Ppt endocrinology ชีววิทยา ม.5

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Ppt endocrinology ชีววิทยา ม.5

  1. 1. 1 (Endocrine System)
  2. 2. 2 (endocrine gland)  target organ)  thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal, pit
  3. 3. 3 hormone
  4. 4. 4   Hypophysis, Pituitary gland),  Thyroid gland),  Parathyroid gland),  Adrenal gland),  Pineal gland, Epiphysis)   Islets of Langerhans,  Ovary) Testes),  Placenta),  Kidney)
  5. 5. 5  Hormones  Neurotransmitters  Local signalling molecules  Pheromones exocrine glands)
  6. 6. 6 (hormone) • •
  7. 7. 7   , ADH  growth hormone  Estrogen, Oxytocin  Melatonin
  8. 8. 8 1. 2. 3. 4.
  9. 9. 9 5. 6. 7. 8. synergistic effect antagonism effect
  10. 10. 10  2  Steroid hormone  Non-Steroid hormone
  11. 11. 11 Steroid hormone ► mesoderm ► Cyclopentanohydrophenantrene ring ► ► estrogen, progesterone, testosterone, aldost erone, cortisol
  12. 12. 12 Non- Steroid hormone 4 1.   protein hormone peptides hormone –   – receptor 2 cAMP – phospholylation target cell     pituitary gland  hypothalamus
  13. 13. 13 2. glycoprotein hormone • FSH, LH, TSH 3. amino acid derivative • epinephrine , norepinephrine
  14. 14. 14 • smooth endoplasmic reticulum) • •
  15. 15. 15 • RER) • • (golgi apparatus) secretory granules • prohormone prehormone
  16. 16. 16 • catecholamine exocytosis secretory granules • secretory granules •
  17. 17. ► Neural)  ► Hormonal)  ► Humoral 
  18. 18. feedback control   1 Positive feedback control 2
  19. 19. 19 • – –
  20. 20. • transcription • translation •
  21. 21. 21
  22. 22. • • c- AMP
  23. 23. 23 First messenger secondary messenger Receptor G-Protein Inactive proteinkinase A Active proteinkinase A Phospholylation of cell
  24. 24. 24 • • (glucoronide) (sulphate) • •
  25. 25.  stalk  releasing hormone hypothalamo-pituitary portal system pituitary stalk 
  26. 26. ► - releasing hormone ► - ADH oxytocin
  27. 27. • Follicle stimulating hormone FSH • Lutenizing hormone LH • Thyroid stimulating hormone TSH • Adrenocorticotropic hormone ACTH • Growth hormone GH (anterior pituitary)
  28. 28. (adrenal medulla) ► (sympathetic) ► ► cathecholamine Epinephrine (adrenaline) ~ Norepinephrine (noradrenaline)
  29. 29. (Adrenalin hormone) ► Epinephrine hormone ► ► ►
  30. 30. Noradrenalin hormone ► Norepinephrin hormone ► ►
  31. 31. pineal gland ► cerebrum ► neuroendocrine gland parasympathetic sympathetic ► Melatonin
  32. 32. Melatonin ► ► melanocyte stimulating hormone ► gonadotropin ► melatonin
  33. 33. (Gonad) ► 2 (Testes) ovary)
  34. 34. (Testes) ► interstitial cell (seminiferous tubule) ► LH (androgen) Testosterone) ►Testosterone
  35. 35. (Testes)
  36. 36. (Ovary)
  37. 37. Estrogens ► ► follicles graafian follicles granulose cells theca cells ► estrogens - estradiol, estriol estrone - estradiol ► estrogens
  38. 38. Progesterone ► corpus luteum)  (endometrium)   ►corpus luteum PGF2
  39. 39. ►Relaxin ►PGF2 granular cell follicle corpus
  40. 40. (Uterus) ► prostaglandins ► accessory gland prostate gland ► corpus luteum (luteolysis)
  41. 41. (placental hormone) ►  Pregnant Mare Serum Gonadotropin PMSG  Human Chorionic Gonadotropin HCG
  42. 42. Pregnant Mare Serum Gonadotropin (PMSG) ► placental gonadotropin ► - ► follicles FSH ►
  43. 43. Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG) ► syncytiotro blastic cells primate ► ► ► LH
  44. 44. Thymus gland ► ► ► Thymosin ► (T- lymphocyte (T-cell
  45. 45. ► (Gastrin) ► (Secretin) ► (Cholecystokinin;CCK) (pancreozymin) ► (Enterogastron)
  46. 46. Gastrin ► ► parietal cell ► chief cell pepsinogen
  47. 47. (Secretin) ► ► ► CCK
  48. 48. (Cholecystokinin;CCK) ► ► ►
  49. 49. (Enterogastron) ► ► ► ►
  50. 50. www.udomsuksa.ac.th/Latphrao/knowledge/cai/ biology/unit3.ppt www4.csc.ku.ac.th/~fnawwm/Endocrin ology.ppt sumon- kananit.wikispaces.com/file/view/ pptwww.pil.in.th

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