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Towards a Model of Interdisciplinary Teamwork: What can Social Theory Contribute

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Slides from my talk at Web Science 2013 Workshop: Harnessing the Power of Social Theory for Web Science: https://sites.google.com/site/webscitheoryworkshop/

Slides from my talk at Web Science 2013 Workshop: Harnessing the Power of Social Theory for Web Science: https://sites.google.com/site/webscitheoryworkshop/

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  • 1. www.know-center.atFunded byTowards a Model ofInterdisciplinary Teamwork:What can Social TheoryContributePeter KrakerSebastian DennerleinWSWT WorkshopWebsci‘13
  • 2. © Know-Center 20112My BackgroundWeb Scienceand Information Science, TEAM, and CODE
  • 3. © Know-Center 20113IntroductionEach scientific disciplines has its own culture  Kuhn:“paradigm“ At times, new problems arise that cannot be answeredwith the standard paradigm of a single discipline:Interdisciplinary fields such as Web Science emergeIn Web Science, social scientists need to work withcomputer scientistsResearchers often do not build on each other’s strengthsbut they are rather suspiciously looking at each other’sresults.• Social scientists tend to disregard computer scientists‘results because they are not grounded in theory.• Computer scientists tend to disregard social scientists‘results because they are not based on big datasets.
  • 4. © Know-Center 20114Computer Science Approach to ResearchFayyad et al. (1996)This is when computer scientists turn to social scientists!
  • 5. © Know-Center 20115Social Science Approach to ResearchDodigovic (1998)This is when social scientiststurn to computer scientists!model
  • 6. © Know-Center 20116The Models vs. Patterns ProblemComputer scientists cannot test social scientists’ modelsbecause they often do not have the data in the form that isrequired by these modelsSocial scientists on the other hand have a hard time interpretingcomputer scientists’ patterns because they are too specific tobe covered by traditional theories and modelsThis is what we call the patterns vs. models problem
  • 7. © Know-Center 20117Interdisciplinary Teamwork and Social TheoryWeb Science should close the gap that results from thepatterns vs. models problem:• On the more pattern-oriented side, it would be important tounderstand that theories are more than just castles in the sky• On the more theory-oriented side, researchers need tounderstand that data mining methods can be useful to evaluatemodels, but their properties need already be considered whenbuilding the modelsBut:Such an understanding cannot be reached, when work is simplydivided between parties and then brought together in the end. In our view, Web Science requires “interdisciplinaryteamwork” among the disciplines involved.
  • 8. © Know-Center 20118Interdisciplinary Teamwork and Social TheoryIn the following, we present two theoretical strains which wesee as relevant to achieving interdisciplinary teamwork andovercoming the patterns vs. models problem:• Dillenbourg’s and Roschelle & Teasley’s understandingofCollaboration vs. cooperation• Bronstein’s“Model for Interdisciplinary Collaboration”
  • 9. © Know-Center 20119Cooperation vs. CollaborationCooperation CollaborationInterdisciplinary teamwork in Web Science requiresnot only cooperative but also collaborative efforts.
  • 10. © Know-Center 201110Bronstein’s Model of InterdisciplinaryCollaborationProblem:Interplay between collaboration and cooperation is not modeled
  • 11. © Know-Center 201111Model SketchInterdependence: collaborate to establish a shared meaning cooperate to make use of the competencies of eachdiscipline assembling the partial achievements, making sense of themand planning how to further progressNewly created professional activities: collaborativeparadigms
  • 12. © Know-Center 201112Model SketchUnderstanding of collaboration and cooperation asphases of the overall construct of “interdisciplinaryteamwork”. These phases are alternating with respect toBronstein’s components and the progress ofachieving the common goal.
  • 13. © Know-Center 201113Outlook• Draft a formal model• Understand other influences on interdisciplinaryteamwork such as:• power (Foucault) and• authority (Bourdieu)• Evaluate the model in an interdisciplinary way!
  • 14. www.know-center.atFunded byThank you for yourattention!pkraker@know-center.atsdennerlein@know-center.athttp://science20.wordpress.comhttp://twitter.com/PeterKrakerhttp://twitter.com/SDennerleinWSWT WorkshopWebsci‘13