creole as a language(영어발달사)
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creole as a language(영어발달사)

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    creole as a language(영어발달사) creole as a language(영어발달사) Presentation Transcript

    • Creole as a language
      Gyeoung-min Bag
      Hye-sung Kim
    • Table of contents
      The definition of Pidgin & Creole
      The developmental stage of Creole
      Video to watch through youtube
      Linguistic features of Creole
      (Jamaican Creole)
      Conclusion
      References
    • Definition of Pidgin & Creole
    • The developmental phenomena from Jargon to standard language
    • Three types of developments
      1.Abrupt Language: early nativization
      eg) Hawaiian pidgin English
      2. stabilized pidgin-> Creole
      eg) North Australian Creole
      3. Gradual change -> Creole
      eg) New Guinea TokPisin
    • Jamaican creole
    • Jamaican creole
      www.youatube.com/watch?v=6j6xlGmg95a (0:25~1:05)
      Smaddy – somebody someone
      - phonological feature
      Chakkachakka– untidy
      - morphological feature
      Dutty up – to make dirty / Galang – go on
      - morphological feature
    • Creole is a “Language”
      Creativity
      - possible to product new utterances
      e.g.) I man don’t play hockey,
      I eat hockey(ackee)!
    • Creole is a “Language”
      • Syntactic features
      - Each of morphemes and phonemes has a identity and that of place in sentences.
    • Creole is a “Language”
      Morphological features
      e.g.) likl – likla – liklis(comparative / superlative)
      e.g.) dembwoy-ya / dat mango-de (demonstrates)
      e.g.) huoli-huoli(Full Reduplications)
      e.g.) sidong / pudong / dwiit/ wentaim(alternatives)
    • Distinctions between Jam and Eng
      e.g.) singularplural
      1 person mi wi
      2 person yuunu
      3 personim(s/he) dem
      i(it)
    • Distinctions between Jam and Eng
      Gender differentiation / declension
      e.g.) im can be translated he/him/she/her
      wi can be translated us
      dem can be translated they/them
      e.g.) mi buk / yubuk / dembuk
    • Distinctions between Jam and Eng
      Plural Marking / Negation
      e.g.) unman-dem / dawta-dem
      e.g.) Wi no kayta / Mi naa(no+a) go
      Mi nebanuodat / Nobody nevaansadat
    • Distinctions between Jam and Eng
      Tense Structure
      e.g.)
      Mi lefI leave(habitually) ; left
      Mi a lefI am leaving
      Mi ena(en+a) lefI was leaving
      Mi en lefI have left ; I had left
    • Conclusion
      Jamaican creole is a language based on the “design features” classification of language
      Jamaican creole can also be considered a “full” language because it has undergone structure formalization, to phonology, morphology and syntax
      There are marked distinctions between standard British English and Jamaican creole
    • References
      피진과크리올의 분화, 2004, 이원진
      크리올의 특성비교: 언어학적 관점에서, 2004, 박찬후
      영어전쟁 그 후, 2010, 서영교
      The Emergence of Pidgin and Creole Languages, 2008, SIEGEL, Jeff
      Syntactic features