The sustainable maintenance and utilization of plant genetic resources in Egyptian deserts
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The sustainable maintenance and utilization of plant genetic resources in Egyptian deserts



By Mohamed Amar PhD, Head of the Egyptian Deserts Gene Bank, North Sinai, Egypt. ...

By Mohamed Amar PhD, Head of the Egyptian Deserts Gene Bank, North Sinai, Egypt.

First National Meeting to Enhance Ownership of National Strategy for Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture
2 April 2014 -Cairo, Egypt



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The sustainable maintenance and utilization of plant genetic resources in Egyptian deserts The sustainable maintenance and utilization of plant genetic resources in Egyptian deserts Presentation Transcript

  • The EDGB was established in 1997
  • Our Location In North Sinai he Egyptian Deserts Gene Bank (EDGB) is located 12 km from orth-eastern border of the Arab Republic of Egypt, about 35 km ast of the town of El Arish.
  • Egyptian Deserts Gene Bank EDGB bank function as Ex-situ conservation The EDGB was established in 1997 for accomplished the following mandates including three units for the seed preservation controlled and monitoring ( Drying room, Short term and Long term seed store room) :
  • The effort to maintain the world’s biodiversity has taken another hit. In the chaos surrounding the political unrest and public uprising in Egypt, looters have badly damaged the country’s Desert Research Center Desert Research Center in El Sheikh Zowaid in North Sinai. The center houses the Egyptian Deserts Gene Bank (EDGB), and according to the Global Crop Diversity Trust equipment has been stolen and the cooling system has been damaged. Egyptian Deserts Gene Bank was looted and damaged amidst Egypt’s political unrest (28 Jan. 2011)
  • General sequence of operations in EDGB.
  • Update of EDGB
  • Update of EDGB machines
  • EDGB Lab. Seed cleaning Lab. Seed cleaning is the removal of debris, inert material, damaged and infected seeds, and seeds of other species to improve the quality of samples for storage Seed quality Lab. Seed viability testing Seed health testing Seed moisture content
  • EDGB Lab. Documentation Lab.Seed Drying and packaging Lab. The best time to package seeds is immediately after moisture content has been determined to be within the required limits for safe storage . It is important that genebanks keep records of germplasm recipients, the number of samples sent, accession details and the purpose for which requests are made in order to track the use and assess the impact of distributed germplasm
  • Documentation system (GRIS 2006)
  • Herbarium EDGB
  • Re-opening in April 2013
  • Update and collected several wild species (Sinai 2013)
  • ConservationConservationUtilizationUtilization Main TargetMain Target UtilizationUtilization
  • Field Gene Bank for wild tree Including several important wild species as Jatropha cuneata, Acacia, Balanites aegyptiaca and Moringa sp.
  • Utilization of Moringa sp. Moringa oleifera Moringa stenopetala
  • Field experiment under North Sinai conditions * Optimal doses of fertilization under high levels of salinity *325 gm Ammonium sulfate. *325 gm Superphosphate. *200 gm Potassium sulfate. *3.2 kg. Composte.
  • Utilization of Moringa sp. The leaves of Moringa were Antioxidants and Inflammation The leaves were used in folk remedies for tumors (Narah et al., 2012)
  • Field Gene Bank for some important wild medicinal plants Origanum syriacum MenthalongifoliaUrginea maritima
  • Utilization of some important medicinal plants Through our several research work under North Sinai condition, we are recommend the use of high organic fertilization with Humic acid under the high level of salinity, to increase the production and ability for resistance. Salvia officinalis
  • Rosmarinus officinalis • Commonly known as rosemary • Improving memory • Contains a number of potentially biologically active compounds, including antioxidants carnosic acid and rosmarinic acid • Treat gout.
  • Mentha longifolia Production of seedlings
  • Origanum syriacum. L Improve the cultivated area Production of seedlings
  • Some of research work Comparative genetic study among Origanum L. plants grown in Egypt Mohamed Hamdy Amar and Mohamed Abd El Wahab (2013) Effect of organic fertilization on yield and active constituents of Thymus vulgaris L. under North Sinai conditions (Ateia E.M. et al., 2009) Effect of essential oils of some aromatic plants from family Labiatae on the genetic behavior and growth of pathogenic fung Esraa Elsherbeny )2014 (
  • Some of research work Molecular genetic studies on some natural Medicinal plants (Injy mohamed 2009) Genetic studies in some medicinal plants of the Liliaceae family M.Sc. 2005 by Rasha moustafa Antimicrobial effect of some essential oil mixtures (Osman Y.A.H. et al., 2009)
  • Taxonomy Is the classification of organisms according to similarity, has been richly informed by phylogenetics but remains methodologically and logically distinct. The fields overlap however in the science of phylogenetic systematics where only phylogenetic trees are used to delimit taxa, each representing a group of lineage-connected individuals.
  • Phylogenetics In biology, phylogenetics is the study of evolutionary relatedness among various groups of organisms (e.g., species, populations), which is discovered through molecular sequencing data.
  • Taxonomy phylogenetic PhylogenetiPhylogeneti cc systematicssystematics
  • PhylogenetiPhylogeneti cc systematicssystematics  In PomegranateIn Pomegranate Geneticinvestigation of pomegranate genotypes tolerant to drought using morphological, physiological and molecular markers   Punica granatum
  •  In AlmondIn Almond Evaluation of genetic diversity among some genotypes in almond (Evaluation of genetic diversity among some genotypes in almond ( PrunusPrunus dulcisdulcis L.)L.) PhylogenetiPhylogeneti cc systematicssystematics Self-compatibility allele (Sf)Self-compatibility allele (Sf) self-incompatible (SI)self-incompatible (SI) . Self-incompatibility is controlled by aSelf-incompatibility is controlled by a multi-allelic, single gene (S-locus).multi-allelic, single gene (S-locus). S-alleles identity is particularly importantS-alleles identity is particularly important for designing crosses and choosingfor designing crosses and choosing parents for breeding self-compatibleparents for breeding self-compatible cultivarscultivars
  •  In PeachIn Peach Assessment of genetic diversity in some genotypes of peach (Assessment of genetic diversity in some genotypes of peach ( PrunusPrunus persicapersica .L).L) PhylogenetiPhylogeneti cc systematicssystematics One of the endangered species in North SinaiOne of the endangered species in North Sinai
  • Future Goals • Collection and conservation of wild species in nature reserves as a cooperation with Ministry of Environment and National Gene Bank .
  • Dr. Mohamed Amar Tel: 01001591950 Egyptian Deserts Gene Bank North Sinai Research Station Email: Welcome to EDGB Thank you for your attention