for Food and Agriculture for Adaptation to Climate Change  TCP/SNO/3401
Optimizing the Use of Plant Genetic resources for Food and Agriculture for Adaptation to Climate Change  TCP/SNO/3401
Optimizing the Use of Plant Genetic resources for Food and Agriculture for Adaptation to Climate Change  TCP/SNO/3401
Optimizing the Use of Plant Genetic resources for Food and Agriculture for Adaptation to Climate Change  TCP/SNO/3401
Optimizing the Use of Plant Genetic resources for Food and Agriculture for Adaptation to Climate Change  TCP/SNO/3401
Optimizing the Use of Plant Genetic resources for Food and Agriculture for Adaptation to Climate Change  TCP/SNO/3401
Optimizing the Use of Plant Genetic resources for Food and Agriculture for Adaptation to Climate Change  TCP/SNO/3401
Optimizing the Use of Plant Genetic resources for Food and Agriculture for Adaptation to Climate Change  TCP/SNO/3401
Optimizing the Use of Plant Genetic resources for Food and Agriculture for Adaptation to Climate Change  TCP/SNO/3401
Optimizing the Use of Plant Genetic resources for Food and Agriculture for Adaptation to Climate Change  TCP/SNO/3401
Optimizing the Use of Plant Genetic resources for Food and Agriculture for Adaptation to Climate Change  TCP/SNO/3401
Optimizing the Use of Plant Genetic resources for Food and Agriculture for Adaptation to Climate Change  TCP/SNO/3401
Optimizing the Use of Plant Genetic resources for Food and Agriculture for Adaptation to Climate Change  TCP/SNO/3401
Optimizing the Use of Plant Genetic resources for Food and Agriculture for Adaptation to Climate Change  TCP/SNO/3401
Optimizing the Use of Plant Genetic resources for Food and Agriculture for Adaptation to Climate Change  TCP/SNO/3401
Optimizing the Use of Plant Genetic resources for Food and Agriculture for Adaptation to Climate Change  TCP/SNO/3401
Optimizing the Use of Plant Genetic resources for Food and Agriculture for Adaptation to Climate Change  TCP/SNO/3401
Optimizing the Use of Plant Genetic resources for Food and Agriculture for Adaptation to Climate Change  TCP/SNO/3401
Optimizing the Use of Plant Genetic resources for Food and Agriculture for Adaptation to Climate Change  TCP/SNO/3401
Optimizing the Use of Plant Genetic resources for Food and Agriculture for Adaptation to Climate Change  TCP/SNO/3401
Optimizing the Use of Plant Genetic resources for Food and Agriculture for Adaptation to Climate Change  TCP/SNO/3401
Optimizing the Use of Plant Genetic resources for Food and Agriculture for Adaptation to Climate Change  TCP/SNO/3401
Optimizing the Use of Plant Genetic resources for Food and Agriculture for Adaptation to Climate Change  TCP/SNO/3401
Optimizing the Use of Plant Genetic resources for Food and Agriculture for Adaptation to Climate Change  TCP/SNO/3401
Optimizing the Use of Plant Genetic resources for Food and Agriculture for Adaptation to Climate Change  TCP/SNO/3401
Optimizing the Use of Plant Genetic resources for Food and Agriculture for Adaptation to Climate Change  TCP/SNO/3401
Optimizing the Use of Plant Genetic resources for Food and Agriculture for Adaptation to Climate Change  TCP/SNO/3401
Optimizing the Use of Plant Genetic resources for Food and Agriculture for Adaptation to Climate Change  TCP/SNO/3401
Optimizing the Use of Plant Genetic resources for Food and Agriculture for Adaptation to Climate Change  TCP/SNO/3401
Optimizing the Use of Plant Genetic resources for Food and Agriculture for Adaptation to Climate Change  TCP/SNO/3401
Optimizing the Use of Plant Genetic resources for Food and Agriculture for Adaptation to Climate Change  TCP/SNO/3401
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Optimizing the Use of Plant Genetic resources for Food and Agriculture for Adaptation to Climate Change TCP/SNO/3401

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Dr. Sami Reda Saber Sabry, Project National Consultant …

Dr. Sami Reda Saber Sabry, Project National Consultant

First National Meeting to Enhance Ownership of National Strategy for Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture
2 April 2014 -Cairo, Egypt

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  • 1. Optimizing the Use of Plant Genetic resources for FoodOptimizing the Use of Plant Genetic resources for Food and Agriculture for Adaptation to Climate Changeand Agriculture for Adaptation to Climate Change TCP/SNO/3401TCP/SNO/3401 Egypt National Strategy for PGRFAEgypt National Strategy for PGRFA Dr. Sami Reda Saber SabryDr. Sami Reda Saber Sabry Project National ConsultantProject National Consultant First National Meeting to Enhance Ownership of NationalFirst National Meeting to Enhance Ownership of National Strategy for Plant Genetic Resources for Food and AgricultureStrategy for Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture 2 April 2014 -Cairo, Egypt2 April 2014 -Cairo, Egypt
  • 2. Vision: To contribute to the overall development of agriculture and food security with the aim of improving the livelihood of Egypt farmers by promoting policies and viable programs for the conservation and the enhanced use of plant genetic resources. Mission: To conserve and safeguard biodiversity in general and plant and genetic resources for food and agriculture in particular with the aim of enhancing their contribution to national agrialtural development, food security and well being of Egypt people.
  • 3. Goal:Goal: The major goal of the strategy is the conservationThe major goal of the strategy is the conservation and sustainable utilization of plant geneticand sustainable utilization of plant genetic diversity in the country through promotingdiversity in the country through promoting concerted coordinated efforts at the nationalconcerted coordinated efforts at the national level for efficient and effectivelevel for efficient and effective ex situex situ as well asas well as inin situsitu conservation for prime importance crops.conservation for prime importance crops. The strategy aims at facilitating partnership andThe strategy aims at facilitating partnership and sharing facilities and responsibilities to establishsharing facilities and responsibilities to establish regional coordination mechanisms for advancingregional coordination mechanisms for advancing the long – term regional strategy.the long – term regional strategy.
  • 4. Main ObjectiveMain Objective The main objective of the Strategy is to promoteThe main objective of the Strategy is to promote the development of an effective and efficient systemthe development of an effective and efficient system for the conservation of important crop diversity infor the conservation of important crop diversity in Egypt and to facilitate its sustainable use. Much ofEgypt and to facilitate its sustainable use. Much of the success in achieving the main objective of thethe success in achieving the main objective of the Strategy hinges on having reasonable functionalStrategy hinges on having reasonable functional links between the relevant national institutions, aslinks between the relevant national institutions, as well as on forming a suitable mutually acceptedwell as on forming a suitable mutually accepted arrangement for regional collaboration andarrangement for regional collaboration and exchange of experience and knowledge among theexchange of experience and knowledge among the countries of the region.countries of the region.
  • 5. ContCont.. Strong national programs are the building blocksStrong national programs are the building blocks of an effective regional collaboration link throughof an effective regional collaboration link through functional broadly based national PGRFAfunctional broadly based national PGRFA programmes that would operate as facilitating andprogrammes that would operate as facilitating and coordinating platforms.coordinating platforms.
  • 6. Specific ObjectivesSpecific Objectives More specifically the strategy aims at :More specifically the strategy aims at : 1- Building strong national programm that is well1- Building strong national programm that is well coordinated’coordinated’ 2- Enhancing the knowledge base about the genetic2- Enhancing the knowledge base about the genetic diversity of the PGR in the country and the region,diversity of the PGR in the country and the region, andand 3- To promote individual national efforts to conserve3- To promote individual national efforts to conserve the genetic diversity of species of national, regionalthe genetic diversity of species of national, regional and global importance through:and global importance through:
  • 7. a.a. Conduct collecting missions at national levelConduct collecting missions at national level based on gap analysis for enriching thebased on gap analysis for enriching the ex situex situ collections and cooperation on evaluation ofcollections and cooperation on evaluation of germplasm base on national and regionalgermplasm base on national and regional requirment.requirment. b.b. Conduct research efforts on aspects related toConduct research efforts on aspects related to defining biodiversity hot spots fordefining biodiversity hot spots for in situin situ conservation , management of PGR and climateconservation , management of PGR and climate change impact.change impact. c.c. Establishing network of protected areasEstablishing network of protected areas representing different ecosystems.representing different ecosystems.
  • 8. d.d. Exchange of information, experience andExchange of information, experience and germplasm.;germplasm.; e.e. Safety duplication ofSafety duplication of ex situex situ conserved PGR;conserved PGR; f.f. Regular comprehensive assessment of geneticRegular comprehensive assessment of genetic resources conservation programmes;resources conservation programmes;
  • 9. g.g. Assess the status and threats to target species, andAssess the status and threats to target species, and establish a system for the monitoring of geneticestablish a system for the monitoring of genetic diversity in the long term;diversity in the long term; h.h. Evaluation of PGR accession of importance to theEvaluation of PGR accession of importance to the region to facilitate access and benefit sharing;region to facilitate access and benefit sharing; i.i. Cooperation on safe movement of germplasm andCooperation on safe movement of germplasm and prevention of distribution of quarantined pests andprevention of distribution of quarantined pests and diseases.diseases.
  • 10. 4. Strengthen information management and sharing including the development of a regional genetic resources information management system, adoption of GRIN-Global and GENESYS, 5. Encourage exchange of experiences and build capacity through the organization of national and regional courses and workshops, 6. Develop knowledge and expertise to facilitate the development of harmonized GR strategies and GR policies and legislations 7. Promote use of existing documentation on indigenous knowledge.
  • 11. Output The main proposed outputs of the Strategy are: 1. Effective conservation, sustainable use and valorisation of agrobiodiversity 2. Capacities strengthened and partnerships enhanced 3.Appropriate policies and regulatory frameworks developed 4.Awareness raised 5.Appropriate mechanism for regional exchange of PGR information
  • 12. Actions to Strengthen the National Program a. Egypt should formulate a national strategy and action plan on PGRFA, particularly for the implementation of the GPA according to the national needs and that this plan should be in harmony with national biodiversity strategy and action plans, b. National PGRFA plans and strategies should also be integrated in Egypt national development and agricultural sector plans.
  • 13. c. Egypt should have a National Plant Genetic Resources (PGR) Committee, or similar coordinating mechanisms involving all concerned parties across ministries and other governmental authorities. The committee should have a clear mandate, based on well defined terms of reference and should hold regular meetings . d. There should be a well-defined implementing agency for coordination of national PGRFA conservation and use activities with adequate authority and a sustainable budget provision;
  • 14. e.e. PGR units or facilities should be improved wherePGR units or facilities should be improved where required to meet national needs and internationalrequired to meet national needs and international agreed standards. They should have clearagreed standards. They should have clear responsibilities, and be coordinated with otherresponsibilities, and be coordinated with other parts of the national program, as well asparts of the national program, as well as sustainable budgets that reflect thesesustainable budgets that reflect these responsibilities;responsibilities; f.f. Developing appropriate national legislation onDeveloping appropriate national legislation on PGR .PGR .
  • 15. g.g. Strengthening human resources development toStrengthening human resources development to improve availability of qualified staff, throughimprove availability of qualified staff, through training programs and use of experts from thetraining programs and use of experts from the region and international organizations workingregion and international organizations working on PGR conservation and use; andon PGR conservation and use; and h.h. Egypt national program requires secure andEgypt national program requires secure and sustainable finance, drawing upon national and,sustainable finance, drawing upon national and, where applicable and possible on internationalwhere applicable and possible on international sources.sources.
  • 16. Coordination at the National Level  Efficient germplasm maintenance and use require active interaction among a multidisciplinary team of scientists, including genebank curators, plant biologists, plant breeders, socio-economists and users as well as among specialized research institutes that deal with different aspects of PGR conservation and utilization.
  • 17. Lack of coordination between different nationalLack of coordination between different national institutions dealing with plant genetic resourcesinstitutions dealing with plant genetic resources activities is a major impediment to PGR programactivities is a major impediment to PGR program development and could lead to dispersal ofdevelopment and could lead to dispersal of resources and undermines the effectiveness toresources and undermines the effectiveness to collaborate at the regional level.collaborate at the regional level.
  • 18. Capacity – building and UpgradingCapacity – building and Upgrading RequirementsRequirements  Egypt national capacities, infrastructure andEgypt national capacities, infrastructure and facilities require much upgrading and building.facilities require much upgrading and building. Human resources capacities require developmentHuman resources capacities require development by education and training programs in areasby education and training programs in areas related to PGR in general andrelated to PGR in general and ex situex situ activities inactivities in particular.particular.
  • 19. Area in need for upgrading or capacity buildingArea in need for upgrading or capacity building AAreas for overall capacity building andreas for overall capacity building and upgradingupgrading:: a.a. Germplasm management/documentationGermplasm management/documentation SystemsSystems b.b. Maintaining Infrastructures and FacilitiesMaintaining Infrastructures and Facilities c.c. Maximizing utilizationMaximizing utilization d.d. Increasing public awarenessIncreasing public awareness e.e. Developing enabling policies and legislationsDeveloping enabling policies and legislations f.f. Enhancing technical and research capabilitiesEnhancing technical and research capabilities
  • 20. Areas for training and education: a. Strengthening in-country/on the job courses/training, b. Short, medium, long-term plans for training . c. Sub-region and regional training organized by the more advanced national systems and outside institutions with relevant expertise, d. Coordinated country needs assessment/inventory, commitment and program approach and maintenance of skills.
  • 21. Areas for upgrading management systemsAreas for upgrading management systems:: a.a. Development of common information platforms forDevelopment of common information platforms for sharing such as common descriptors, data standards,sharing such as common descriptors, data standards, protocols on conservation such as genebankprotocols on conservation such as genebank management systems, performance monitoring, qualitymanagement systems, performance monitoring, quality management and good practices;management and good practices; b.b. Harmonization of regulations especially on facilitatingHarmonization of regulations especially on facilitating PGR exchanges;PGR exchanges; c.c. Management of germplasm health;Management of germplasm health; d.d. Biotechnology laboratory skills;Biotechnology laboratory skills; e.e. Databases management;Databases management; f.f. Strengthening links with users through increasedStrengthening links with users through increased availability and accessibility of information on theavailability and accessibility of information on the collections.collections.
  • 22. Areas for upgrading infrastructures andAreas for upgrading infrastructures and facilities:facilities: a.a. Support to field genebanks for crops and regionalSupport to field genebanks for crops and regional collaboration for sharing responsibilities,collaboration for sharing responsibilities, b.b. Arrangements for safety duplication of accessionsArrangements for safety duplication of accessions and information within/or outside the countriesand information within/or outside the countries..
  • 23. Coordination between Egypt and other WANA countries In 1989 west Asia and North Africa Network (WANANET) was established to promote collaboration among countries of the region including Egypt. Initially, the network played an important role in strengthening the national programs by reinforcing the role the national PGR committees, encouraging coordination between different institutions within each country and among countries.
  • 24. Cont. - The inability of the network to be self-sustained and failure to implement its recommendations are among the reasons for its ineffectiveness and eventual failure. - Egypt should support the active participation of public and national institution in regional, crop and thematic networks. - The funding constraints require sustainable and innovative solutions to establish networks based on common benefits.
  • 25. Areas of Possible Regional CollaborationAreas of Possible Regional Collaboration between Egypt and other WANA Countriesbetween Egypt and other WANA Countries - Based on comparative advantage, willingness toBased on comparative advantage, willingness to collaborate, and commitment to the regionalcollaborate, and commitment to the regional strategy, countries should discuss collaborationstrategy, countries should discuss collaboration on well-identified and focused activities.on well-identified and focused activities. - There are some broad areas for regionalThere are some broad areas for regional collaboration but are national responsibilities incollaboration but are national responsibilities in the first place.the first place.
  • 26. Cont. - Some countries are more advanced in one or more of these areas and could lead efforts to share their experience. - Egypt and other countries of the region have to agree on prioritizing their activities within each area to ensure focus on the most urgent needs.
  • 27. The following are the areas of possibleThe following are the areas of possible regional collaborationregional collaboration 1.1. Germplasm ManagementGermplasm Management 2.2. Germplasm ConservationGermplasm Conservation 3.3. Germplasm MovementGermplasm Movement 4.4. Capacity Building / KnowledgeCapacity Building / Knowledge 5.5. Joint Research Projects and VenturesJoint Research Projects and Ventures
  • 28. Collaboration with Regional/InternationalCollaboration with Regional/International OrganizationOrganization 1.1. Egypt and other countries have the primaryEgypt and other countries have the primary responsibilities to conserve the plant geneticresponsibilities to conserve the plant genetic resources that exist within their boundaries andresources that exist within their boundaries and accordingly invest sufficiently in their conservationaccordingly invest sufficiently in their conservation and utilization.and utilization. 2.2. There is need for external assistance with theseThere is need for external assistance with these responsibilities by regional and internationalresponsibilities by regional and international organizations that have traditionally played thisorganizations that have traditionally played this role in the past.role in the past.
  • 29. 3.3. NENA-PGRN should join efforts with national,NENA-PGRN should join efforts with national, regional and international organizations to contributeregional and international organizations to contribute to the development of the Global System on Geneticto the development of the Global System on Genetic Resources led by the FAO-Commission on GeneticResources led by the FAO-Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and AgricultureResources for Food and Agriculture 4.4. Among the organizations that supported PGR andAmong the organizations that supported PGR and related activities in the region are the CG centresrelated activities in the region are the CG centres (particularly Bioversity International, ICARDA,(particularly Bioversity International, ICARDA, CIMMYT, ICRISAT, CIP, IRRI), GFAR, ACSAD,CIMMYT, ICRISAT, CIP, IRRI), GFAR, ACSAD, GEF, UNDP, UNEP, FAO, JAICA, USAID, IDRC,GEF, UNDP, UNEP, FAO, JAICA, USAID, IDRC, IFAD, IDB, AFSED, ICUC, CIHEAM, OPEC, GlobalIFAD, IDB, AFSED, ICUC, CIHEAM, OPEC, Global Crop Diversity Trust and several others.Crop Diversity Trust and several others.
  • 30.  It is important for NENA-PGRN to attract theIt is important for NENA-PGRN to attract the support of the previous organizations and othersupport of the previous organizations and other sponsors especially from outside the region.sponsors especially from outside the region.  A number of PGR networks are operational inA number of PGR networks are operational in regions neighboring NENA region in Africa, Asia andregions neighboring NENA region in Africa, Asia and Europe, where different PGR, interests and concernsEurope, where different PGR, interests and concerns are shared.are shared.  Strengthening the inter-regional cooperation with these networks on related aspects of common interest should be one of the concerns of NENA PGRN that can help in attaining its objectives.
  • 31. Thank you

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