Bruce Mc Cormack, EUROGI
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Bruce Mc Cormack, EUROGI Presentation Transcript

  • 1. PLAN4ALL CONFERENCE Land Use Management Challenges Bruce McCormack President European Umbrella Organisation for Geographic Information EUROGI Presentation to the Plan4All Conference, Brussels, 13 October 2011
  • 2. Outline of Presentation
    • Why have a land management system
    • Some key issues to be addressed in a land management system
    • Ireland: boom …. bust …. planning response
    • Conclusion
  • 3. Why have a Land Management System
    • Manage externalities
  • 4. Key Land Use Management Issues
    • Basic issues
      • Balance …. public good vs private good
      • Locus and nature of control …. national, regional, local
      • Tools to be used ….. Plans only vs plans & financial mechanisms
    • Other issues
      • How involve public
      • Plan period
      • How variations to plan are made to accommodate change
      • Enforcement arrangements
      • Appeals
      • Etc etc etc
  • 5. Ireland … boom and bust
  • 6. In the boom times ……..
    • Excessive number of houses built
    • Excessive rise in house prices
    • Excessive mortgage indebtedness
    • Excessive amount of land zoned for residential use
    • Poorly located land zoned for residential use
    • Excessive provision of infrastructure services for poorly located land
    • Excessive amount of commercial property development
  • 7. The crunch
    • OUCH …….. IT HURTS
    • Steep rise in unemployment
    • Banks go bust
    • State finances go badly wrong
    • Steep rise in negative equity
    • HOW DID IT GO SO BADLY WRONG?
    • Many reasons
    • Planning played its part ……. legitimising and facilitating the property related excesses
  • 8. Planning response
    • Amendment to Planning Act
      • Core Strategies
      • Alignment of national, regional and local plans
    • National government sets regional & gateway/hub population targets
    • National planning information system
  • 9. Core Strategies
    • Population targets in Development Plans need to align with regional targets, which need to align with nationally set targets
    • The amount of zoned residential land needs to align with the population targets
    • Where excessive zoning (almost everywhere)
      • Dezone to another use, or
      • Phase existing zoned land such that Phase 1 land matches required amount, or
      • Some of both
    • Location of Phase 1 land based on sound planning principles (eg sequential development from centre out), availability of services etc
  • 10. Alignment of plans
    • National Spatial Strategy 2002 … reviewed
    • Regional Planning Guidelines (RPGs) … reviewed and updated with new Government determined population targets (2010)
    • City and County Development Plans reviewed and updated to be in conformity with RPGs (ongoing)
    • Local Area Plans reviewed and updated and in conformity with City and County Development Plans (commencing)
  • 11. Government sets population targets
    • Government department responsible for planning (Dept Environment, Community and Local Government) sets:
      • Regional population targets for each of the 8 NUTS3 regions for 2016 and 2022
      • Population targets for Gateways (mainly the cities) and Hubs for 2016 and 2022
    • Targets are based on anticipated national population growth and application of National Spatial Strategy policies (eg stronger focus on Gateways and Hubs)
    • RPGs incorporate new targets
  • 12. National planning information system
    • Data
      • 450 zoning plans ….. Actual zones and Generalised Zone Types
      • Phasing schemes
      • Many other planning relevant data sets
    • Web browser
      • ESRI Flexviewer
      • Basic for citizen use
      • Advanced for planners and specialists
    • Start & ‘finish’
      • Early 2011 start ….. Finish end 2011
    • INSPIRE compliant
      • Annex 3 … Land Use …. GZT alignment
  • 13. Ireland arising …. work in progress
    • The shock has been shattering …… much to do on all fronts ………….. but
    • Ireland adapts and moves on
      • Adaptable and relatively young well educated labour force
      • Competitiveness increased
      • Recent GDP growth around 2%pa
      • Still strongly attracting high end technology foreign companies
      • Public finances moving in the right direction
      • Reform of the public sector taking place and will be ongoing
      • Recent net balance of trade surpluses third only to Germany and just behind the Netherlands in the EU
    • Better organising of GI is a key part of the response
  • 14.