2. about the author Andrew Nisker is a ﬁlm maker turned eco-activist who has dedicated his life to teachingpeople and corporations easier ways to livegreen. His award winning ﬁlms Garbage! andChemirical have been translated into sixdifferent languages and have been shown indozens of countries around the world.When hes not tying to save the worldAndrew spends time with his son Sebastian,makes ﬁlms, is a public speaker andteaches at OCAD college.For more information on his current projectsplease visit www.andrewnisker.com
6. THE CHAPTERSFORWARD pg 7INTRODUCTION pg 81- WHY REDEFINE CLEANING ANYWAY? pg 132- NOT SO NEW CLEANING AGENTS pg 173-THE ESSENTIALS ON ESSENTIAL OILS pg 254- VINEGAR AND ITS MANY USES pg 375- STOP GARBAGE. KEEP CONTAINERS FOR LIFE! pg 416. CONCLUSION pg 457- YOU WANT MORE...RECIPES BY YOU! pg 478- BIBLIOGRAPHY pg 599- APPENDIX pg 63
7. $FORWARD FROM A FAN OF CHEMERICALI love this idea! Our family has always been cautious about using chemicals, but after watchingChemerical my husband and I decided to go all the way. We switched to all natural and organicpersonal care products. I always used vinegar for cleaning, but now I make all our cleaningproducts including our laundry soap. I am in the process of revamping the recipe from thewebsite to be more concentrated - less to store! I spent a lot of time on the internet searchingnatural cleaning product recipes. I did some learning about the different ingredients and whatthey do. From this I was able to create and revamp my own recipes for homemade all naturalcleaning products. Even my kids get involved with making them!Our family going green has inspired me to share this with other families. I have created my ownworkshop of homemade natural cleaning products and teach others to clean green too. I think agreat addition to your book would be testimonials. I think this is so important. So many peoplethink green products wont clean their home and clothes which is the farthest from the truth! Youhave to use a little elbow grease on kid stains, but as a mother of 4 children under the age of10,I can tell you my house and our clothes are clean! People love hearing about how other peoplewent green and how they like using green products or, should I say, how well the recipes work.I find people always want to hear why my family has gone green and the outcome. Which I haveto say being chemical free is awesome with the added perk I spend very little money onsupplies to make my cleaning products.Thanks for opening my family’s eyes to being more green conscious and helping us to share ourknowledge with others. I look forward to the new book! More people will be able to easily getthe information they need to make the change to GREEN! And we all know people like thingsto be easier!Shanel Sawchuk and Family!
8. $INTRODUCTIONThey say that smell is the strongest of the senses. It opens a flood gate of emotions connectedto significant moments in your life, like childhood. When I think back to those wonderful daysof living in the suburbs in a new subdivision on the edge of a farmland; I realized everything Igrew up with was modern and state of the art. I remember the first day my dad brought homethis brand new oven that cooked everything in mere minutes. Called the Amana Radar Range,it looked like something out of 2001: A Space Odyssey. Silver round dials, chrome plating, ourhouse lights flickered when you turned it on. Everyone gathered around and watched as oursnacks, lunches, and dinners popped, crackled, and baked. At first we cooked everything in it.After a few months, the novelty wore off and it was relegated to being used as an over sizedappliance that melted butter and warmed coffee.Like the Radar Range, my Dad also ensured we had a steady supply of the latest cleaningproducts. He supplied cleaning chemicals to the construction industry for a living. Every so oftena case of supplies would “fall off” the truck on the way to work and ended up in our house. Wehad a large unfinished basement that stored cleaners like floor wax, tub and tile cream, soap,laundry and dish washing detergent, and *host of other relics from the past. My job, as theyoungest in the family, was to carry the cases of cleaners from the car into the basement. Wewould use the boxes as net posts for our floor hockey games or as a wall for a make-shift fort tohide in. I never gave any thought, at the time, about the sweet lemony smells that wafted fromthe boxes when a slap shot pinged off them. Today, when I smell those products, I’m instantlytaken back to my childhood home: a place that I have very fond memories of. It was also aplace that I battled a shopping list of health aliments like allergies, asthma, and psoriasis.My mother was my best friend. There is not a bad thing I could say about her and the way sheraised me and my brothers and catered to my father. She died at the age of 57 from acombination of bone, breast, and brain cancer. It came on suddenly and her demise was just asrapid. We were stunned. Looking back, I can say that we still havent fully recovered from herloss and never will.Today, I continue to wonder if her death was connected to what she cleaned with. We willnever know for sure, but one startling statistic makes me think that cleaning products might bea factor in the premature deaths of many women like my mother. According to a study doneby the Breast Cancer Fund a stay at home mom is 50 times more likely to develop cancercompared to women who work outside the home due to their constant exposure to toxic basedchemical cleaners and pesticides. Coupled with the statistic that air quality is 10 to 50 timesworse inside our home than outside it is not surprising to make the connection between the two.
9. $With indoor air full of all sorts of toxic compounds that originate from a variety of sources,including cleaning products, I urge you to find out what is in your products and have your indoorair quality tested by a professional. It could save your life.Chances are, if you are using traditional cleaners, the air in your home is toxic. The good newsis that detoxifying your home doesnt have to be chore. It can actually be fun and save you wadsof money.In my documentary Chemerical I followed a family as they rid their home of harmful toxic lacedcleaners and personal care products.We began by testing the air quality in their home. We foundthat they had very high levels of VOC (volatile organic compounds) in their air. VOC can be emitted throughthe air by cleaning products, off gassing new furniture, drapes and even vinyl shower curtains. After theyremoved all of the toxic cleaning and personal care products from their home they replaced themwith natural homemade or store bought products. After three months the family felt cleaner,healthier, and they saved a wad of cash. A follow up test of their home’s air quality showed asignificant drop of their VOC levels thanks to the reduction in toxic cleaners.After watching them bravely rid their lives of over forty toxin-laden products, and improve theirindoor air quality and over all health, it proved to me that how we clean our homes today isdeadly wrong and we have a choice. Most importantly, it taught me it can be easy andfun to detoxify your home while inspiring others to the same. We can all do it.If you haven’t seen Chemerical, this guide can give you a great start on your path to living toxicfree.If you received a copy with this book, watch the movie first then dig in. Thousands of youhave reached out to me for guidance on how to make your own products. Since many of youalready have a few cleaning recipes that you shared with me, I thought I would put them alongside some of my favorites. Again, thank you to everyone who sent in your top secret cleaningformulas. They certainly inspired me to dig deeper and find the worlds best homemade cleaningproduct recipes for you to enjoy in the following pages.The Chemerical Cook Book isn’t just about recipes, it will give you insight into the ingredientsthat make up your natural cleaning products. So the next time the nay-sayers of your familysay “ who cares” or “that’s too expensive” or “ I don’t have time to do that,” you can convincethem otherwise. Getting your family and every person you love off the toxic train is the only wayto ensure a toxic free legacy for our children. Now is the time to start and I know this book willbe your trusted guide. You can do it!
10. $As a resource, I hope you find this book and its suggestions simple and easy to use and it willinspire you to detoxify your home, office, or anywhere that you and your family may inhabit. Ifwe all revolutionized the way we clean, the companies that poison us with their toxic productswould gradually disappear, like the tobacco industry of yesteryear. How awesome would itbe to reclaim the clean air and water we all deserve, ensuring our families live healthy andprosperous lives.Here is your chance to be apart of the new cleaning revolution and literally change the world.Spread the word!To a toxic free home for you and for me.Andrew
11. $Chapter 1WHY REDEFINE CLEANING?Our cleaning practices throughout history are a lot like bell bottom pants, they come in and outof fashion. Just over a hundred and fifty years ago taking a hot bath was considered dangerous.People feared their open pores would attract bacteria and germs. So they didn’t bathe, that is,in water. Instead they doused themselves in perfumes and wore clean pressed linen which gavethe appearance of looking clean. The hands were the only part of the body people use towash. Of course, perfume and clean linen were luxuries only the affluent could afford. Thosewho couldn’t simply didn’t bathe. Stinky.Flash forward to today. Our modern stealth cleaning practices which encourage us to sanitizeeverything we touch for fear of death from disease is a massive departure from trends onlya few generations ago. Yes we are cleaner and smell better but are we healthier as a result ofour dependence on stronger toxic cleaning products?Many scientists believe the rise of the super bugs can be attributed in part to the new popularityof antibacterial soaps laced with antibiotics like Triclosan which enter our environment throughour cleaning products. With an abundance of Triclosan now in the environment, the drug hasbecome less effective in protecting us against disease when we need them the most.By spraying, wiping, and cleaning away all bacteria, including the healthy stuff that helps buildyoung immune systems, it has been proven that homes have become overly sanitized. Childrenwho grow up in these über-sanitized environments have weaker immune systems becausethey are exposed to abnormally low levels of bacteria and viruses that would normally helpbuild their immune systems. Scientist say we need at least 85% of the good bacteria to keepus healthy. Healthy bacteria keeps the immune system strong, helps with digestion of food andnutrients and can even lessen the severity of allergies since they help the body figure out whatbacteria is good and bad. Green cleaning gives us a natural balance killing only the harmfulbacteria: while keeping us sanitized and fostering the development of healthy young immunesystems.The chemical lobby wants all of us to believe that your child’s health is better off thanks totheir toxic chemical cleaners’ ability to sanitize your homes. What they fail to pointout is that exposing our children to tens of thousands of chemical ingredients that have replacedthe common compounds of natural sanitizers like soap is in fact making them sick in other ways.So what is the magic formula to keep us clean and lead healthy lives?
12. First, take an inventory of what you have hidden in your kitchen, bathroom, laundry room, andany room you keep cleaners in. Reading their labels, you will most likely find ingredients likeammonia and chlorine; which were used as agents in the production of chemical weaponsduring World War I.Today these toxic chemicals have been reformulated to kill the bacteria in your home and evenon a rare occasion the people that use the cleaners. It’s time to wake up to the fact that youdon’t need toxic cleaners to clean your house, keep your family safe, or impress the neighbours.You can do it naturally, and this book will show you how!So how did these toxins get into cleaning products if they are so dangerous? I could write anovel about the history of toxins in your cleaners and how they affect your health, but I wont.The fact is THEY JUST ARE and government and industry both openly admit it. They say thattoxins found in your cleaning products are at a “safe and acceptable” level. What concerns meis the fact that these toxic products are poorly regulated, rarely or ever tested when used incombination with each other and are generally not tested for the effects of long term exposure.They contain toxins that are known carcinogens. These products are constantly being used inthe home which means we are continually being exposed to them.The magic formula to keeping sanitized isnt so magical at all. In fact it has been around forthousands of years. Using ingredients like soap, water and vinegar you can clean every surfaceof your home and body, wiping away any threat of disease and harmful bacteria. Without beingexposed to harsh chemicals with a toxic residue or killing good immune building bacteria.Magical!When faced with the choice between cleaning with products that contain levels of toxicity thatindustry and governments claim are safe (by their weak and often self-regulated standards)OR using non-toxic cleaners that contain natural ingredients which do the same job, thechoice becomes clear. There is nothing magical about old fashioned common sense, is there?Before you get started, here are a few key ingredients to pick up at your local store and a briefexplanation about how they work. Remember, study them well so you and your family can startheading down the road to green cleaning.$
13. $Chapter 2NOT SO NEW CLEANING AGENTSSoap FlakesBefore the advent of soap flakes in early Twentieth century, washing clothes at home wasa tedious chore which involved chopping up and mixing pieces of soap to create a laundrysolution. For thousands of years soap has been made naturally from animal fats or vegetableoils mixed with lye (sodium hydroxie).In 1933 the first synthetic detergents were introduced and became all the rage. Syntheticdetergents are made of hydrocarbons which can be derived from crude oils. As well as alkalimaterials for a sudsy reaction, they also have added perfumes or fragrances to give off thatsummer breeze or fresh air scent.Synthetic detergents were cheaper to manufacture and consumers loved them. After centuriesof scrubbing with soap, the world now had a modern alternative: detergent made from syntheticingredients mainly derived from petrochemicals. Decades of detergent use has radicallyaltered the environment causing endocrine disruption in species like fish and frogs. Endocrinedisruption has also been linked to breast cancer in women. Some chemicals which are ofconcern are phosphates, naphthas and phenols.We are in constant contact with clothing and bed sheets (unless you practice nudism yearround) and with that comes a constant exposure to harsh chemical residue left on clothes, bedsheets and towels from detergent. Soap flakes, which you can buy in most stores, come in abox just like your regular detergent except they are toxin-free because they are made from,you got it, soap. The following recipes will show you how easy it is to make your own laundrydetergent in minutes that will cost pennies per load and save you from being smothered in atoxic residue.Sodium Bicarbonate (Baking Soda)It can put out certain fires, it helps dough rise; you can brush your teeth with it, put it inyour laundry to neutralize odors, clean your house with it, and even use it to freshen the air inyour refrigerator. It’s hard to believe sodium bicarbonate is natural and non toxic, but it is, andit’s the basis for making powerful homemade cleaning and personal care products.
14. $As you will notice, a variety of recipes in this book use sodium bicarbonate because of its abilityto neutralize odours and act as a natural scrubbing agent when cleaning certain surfaces likestainless steel appliances, tiles, and porcelain bathtubs. It’s comforting to know after I havescrubbed the tub for my son, that he won’t be bathing in harmful residue left from mass marketcleaners that often irritate childrens sensitive skin. I love using it in the kitchen as well so Ican enjoy a toxic free food prep area. It’s easy to find and it will help you naturally clean anddeodorize your home.Sodium Borate (Borax)Although using Borax is as natural as using pepper on your food, it can be hazardous to usearound infants, pets and in food prep areas if not properly rinsed away. Yes, it can be toxic butit is still a greener and safer alternative to chlorine bleaches and brighteners. Use it as a greasecutter, as a drain treatment, for cleaning tiled surfaces, counters, bath and shower enclosures,and as an odour remover.The other night I baked a juicy lasagna using my mother’s favorite recipe. This baby was sojuicy, that in fact (pause, I’m going to go grab a piece, it was so good!) it splattered all over andbaked into the walls of my oven. I grabbed the Borax, smeared it over the schmaltzy mess andwithin a few hours the charred remains were nothing but a memory. The last time I cleaned theoven with an everyday supermarket cleaner, I had to air out the house for two days to get rid ofthe strong chemical odors. Even the first few dishes I cooked in the oven tasted like industrialoven cleaner. Maybe having food cooked in an oven that was cleaned with cancer-causingingredients like butane, monoethanolamine, diethylene glycol monobutyl ether (remember,inhaling DGMBE while drinking can lead to liver and kidney problems), sodium hydroxide anddiethanolamine was the problem. They can even cause dizziness, vomiting and even blindness.Borax is good to have around but make sure to store it safely away from little hands and pets.Washing Soda (sodium carbonate)Natural “soda ash” is refined from the mineral trona, which is mainly mined in WyomingsGreen River Basin. Used to make glass and used for other industrial purposes for over 5000years, Sodium Carbonate acts as a water softener when applied in the laundry room. It helpsto remove greasy stains like I often get while eating my favorite snack: popcorn smotheredin fresh, warm butter. Washing soda is also good to add to your all-purpose house cleaner.It works wonders on stains and streaks on walls and tiles, but it might be a bit harsh on waxysurfaces like wood floors. You can pick it up in the laundry section of your local grocery store.
16. $Isopropyl AlcoholAmazing, Alcohol is so versatile. It sterilizes surfaces. It also gets people drunk so that they caninjure themselves and then use more alcohol to clean their wounds. But Isopropyl Alcoholisn’t for mixing a highball with, it’s best used in a diluted form for disinfecting places that youwouldn’t want to lick: toilet seats, cutting boards after making hamburger patties, the carpetwhile potty training a puppy, I think you get the idea. Like Borax, Isopropyl Alcohol can be toxicif swallowed, so don’t even think about adding a shot to your OJ to test it out. Instead, use itto make glass, plastic and porcelain surfaces sparkle. Don’t use it near open flames or hotsurfaces like stoves and toasters because you will catch on fire.Speaking of injuring yourself, here’s something that will help you heal: take one part rubbingAlcohol and two parts water, stick it in a plastic freezer bag and you will create bag full-o-slush.Perfect for wrapping around strained muscles or just keeping your picnic basket cool. Store it ina dry cool place away from flames, kids and pets.Laundry DetergentUsing cleaning agents, like Borax, Soap Flakes and Baking and Washing Soda you can makea simple laundry detergent. Below are two recipes to get you started BUT remember you canchange the consistency and potency of your detergent by simply adding more or less water tothe recipes below. With various types of water (hard or soft) the formulation might be differentdepending on where you live. This recipe will cost you pennies per load, so don’t worry aboutwasting money as you slowly master the perfect formula. Remember the final product youcreate will be lumpy and like a good martini it will require stirring or shaking before using.Finally, if you want a natural scent, check out our list of essential oils and add a drop or two,or three to each load. You can also add the essential oil to a wash cloth and include it in yourdryer. To get rid of static, try using a crumpled piece of tin foil.
17. $Natural Laundry Liquid SoapThis is so simple you will not believe it. Yes, this is it.Imperial Metric Ingredient34 cups 8.5 L Water2 cups 500 mL Washing Soda2 cups 500 mL Borax2 cups 500 mL Soap Flakesor grate a bar of pure natural soap using a food grater.Bring 4 cups (1 L) of water to a boil.Add the grated natural soap to the boiling water and dissolve over low heat. Take your time andthink about what you are going do with all the extra cash you won’t be spending on the storebought laundry soap.Find a stainless steel or aluminum pail with a lid and pour the soap/water mixture into it.Then stir in the Washing Soda and Borax until it disappears.Finally, add 30 cups (7.5 L) of water to the mixture, combine and you are ready to start washing.
18. $Pow Pow Powder Laundry SoapThis is kinda fun to make. I especially like watching all the liquid become powder.Imperial Metric Ingredients1/3 cup 75 mL Liquid Castile Soap1 cup 250 mL Washing Soda1 cup 250 mL Baking soda1 cup 250 mL White VinegarStarting with the liquid soap, add washing soda, then baking soda.Slowly add vinegar (if you add too much too fast, the mixture will foam over like a volcano).Keep mixing until the ingredients turn from a paste into a powder.Grab one of your glass or stainless steel containers for storage and use a ! cup in every loadfor fantastic results.
19. Chapter 3THE ESSENTIALS ON ESSENTIAL OILSAside from fast cars, pretty people and exotic locations, smell can be one of the strongestmarketing tools a retailer can utilize. Walk through any shopping centre today and you will findstores which scent the air to "enhance" the shopping experience. Sadly the only thingsbeing "enhanced" are the pocketbooks of the manufacturers who sell artificial scents, as well asthe companies that profit from treating sick employees and customers who are exposed tocompromised indoor air as result of these so-called “air fresheners”. Remember, indoorair quality is 10 to 50 times worse then the air found outside. By adding artificial scentsthat are made of phthalates to your indoor air, you are increasing you risk of experiencingdevelopmental and reproductive issues. Also, headaches, earaches, depression, and anirregular heartbeat to name a few side effects.Air fresheners are only a small part of the problem as I discovered when making mydocumentary Chemerical. Our cleaning and personal care products are also artificially scentedusing phthalates because the chemical helps make scents linger and stick to your skin andclothes longer. We carry these scents around with us on our clothes thanks to laundry sheets,detergents and fabric softeners. Our hair and skin is covered in scents found in our shampoos,soaps, toothpaste, deodorant, shaving lotion, after shave, moisturizers and the list goeson. Its a chemical cocktail that presently affects the lives of 2,000,000 people afflicted withMultiple Chemical Sensitivity (MCS) in the United States; who find it extremely difficult toeven function normally outside of their scent-free homes. In fact, artificial scents make thosewho suffer from MCS so ill that they cant enter stores or be around people who use everydaycleaning and personal care products. Even the simple act of walking down the street can be aproblem because the latest trend in phthalate scented laundry dryer sheets are sending wafts ofchemicals into the air from dryer vents everywhere.Obviously, you can take control of the smells in your home by eliminating artificially-scentedproducts which will mean, for the majority of you, getting rid of every product you own. Yes, Iknow you love the smell of fresh laundry but I have one question for you. When you take a tripto your local forest or climb to the top of a mountain, what does it smell like? Lemons? It shouldsmell like, get this, NOTHING. Isnt the smell of nothing refreshing, considering all the scents weare bombarded with daily? To achieve nothingness, you start by taking an inventory of what youown and then get rid of the stinky stuff. I suggest you live with no scent for a few weeks, thenintroduce some natural scents back into your life.
20. $Remember, your natural cleaning products dont need to smell like a fish and chips shop. Youcan scent your vinegar all-purpose cleaner with a variety of essential oils and enjoy a uniqueand customized fragrance that you create, simply by experimenting with over 100 naturalessential oils available at your local health food or grocery store. Add them to your homemadetoothpaste, shampoo, laundry detergent; whatever you like. Go overboard and take comfort thatnatural smells are harmless to your health.Here is a quick glance at which essential oils work best when cleaning.Worried about bacteria? Tea tree oil gets rid of it and prevents the growth of fungus.My good friend Lindsay loves using Eucalyptus oil as an antiseptic and disinfectant. Whensummer hits, she says it’s the best insect repellent he’s every used. Mold and mildewproblems? No more with Cedar Wood oil, and it works as an antiseptic too! Fungus and bacteriabeware! A dose of Lavender oil is all it takes to get rid of you! Is makin’ bacon, ground beef orjust stir frying veggies leaving your kitchen a greasy mess? Use Lemon Oil (or any citrus oils)to dissolve grease and to slow bacterial and fungus growth. Frankincense in the bathroomsanitizes the toilet, tub, sink and floor. Even Jesus loved it!Like cooking, you can spend time playing with different combinations and intensities until youfind a secret formula that your grandmother would be envious of. Get your hands on the list ofoils below and start mixing your way to a healthy environment.
21. The OilsLavenderUse lavender everywhere in your home and reap the rewards of this versatile plant and oil. Itgets rid of odours and in the good very old days, Romans would combine lavender with strawfor floor covering. You can also act like a Roman by taking a lavender bath. If that is not enough,lavender is great for cleaning burns and cuts. Add some to your cleaning product by combiningit with vinegar and water. Bingo, your house will be clean without the sour vinegar smell and youmight attract some Romans too!EucalyptusThere are over 500 varieties of Eucalyptus trees, some reaching up to 300 feet tall!Australian Aborigines use them to heal serious wounds, but don’t ask for Eucalyptus, in theoutback. The Aborigines call it ‘kino’.My family and I love mixing Eucalyptus with vodka and water to make a natural air freshenerespecially just before bedtime when our French Bulldog lets a few stink bombs fly. Or maybeit’s my girlfriend. She’ll say it was me or the dog or my son. Still haven’t figured that out andprobably never will.FrankincenseThis isn’t the stuff used in horror films. Its is actually used in the personal care industry becausethe scent can linger for up to six hours. In biblical times, it was given as a gift to baby Jesusfrom Kings as a sign of respect. It was also used as a face mask and as an offering to the godsby the Egyptians. Makes sense that it was also used to “fumigate” the sick and to banish awayevil spirits. Its soothing aroma helps alleviate stress and can be added, a few drops at time, toyour cleaning products and even to a relaxing hot bath. Maybe if Frankenstein knew about therelaxing powers of Frankincense he wouldn’t of had such a a nasty disposition. I know it helpstame the inner monster in me once in awhile.GeraniumNo matter how clean we keep our house, bugs appear once in awhile. While I respect theirright to share the world with us, I just wish they would not show up when guests are around.I, like most people, hate the site of them crawling and flying about. Instead of squishing themI found an excellent way of keeping them out of the house using Geranium Oil. Adding a littleGeranium Oil to a standard air freshener mixture helps repel flying insects that congregatearound our doors and window screens and bright night-lights in the spring, summer and fall. Italso, helps keep crawling critters away and in ancient times it was planted around the house todeter evil spirits. The best part about using Geranium Oil is no longer having to rely on usingharsh chemicals to control a natural nuisance.
22. $Lemon OilLemons are the all-in-one super fruit. Put them on salad, garnish your drink with them, squeezetheir juices with sugar and water and you have the best natural refreshing summer drink thatnature provides. Well, if that is not enough uses for the lemon, using Lemon Oil around yourhouse will add luster to your wood surfaces (not on high gloss surfaces though). Add it to yourcleaner and watch those hard-to-get-rid-of water stains and dirt disappear . Marble and granitecounter tops, and stainless steel appliances are a snap to clean with a little lemon oil and itsmells good too! In Japan, one study concluded that using lemon oil as key ingredient in anoffice air freshener decreased worker error by over 54%. Just think how much more houseworkyou will get done under the spell of Lemon Oil.LemongrassLike Geranium Oil, Lemon Grass Oil works as a deterrent for insects. It also offers a whole hostof benefits for your health; it is an anti-fungal, antiseptic and is also used as an antidepressant.Extracted from Lemon Grass which can grow up to three feet; its origins can be traced backto India. In Indian Ayurveda medicine, Lemon Grass Oil is used to treat infections and reducefevers. At home, add a little to your cleaning supplies and enjoy the health benefits and gloriouseffervescence.Tea Tree OilTea Tree Oil is the A-bomb of all essential oils. When faced with stubborn, stinky mold andmildew in hard-to-get places, you want to be armed with a bottle of this amazing stuff. Onlyproduced in Australia, Tea Tree farmers were exempt from military duty in WWII to keep thesupply of oil flowing. Soldiers were given small amounts in their survival kits to treat tropicalinfections and wounds. Today it is used in a variety of personal and cleaning products. Strickenwith toenail fungus, I mixed one part tea tree oil with one part vodka and treated my toenailswith it. My tootsies have never looked healthier and I’m so proud that I avoid what my doctorsadvised, which was a prolonged dose of anti-fungal pills. We even add it to the laundry tocombat mold and mildew. It works wonders. Amazing stuff.
23. $OTHER OILS WE LOVEMarjoram,Myrrh,Pine,Rose,Sandalwood,Niaouli,Grapefruit,Melaleuca alternifolia,Fir,Spruce,Bergamot,Orange.Tangerine,Peppermint,Juniper,Thyme,Rosemary,Oregano.
24. $ONE-SIZE-FITS-ALL CLEANERTake this simple recipe and modify it with one of over a hundred essential oils to get the jobdone. Make one variation for the bathroom and add cedar wood oil to fight mold and mildew oradd Geranium Oil in another formulation to create a cleaner/bug repellent for the patio furniture.No matter what volume you decide to make, add the following.Imperial Metric Ingredients1 cup 250 mL Water1/2 cup 125 mL Vinegar10 drops 10 drops Essential OilI like using this mixture on counter tops in the kitchen or any tables we eat at. Add the mixturein a stainless steel, or glass bottle. Shake and spray away. Don’t forget to invest in some goodmicro fiber cloths, which will make cleaning a snap.
25. $AMAZING AIR FRESHENERSOkay, are you ready for the first one? It’s the oldest one I could find and I want you to shareit with as many people as you can. It’s called, OTW. Open The Window!! Now if opening thewindow isn’t enough or you are stuck in a building where the windows are sealed shut, the airquality outside is stinky, then here is a great alternative.Imperial Metric Ingredients1 cup 250 mL Water10 drops 10 drops Essential OilsGot a really stinky situation? Add more oil. You can never over-do-it!Shake. Spray in the air, spray on furniture, carpets, window coverings. Spray, spray and chasethose stinky stinks away.
26. $STORAGE AND LIFESPANTry to keep your oils in small, dark glass bottles. They are cheap to purchase and will last you alifetime. Put them in a cool dark spot, and when you add them to your cleaners, ensure you useyour concoction within six months. Depending on your house, habits and compulsion to clean,making small batches is always the best approach.PURCHASINGLike everything in life, you get what you pay for. If you go for cheap stuff which has alcohol orother harmful and unnecessary additives you will have less effective oil. That means you willlikely use more faster and probably end up paying more for the cheap stuff than the quality oils.Also, plutonium-based oils defeat the purpose of going natural. By doing a little research online,you will find that there are many outlets where you can find pure, hand-crafted essential oils.Remember, these oils can be used for a host of health ailments as well, which meansyou will spend less on pharmaceuticals and be more inclined to explore the marveloushealing properties of essential oils that have been used for thousands of years.
27. $CHAPTER 4VINEGAR AND ITS MANY USES (YES IT DESERVES ITS OWN CHAPTER!)Have you ever had a bad bottle of wine? Have you heard the expression “turned wine intovinegar?” Over the ages, wine makers discovered that their sour bottles actually weren’tmistakes at all, that is if you needed something to clean and cook with. When wine is made withtoo much air in the bottle it becomes infused with bacteria that gives it a pungent taste. Perhapsdiscovered by accident, this sour wine has been used for centuries as an ingredient to preservefood, disinfect wounds, and clean bodies and homes. Vinegar sure beats the grape out of winefor versatility, so I decided to create an entire chapter in its honour.Made naturally from fermented vegetables or fruits and grains, vinegar has an unlimited shelflife, is biodegradable and edible. Making vinegar is a two-stage process. First is called alcoholicfermentation, when sugars are broken down by yeast. Then Acetobacter bacteria is added tocreate acetic acid. The acetic acid is the base which is used to create a variety of vinegars whencombined with vitamins and minerals. Since vinegar is an acid, it is excellent for cleaning, killingbacteria and mold, getting rid of water mineral deposits and lime scale in drains, sinks andshower heads. You can also use it in your garden to kill weeds and remove stains from clothes.It’s non-toxic, biodegradable and the manufacturing of vinegar has no significant impact on theenvironment. Now if that isn’t enough reason to order a case of it, it costs 2/3 less to make yourown cleaning product using vinegar then to buy supermarket cleaners.Most importantly, vinegar is a great natural disinfectant. 5% solution of vinegar (which is whatyou typically get in a store) kills 99% of bacteria, 80% of viruses and 82% of mold. Awesomeand all for a few bucks per gallon!Below, you will find a some product recipes to tackle your toughest cleaning jobs.White VinegarWhite Vinegar is the most popular and can be used in the following ways: cleaning silverware,cleaning your hair, removing rust, stains on clothes, and weeds in the garden, cleaning woodfurniture, ceramic tile, bathtubs and sinks, stainless steel, it’s also use used as an underarmdeodorant, to reduce swelling, and to pay your taxes (just kidding).
28. $Invisible Window CleanerImperial Metric Ingredients1 cup 250 mL Vinegar5 cups 1L+250 mL Water1 Tbsp 15 mL Isopropyl AlcoholMix in a spray bottle. Use microﬁber cloth or used newsprint toensure you have streak-free windows.Automatic Dishwasher SoapImperial Metric Ingredients1/3 cup 75 mL White Vinegar1/2 cup 125 mL Castile Soap (liquid form/low suds only)4 drops 4 drops Tea Tree Oil1/2 cup 125 mL Water2 tsp 10 mL Lemon JuicePut in a glass jar. Use 2-3 tbsp per load.
29. $Vinegar and Looking Young!Apple Cider VinegarIt!s made from, you got it, apples and that means it!s good for your skin! Use it to tone your skin,control acne and dandruff, as a conditioner, remove warts and a spray of it will even help sickand diseased plants. Since we are already exploring the world of Vinegar, I suggest trying thefollowing out when cooking: Wine Vinegar, Rice Vinegar, Fruit Vinegar and Balsamic Vinegar.
30. $Chapter 5STOP GARBAGE KEEP CONTAINERS FOR LIFE!Making your own products is a fantastic way to help the environment in variety of ways.Firstly, you are not contributing to the nasty production cycle of toxic cleaners which leavescommunities close to the manufacturing and disposal sites of these chemicals contaminated.Often, these chemicals are petroleum based, which means your cleaning products are derivedfrom oil. As we all know, the extraction of oil is wrecking havoc on our environment in the TarSands of Northern Alberta and places like the Gulf of Mexico, which has just experienced theworld’s worst oil related disaster. Its a good thing we dont have to drill for lemon juice!Many people fail to make the connection that the plastic containers your cleaning productscome in are derived from oil. Every day millions upon millions of these bottle are tossed away aswe go on our merry way to the store to buy more and more toxic cleaning products. What aboutrecycling you ask? Cant I just put those bottles in my local recycling program?Well, I hate to break it to you but plastic bottles contaminated with toxic residue found in typicalcleaning products can not be recycled. You can put the plastic bottles out for collection and theywill most likely make you feel all warm and fuzzy by taking it away but once it is out of sight andmind, it will be sorted out of the recycling stream and be tossed in a land fill, or burned.Pathetic as it sounds, it is sadly true that all those plastic bottles are just tossed away.If that is not enough reason to re-use our cleaning containers, lets not forget about the energyit takes to make your plastic bottle, get it in your hands and eventually the land fill. Truck aftertruck shipping it from factory to distribution centre to store to your house to the dump. Itsmaddening to think about energy being wasted.The good news is, making your own cleaning products and REUSING the containers they arehoused in is a great way to avoid contributing to that local landfill and needlessly burning barrelsof oil. Containers aren’t something most of us ever think about yet a few generations ago a goodcontainer was considered an investment. Today, there are numerous varieties to choosefrom, which are mostly cheap and durable. Hopefully, if you make the right choices and a littleinvestment you will keep using the same container for years to come, knowing that you aredoing a little something that is great for you, your family and the environment.Investing your hard earned money in a good container can be an overwhelming experiencebecause the options seem limitless. Obviously, we want to avoid as much plastic as we can. Sohere are some non plastic alternatives to get you started.
31. $GlassUsed for centuries, this trusted, durable option can stay around for a lifetime if you treat it right.The best glass to find is tempered glass containers. It is 5 times stronger then normal glasswhich means if you drop it, chance are it won’t break. If it does, it will break into little pieceswithout sharp edges which means it will be easier to clean up. The other good thing abouttempered glass, is you can put it in the freezer and oven and it won’t shatter. A little searchingonline will find you hundreds of options. For weekly cleaning solutions I use old antique bottles.They are pretty to look at and are often made from thick non tempered glass. Finding the bottleswhile wandering into antique stores is always a treat.AluminumNot reserved for pop cans Aluminum bottles are starting to hit the market place. Popular brandsof beer are now selling their suds in aluminum bottles claiming their bottles keep your drinkcooler, longer. Like glass, Aluminum bottles will last forever if treated properly and make perfectcontainers for your body and home care products.Stainless SteelStainless steel bottles have gone mainstream with the rising popularity of people switchingfrom bottled to tap water. These bottles are excellent choices if you are using your cleaningproduct for industrial purposes where they are constantly on the go. These bottles wont denteasily, they clean in a snap and are easy to label with a roll of white tape and a sharpie pen.If you made your home product in bulk, these bottles are perfect to store your excess cleanersand essential oils, they keep out the light and bacteria.TriggersIt’s going to be a tough challenge to find a good quality trigger that will last through years ofcleaning but it can be done. Remember, you get what you pay for so look for good qualitytriggers in the professional section of your local hardware store. Buying your triggers anywhereelse, you will most likely end up with some cheap product that will jam, leak or just bust afterlittle use. It is also important to remember that the trigger nozzle and base of the bottle whereit attaches needs to fit perfectly or you get weak misting action. There needs to be a goodseal to ensure there is adequate pressure in the bottle for the trigger to work properly. A wiseinvestment in a collection of professional triggers will guarantee years of easy natural cleaningwith your home made solutions and custom containers.
32. $CONCLUSIONIn conclusion, I want to be straight up with you. Well, to be honest, I have been all along, buthere is real truth about detoxifying your home and leanring how to green clean.Its easy peasy, isn’t it? After thumbing your way through these pages, I’m sure you will agreethat if I can do it, ANYBODY can do it. (psst that includes YOU!)The secret is out, with only a few cheap ingredients, some really cool containers and twominutes of time you will be able to make the worlds greenest cleaning products in the privacy ofyour own home. Isn’t it liberating to know that you don’t need to spend your hard earned moneyon products that pollute your favorite fishing spot or poison the air in your home?So, please don’t keep it a secret. Make sure you tell you friends and family about what you havelearned. Join our online community at www.chemicalnation.com and stay in contact with me. Iwant to hear about your green successes so I can share your story and inspire others to do thesame.It is my hope and dream that by the time my son is old enough to clean his own home, whichwill hopefully be sooner then later, (lol) green cleaning will be as natural to him as not smokingindoors is to our generation.This is my first how-to-guide and if I can sell a few of them, it won’t be my last. Help me help youby forwarding any comments or concerns to email@example.com.From snowy Toronto, happy green cleaning.Andrew
33. $Chapter 6RECIPES BY YOU!In the fall of 2010 I asked for your personal recipes for homemade green cleaning products andboy did you deliver. I received a number of different suggestions, while I wish I had enoughroom in this book for all of them, here are some of the essentials that I feel should be a part ofevery home. Thank you all for your enthusiasm and creativity. ~ EnjoyEva M ancient recipe...NATURAL BURN TREATMENTMy recipe is not for cleaning but rather an old Canadian Indian treatment for burns. You mixthe fluff from bull rushes with goose grease and put it on the burn. This gives relief almostinstantly and heals without leaving a scar. I am a testament to this as the back of my arm wasburned when I was five and I have no scar. I can also provide the name of a woman with whomI worked. The palm of her hand had a rope burn from her dogs leash. She could not open herhand with the pain. I provided my homemade remedy and within about half an hour she couldflex her hand.BAKING SODA EXFOLIANTImperial Metric Ingredients! cup 50 mL Baking Soda2 tbs 30 mL WaterMix together in a container.Rub on your face.
34. A trio from Christine M....DRAIN CLEANERImperial Metric Ingredients" cup 125 mL Baking Soda" cup 125 mL Vinegar3 cups 850 mL Boiling WaterPour vinegar and baking soda down the drain.Let it sit for 30 minutes.Flush out drain with boiling water.PORCELAIN CLEANERImperial Metric Ingredients1 cup 125 mL Baking Soda" cup 125 mL Lemon JuiceMix together and use to scrub your bathroom.POT CLEANERImperial Metric Ingredients1 dash 1 dash Baking Soda1 spray 1 spray VinegarKeep baking soda in a salt or parmesan shaker and vinegar in a spray bottle.When there is some stubborn dried on food add a spray of vinegar and a shake of baking sodato get the job done.
35. $Betty Y presents....NATURAL WEED KILLERImperial Metric Ingredients4 cups 1L White Vinegar1/4 cup 50 mL Salt2tsp 10 mL Liquid Dish SoapMix together in an empty spray bottle.Spray on weeds on concrete/walkways only as it kills grass and flowers.
36. $Here are few ideas from Lloyd W...CLEAN EVERYTHING - GLASS CLEANERImperial Metric Ingredients1/2 tsp 2 mL Detergent4 tbsp 60 mL Rubbing Alcohol4 cups 1L Water1 drop 1 drop Food Colouring or Blueberry JuiceCARPET CLEANER AND DEORDERIZERImperial Metric Ingredients4 tbsp 60 mL Baking Soda4 cups 1L WaterALL PURPOSE CLEANERImperial Metric Ingredients4 tbsp 60 mL Baking Soda1 tbsp 15 mL Detergent4 cups 1L Water1 drop 1 drop Food Colouring if you wish
37. $Love these by Lisa D....COHO CLEANER - GENERAL ALL PURPOSE CLEANERMetric Imperial Ingredients1 " Tbsp 23 mL Polysorbate 201 " Tbsp 23 mL White Vinegar1/2 Cup 125 mL Boiled Water1 Tbsp 15 mL Borax1 " Tbsp 20mL Liquid Castile Soap5 Drops 5 Drops Essential Oil1 " Tbsp 23 mL D-LimoneneIn glass container completely dissolve Borax in boiled water.Add polysorbate 20, castile soap, and essential oil.Using a metal spoon add d-limonene (concentrated d-Limonene will dissolve plastic).Mix in Vinegar.Transfer to spray bottle.
38. $MORE by Lisa D...SOCKEYE SCRUB - BATHROOM AND KITCHEN SCRUBImperial Metric Ingredients1/2 cup 125 mL Baking Soda1/4 cup 50 mL Borax2 Tbsp 30 mL Liquid oap2 Tbsp 30 mL D-LimoneneMix together baking soda, borax and soap (can be dish soap or castille soap) to smoothconsistency.Add D-limonene with a metal spoon (concentrated d-limonene will dissolve plastic).Mixture should be consistency of thick pancake batter.
39. $MORE by Lisa D...LAMPREY LAUNDRY SOAPImperial Metric Ingredients32 cups 8L Water2 cups 250 mL Grated Soap2 cups 250 mL Borax2 cups 250 mL Washing Soda10 drops 10 drops Essential Oil (Optional)Bring 4 cups (1L) of water to a boil.Add the grated soap to boiling water.Remove from heat and dissolve borax and soda.Add the remaining warm water and allow mixture to cool.Shake before using. Use 1/4 cup for each load of laundry.
40. $Jen R helps you smell naturally fresh! Lindsay my love gave me these :) Quick cleaning from Dianna NSIMPLE DEODORANTImperial Metric Ingredients1 cup 250 mL Baking Soda1 cup 250 mL CornstarchApply with a puff, or better yet, an old (but clean) sock turned inside out and stuffed.DEODORANTImperial Metric Ingredients2 Tbsp 30 mL Baking Soda2 Tbsp 30 mL Cornstarch1 Tbsp 15 mL Coconut oil1-2 Drops Essential oil of your choiceMelt the coconut oil in a small dish.Add the baking soda and cornstarch and mix until the consistency is like play-dough.Add the essential oil.Put in a glass jar or pack into an old deodorant container.Let it set in the fridge.
41. $Lindsay my love gave me these :)Enjoy the smooth, clean and healthy glow of your skin AND house!ALL PURPOSE CLEANERImperial Metric Ingredients1 cup 250 mL Baking Soda1/2 cup 125 mL Distilled Water5 drops Essential OilMix baking soda, water and essential oils in a jar.Let it sit.To clean your body: use your fingertips to scoop out an appropriate sized amount of the bakingsoda scrub and rub it gently all over your face/ body. Rinse well with water.To clean your house: use your fingertips to scoop out an appropriate sized amount of the bakingsoda scrub and rub it over stained surfaces like the stove or sink. Wipe clean with a damp towel.Imperial Metric Ingredients1 cup 250 mL Apple Cider Vinegar1 cup 250 mL Distilled WaterMix the apple cider vinegar and distilled water in a spray bottle.To tone: shake and spray an appropriate amount of the vinegar mixture onto a cotton swab andrub over your face and neck.To clean the house: Shake and spray vinegar mixture over counter tops, bathroom, and all othersurfaces and wipe clean with a damp cloth.
42. $Quick cleaning from Dianna N...2 SECOND SIMPLE CLEANERImperial Metric Ingredients2/3 cup 150 mL Water1/3 cup 75 mL Cleaning Vinegar2 squirts Natural Dish Washing LiquidMix together in a large spray bottleRae has one reciipie to tackle multiple jobs...MULTI PURPOSE CLEANERHere is one of my favourites. I use it all the time, its simple to create and is multi purpose andthe most important thing is, it smells so divine (it ALMOST makes housework fun ;) Use it onhard floors, kitchen work surfaces, kitchen table and even on grubby kids hands and faces. Itsantibacterial without being too harsh.Imperial Metric Ingredients5 Drops Essential Lemon Oil5 Drops Essential Lavender Oil1 Cup 250 mL WaterCombine in a plant mister, shake and youre good to go.Shake before use; because its safe there is no need to rinse surfaces afterwards.
43. $Heather S. shows how to make it naturally foamy...FOAM PUMP HAND SOAPLove it!Imperial Metric Ingredients3/4 cup 150 mL Water2-3 tbsp 30-45 mL Castile Soap5-10 drops Essential Oil (Optional)Refill empty foam pump bottle with water, castile soap and essential oil.Gently swirl to mix.
44. April A goes natural Vinegar free...VINEGAR FREE RECIPESWhy? Some types of wood and marble surfaces may react better to being treated without vinegar. As always,we suggest you test all surfaces before commencing a general cleaning.ALL PURPOSE GLASS CLEANERThis is used throughout the home for regular maintenance...kitchens, bathrooms, dusting ofliving spaces, flat mopping wood floors...polishing of glass and mirrors as well as stainlessappliances and it disinfects. The cost under 25 cents a bottle.Imperial Metric Ingredients3 # cups 895 mL Distilled or Reverse Osmosis Water10 drops Organic Lavender Essential Oil5 drops Organic Tea Tree Essential OilMix ingredients together in a large spray bottle (32oz)SOAP SCUM REMOVER/DEGREASERImperial Metric Ingredients10 Drops of your favourite essential oil3 # Cups 895 mL Distilled/ Reverse Osmosis Water2 Tbsp 30 mL Jay Dancin Organic Dish Washing Liquid (100% organic/natural)Mix together in a 32 oz spray bottle.
45. BIBLIOGRAPHYLooking for more information? Check out these sites.VOC in the homehttp://www.health.state.mn.us/divs/eh/indoorair/voc/http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1247565/Cancer risks in the homemakerhttp://www.silentspring.org/our-research/research-updates/study-reports-cleaning-productsbeliefs-about-breast-cancer-and-breasthttp://oai.dtic.mil/oai/oai?verb=getRecord&metadataPrefix=html&identifier=ADP007221http://envirocancer.cornell.edu/FactSheet/General/fs45.chemical.cfmhttp://www.womensvoices.org/Dangers of Triclosan in productshttp://www.health-report.co.uk/triclosan.htmlBlogs about women who have reduced and eliminated cleaning productshttp://www.thenewhomemaker.com/node/69360http://autoimmuneissues.blogspot.com/2010/09/stay-at-home-wives-have-54-higher.htmlA study on the wonders of the lemon.http://www.tripath.ca/TheWondersofLemon.pdfConcerned about your cosmetics and personal care products? Check out the following sites.http://www.cosmeticsdatabase.com/
46. $A brief history of synthetic detergents and ingredientshttp://www.enotes.com/how-products-encyclopedia/laundry-detergentCanadaGovernment regulations on toxic chemicalshttp://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/cps-spc/legislation/consultation/_cosmet/prop_change-prop-consulteng.phpUnited StatesSections of the Toxic Substance Control Act (TSCA)http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/usc.cgi?ACTION=BROWSE&TITLE=15USCC53EuropeRegistration Evaluation Authorization and restriction of Chemical substances (REACH)http://ec.europa.eu/environment/chemicals/reach/reach_intro.htm
47. $APPENDIXWhere to find the products you need.Most grocery and superstores sell the ingredients like borax, washing soda, vinegar, bakingsoda. Pick them up while you doing your routine grocery shop and it feels likeless of a chore.The best places to pick pick up your storage containers are a local hardware store, they have all theessentials. Avoid discount "dollar" type stores.Essential oils, castile soaps and other natural soap products can often be found at an Organic food and healthstore.Isopropyl alcohol can be found in any drugstore in the disinfectant and rubbing alcohol section.(Right around the band aids)D-Limonene can be found at art suppy stores.
49. Chemerical CookbookIs a simple how to guide to help you get started detoxifying your home by teaching you how easy it is to make your own cleaning products. Easy to use and practical, learn how to save money, live a healthier life while saving the planet and your community from thousands of harmful chemicals.