Urban Data Requirements by Anna Rose (Space Syntax)

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  • 1. Plan4businessUrban data requirementsRICS08 March 2013Anna RoseDirectora.rose@spacesyntax.com
  • 2. Space Syntax Limited © 2013Plan4business2Movement is the lifeblood of the city.Moving in space
  • 3. Space Syntax Limited © 2013Plan4business3The city is for transactionSocialEconomicCultural
  • 4. Space Syntax Limited © 2013Plan4business4The need to de-risk design decisions
  • 5. Space Syntax Limited © 2013Plan4business5Measure:LogChoiceRN*IntegrationRNOur expertise Spatial analysis & performance forecasting 
  • 6. Space Syntax Limited © 2013Plan4business6Each place has a uniquespatial signature.Describing & measuring space A
  • 7. Space Syntax Limited © 2013Plan4business7Spatial AccessibilityHighLowLondon                      
  • 8. Space Syntax Limited © 2013Plan4business8Tokyo                       
  • 9. Space Syntax Limited © 2013Plan4business9Spatial AccessibilityHighLowBeijing                       北京
  • 10. Space Syntax Limited © 2013Plan4business10Space A common languageArchitecture Town planningUrban economicsCriminologyMasterplanning Transport planningProperty agencyPR & brandingSpaceLocationLand useLinkageLayout
  • 11. Space Syntax Limited © 2013Plan4business11Working across scalesBuildingsPublic SpacesMasterplansArea Action PlansUrban DevelopmentFrameworksCity Wide StrategiesMacroMesoMicro
  • 12. Space Syntax Limited © 2013Plan4business12Core servicesBaseline analysisUndertaking studies to understand theexisting form & functioning of buildings &urban areasStrategic design solutionsForming sustainable visions to deliversocial & economic objectivesPlanning supportSupporting design proposals with evidenceof efficacyDiagnosisPrognosisDelivery
  • 13. Space Syntax Limited © 2013Plan4business13UCL Space Syntax LaboratoryFundamental researchTeachingTechnology developmentSpace Syntax LimitedStrategic consultingInternshipTechnology developmentTechnology People InnovationA process of mutual “exploitation”
  • 14. Space Syntax Limited © 2013Plan4business14Innovative, unorthodox andaspirational proposals fordevelopment opportunitiesConsultationCreative thinkingStrategicdesignObjectiveevaluationBaselineanalysisSummary Evidence based creativity
  • 15. Space Syntax Limited © 2013Plan4business15Trafalgar Square The new Central Staircase
  • 16. Space Syntax Limited © 2013Plan4business16Nottingham, England Old Market SquareManipulating spatial networks
  • 17. Space Syntax Limited © 2013Plan4business17Millennium Bridge, LondonManipulating spatial networks
  • 18. Space Syntax Limited © 2013Plan4business180123456780 1 2 3 4 5 6 7y = .784x + 2.147, R-squared: .589Spatial accessibilityPedestrianmovementSpatial accessibility-101234567890 1 2 3 4 5 6 7y = 1.235x + 1.048, R-squared: .702VehiclemovementResearch shows that 60-80% of movement flows aredue to the structure of the network, measured byspatial accessibility.More accessible places get more movement.The evidence base
  • 19. Space Syntax Limited © 2013Plan4business19Spatial AccessibilityMeasuring movementSpatial layout distributes land use
  • 20. Space Syntax Limited © 2013Plan4business2080% retail located on 20% most spatially accessible streets
  • 21. Space Syntax Limited © 2013Plan4business21Spatial AccessibilityHighLowUnderstanding movement De-risking design decisionsManipulating spatial networks B
  • 22. Space Syntax Limited © 2013Plan4business22Spatial AccessibilityHighLowManipulating spatial networks BUnderstanding movement De-risking design decisions
  • 23. Space Syntax Limited © 2013Plan4business23Spatial AccessibilityHighLowManipulating spatial networks BUnderstanding movement De-risking design decisions
  • 24. Space Syntax Limited © 2013Plan4business24Spatial AccessibilityHighLowManipulating spatial networks BUnderstanding movement De-risking design decisions
  • 25. Space Syntax Limited © 2013Plan4business25Spatial AccessibilityHighLowManipulating spatial networks BUnderstanding movement De-risking design decisions
  • 26. Space Syntax Limited © 2013Plan4business26i-VALUL What does i-VALUL do?Centrevitalityi-VALUL makes thisimpact tangible,measurable andvisible.£0£200£400£600£800£1,000£1,200£1,400HampsteadChiswickSwissCottageNorthFinchleyStreathamTootingClaphamKilburnWestEalingWalworthRoad200%250%300%350%400%450%500%550%600%£%StreetqualityPropertyvalueResidentialsecurityPersonalsafetyUrban layout4.54.64.74.84.95.05.15.25.35.45.5£Inti-VALUL describes theimpact of urban layout ondifferent aspects ofsustainable communities.
  • 27. Space Syntax Limited © 2013Plan4business27WALBURGHSTREETCANNONSTREETROADHAWKSMOORMEWSWelsteadHouseLangdaleStreetPON LER STREETBURSLEM STREETWickerStreetGOLDINGSTREETPENNING TON STREETBETTSSTARTICHOKEHILLPENNING TON STREETTHE HIGHWAYVIRGINIASTREETBREEZERSHILLWELLCLOSESTREETWELLCLOSE SQ UARECROWDERSTREETGOLDINGSTREETBURSLEM STREETHINDM ARSH CLOSESTUTFIELDSTREETCHRISTIANSTREETSTUTFIELDSTREETELLEN STREETPHILCHURCHPLACEBOYD STREETPINCHIN STREETFLETCHERSTREETCABLE STREETWELLCLOSE SQ UAREFORBESSTREETWAYFORBESSTREETCO NANT MEWSMILLYARDBACKCHURCHLANEENSIGNSTREETEAST SMITHFIELDVAUGHANDOCKSTREETBOWM ANM EWSHO OPER STREETCRO FTSSTREETHO OPERSTREETLEMANSTREETJOHNFISHERSTREETFLANKSTREETCHAMBER STREETRO YALMIN TSTREETSTREETCARTWRIGHTNELSON STREETTURNERSTREETRICHARDSTREETRAMPARTSTREETSLY STR EETKINDERSTREETBARNETT STWALDEN STREETCANNONSTREETROADKINDER STREETMYRDLESTREETNEWROADHESSELSTREETAM AZO N STR EETUMBERSTONSTREETTURNERSTREETMOUNTTERRACENEWROADFIELD GATESTREETMYRDLESTREETROMFORDSTREETROMFORDSTREETFORD HAM STREETVALLANCERDROMFORDSTREETMYRDLESTREETGOLDINGTERRACEROPEWALKGARDENSParfettStreetPARFETTSTREETFORD HAM STREETSETTLESSTREETPARFETTSTREETCHRISTIANSTREETBATTYSTREETSETTLESSTREETGREENFIELDROADFAIRCLOUG HSTREETHENRIQUESSTREETGREENFIELDROADPLUMBERSROWBACKCHURCHLANEMITALIPASSAGECOURTVINEDAVENANTSTREETFIELDGATE STREETMOSSCLOSEWHITECHAPEL ROADPLUMBERSROWCO KESTREETWEYHILLROADCO MM ERCIALRO ADADLERSTREETMULBER RY STR EETGOWERSWALKWHITECHURCHLANEASSAMSTREETMOUNTFORDSTREETGOODMANSSTILEWHITECHAPELROADOSBORNSTREETWHITECHAPELHIGHSTWhitechurch PassageMANNINGTREESTREETALIESTREETPLOUGHSTREETBUCKLESTREETGREATOREXSTREETOLDMONTAGUESTREETADLERSTTailworthStreetMONTHOPE ROADSPELMANSTREETCASSONSTREETKings Arms CourtOSBORNSTREETGreenDragonYardCHICKSAND STR EETLuntleyPlaceEASTTENTERSTREETLEMANSTREETLemanPassageCARTWRIGHTSTREETBLUEANCHORYARDSwanPassageSwanPassageMagdalenPassageYEOMANSYAR DSOU TH TENTER STSTMARKSTREETSOU TH TENTERSTREETCHAMBER STREETRO YALMIN TSTREETRoyal Mint PlaceSOU TH TENTER STREETPRESCO TSTREETEAST SMITHFIELD STAR PLACEPRESCO TSTREETSTMARKSTREETSCARBO ROUG H STREETMANSELLSTREETWESTTENTERSTREETMANSELLSTREETSTREETWESTTENTERSTREETTENTER PASSAGETOWERBRIDGEAPPROACHSTKATHARINESWAYHaydonWalkSHO RTERHAYDO NSTREETPOR TSO KEN STR EETHAYDO N STREETGO ODM ANS YARDGoodm ans CourtMINORIESHAM METTSTREETMINORIESCRESCENTTOWERHILLTRINITYPLACEAMERICASQUARECOOPERSROWSQUARETRINITYSAVAGEGARDENSPEPYS STREETSAVAGEGARDENSNORTHUMBERLANDALLEYCRUTCHEDFRIARSLLOYDSAVENUEPEPYS STREETBYWARD STREETM USCOVY STREETTRINITYSQUARESeethingLaneCRU TC HED FRIARSOrdinaryCourtFrenchFenchurchBuildingsOSBORNSTREETOLD MONTAGUESTREETCHICKSAN D STR EETHO PETO WN STForsticWalkBRICKLANEHENEAG E STR EETGUNTHORPESTREETFlower and Dean WalkNATHANIEL CLOSEFASHION STREETTHRAWL STR EETRoseCourtGUNTHORPESTREETAngelAlleyROADCOMMERCIALDRU M STREETEASTTENTERSTREETBUCKLESTREETCAMPERDOWNSTREETLEMANSTREETSTREETALIESTREETNO RTH TEN TER STREETHalfMoonPassageCOLCHESTERWHITECHAPELHIGHSTREETBRAHAMSTREETHALFMOONPASSAGETYNESTREETWENTWORTHSTREETMANSELLSTREETSOMERSETSTREETLITTLEGOULSTONSTREETCOMMERCIALSTREETGardensOLDCASTLESTREETPOMELLWAYAnnsPlaceM allonTOYNBEESTREETLEYDENSTREETBELLLANEWENTWORTHSTREETNEWGOU LSTON STREETMIDDLESEXSTREETGRAVELLANECO BBSTREETTENTERGROUNDARTILLERYGUNSTREETLANEFryingPanAlleySTRYPESTREETFryingPanAlleyArtilleryPass ageWHITEKENNETTSTREETSTONEYLANEMIDDLESEXSTREETHARROWPLACELOLESWORTH CLOSECOMMERCIALSTREETWHITES RO WBRUN ESTREETBRUSHFIELDSTREETCRISPINSTREETSANDYSROWMINORIESST CLARE STR EETStBotolphRowALDGATEHIGHSTREETST BOTOLPH STREETCRO SSWALLVINESTREETSTREETINDIASTREETVINEJEWRYSTREETDUKES PLAC EHOUNDSDITCHHOUNDSDITCHALDGATECARLISLEAVENUECRUTCHEDFRIARSRANGOONSTREETNORTHUMBERLANDALLEYAVENUELLOYDSBRUSH FIELD STREETFORTSTREETARTILLERY LANEMIDDLESEXSTREETWIDEGATESTREETArtilleryPass ageCockHillVictoria AvenueNEWSTREETDEVO NSHIRESQU ARECATHERINE WHEEL ALLEYCatherine WheelAlleyHARROWPLACEARTIZANSTREETWHITEKENNETTSTDUKESPLACECUTLERSTREETCLOTHIERSTREETStJamessPassageMITRE STREETM ITRESQUAREHENEAGEPLACEHENEAGELANECREECHURCHLANESugarBakersCtCREECHURCHPLACESTONEYLANEBEVISMARKSGORINGSTREETDEVONSHIRESQUAREHOUNDSDITCHCARLISLELLOYDSAVENUENorthumberlandAlleyAVENUESEETHINGLANEFENCHURCHSTREETHartshornAlleyCO URTGLOU CESTERTOWERHILLLONDONSTFENCHURCHPLACELONDO N STREETNEWLONDONSTREETHART STREETFENCHURCHBUILDINGSUrban functioning Pedestrian flow scan Tower HamletsPeople per hour450 to 900250 to 450150 to 250100 to 15050 to 1000 to 50Measuring urban functional outcomes
  • 28. Space Syntax Limited © 2013Plan4business28Urban functioning Pedestrian database London centralOxfordStreetCoventGardenBakerStreetSoho MayfairStreet comparison8–10 10-12 12- 2 2-4 4-6 6-8OxfordStreetSohoLondon subarea comparisonBakerStreetPedestrianmovementPedestrianmovementMeasuring urban functional outcomes
  • 29. Space Syntax Limited © 2013Plan4business29The degree to whichthe design of thedevelopment createsan accessible,intelligible spatiallayout.Elephant & Castle Pedestrian Forecast ModelTransportattractionLand useattractionSpatial layoutattractionPedestrianforecastThe degree towhich public andprivate transportsystems integratewith thedevelopment.The strength ofattraction ofmovement-sensitiveland uses, especiallyretail.
  • 30. Space Syntax Limited © 2013Plan4business30Spatial accessibilityLow HighPedestrian Forecast Model Spatial layout attractionNew Kent RoadElephantand CastleKenningtonRoadBlackfriarsRoadRodney RoadSouthbankUniversityBorough StationLambeth North StationWeekend R square 40%Weekday R square 35%1504_Ax_Ex_R2000Spatial layout attraction iscalculated by analysing thenetwork of pedestrian routes andmeasuring the degree to whichindividual route segments arelikely to be used by people movingthrough the area.The degree to which the spatiallayout attraction influences actualpedestrian movement is indicatedby the R square value where thehigher R square means a higherdegree of fit (0% is no fit, 100% isperfect fit).For further information please seeappendix 2.
  • 31. Space Syntax Limited © 2013Plan4business31Retail attractionShoppingCentreover 800m700 – 800 m600 – 700 m500 – 600 m400 – 500 m300 – 400 m200 – 300 m100 – 200 m0- 100 mOriginsMetric distanceNew Kent RoadElephantand CastleKenningtonRoadBlackfriarsRoadRodney RoadSouthbankUniversityLambeth North StationWeekend R square 51%Weekday R square 38%1504_Ax_Ex_MCA_CentresRetail attraction is calculated bymeasuring the distance of anyroute segment from the twoprincipal areas of retail focus –Elephant and Castle ShoppingCentre and the East Streetmarket.EastStreetMarket
  • 32. Space Syntax Limited © 2013Plan4business32Transport attractionNew KentRoadElephantand CastleKenningtonRoadBlackfriarsRoadRodney RoadSouthbankUniversityBorough StationLambeth North StationKennington StationWeekend R square 28%Weekday R square 26%1504_Ax_Ex_MCA_BusTransport attraction is calculatedaccording to the distance of anypedestrian segment from either abus stop, tube station or railstation.over 800m700 – 800 m600 – 700 m500 – 600 m400 – 500 m300 – 400 m200 – 300 m100 – 200 m0- 100 mBus stopUnderground stationMetric distance
  • 33. Space Syntax Limited © 2013Plan4business33Weekday R square = 60% Weekend R square=73%PedestrianforecastPedestrian Forecast Model CorrelationsSpatial layout attractionWeekday R square = 49%Weekend R square = 54%Retail attractionWeekday R square = 38%Weekend R square = 51%Transport attractionWeekday R square = 26%Weekend R square = 28%ActualmovementForecastmovementActualmovementForecastmovement
  • 34. Space Syntax Limited © 2013Plan4business34Data requirements the user perspectiveUrban FormOS LandlineOpen Street MapGoogle EarthUrban Function & PerformanceActivity levelsTransport demandLanduseLand valueCrimeDiagnosisAnalysisSimulation
  • 35. Space Syntax Limited © 2013Plan4business35Issues the user perspectiveIntegrationNeed to integrate performance data withspatial frameworksEvidenceNeed for stronger evidence base regardingurban performanceSharingNeed to share information between publicand private sectorIntegrationConclusionsAdvice